Requirements Elicitation & Review Exam

45 Questions | Total Attempts: 406

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Requirements Elicitation & Review Exam

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A requirement is best defined as
    • A. 

      A need or want of the business to solve a problem or achieve an objective.

    • B. 

      A condition or capability of a product or solution that documents a problem or objective of the business.

    • C. 

      A need or necessary feature of a system that could be sensed from a position anywhere within the system.

    • D. 

      A condition or capability needed by a stakeholder to solve a problem or achieve an objective.

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Business Requirements.

    • B. 

      Stakeholder Requirements.

    • C. 

      Functional Requirements.

    • D. 

      Non-functional Requirements.

  • 3. 
    A requirement is best described by which of the following:
    • A. 

      A known deliverable.

    • B. 

      A documented representation of a condition or capability.

    • C. 

      Whatever the business analyst deems it to be.

    • D. 

      A list of items presented to the business analyst on a napkin.

  • 4. 
    A solution is defined as:
    • A. 

      A set of changes to the current state.

    • B. 

      Automation of a new end product.

    • C. 

      Changes to the current software and the associated business processes.

    • D. 

      Anything that solves a business problem or seizes an opportunity.

  • 5. 
    The BA will typically work with the implementation SME in which of the following activities:
    • A. 

      Training of technical team on new software.

    • B. 

      Helping to build usability into the application software.

    • C. 

      Construction of the software and driving the implementation process.

    • D. 

      Making decisions regarding tradeoffs that impact the requirements.

  • 6. 
    Putri is a senior BA at an Indonesian organization, Asian Lions, specializing in moving North American and European families into and out of Indonesia. They have been hugely successful and have decided to expand throughout Southeast Asia. She has defined the business need, looked at the current and future capabilities, and examined several alternatives. She is about to provide a roadmap that will allocate functionality to different releases with a recommendation on outsourcing and approximate timeline for each release. Which task and element is Putri performing?
    • A. 

      Allocate requirements (task) and release planning (element). Allocate requirements (task) and release planning (element).

    • B. 

      Define solution scope (task) and implementation approach (element).

    • C. 

      Determine solution approach (task) and implementation approach (element).

    • D. 

      Determine solution approach (task) and release planning (element).

  • 7. 
    Which document explains the general method that will be used to create or acquire new capabilities?
    • A. 

      Project vision.

    • B. 

      Solution approach.

    • C. 

      Solution performance assessment.

    • D. 

      Capability opportunities.

  • 8. 
    Storyboards depict interfaces and related elements and have several synonyms. Which of the following is the LEAST applicable term for a storyboard?
    • A. 

      Dialog map.

    • B. 

      Dialog hierarchy.

    • C. 

      Navigation flow.

    • D. 

      Interface map.

  • 9. 
    In order to conduct elicitation activities, what tasks, documents or knowledge will you need to move forward?
    • A. 

      Plan requirements management, plan requirements communication.

    • B. 

      Prepare for elicitation, execute requirements work plan.

    • C. 

      Plan requirements management, conduct stakeholder analysis.

    • D. 

      Confirm elicitation resources, build requirements work plan.

  • 10. 
    All of the following are important ingredients for preparing for Requirements Elicitation sessions EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Session objectives so people know the purpose of the session.

    • B. 

      Desired outcome so people know what should be produced as part of the session.

    • C. 

      Gauging the group's ability to reach consensus.

    • D. 

      A plan for the Requirements Elicitation techniques to be used during the session.

  • 11. 
    Interface Analysis does NOT include:
    • A. 

      Data models.

    • B. 

      Interfaces to and from external applications.

    • C. 

      UIs (user interfaces).

    • D. 

      Interfaces to and from external hardware devices.

  • 12. 
    You are focusing your Requirements Elicitation activities on eliciting transition requirements. Which technique may provide the best opportunity for this activity?
    • A. 

      Prototype.

    • B. 

      Focus group.

    • C. 

      Interface analysis.

    • D. 

      Observation.

  • 13. 
    One group of stakeholders is located in Austin, Texas, and another located in Russia. During what activity would this information be considered critical?
    • A. 

      Plan Business Analysis Approach.

    • B. 

      Conduct Stakeholder Analysis.

    • C. 

      Plan Business Analysis Communication.

    • D. 

      Communicate Requirements.

  • 14. 
    Performance of all requirements analysis activities are governed by which of the following documents?
    • A. 

      Project plan.

    • B. 

      Business analysis performance metrics.

    • C. 

      Business analysis plans.

    • D. 

      Organizational process assets.

  • 15. 
    A state diagram focuses on changes related to __________?
    • A. 

      Timelines.

    • B. 

      Events

    • C. 

      Actions.

    • D. 

      Responses

  • 16. 
    A use case model is:
    • A. 

      A diagram with stick-figure actors connected to use cases drawn in ovals.

    • B. 

      Text flows of events that describe the steps an actor takes to accomplish the goal of a use case.

    • C. 

      A diagram with stick-figure actors connected to use cases drawn in ovals, and text flows of events that describe the steps an actor takes to accomplish the goal of a use case.

    • D. 

      A diagram with stick-figure actors connected to use cases drawn in ovals, text flow of events that describe the steps an actor takes to accomplish the goal of a use case, and associated documented business rules affecting the use case.

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is NOT an improvement opportunity in the Specify and Model Requirements task?
    • A. 

      Improve access to stakeholders.

    • B. 

      Improve access to information.

    • C. 

      Increase consistency of behavior.

    • D. 

      Eliminate redundancy.

  • 18. 
    The purpose of finding and modeling entities/classes in requirements is to:
    • A. 

      Document the data characteristics which will become the columns or fields in a database.

    • B. 

      Document the business concepts that will be the basis for Use Cases that involve data.

    • C. 

      Document the business objects that will contain data characteristics.

    • D. 

      Be used mainly for database design, because entities or classes do not belong in requirements documentation.

  • 19. 
    What kind of diagram shows objects participating and shows messages being exchanged between them.
    • A. 

      Process diagram.

    • B. 

      Activity diagram.

    • C. 

      Scope diagram.

    • D. 

      Sequence diagram.

  • 20. 
    Documenting a requirement that describes a customer's interaction with a proposed system to accomplish a goal is best associated with which of these techniques Definition of a Use Case. The interaction element of the question is key. Use case analysis can start with goals or events. BABOK 6.2.4.2. User stories document features and stakeholder objectives at a high, narrative level. They aren't necessarily about interactions. BABOK 6.2.5.
    • A. 

      Goal Decomposition.

    • B. 

      Activity Diagram.

    • C. 

      Use Case.

    • D. 

      User Story.

  • 21. 
    Which statement best describes why the stakeholder list is important to prioritizing requirements?
    • A. 

      It ensures all stakeholders have been involved in the requirements management plan which provides the process for prioritization of requirements.

    • B. 

      It indicates levels of power to determine which stakeholders are needed for prioritization.

    • C. 

      It helps the project manager create the meeting invitation for the requirements prioritization meeting.

    • D. 

      It provides the organizational structure that will be impacted by the solution.

  • 22. 
    Which of the following lists are valid non-functional requirements:
    • A. 

      Specificity, performance, interface, privacy, environmental.

    • B. 

      Unique, privacy, operational, quality, environmental, transferability.

    • C. 

      Security, reliability, operability, compatibility, maintainability

    • D. 

      Security, performance, quality, unique, complete

  • 23. 
    Which of the following describe non-functional requirement categories?
    • A. 

      Reliability, operability, security, functionability.

    • B. 

      Dependability, operability, performance efficiency, security.

    • C. 

      Reliability, operability, compatibility, transferability.

    • D. 

      Reliability, operability, adjustability, scalability.

  • 24. 
    Which of the following statements does NOT describe assumptions or constraints?
    • A. 

      Assumptions may affect all aspects of the project and pose a certain degree of risk.

    • B. 

      Assumptions and constraints are generally documented with associated attributes.

    • C. 

      Assumptions and constraints are generally documented to be generic, like business rules.

    • D. 

      Constraints are defined as restrictions or limitations on possible solutions.

  • 25. 
    UML standard Activity Diagrams typically include which of the following components:
    • A. 

      Rounded rectangles converging independent flows into a single flow.

    • B. 

      Branches represented by a horizontal bar with multiple paths continuing forward.

    • C. 

      Diamonds from one path to one or more mutually exclusive alternate paths.

    • D. 

      Joins represented by a diamond bringing a number of parallel flows into a single flow.

  • 26. 
    You are walking your stakeholders through a diagram that shows the life cycle of a class. What type of diagram are you using?
    • A. 

      Context level data flow diagram.

    • B. 

      Sequence diagram.

    • C. 

      State diagram.

    • D. 

      Functional decomposition diagram.

  • 27. 
    One of the following techniques has NOT been adopted by enough business analysis professionals to be considered a general technique. Therefore, according to the BABOK, which technique should a skilled generalist NOT be expected to know about?
    • A. 

      Functional requirements analysis.

    • B. 

      Non-functional requirements analysis.

    • C. 

      Vendor assessment.

    • D. 

      Scope modeling.

  • 28. 
    What is a measure of the effectiveness of the BA's decision-making abilities?
    • A. 

      Confidence of the participants in the decision-analysis process. Confidence of the participants in the decision-analysis process

    • B. 

      Decisions are made by considering the interest of every stakeholde

    • C. 

      Stakeholders include the BA in the decision making process.

    • D. 

      Confidence of the participants in the selected solution.

  • 29. 
    Knowledge of a specific department's business architecture is called what?
    • A. 

      Organization knowledge.

    • B. 

      Business knowledge.

    • C. 

      Domain knowledge.

    • D. 

      Department knowledge.

  • 30. 
    • A. 

      Context scope diagram.

    • B. 

      Requirements workshop.

    • C. 

      Structured walkthrough.

    • D. 

      Brainstorming.

  • 31. 
    Which of the following is a valid consideration for presenting requirements to  stakeholders Formality of presentation is a consideration. The BABOK also points out that informal communication may result in missed information and increased ambiguity.
    • A. 

      Executive sponsors and management want high-level requirements, so include executive summaries.

    • B. 

      Many business SMEs will not be available to review requirements, so there is little need to write in the language they can understand.

    • C. 

      There is virtually little difference in the time needed to prepare formal or informal requirements reviews. The difference lies in the organizational level of the audience being presented to.

    • D. 

      A requirement may be presented informally in an e-mail message, a note, or verbally.

  • 32. 
    How should requirements communication be performed?
    • A. 

      According to the situation and stakeholder.

    • B. 

      During requirements workshops and structured walkthroughs.

    • C. 

      Iteratively

    • D. 

      According to the BA communication plan.

  • 33. 
    According to the BABOK, 'a specific output of the business analysis process that the business analyst has agreed to produce.' is known as what?
    • A. 

      Work Product.

    • B. 

      Deliverable.

    • C. 

      Requirements Package.

    • D. 

      Formal documentation.

  • 34. 
    Which of the following is NOT a part of risk analysis?
    • A. 

      Likelihood of a risk.

    • B. 

      Impact of a risk.

    • C. 

      Scope of a risk.

    • D. 

      Mitigation of a risk.

  • 35. 
    Risks can be negative or positive by nature. A good strategy for positive risks include:
    • A. 

      Acceptance, transfer, mitigation.

    • B. 

      Acceptance, enhance, mitigation.

    • C. 

      Share, transfer, exploit.

    • D. 

      Share, enhance, exploit.

  • 36. 
    Planning the business analysis approach includes determining how to:
    • A. 

      Prioritize requirements.

    • B. 

      Make best use of earned value for determining the health of the business analysis activities.

    • C. 

      Analyze risk probability and impact.

    • D. 

      Store and access project historical records.

  • 37. 
    David has been working through a very long and complicated requirements signoff process for his company, a producer of class rings and school pictures. In particular, he has toiled over making the requirements in the appropriate format for the wide variety of stakeholders on his project. His months and months of effort were just about to be rewarded when he got an email lambasting him for not including the customer compliance team who refuse to let the project move forward. What could be the reason for this omission?
    • A. 

      David's business analysis communication plan was incomplete.

    • B. 

      David's business analysis plan was incomplete.

    • C. 

      David did not get the necessary stakeholder analysis information from the project manager.

    • D. 

      David forgot to review previous project documentation to identify all stakeholder involvement.

  • 38. 
    You are in the process of selecting people to participate in a particular Requirements Elicitation event. Among your considerations are whether the type of questions will be open-ended or closed-ended. You are also considering the best mode of distribution. What technique are you likely to be planning?
    • A. 

      Survey/Questionnaire.

    • B. 

      Focus group.

    • C. 

      JAD workshop.

    • D. 

      Interview.

  • 39. 
    In what task is it best to understand the nature of influence structures and channels in an organization?
    • A. 

      Force field analysis.

    • B. 

      Organization modeling.

    • C. 

      Stakeholder analysis.

    • D. 

      Stakeholder map.

  • 40. 
    Which of the following tasks is performed to determine the effect of a new solution and if it can be used effectively?
    • A. 

      Determine Solution Approach.

    • B. 

      Conduct Feasibility Analysis.

    • C. 

      Assess Organization Readiness.

    • D. 

      Validate Requirements.

  • 41. 
    Jen is experiencing a lot of ambiguity with some of the requirements that she has received from her stakeholders. When is a good time to resolve these ambiguities?
    • A. 

      During requirements signoff.

    • B. 

      During lessons learned.During the requirements workshop.

    • C. 

      During a structured walkthrough.

  • 42. 
    Operational assessment means:
    • A. 

      Evaluate whether stakeholders are prepared to make use of the solution.

    • B. 

      Assess impact of business analysis to organization.

    • C. 

      Evaluate whether stakeholders are physically capable of operating the equipment.

    • D. 

      Evaluate alternative solutions and recommend effect on operational aspects of the organization.

  • 43. 
    A business analyst displays 'what' when they demonstrate an understanding of fundamental principles and best practices that get incorporated into and supported by solutions?
    • A. 

      Business knowledge.

    • B. 

      People knowledge.

    • C. 

      Systems knowledge.

    • D. 

      Systems thinking.

  • 44. 
    • A. 

      User requirements model.

    • B. 

      Analysis model.

    • C. 

      Requirements model.

    • D. 

      Unified model.

  • 45. 
    Which of the following statements best describes the Solution Assessment & Validation knowledge area?
    • A. 

      The business analyst plays a key role in the eliciting of requirements and stakeholder concerns.

    • B. 

      The business analyst ensures that requirements are elicited and prioritized for approval.

    • C. 

      The business analyst ensures that solutions meet the business need and to facilitate their successful implementation.

    • D. 

      The business analyst ensures that requirements are fully realized.