Exam Prep CPT 4

153 Questions | Total Attempts: 105

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Exam Prep CPT 4

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Dysfunctional breathing results in an increase in the activity level of which of the following secondary respiratory muscles?
    • A. 

      Scalenes

    • B. 

      Diaphragm

    • C. 

      Internal Oblique

    • D. 

      Rectus abdominis

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is an example of a force-couple relationship?
    • A. 

      The resting length of a muscle and the tension the muscle can produce at this resting length

    • B. 

      The interaction between two entities that results in either acceleration or deceleration of an object

    • C. 

      The ability of muscles to produce tension at different shortening velocities

    • D. 

      The effect of muscle groups moving together to produce movement around a joint

  • 3. 
    Which of the following characteristics distinguishes type II muscle fibers from type I muscle fibers?
    • A. 

      Decreased oxygen delivery

    • B. 

      Contractions of a longer duration

    • C. 

      Smaller in size

    • D. 

      More capillaries, mitochondria, and myoglobin

  • 4. 
    As the velocity of a concentric muscle action increases, its ability to produce force decreases. This is an example of which of the following?
    • A. 

      Rotary motion

    • B. 

      Relative flexibility

    • C. 

      Force-velocity curve

    • D. 

      Length tension relationships

  • 5. 
    A client is performing side lateral raises with dumbbells while bending his elbows 45°. The client can increase the amount of torque placed on the deltoids by doing which of the following?
    • A. 

      Bend the elbows 90 degrees

    • B. 

      Increase shoulder elevation

    • C. 

      Reduce shoulder abduction

    • D. 

      Keep the arms straight

  • 6. 
    Which of the following terms describes the connective tissue that wraps each fascicle?
    • A. 

      Sarcolemma

    • B. 

      Sarcoplasm

    • C. 

      Perimysium

    • D. 

      Epimysium

  • 7. 
    During a 40-yard dash, the hamstring complex begins to do most of the work for a weakened gluteus maximus. This is an example of which of the following concepts?
    • A. 

      Force-couple relationships

    • B. 

      Length-tension relationships

    • C. 

      Synergistic dominance

    • D. 

      Arthrokinematic dysfunction

  • 8. 
    If a client demonstrates an excessive forward lean during the overhead-squat assessment, which of the following muscles should be stretched during the client's warm-up?
    • A. 

      Hip flexor complex

    • B. 

      Posterior tibialis

    • C. 

      Anterior tibialis

    • D. 

      Hamstring complex

  • 9. 
    While performing the overhead squat assessment, the personal trainer observes a client demonstrating a low back arch movement dysfunction. Which of the following muscles is probably overactive?
    • A. 

      Biceps femoris

    • B. 

      Latissmus dorsi

    • C. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • D. 

      Teres minor

  • 10. 
    A client has been training three times per week in the hypertrophy phase for the last two weeks. He has worked with a repetition range of 8 to 12 repetitions, at an intensity of 80% to 85%, and rested for 20 to 30 seconds in between each exercise. He is no longer improving his strength and has expressed feeling fatigued. Which of the following modifications should be made to minimize the effects of overtraining?
    • A. 

      15 repetitions, 100% intensity, and rest for 3 minutes in between each exercise

    • B. 

      5 repetitions, 90% intensity, and rest for 20 seconds in between each exercise

    • C. 

      8 repetitions, 75% intensity, and rest for 60 seconds in between each exercise

    • D. 

      3 repetitions, 95% intensity, and rest for 30 seconds in between each exercise

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is a plyometric-power exercise?
    • A. 

      Ice skaters

    • B. 

      Tuck jump

    • C. 

      Butt kick

    • D. 

      Power step up

  • 12. 
    When performing an active kneeling hip flexor stretch, internally rotating the rear leg will place a greater stretch on which of the following muscles?
    • A. 

      TFL

    • B. 

      Adductor Brevis

    • C. 

      Pectineus

    • D. 

      Psoas

  • 13. 
    A client is performing a standard push-up and the trainer notes a low-back arch. Which of the following muscles are most likely weak or underactive?
    • A. 

      Latissimus dorsi

    • B. 

      Erector spinae

    • C. 

      Transverse abdominis

    • D. 

      Psoas

  • 14. 
    A client wishes to increase muscular endurance and stabilization. Which of the following acute variables is most appropriate?
    • A. 

      Three repetitions at 90% of 1RM intensity

    • B. 

      Six repetitions at 80% of 1RM intensity

    • C. 

      12 repetitions at 70% of 1RM intensity

    • D. 

      10 repetitions at 40% of 1RM intensity

  • 15. 
    A personal trainer is working with a client who has hypertension. Which of the following statements from the client indicates a need for further teaching?
    • A. 

      "I should keep my back straight during the seated shoulder press."

    • B. 

      "I should make sure my back is flat against the floor during a floor bridge."

    • C. 

      "I should perform my iso-ab exercise at an incline."

    • D. 

      "I should stand and squeeze my shoulder blades together when performing the cobra exercise."

  • 16. 
    A personal trainer suggests that his client increase her heart rate up to 95% of her heart rate maximum. Which of the following energy pathways is predominantly being used at this level of intensity?
    • A. 

      Oxidative

    • B. 

      Krebs Cycle

    • C. 

      Phosphogen

    • D. 

      Aerobic glycolysis

  • 17. 
    A personal trainer has his client perform the following exercises in order: ball squat curl to press, ball dumbbell chest press, standing cable row, seated stability ball military press, step-up to balance, and then repeat the sequence. Which of the following resistance training systems does this exercise routine represent?
    • A. 

      Vertical loading

    • B. 

      Pyramid

    • C. 

      Drop-set

    • D. 

      Peripheral heart action

  • 18. 
    During a static postural assessment, a personal trainer observes that a client has protracted shoulders and a forward head. Which of the following muscles would he expect to be shortened?
    • A. 

      Sternocleidomastoid and pectoralis major

    • B. 

      Lower trapezius and rhomboids

    • C. 

      Teres minor and posterior deltoid

    • D. 

      Serratus anterior and infraspinatus

  • 19. 
    What best describes sensory function?
    • A. 

      The nervous system's ability to sense changes in the internal or external environment

    • B. 

      The transmitting of nerve impulses from one neuron to another

    • C. 

      The cumulative sensory input to the central nervous system

    • D. 

      The functional unit of the nervous system

  • 20. 
    In which of the following structures is oxygen, nutrients, hormones, and waste exchanged between tissues?
    • A. 

      Capillaries

    • B. 

      Venules

    • C. 

      Sinoatrial Node

    • D. 

      Atrioventricular node

  • 21. 
    Which of the following muscles is part of the movement system of the core?
    • A. 

      Internal oblique

    • B. 

      Lumbar multifidus

    • C. 

      Transversus abdominis

    • D. 

      Lattissimus dorsi

  • 22. 
    During a client's postural assessment, he exhibits pronation distortion syndrome. Which of the following static stretching techniques is most appropriate to lengthen his short muscles?
    • A. 

      Erector spinae

    • B. 

      Pectoral

    • C. 

      Gastrocnemius

    • D. 

      Scalene

  • 23. 
    A client exhibits increased lumbar extension while performing a standing overhead press. Which of the following statements is true?
    • A. 

      The client may increase external resistance as long as she changes to a seated position.

    • B. 

      The client should perform straight-leg toe touches to stretch the hamstring complex.

    • C. 

      The client should include the latissimus dorsi in the flexibility portion of the workout.

    • D. 

      The client should foam roll the lumbar spine during the warm-up to inhibit the lumbar extensors.

  • 24. 
    Triple extension of the back leg while sprinting includes
    • A. 

      Hip flexion

    • B. 

      Ankle dorsiflexion

    • C. 

      Ankle plantarflexion

    • D. 

      Knee flexion

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a correct training strategy for a client who has osteoarthritis?
    • A. 

      Avoid balance training because a client who has osteoarthritis has a higher risk of falling.

    • B. 

      Avoid cycling between 60% to 80% of maximal heart rate because it most likely will increase joint pain and stiffness of the lower extremities.

    • C. 

      Limit the client to 10 to 12 repetitions per set for Phase 1 of the OPT model.

    • D. 

      Perform self-myofascial release to reduce muscular tension during arthritic flare-ups.

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