First Periodical Exam In Computer 5

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First Periodical Exam In Computer 5 - Quiz

Computer Literacy for grade five pupils


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1. physical part of a computer

    • A.

      Software

    • B.

      Hardware

    • C.

      Dataware

    • D.

      Peopleware

    • E.

      Tupperware

    Correct Answer
    B. Hardware
    Explanation
    Hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system that can be touched and seen. This includes devices such as the central processing unit (CPU), memory, storage devices, input/output devices, and peripherals. Software, on the other hand, refers to the programs and instructions that tell the hardware what to do. In this context, hardware is the correct answer as it specifically pertains to the physical part of a computer. Dataware, Peopleware, and Tupperware are not relevant in this context.

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  • 2. 

    2. It is the main or central circuit board, making up a complex electronic system of a computer.

    • A.

      Motherboard

    • B.

      Hardware

    • C.

      Memory

    • D.

      Printer

    • E.

      Fatherboard

    Correct Answer
    A. Motherboard
    Explanation
    The correct answer is motherboard. The motherboard is the main circuit board in a computer that connects and allows communication between all the other components. It is responsible for housing the CPU, memory, storage, and other essential hardware components. Without a motherboard, a computer would not be able to function as it acts as the central hub for all the different parts to work together.

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  • 3. 

    3. It is used to refer to either an executable program by both lay people and computer programmers.

    • A.

      Software

    • B.

      Computer

    • C.

      Software

    • D.

      Word

    • E.

      Program

    Correct Answer
    E. Program
    Explanation
    The term "program" is commonly used to refer to an executable program by both lay people and computer programmers. It is a general term that encompasses any set of instructions or code that can be executed by a computer. This can include applications, scripts, or any other type of software that performs specific tasks or functions. The term "program" is widely understood and used in both technical and non-technical contexts to describe software.

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  • 4. 

    4. It is a device capable of processing information to produce a desired result.

    • A.

      Machine

    • B.

      Engine

    • C.

      Computer

    • D.

      Telephone

    • E.

      Monitor

    Correct Answer
    C. Computer
    Explanation
    A computer is a device that is capable of processing information to produce a desired result. It is able to perform complex calculations, store and retrieve data, and execute instructions. Computers are used in various fields such as education, business, and entertainment. They have become an essential tool for communication, research, and problem-solving. With their ability to process and analyze vast amounts of data, computers have revolutionized many industries and have greatly increased efficiency and productivity.

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  • 5. 

    5. Refers to a very fast storage device which does not retain its stored data when the power is turned off.

    • A.

      Power Supply

    • B.

      Microprocessor

    • C.

      Memory

    • D.

      Hard Disk Drive

    • E.

      Printer

    Correct Answer
    C. Memory
    Explanation
    Memory refers to a very fast storage device which does not retain its stored data when the power is turned off. Unlike other storage devices like hard disk drives or printers, memory is volatile and requires continuous power supply to retain the data stored in it. This makes it ideal for temporary storage and quick access to data, but not suitable for long-term storage or permanent data retention.

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  • 6. 

    6. Any computer hardware that is added to a computer in order to expand its abilities is called _________________.

    • A.

      Peripheral

    • B.

      Devices

    • C.

      Hardware

    • D.

      Mouse

    • E.

      Computer

    Correct Answer
    A. Peripheral
    Explanation
    When referring to computer hardware, a peripheral is any device that is added to a computer to enhance its functionality or provide additional capabilities. This can include devices such as printers, scanners, keyboards, and mice, among others. These peripherals are connected to the computer through various ports, such as USB or Bluetooth, and allow the user to interact with the computer and perform tasks beyond the basic functions of the system unit. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "Peripheral".

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  • 7. 

    7. It is part of a computer system that made up of encoded information or computer instructions which is different from hardware.

    • A.

      Hardware

    • B.

      Software

    • C.

      Program

    • D.

      Applications

    • E.

      Instructions

    Correct Answer
    B. Software
    Explanation
    Software refers to the encoded information or computer instructions that are separate from the physical components of a computer system, known as hardware. It is a collection of programs, applications, and instructions that enable the computer to perform specific tasks and functions. Unlike hardware, which includes physical components such as the processor, memory, and storage devices, software is intangible and can be installed, executed, and updated as needed.

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  • 8. 

    8. It refers to those who operate the computer.

    • A.

      Hardware

    • B.

      Software

    • C.

      Dataware

    • D.

      Peopleware

    • E.

      Tupperware

    Correct Answer
    D. Peopleware
    Explanation
    Peopleware refers to the individuals who operate the computer. It includes the human aspect of computer systems, such as the users, programmers, system analysts, and other personnel involved in the development, operation, and maintenance of computer systems. Peopleware recognizes the importance of human factors in the successful functioning of computer systems, including their knowledge, skills, attitudes, and interactions with technology.

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  • 9. 

    9. Used to translate text written in a computer language.

    • A.

      Text editor

    • B.

      Compilers

    • C.

      Files

    • D.

      Documents

    • E.

      Worksheets

    Correct Answer
    B. Compilers
    Explanation
    Compilers are software tools used to translate text written in a computer language into a form that can be executed by a computer. They take the source code as input and convert it into machine code or bytecode. This process involves several stages, such as lexical analysis, syntax analysis, semantic analysis, optimization, and code generation. Compilers are essential for programming as they enable the translation of human-readable code into a format that the computer can understand and execute.

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  • 10. 

    10. He was the one who develop a mechanism to calculate with 8 figures and carrying of 10's, 100's and 1000's.

    • A.

      Blaise Pascal

    • B.

      Blaise Ascal

    • C.

      Charles Babbage

    • D.

      Herman Hollerith

    • E.

      Blaze Pascal

    Correct Answer
    A. Blaise Pascal
    Explanation
    Blaise Pascal is the correct answer because he was the one who developed a mechanism to calculate with 8 figures and carrying of 10's, 100's, and 1000's. He invented the mechanical calculator known as the Pascaline, which was the first machine capable of performing addition and subtraction. This invention revolutionized mathematics and paved the way for further advancements in computing technology.

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