Napoleon And The French Revolution! Trivia Facts Quiz

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Napoleon And The French Revolution! Trivia Facts Quiz - Quiz


How much do you know about Napoleon and the French Revolution? This quiz might be helpful for you. In this quiz, you must be cognizant of what the Tennis Court Oath was, who Napoleon was defeated by in his final battle, how did the Russians defeat Napoleon, which European county Napoleon was able to conquer, and what was The Committee of Public Safety. This quiz will describe how Napoleon affected The French Revolution. You got this.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The French National Assembly swore the Tennis Court Oath, which was

    • A.

      A promise to destroy all of the nation’s tennis bracelets.

    • B.

      A vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution.

    • C.

      A promise not to rest until all members of the clergy were tried and executed.

    • D.

      An oath of loyalty to Jean Valjean, an outspoken lawyer that called for doing away with the relics of feudalism.

    Correct Answer
    B. A vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a vow to continue to meet until they had produced a French constitution. The Tennis Court Oath was a pledge made by members of the French National Assembly on June 20, 1789. They vowed to not disband until they had drafted a new constitution for France. This oath was a significant event in the French Revolution and marked the beginning of the Assembly's defiance against King Louis XVI. It demonstrated their determination to bring about political and social change in France.

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  • 2. 

    In its attempts to create a new order that reflected its belief in reason, the National Convention.

    • A.

      Ordered the building of several new libraries and universities, even though the treasury was empty.

    • B.

      Pursued a policy of dechristianization, going so far as to adopt a new calendar.

    • C.

      Declared new national holidays celebrating great French cuisine.

    • D.

      Drafted yet another Constitution to reflect the ideas of the Enlightenment

    Correct Answer
    B. Pursued a policy of dechristianization, going so far as to adopt a new calendar.
    Explanation
    During the French Revolution, the National Convention pursued a policy of dechristianization, which involved removing the influence of Christianity from society. They went so far as to adopt a new calendar, known as the French Republican Calendar, which replaced the traditional Christian calendar. This policy was part of their broader attempt to create a new order based on reason and secular values, reflecting their belief in the Enlightenment ideals. By removing Christian influence and adopting a new calendar, the National Convention aimed to establish a more rational and secular society.

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  • 3. 

    In his final battle, Napoleon was defeated by

    • A.

      The superior British navy.

    • B.

      A combined French and Swiss army.

    • C.

      The bitter Russian winter.

    • D.

      The Duke of Wellington.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Duke of Wellington.
    Explanation
    In his final battle, Napoleon was defeated by the Duke of Wellington. This suggests that the Duke of Wellington played a crucial role in the defeat of Napoleon.

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  • 4. 

    Promotion within Napoleon’s new bureaucracy was

    • A.

      Based on height.

    • B.

      Given to those Napoleon favored, but taken away as soon as they fell out of favor

    • C.

      Based on ability only, not rank or birth.

    • D.

      Designed to benefit the nobility and keep the middle class from obtaining high-ranking positions.

    Correct Answer
    C. Based on ability only, not rank or birth.
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that promotion within Napoleon's new bureaucracy was based on ability only, not rank or birth. This means that individuals were promoted based on their skills, qualifications, and performance, rather than their social status or family background. This system aimed to ensure that individuals with the most competence and capability were given higher positions within the bureaucracy, regardless of their social standing or lineage.

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  • 5. 

    The Russians defeated Napoleon’s superior Grand Army by

    • A.

      Retreating hundreds of miles and burning their own villages and countryside

    • B.

      Waiting to attack during the brutal Russian winter

    • C.

      Splitting their meager forces in half and attacking from two sides

    • D.

      Making an alliance with Egypt, which launched an attack on Turkey to draw Napoleon out of Russia

    Correct Answer
    A. Retreating hundreds of miles and burning their own villages and countryside
    Explanation
    During the invasion of Russia by Napoleon's Grand Army, the Russians employed a strategy of retreating and burning their own villages and countryside. This tactic was known as the "scorched earth" policy. By retreating and destroying their own resources, the Russians aimed to deny the advancing French army the ability to sustain themselves and weaken their morale. This strategy forced the French to rely on their already stretched supply lines, making them vulnerable to the harsh Russian winter and guerrilla attacks. Ultimately, this strategy contributed to the defeat of Napoleon's superior Grand Army.

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  • 6. 

    Which European county was Napoleon unable to conquer?

    • A.

      Belgium

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Italy

    • D.

      Britain

    Correct Answer
    D. Britain
    Explanation
    Napoleon was unable to conquer Britain because of its strong naval power. The British Royal Navy was highly skilled and had superior ships, which made it difficult for Napoleon's forces to invade the country. Additionally, Britain had a strong alliance with other European powers, such as Prussia and Russia, which further deterred Napoleon's attempts at conquering the country.

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  • 7. 

    Which statement is a valid generalization about the immediate results of the French Revolution?

    • A.

      The Roman Catholic Church increased its power and wealth

    • B.

      The revolution had little impact outside France

    • C.

      The French middle class gained more power

    • D.

      the revolution achieved its goal of establishing peace, democracy, and justice for all

    Correct Answer
    C. The French middle class gained more power
    Explanation
    The statement that the French middle class gained more power is a valid generalization about the immediate results of the French Revolution. The revolution led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the rise of the bourgeoisie, or middle class, who gained political and economic power. The revolution brought about significant social and political changes that empowered the middle class and challenged the traditional social hierarchy.

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  • 8. 

    The French people supported Napoleon Bonaparte because they hoped he would

    • A.

      Provide stability for the nation

    • B.

      Adopt the ideas of the Protestant Reformation

    • C.

      Restore Louis XVI to power

    • D.

      End British control of France

    Correct Answer
    A. Provide stability for the nation
    Explanation
    The French people supported Napoleon Bonaparte because they hoped he would provide stability for the nation. After the French Revolution and the subsequent Reign of Terror, France was in a state of turmoil and uncertainty. Napoleon promised to bring stability and order to the country, which appealed to the French people who were tired of the chaos. Additionally, Napoleon's military successes and strong leadership skills further convinced the people that he was capable of providing the stability they desired.

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  • 9. 

    The Committee of Public Safety was given broad powers to

    • A.

      Drain all the canals.

    • B.

      Defend France from threats.

    • C.

      Protect the Paris Commune from thieves.

    • D.

      Restore order to Brussels.

    Correct Answer
    B. Defend France from threats.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "defend France from threats." The Committee of Public Safety was a powerful governing body during the French Revolution. It was established to protect the newly formed Republic from internal and external threats. The committee had the authority to take drastic measures to safeguard the nation, including suppressing counter-revolutionary activities and prosecuting enemies of the state. The draining of canals or restoring order to Brussels were not within the committee's purview, making them incorrect options. The protection of the Paris Commune from thieves is also an unrelated and incorrect option.

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  • 10. 

    Napoleon’s coup d’état overthrew the ____ to establish his consulate.

    • A.

      Directory

    • B.

      British government

    • C.

      City mayor

    • D.

      Legislative Assembly

    Correct Answer
    A. Directory
    Explanation
    Napoleon's coup d'état refers to the event where Napoleon Bonaparte seized power in France in 1799. The Directory was the ruling government at the time, consisting of five directors who held executive power. By overthrowing the Directory, Napoleon established his consulate, which marked the beginning of his rule as the First Consul of France. Therefore, the correct answer is Directory.

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  • 11. 

    The resentment of foreign rule and the desire to restore local customs are characteristics of

    • A.

      Dictatorship.

    • B.

      Liberalism.

    • C.

      Imperialism.

    • D.

      Nationalism.

    Correct Answer
    D. Nationalism.
    Explanation
    The resentment of foreign rule and the desire to restore local customs are indicative of a strong sense of national identity and pride, which aligns with the concept of nationalism. Nationalism is the belief in the importance of one's own nation and the desire for self-governance and preservation of cultural traditions. This sentiment often arises in response to foreign domination or imperialism, as people strive to assert their independence and reclaim their cultural heritage. Dictatorship, liberalism, and imperialism do not necessarily involve the same level of focus on national identity and restoration of local customs.

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  • 12. 

    All of the following contributed to the French financial crisis EXCEPT

    • A.

      French support for the American Revolution.

    • B.

      Lavish spending by Louis XV.

    • C.

      Unwillingness of the nobility and clergy to pay taxes.

    • D.

      Cost-cutting measures of Louis XVI.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cost-cutting measures of Louis XVI.
    Explanation
    The French financial crisis was caused by various factors, including French support for the American Revolution, lavish spending by Louis XV, and the unwillingness of the nobility and clergy to pay taxes. However, cost-cutting measures of Louis XVI did not contribute to the crisis. These measures were intended to reduce spending and address the financial issues, but they were not successful in resolving the crisis.

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  • 13. 

    Pre-Revolutionary French society was marked by great social.

    • A.

      Mobility.

    • B.

      Harmony.

    • C.

      Apathy.

    • D.

      inequality.

    Correct Answer
    D. inequality.
    Explanation
    Pre-Revolutionary French society was characterized by significant inequality. This can be seen in the stark division between the privileged nobility and the impoverished lower classes. The nobility enjoyed privileges and wealth, while the majority of the population faced poverty and limited opportunities. The existence of a rigid social hierarchy and the unequal distribution of resources and power contributed to the growing discontent and ultimately led to the French Revolution.

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  • 14. 

    Before the revolution, members of the Third Estate had

    • A.

      A smaller tax burden than the other estates.

    • B.

      A voice in government equal to that of the First and Second Estates.

    • C.

      Greater political influence than the clergy.

    • D.

      A high tax burden and little political power.

    Correct Answer
    D. A high tax burden and little political power.
    Explanation
    Before the revolution, members of the Third Estate had a high tax burden and little political power. This is because the Third Estate, which consisted of commoners and the lower classes, bore the brunt of the tax burden in France. They were heavily taxed while the nobility and clergy enjoyed exemptions and privileges. Additionally, the Third Estate had limited representation and influence in the government compared to the First and Second Estates, which further marginalized their political power.

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  • 15. 

    Napoleon's invasion of Russia was motivated by

    • A.

      The creation of a French-British alliance.

    • B.

      Czar Alexander's decision to resume trade with England.

    • C.

      The Russian scorched-earth policy.

    • D.

      The defeat of the French fleet at Trafalgar.

    Correct Answer
    B. Czar Alexander's decision to resume trade with England.
    Explanation
    Napoleon's invasion of Russia was motivated by Czar Alexander's decision to resume trade with England. This decision threatened Napoleon's Continental System, which aimed to isolate Britain economically. Napoleon saw this as a betrayal and a threat to his control over Europe. Therefore, he decided to invade Russia to punish Alexander and force him to abandon the trade with England. This invasion ultimately proved disastrous for Napoleon, leading to his downfall.

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  • 16. 

    On June 20, 1780, the third estate swore that they would mcontinue to meet until a constitution was drafted.  This was known as the ______________.

    Correct Answer
    Tennis Court Oath
    tennis court oath
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Tennis Court Oath". On June 20, 1780, the third estate made a pledge to continue their meetings until a constitution was drafted. This pledge took place on a tennis court, hence it became known as the Tennis Court Oath.

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  • 17. 

    The need for gunpowder led the people to storm the ___________.

    Correct Answer
    Bastille
    Bastile
    Explanation
    The need for gunpowder led the people to storm the Bastille. The Bastille was a fortress in Paris that served as a symbol of royal authority and tyranny. The people, fueled by their desire for gunpowder and their discontent with the monarchy, stormed the Bastille on July 14, 1789, marking the beginning of the French Revolution. This event represented the people's rebellion against the oppressive regime and their fight for freedom and equality.

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  • 18. 

    ____________ was the site of Napoleon’s final defeat.

    Correct Answer
    Waterloo
    waterloo
    Explanation
    Waterloo is the correct answer because it was the site where Napoleon was defeated for the final time. This battle took place on June 18, 1815, in present-day Belgium. The defeat at Waterloo marked the end of Napoleon's reign as the Emperor of the French and his final attempt to regain power. The battle was fought between Napoleon's French army and a coalition of forces led by the Duke of Wellington and Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher. The decisive defeat at Waterloo ultimately led to Napoleon's abdication and his exile to the island of Saint Helena.

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  • 19. 

    ________________ was the head of the Committee for Public Safety.

    Correct Answer
    Robespierre
    Explanation
    Robespierre was the head of the Committee for Public Safety during the French Revolution. As a prominent figure in the Jacobin Club, Robespierre played a significant role in the Reign of Terror, a period marked by mass executions and suppression of counter-revolutionaries. He believed in using extreme measures to protect the revolution and establish a republic, which led to his rise to power. However, his authoritarian rule and excessive use of the guillotine ultimately resulted in his downfall and execution in 1794.

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  • 20. 

    The ______________ was Napoleon’s plan that forbade trade with Britain.

    Correct Answer
    Continental System
    Explanation
    The Continental System was Napoleon's plan that forbade trade with Britain. This system aimed to weaken Britain economically by isolating it from the rest of Europe and depriving it of essential goods. Napoleon believed that this would cripple Britain's economy and force it to surrender. The Continental System ultimately failed as Britain found alternative trading partners and implemented its own retaliatory measures.

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