Finals Review Part I

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 69

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Finals Review Part I

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which is the correct order for the scientific method?
    • A. 

      Observe, ask, hypothesize, experiment, analyze, conclude

    • B. 

      Hypothesize, experiment, observe, analyze, conclude

    • C. 

      Experiment, observe, hypothesize, analyze, conclude

    • D. 

      Hypothesize, observe, experiment, conclude, analyze, ask

  • 2. 
    A scientist wants to know if Miracle Grow will increase the number of tomatoes on his tomato plants. To tomato plant A he adds miracle grow; and to tomato plant B he does not add miracle grow. Both plants are given the same amount of light and water. After 6 weeks he counts the number of tomatoes are present on each plant. Plant A = 9 Plant B = 4What is the manipulated (independent) variable in the experiment? 
    • A. 

      Tomatoes

    • B. 

      Fertilizer

    • C. 

      Plants

    • D. 

      Light

  • 3. 
    A scientist wants to know if Miracle Grow will increase the number of tomatoes on his tomato plants. To tomato plant A he adds miracle grow; and to tomato plant B he does not add miracle grow. Both plants are given the same amount of light and water. After 6 weeks he counts the number of tomatoes are present on each plant. Plant A = 9 Plant B = 4What is the responding (dependent) variable? 
  • 4. 
    A scientist wants to know if Miracle Grow will increase the number of tomatoes on his tomato plants. To tomato plant A he adds miracle grow; and to tomato plant B he does not add miracle grow. Both plants are given the same amount of light and water. After 6 weeks he counts the number of tomatoes are present on each plant. Plant A = 9 Plant B = 4Which plant is in the control group? 
  • 5. 
    Which of the following best characterizes the flow of energy through a community?                
    • A. 

      Sun -->Producer--> Primary Consumer--> Secondary Consumer

    • B. 

      Producer -->Secondary Consumer -->Primary Consumer

    • C. 

      Decomposer-->Primary Consumer -->Secondary Consumer

    • D. 

      Producer -->Decomposer--> Primary Consumer--> Decomposer

  • 6. 
    Which of the following best illustrates a population?                                       
    • A. 

      My yard has 400 acorns, 50 caterpillars, and 10 birds

    • B. 

      My yard has 34 brown field mice

    • C. 

      Ants protect caterpillars from predators and get caterpillar nectar in return

    • D. 

      Every year 35 new mice and 10 owls are born in my yard

  • 7. 
    What would be the most likely and immediate result of a primary consumer being eliminated from a community?          
    • A. 

      The population size of a secondary consumer would increase

    • B. 

      The population size of a secondary consumer would decrease

    • C. 

      The population size of an producer would decrease

    • D. 

      The decomposer population would die out

  • 8. 
    Which of the following best illustrates a community?           
    • A. 

      My yard has 400 acorns, 50 caterpillars, and 10 birds

    • B. 

      My yard has 34 brown field mice

    • C. 

      Ants protect caterpillars from predators and get caterpillar nectar in return

    • D. 

      Every year 35 new mice and 10 owls are born in my yard

  • 9. 
    Which of the following BEST describes the niche of an earthworm?   
    • A. 

      Earthworms live in moist soil, usually in wooded areas

    • B. 

      Earthworms provide food for certain types of birds

    • C. 

      Earthworms are producers that live in the soil and get eaten by birds

    • D. 

      Earthworms get food from material in the soil, churn up the soil, and return nutrients to the soil.

  • 10. 
    Which of these is NOT an example of a limiting factor?                           
    • A. 

      A female turtle chooses a mate from two competing males.

    • B. 

      Four male turtles in an area cannot mate because there are not enough females.

    • C. 

      Turtles live in an area that is surrounded by terrain they cannot cross

    • D. 

      Female and male turtles in an area frequently get eaten by alligators

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is a controlled experiment that tests how the height of a ramp affects the speed at which a toy car does down the ramp? 
    • A. 

      Keep all the ramps at the same height and measure how quickly the car goes down each of them.

    • B. 

      Set ramps at random heights and measure how high the ramps are.

    • C. 

      Set ramps at different heights, roll the same car down each of them three times, and average the speeds from each trial.

    • D. 

      Set ramps at different heights, use a different car for each ramp, roll each car down its ramp three times, and average the speeds from each trial

  • 12. 
    Which term best describes the diagram?
    • A. 

      Homologous structures

    • B. 

      Analogous structures

    • C. 

      Vestigial structures

    • D. 

      Fossils

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of all living things?
    • A. 

      Growth and development

    • B. 

      Ability to move

    • C. 

      Response to environment

    • D. 

      Ability to reproduce

  • 14. 
    Fish, frogs, birds and monkeys all have slits at the sides of the throat in the embryonic stage.  In fish, these slits develop into gills, but in frogs, birds, and monkeys, these slits develop into other structures. Based on this information, which of the following is the best conclusion about the evolutionary histories of fish, frogs, birds, and monkeys?
    • A. 

      The animals evolved from a common ancestor.

    • B. 

      The animals did not develop lungs for breathing.

    • C. 

      The animals are not adapted to eat the same kinds of foods.

    • D. 

      The animals have evolved similar developmental rates from fertilization to birth.

  • 15. 
    Acacia trees provide a home for a particular species of ant, which defend the tree from invaders.  What form of symbiosis is this?
    • A. 

      Parasitism

    • B. 

      Commensalism

    • C. 

      Mutualism

    • D. 

      Herbivorism

  • 16. 
    A tall plant is crossed with a homozygous short plant.  If half of their offspring are tall and half short, then
    • A. 

      The offspring were TT and tt

    • B. 

      The parents were TT and tt

    • C. 

      The parents were Tt and tt

    • D. 

      The offspring were TT, Tt and tt

  • 17. 
    In  the context of natural selection, the members of a population that live long enough to reproduce
    • A. 

      Are most likely to pass on unfavorable changes in the species.

    • B. 

      Are the ones best adapted to survive in their environment.

    • C. 

      Pass on characteristics which they’ve acquired by use or disuse

    • D. 

      Tend to produce fewer offspring than others in the population.

  • 18. 
    Which of the following characteristics provides evidence that it is a plant cell and not an animal cell?
    • A. 

      A large vacuole

    • B. 

      A single nucleus

    • C. 

      A mitochondrion

    • D. 

      A cell membrane

  • 19. 
    A class performed an experiment in which liver enzymes reacted with different strengths of hydrogen peroxide.  In one test, students used 1% hydrogen peroxide. In another, they used 3% hydrogen peroxide, and in another they used 5% hydrogen peroxide.  In this experiment, the % strength of hydrogen peroxide was the:
    • A. 

      The independent variable

    • B. 

      The dependent variable

    • C. 

      The limiting factor

    • D. 

      The control group

  • 20. 
    The zebra, tsetse flies, lions, cattlebirds and hyenas interacting in one space is an example of a(n)
    • A. 

      Population

    • B. 

      Community

    • C. 

      Landscape

    • D. 

      Ecosystem

  • 21. 
    A dog gives birth to five puppies.  What percentage of its chromosomes does each puppy share with its mother?
    • A. 

      25%

    • B. 

      50%

    • C. 

      75%

    • D. 

      100%

  • 22. 
    Which part of the water cycle is a biological process?
    • A. 

      Transpiration

    • B. 

      Runoff

    • C. 

      Precipitation

    • D. 

      Condensation

  • 23. 
    Which statement is a fundamental principle of the cell theory?
    • A. 

      All cells have a cell membrane.

    • B. 

      Eukaryotic cells are larger than prokaryotic cells.

    • C. 

      All cells contain DNA.

    • D. 

      Living organisms are made of cells.

  • 24. 
    After developing a hypothesis, what should a scientist do next?
    • A. 

      Make a conclusion

    • B. 

      Test or experiment

    • C. 

      Gather data

    • D. 

      Make charts and graphs

  • 25. 
     An organism that cannot make its own food is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Chemotroph

    • B. 

      Heterotroph

    • C. 

      Producer

    • D. 

      Autotroph

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