Fiscal Policy Trivia Quiz: How Much You Know?

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Fiscal Policy Trivia Quiz: How Much You Know? - Quiz


How much do you know about fiscal policy? Do you think you can pass this quiz? You will need to know the difference between a fiscal policy and an expansionary policy, define a balanced budget, budget deficit and budget surplus, our current national debt, what causes debt, and what are progressive and regressive taxes. This awesome quiz can help you learn more about fiscal policy.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is Fiscal Policy?

    • A.

      A policy that seeks to expand the money supply to encourage economic growth.

    • B.

      A finance ministry to slow down an economy.

    • C.

      A government policy for dealing with the budget.

    Correct Answer
    C. A government policy for dealing with the budget.
    Explanation
    Fiscal policy refers to the government's use of taxation and spending to influence the overall economy. It involves decisions related to government spending on public goods and services, as well as taxation policies to generate revenue. By managing the budget, the government aims to achieve economic stability, promote growth, and address various economic issues such as inflation, unemployment, and income inequality. Therefore, the correct answer is "A government policy for dealing with the budget."

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  • 2. 

    What would the government do if it wants to use an Expansionary Policy?

    • A.

      Increase GDP, increase taxes. they're worried about inflation.

    • B.

      Lower taxes and are worried about gov't spending.

    • C.

      Decrease taxes and decrease GDP.

    • D.

      Increase gov't spending.

    Correct Answer
    B. Lower taxes and are worried about gov't spending.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "lower taxes and are worried about gov't spending." This is because an expansionary policy is used by the government to stimulate economic growth. Lowering taxes puts more money in the hands of consumers and businesses, encouraging spending and investment. However, the government is worried about excessive government spending as it can lead to inflation. Therefore, they need to carefully manage their spending while implementing the expansionary policy.

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  • 3. 

    What is Expansionary Policy?

    • A.

      A policy that seeks to expand the money supply to encourage economic growth.

    • B.

      A government policy for dealing with the budget.

    • C.

      A finance ministry to slow down an economy.

    Correct Answer
    A. A policy that seeks to expand the money supply to encourage economic growth.
    Explanation
    Expansionary policy refers to a set of measures implemented by the government or central bank to stimulate economic growth. This policy involves increasing the money supply in the economy through various means, such as lowering interest rates, reducing taxes, or increasing government spending. By expanding the money supply, the aim is to encourage borrowing and spending, which in turn boosts economic activity and promotes growth. This approach is often used during times of recession or low economic growth to stimulate demand and investment.

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  • 4. 

    What would the government do if it wants to use a Contractionary Policy?

    • A.

      Lower taxes and are worried about gov't spending

    • B.

      Increase GDP, increase taxes. they're worried about inflation

    • C.

      Decrease taxes and decrease GDP

    • D.

      Increase gov't spending

    Correct Answer
    B. Increase GDP, increase taxes. they're worried about inflation
    Explanation
    The government would implement a Contractionary Policy by increasing GDP and increasing taxes because they are concerned about inflation. By increasing GDP, the government aims to stimulate economic growth and create more jobs. At the same time, by increasing taxes, the government can reduce consumer spending and control inflationary pressures in the economy. This policy helps to stabilize the economy by reducing excessive demand and preventing inflation from rising too rapidly.

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  • 5. 

    ________________ is the idea that an initial amount of spending (usually by the government) leads to increased consumption spending.

    Correct Answer
    multiplier effect
    multiplier affect
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "multiplier effect." The multiplier effect refers to the concept that an initial amount of spending, typically by the government, can result in a larger increase in overall consumption spending. This occurs because the initial spending stimulates economic activity, leading to increased income and subsequent spending by individuals and businesses. The multiplier effect is often used to justify government spending as a means to stimulate economic growth and recovery.

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  • 6. 

    Define Balance Budget.

    • A.

      How much more we spend than what we bring in.

    • B.

      How much we are below our deficit per year.

    • C.

      When the government spends as much money as it generates in revenue.

    • D.

      How much debt we have total.

    Correct Answer
    C. When the government spends as much money as it generates in revenue.
    Explanation
    A balanced budget refers to a situation where the government's spending is equal to the amount of revenue it generates. In other words, it means that the government is not running a deficit or a surplus. This implies that the government is not spending more than it earns, ensuring that expenses are covered by the revenue generated. It is a measure of financial responsibility and stability, indicating that the government is not accumulating debt and is able to meet its financial obligations without relying on borrowing.

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  • 7. 

    Define Budget Deficit.

    • A.

      How much more we spend than what we bring in.

    • B.

      How much we are below our deficit per year.

    • C.

      When the government spends as much money as it generates in revenue.

    • D.

      How much debt we have total.

    Correct Answer
    A. How much more we spend than what we bring in.
    Explanation
    Budget deficit refers to the situation where a government or an individual spends more money than they generate in revenue. It indicates the shortfall or the difference between the expenses incurred and the income received. This deficit is typically covered by borrowing money or taking loans, resulting in an increase in overall debt. Therefore, the correct answer is "how much more we spend than what we bring in."

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  • 8. 

    Define Budget Surplus.

    • A.

      How much more we spend than what we bring in.

    • B.

      How much we are below our deficit per year.

    • C.

      When the government spends as much money as it generates in revenue.

    • D.

      How much debt we have total.

    Correct Answer
    B. How much we are below our deficit per year.
  • 9. 

    When was the last time the gov't had a surplus?

    • A.

      2011

    • B.

      1995

    • C.

      1978

    • D.

      2000

    • E.

      2004

    Correct Answer
    D. 2000
    Explanation
    In 2000, the government had a surplus. This means that the government's revenue exceeded its expenses during that year. A surplus indicates a positive financial situation for the government, as it allows for the possibility of reducing debt or investing in various programs and initiatives.

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  • 10. 

    Define National Debt.

    • A.

      How much more we spend than what we bring in.

    • B.

      How much debt we have total.

    • C.

      How much we are below our deficit per year.

    • D.

      When the government spends as much money as it generates in revenue.

    Correct Answer
    B. How much debt we have total.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "how much debt we have total." National debt refers to the total amount of money that a government owes to its creditors. It includes both internal debt (owed to individuals and institutions within the country) and external debt (owed to foreign governments and organizations). It is a measure of the financial obligations that a country has accumulated over time and is an important indicator of its fiscal health.

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  • 11. 

    What is our current national debt?

    • A.

      $5 billion

    • B.

      $4 trillion

    • C.

      $3 million

    • D.

      $2 thousand

    • E.

      $8 trillion

    Correct Answer
    B. $4 trillion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is $4 trillion. This is the current national debt of the country. National debt refers to the total amount of money that a government owes to its creditors. In this case, it indicates that the country owes a significant amount of money, which is $4 trillion. This debt is accumulated through various means such as borrowing from individuals, institutions, and other countries. It is an important economic indicator that reflects the financial health and stability of a nation.

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  • 12. 

    What are the causes of debt?

    • A.

      War

    • B.

      Housing

    • C.

      Cars

    • D.

      National Disasters

    • E.

      School

    • F.

      Recessions

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. War
    D. National Disasters
    F. Recessions
    Explanation
    Debt can be caused by various factors such as war, national disasters, and recessions. During times of war, governments often need to borrow money to fund military operations and reconstruction efforts. National disasters, like hurricanes or earthquakes, can lead to significant financial burdens for individuals and governments alike, as they require funds for recovery and rebuilding. Recessions, characterized by a decline in economic activity, can result in job losses and reduced income, making it difficult for individuals and businesses to meet their financial obligations and leading to increased borrowing.

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  • 13. 

    What is the "Crowding out" effect?

    • A.

      Reduction in private consumption or investment that occurs because of an increase in government spending.

    • B.

      When the government spends as much money as it generates in revenue.

    • C.

      How much we are below our deficit per year.

    • D.

      How much more we spend than what we bring in.

    Correct Answer
    A. Reduction in private consumption or investment that occurs because of an increase in government spending.
    Explanation
    The "Crowding out" effect refers to a reduction in private consumption or investment that occurs as a result of increased government spending. When the government spends more money, it may lead to higher interest rates, which can discourage private individuals and businesses from borrowing and investing. This decrease in private spending and investment is known as the "Crowding out" effect.

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  • 14. 

    Define Progressive tax;

    • A.

      The poor is taxed a higher % than the rich.

    • B.

      The rich are taxed a higher % than the poor.

    • C.

      Everyone is taxed the same amount.

    Correct Answer
    B. The rich are taxed a higher % than the poor.
    Explanation
    Progressive tax refers to a tax system where individuals with higher incomes are taxed at a higher percentage than those with lower incomes. This means that the rich are taxed at a higher percentage than the poor. This type of tax system is designed to reduce income inequality and ensure that those who can afford to pay more contribute a larger share of their income towards taxes. It allows for a more equitable distribution of the tax burden and helps to fund government services and programs.

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  • 15. 

    Define Regressive tax;

    • A.

      The poor is taxed a higher % than the rich.

    • B.

      The rich are taxed a higher % than the poor.

    • C.

      Everyone is taxed the same amount.

    Correct Answer
    A. The poor is taxed a higher % than the rich.
    Explanation
    Regressive tax refers to a tax system where the poor are taxed a higher percentage of their income compared to the rich. This means that as income increases, the tax burden decreases. This type of tax system is considered regressive because it places a heavier burden on those with lower incomes, which can exacerbate income inequality.

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  • 16. 

    Define Proportional tax;

    • A.

      The poor are taxed higher % than the rich.

    • B.

      The rich are taxed higher % than the poor.

    • C.

      Everyone is taxed the same amount.

    Correct Answer
    C. Everyone is taxed the same amount.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Everyone is taxed the same amount." In a proportional tax system, also known as a flat tax, individuals are taxed at the same rate regardless of their income level. This means that both the poor and the rich pay the same percentage of their income in taxes. This type of tax system aims to create a fair and equal distribution of the tax burden among all individuals.

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  • 17. 

    What is an example of a progressive tax?

    • A.

      Social Security Tax

    • B.

      Fixed Dollar Amount

    • C.

      Income Tax

    Correct Answer
    C. Income Tax
    Explanation
    Income tax is an example of a progressive tax because it imposes a higher tax rate on individuals with higher incomes. This means that as a person's income increases, the percentage of tax they pay also increases. This system is designed to promote fairness by ensuring that those who earn more contribute a larger portion of their income towards taxes, while those with lower incomes are taxed at a lower rate.

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  • 18. 

    What is an example of regressive tax?

    • A.

      Social Security Tax

    • B.

      Fixed Dollar Amount

    • C.

      Income Tax

    Correct Answer
    B. Fixed Dollar Amount
    Explanation
    A regressive tax is a tax that takes a larger percentage of income from low-income individuals compared to high-income individuals. In the given options, the only example of a regressive tax is a Fixed Dollar Amount. This is because a fixed dollar amount tax applies the same amount to everyone, regardless of their income level. Therefore, low-income individuals would be burdened more by this tax compared to high-income individuals, making it regressive in nature. Social Security Tax and Income Tax, on the other hand, are progressive taxes as they are based on a percentage of income, meaning higher-income individuals pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes.

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  • 19. 

    What is an example of proportional tax?

    • A.

      Social Security Tax

    • B.

      Fixed Dollar Amount

    • C.

      Income Tax

    Correct Answer
    A. Social Security Tax
    Explanation
    An example of a proportional tax is the Social Security Tax. A proportional tax is a tax that takes the same percentage of income from all taxpayers, regardless of their income level. In the case of the Social Security Tax, a fixed percentage of an individual's income is deducted to fund the Social Security program. This means that individuals with higher incomes will pay a higher amount of tax, but the percentage of their income remains the same as those with lower incomes.

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  • 20. 

    Four Criteria to determine fairness in taxes.

    • A.

      Money

    • B.

      Ability to pay

    • C.

      Simplicity

    • D.

      Taxing

    • E.

      Benefits received

    • F.

      Debt

    • G.

      Efficiency

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Ability to pay
    C. Simplicity
    E. Benefits received
    G. Efficiency
    Explanation
    The four criteria mentioned in the question are ability to pay, simplicity, benefits received, and efficiency. These criteria are commonly used to evaluate the fairness of taxes. "Ability to pay" refers to the principle that individuals with higher incomes should pay a higher percentage of taxes. "Simplicity" means that the tax system should be easy to understand and comply with. "Benefits received" suggests that individuals who benefit more from public goods and services should contribute more through taxes. Lastly, "efficiency" implies that the tax system should minimize economic distortions and administrative costs. These criteria help ensure that the tax system is equitable and effective.

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  • 21. 

    What is the biggest portion of government spending?

    • A.

      Income Administration

    • B.

      Social Security Administration

    • C.

      Fixed Dollar Administration

    Correct Answer
    B. Social Security Administration
    Explanation
    The biggest portion of government spending is the Social Security Administration. This is because social security programs, such as retirement benefits, disability benefits, and survivor benefits, require a significant amount of funding. These programs aim to provide financial support to individuals who are retired, disabled, or have lost a loved one. Given the large number of people who rely on social security benefits, it is understandable that a significant portion of government spending is allocated to the Social Security Administration.

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  • 22. 

    What is mandatory spending?

    • A.

      Essential

    • B.

      Non-Essential

    Correct Answer
    A. Essential
    Explanation
    Mandatory spending refers to government expenditures that are required by law and cannot be easily changed or reduced. These expenses are considered essential because they are necessary for the functioning of the government and the provision of essential services to the public. Examples of mandatory spending include Social Security, Medicare, and interest payments on the national debt. These programs and obligations are considered vital and must be funded regardless of the government's budgetary situation.

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  • 23. 

    What is discretionary spending?

    • A.

      Essential

    • B.

      Non-Essential

    Correct Answer
    B. Non-Essential
    Explanation
    Discretionary spending refers to the expenses that are not necessary for basic needs or obligations. These expenses are considered non-essential because they are optional and can be adjusted or eliminated depending on personal preferences or financial circumstances. Unlike essential spending, which includes things like food, housing, and utilities, discretionary spending includes things like entertainment, vacations, dining out, and luxury items.

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  • 24. 

    What is Keynesian economics?

    • A.

      Little to no govt spending

    • B.

      Has more govt spending

    Correct Answer
    B. Has more govt spending
    Explanation
    Keynesian economics is an economic theory that advocates for increased government spending in order to stimulate economic growth and stabilize the economy during times of recession. According to Keynesian theory, government intervention through increased spending can help boost aggregate demand and create jobs, leading to economic recovery. This stands in contrast to the belief that little to no government spending is the solution to economic problems. Therefore, the correct answer is "has more govt spending."

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  • 25. 

    What is New classical economics?

    • A.

      Little to no govt spending

    • B.

      Has more govt spending

    Correct Answer
    A. Little to no govt spending
    Explanation
    New classical economics is an economic theory that emphasizes the importance of market forces and believes that government intervention in the economy should be minimal or non-existent. This theory argues that markets are self-regulating and will naturally adjust to any imbalances or shocks. Therefore, the correct answer, "Little to no govt spending," aligns with the principles of New classical economics, as it suggests that government intervention through spending should be limited in order to allow market forces to operate freely.

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  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Apr 14, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Lillsar95
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