Five Phases Of Emergency Management

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Five Phases Of Emergency Management - Quiz

The following test will assess your knowledge of the five phases of emergency management.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Navy prevention programs include: (select all that apply)

    • A.

      Anti-terrorism

    • B.

      Information security

    • C.

      Debris management

    • D.

      Syndromic surveillance

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Anti-terrorism
    B. Information security
    D. Syndromic surveillance
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Anti-terrorism, Information security, and Syndromic surveillance. Navy prevention programs aim to address various threats and risks. Anti-terrorism measures are essential to protect against potential terrorist attacks. Information security is crucial to safeguard sensitive data and prevent unauthorized access. Syndromic surveillance involves monitoring and analyzing health data to detect and respond to potential outbreaks or epidemics. Debris management, although important, is not directly related to prevention programs in this context.

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  • 2. 

    ________ involves observing reported information for potential disease trends.

    • A.

      Personnel security

    • B.

      Preventitive medicine

    • C.

      Mass care

    • D.

      Syndromic surveillance

    Correct Answer
    D. Syndromic surveillance
    Explanation
    Syndromic surveillance involves observing reported information for potential disease trends. This method focuses on monitoring symptoms and other indicators rather than specific diagnoses. By analyzing this data, public health officials can identify patterns and detect outbreaks early, allowing for timely intervention and response. This approach is particularly useful in monitoring the spread of infectious diseases and can help in allocating resources and implementing preventive measures effectively.

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  • 3. 

    ________ is usually between Public Safety agencies with resources to share or exchange mutually during an emergency.

    • A.

      Inter-Service Support Agreements

    • B.

      Mutual Aid Agreements

    • C.

      Support Contracts

    • D.

      Memoranda of Understanding

    Correct Answer
    B. Mutual Aid Agreements
    Explanation
    Mutual Aid Agreements are typically made between Public Safety agencies that have the ability to provide resources to each other in times of emergency. These agreements establish a framework for cooperation and assistance, allowing agencies to share or exchange resources, personnel, and other support during critical situations. It helps ensure a coordinated response and maximizes the effectiveness of emergency response efforts.

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  • 4. 

    Events or efforts that might take place during this phase include:   -  Forecasting and plume modeling    -  Floodplain management    -  Dam and levee management    -  Information Technology (IT) disaster recovery    -  Evacuation route development and management    -  Safe haven/shelter-in-place management  

    • A.

      Prevention

    • B.

      Preparedness

    • C.

      Mitigation

    • D.

      Recovery

    • E.

      Response

    Correct Answer
    C. Mitigation
    Explanation
    Mitigation involves actions taken to reduce or prevent the impact of a potential disaster. In this phase, efforts such as forecasting and plume modeling, floodplain and dam management, IT disaster recovery, and evacuation route development are all aimed at minimizing the effects of a disaster. The focus is on reducing risks and vulnerabilities, and implementing measures to protect lives, property, and the environment.

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  • 5. 

    As an EM, the medical assets you are coordinating with, during the preparedness phase, are under the same chain of command as you.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During the preparedness phase, the medical assets that an Emergency Manager (EM) coordinates with may not necessarily be under the same chain of command as the EM. In many cases, medical assets such as hospitals, clinics, and medical personnel operate under their own organizational structures and reporting lines. While the EM may collaborate and communicate with these assets to ensure coordination and preparedness efforts, they do not have direct command and control authority over them. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 6. 

    Who is responsible for all law enforcement and anti-terrorism intelligence and information sharing?

    • A.

      ATO

    • B.

      NCIS

    • C.

      EMWG

    • D.

      ATWG

    Correct Answer
    B. NCIS
    Explanation
    NCIS, which stands for Naval Criminal Investigative Service, is responsible for all law enforcement and anti-terrorism intelligence and information sharing. NCIS is a federal law enforcement agency within the U.S. Department of the Navy, and its primary role is to investigate and prevent criminal activities that threaten the security of the U.S. Navy and Marine Corps. They also collaborate with other agencies and share intelligence to combat terrorism effectively.

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  • 7. 

    This phase focuses on increasing the capability of the Region/Installation to effectively prevent and mitigate the potential effects of, response to, and recovery from all hazards identified in the risk management process.

    • A.

      Mitigation

    • B.

      Preparedness

    • C.

      Recovery

    • D.

      Response

    • E.

      Prevention

    Correct Answer
    B. Preparedness
    Explanation
    Preparedness is the correct answer because it refers to the phase that focuses on increasing the capability of a region or installation to effectively prevent and mitigate the potential effects of, respond to, and recover from all hazards identified in the risk management process. This phase involves activities such as planning, training, and exercising to ensure that necessary resources, procedures, and systems are in place to effectively respond to emergencies and mitigate their impact. It aims to enhance the overall readiness and resilience of the region or installation.

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  • 8. 

    The above image is an example of which organizational chart?

    • A.

      Group 1 Installation EM Organization

    • B.

      Group 2 Installation EM Organization

    • C.

      Group 3 Installation EM Organization

    • D.

      Group 4 Installation EM Organization

    Correct Answer
    A. Group 1 Installation EM Organization
  • 9. 

    Within the CNIC organization, there are two major initiatives that changed how business is conducted.  Identify these two initiatives:

    • A.

      Operationalization

    • B.

      Preemption

    • C.

      Forecasting

    • D.

      Regionalization

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Operationalization
    D. Regionalization
    Explanation
    The two major initiatives within the CNIC organization that changed how business is conducted are operationalization and regionalization. Operationalization refers to the process of implementing and executing operational strategies and plans effectively. It involves converting theoretical concepts into practical actions to achieve organizational goals. Regionalization, on the other hand, involves decentralizing decision-making and operations to regional levels. This allows for better adaptation to local conditions and more efficient resource allocation. Both initiatives aim to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the organization's operations and enhance its ability to meet the needs of different regions.

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  • 10. 

    This phase focuses on reducing or eliminating structural or physical elements that might cause problems before a disaster strikes.  

    • A.

      Recovery

    • B.

      Response

    • C.

      Preparedness

    • D.

      Mitigation

    • E.

      Prevention

    Correct Answer
    D. Mitigation
    Explanation
    Mitigation refers to the phase of disaster management that aims to reduce or eliminate the structural or physical elements that could potentially cause problems before a disaster occurs. It involves taking proactive measures to minimize the impact of a disaster and prevent or reduce the loss of life, damage to property, and disruption to the community. This phase focuses on implementing strategies such as building codes, land-use planning, and infrastructure improvements to make communities more resilient and less vulnerable to disasters.

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  • 11. 

    Events or efforts that might take place during this phase include:   –        Intelligence   –        Detection   –        Preemption and interdiction   –        Defense of public prior to incident   –        Immunization and vaccination

    • A.

      Prevention

    • B.

      Preparedness

    • C.

      Response

    • D.

      Recovery

    • E.

      Mitigation

    Correct Answer
    A. Prevention
    Explanation
    During the prevention phase, various events or efforts may occur to prevent an incident or disaster from happening. These include intelligence gathering to identify potential threats, detection of any suspicious activities or signs of danger, preemption and interdiction to stop or disrupt potential threats, defense of the public prior to an incident to ensure their safety, and immunization and vaccination to protect against diseases or biological threats. This phase focuses on taking proactive measures to prevent or minimize the impact of a disaster or incident.

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  • 12. 

    A(n) ________ Specialist provides scientific and technical data, history, and related operational information.

    • A.

      Occupational Safety

    • B.

      Environmental

    • C.

      Seismic

    • D.

      Technical

    Correct Answer
    D. Technical
    Explanation
    A Technical Specialist provides scientific and technical data, history, and related operational information. This role involves expertise in a specific field or industry, and the specialist is responsible for analyzing and interpreting complex technical information to support decision-making and problem-solving. They may also provide guidance and training to others in their organization.

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  • 13. 

    Installation EMOs should provide or support Public Works and Housing in providing guidance concerning office and home mitigation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that installation EMOs (Emergency Management Offices) should assist Public Works and Housing in offering guidance on office and home mitigation. This means that installation EMOs should be involved in providing advice and support to ensure that appropriate measures are taken to minimize the impact of emergencies on both office and residential buildings.

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  • 14. 

    This phase focuses on addressing all hazards, regardless of cause, which have the potential to or are actively impacting the assigned missions and/or the populace.

    • A.

      Response

    • B.

      Mitigation

    • C.

      Prevention

    • D.

      Recovery

    • E.

      Preparedness

    Correct Answer
    A. Response
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Mitigation. Mitigation refers to the actions taken to reduce or eliminate the risks and impacts of hazards. In this phase, the focus is on addressing all hazards, regardless of their cause, and taking measures to minimize their potential impact on assigned missions and the population. This can include implementing preventive measures, such as building codes and regulations, as well as implementing strategies to reduce vulnerability and increase resilience to hazards.

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  • 15. 

    During which time period should dispatch begin notification of selected Category 5 personnel?

    • A.

      ~ 0 - 5 minutes

    • B.

      ~ 5 - 10 minutes

    • C.

      ~ 20 - 30 minutes

    • D.

      ~ 45 - 60 minutes

    • E.

      ~ 60 - 90 minutes

    Correct Answer
    A. ~ 0 - 5 minutes
    Explanation
    Dispatch should begin notification of selected Category 5 personnel within the first 0-5 minutes. This time period is crucial as it allows for immediate communication and mobilization of the necessary personnel. By notifying them promptly, it ensures that the Category 5 personnel can respond quickly and efficiently to the situation at hand, minimizing any potential delays or further complications.

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  • 16. 

    The ________ provides key information used to identify hazards created as a result of the event, establish recovery priorities, identify recovery issues, and develop the Recovery Plan.

    • A.

      RWG

    • B.

      NCIS

    • C.

      ATWG

    • D.

      OSH

    Correct Answer
    A. RWG
    Explanation
    The RWG (Recovery Working Group) provides key information used to identify hazards created as a result of the event, establish recovery priorities, identify recovery issues, and develop the Recovery Plan.

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  • 17. 

    The five phases of emergency management follow each other sequentially with no overlap.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the five phases of emergency management, which are mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and evaluation, do not necessarily follow each other sequentially with no overlap. In reality, these phases often overlap and interact with each other during the course of managing an emergency. For example, preparedness activities can occur simultaneously with mitigation efforts, and response efforts can begin while recovery activities are still ongoing. Therefore, the phases of emergency management are not strictly sequential.

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  • 18. 

    This phase focuses on restoring the social, physical, economical, and organizational infrastructure of a community after an emergency.

    • A.

      Mitigation

    • B.

      Prevention

    • C.

      Recovery

    • D.

      Response

    • E.

      Preparedness

    Correct Answer
    C. Recovery
    Explanation
    Recovery is the correct answer because it refers to the phase after an emergency where the focus is on restoring the social, physical, economical, and organizational infrastructure of a community. This includes activities such as rebuilding damaged structures, providing necessary services, and supporting the affected population in recovering and returning to normalcy.

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  • 19. 

    The following objectives apply to which phase?    -  Assist public   -  Restore environment   -  Restore infrastructure

    • A.

      Preparedness

    • B.

      Mitigation

    • C.

      Response

    • D.

      Recovery

    • E.

      Prevention

    Correct Answer
    D. Recovery
    Explanation
    The objectives of assisting the public, restoring the environment, and restoring infrastructure align with the phase of recovery. During the recovery phase, efforts are focused on restoring essential services, infrastructure, and the overall well-being of the affected community. This includes providing assistance and support to the public, repairing and rebuilding damaged infrastructure, and restoring the natural environment to its pre-disaster state.

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  • 20. 

    During which time period should the HAZMAT team have completed initial medical screening of the entry team and begun the first entry in Level A or the appropriate level of PPE, as determined by the IC?

    • A.

      ~ 0 - 5 minutes

    • B.

      ~ 5 - 10 minutes

    • C.

      ~ 20 - 30 minutes

    • D.

      ~ 45 - 60 minutes

    • E.

      ~ 60 - 90 minutes

    Correct Answer
    D. ~ 45 - 60 minutes
    Explanation
    The HAZMAT team should have completed initial medical screening of the entry team and begun the first entry in Level A or the appropriate level of PPE, as determined by the IC, within 45-60 minutes. This time period allows for the necessary preparations and assessments to be made before the team enters the hazardous area. It ensures that the team has enough time to properly equip themselves and follow safety protocols, minimizing the risk of exposure to hazardous substances.

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  • 21. 

    During which time period should the EOC start to become operational?

    • A.

      ~ 0 - 5 minutes

    • B.

      ~ 5 - 10 minutes

    • C.

      ~ 20 - 30 minutes

    • D.

      ~ 45 - 60 minutes

    • E.

      ~ 60 - 90 minutes

    Correct Answer
    C. ~ 20 - 30 minutes
    Explanation
    The EOC should start to become operational within 20-30 minutes. This time period allows for initial assessment and coordination of resources in response to an emergency situation. It gives enough time to gather necessary information, activate response plans, and begin communication and coordination efforts with relevant stakeholders. Starting the EOC operation within this timeframe ensures a prompt and effective response to the emergency.

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  • 22. 

    The extended event response concept does which of the following?  (select all that apply)

    • A.

      Handles resource management needs.

    • B.

      Increases speed-to-reaction time through C3 capabilities.

    • C.

      Integrates personnel accountability requirements.

    • D.

      Follows volunteer and donations management policies.

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Increases speed-to-reaction time through C3 capabilities.
    C. Integrates personnel accountability requirements.
    D. Follows volunteer and donations management policies.
    Explanation
    The extended event response concept increases the speed-to-reaction time through C3 capabilities by enabling faster decision-making and coordination during emergencies. It also integrates personnel accountability requirements by ensuring that all personnel involved in the response are accounted for and their roles and responsibilities are clearly defined. Additionally, it follows volunteer and donations management policies to effectively utilize and manage resources provided by volunteers and donations during the event response.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 24, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Kimtwigg
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