Endochondral Ossification Process Quiz

22 Questions | Total Attempts: 308

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Bone Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The occipital bone, hyoid, and sacrum are all part of the                 skeleton
    • A. 

      Medial

    • B. 

      Axial

    • C. 

      Appendicular

    • D. 

      Frontal

    • E. 

      Sagittal

  • 2. 
    In the vertebral column of an adult, the sacrum consists of          fused vertebrae, while the coccyx consists of         fused vertebrae
    • A. 

      7,5

    • B. 

      5,5

    • C. 

      4,4

    • D. 

      4,5

    • E. 

      5,4

  • 3. 
    Which of the following bones make up the pelvic girdle
    • A. 

      Scapulae and clavicles

    • B. 

      Coxal bones and femurs

    • C. 

      Ribs and Sternum

    • D. 

      Sacrum and coccyx

    • E. 

      Coxal bones

  • 4. 
    All of the following structures are parts of the scapula, except
    • A. 

      Coracoid process

    • B. 

      Acromion process

    • C. 

      Glenoid cavity

    • D. 

      Coronoid process

    • E. 

      None of the above; a-d are all parts of the scapula

  • 5. 
    If a classmate asked you to point to your alveolar process, to which bone(s) could you point
    • A. 

      Maxilla or mandible

    • B. 

      Any of the ribs

    • C. 

      Sternum

    • D. 

      Metacarpals or metatarsals

    • E. 

      Sphenoid or ethmoid bone

  • 6. 
    Which 2 bones (or processes of these bones) make up the hard palate
    • A. 

      Ethmoid bone and vomer bone

    • B. 

      Palatine bone and mandible

    • C. 

      Ethmoid bone and sphenoid

    • D. 

      Maxilla and palatine bone

    • E. 

      Palatine bone and nasal bone

  • 7. 
    The supraorbital foramina are found of the                      bone, while the infraorbital foramina are located on the                  bones
    • A. 

      Sphenoid; zygomatic

    • B. 

      Sphenoid; ethmoid

    • C. 

      Frontal; Maxillary

    • D. 

      Maxillary; mandibular

    • E. 

      Lacrimal; zygomatic

  • 8. 
    The greater tubercle is found in the                  joint, while the greater trochanter is found in the                    joint
    • A. 

      Elbow; knee

    • B. 

      Hip; ankle

    • C. 

      Shoulder; hip

    • D. 

      Knee; elbow

    • E. 

      Shoulder; elbow

  • 9. 
    What is the significance of the perpendicular plate of the ethmoid bone
    • A. 

      It forms part of the zygomatic arch

    • B. 

      It forms part of the eye orbit

    • C. 

      It holds the pituitary gland at the base of the skull

    • D. 

      It forms part of the external auditory meatus

    • E. 

      It forms part of the nasal septum

  • 10. 
    Cervical vertebrae are unique in that they are the only vertebrae
    • A. 

      With transverse foramina

    • B. 

      Without transverse processes

    • C. 

      That do not have true vertebral bodies

    • D. 

      That have no rib facets

    • E. 

      That do not have spinous processes

  • 11. 
    Which of the following structures is the most inferior on the femur
    • A. 

      Lateral epicondyle

    • B. 

      Lesser trochanter

    • C. 

      Medial condyle

    • D. 

      Linea aspera

    • E. 

      Greater trochanter

  • 12. 
    From your knowledge of skeletal terminology, what would be the most likely description of a structure called the "infraspinous fossa"
    • A. 

      An opening in the spinous process of a vertebra

    • B. 

      A depression below the scapular spine

    • C. 

      The passageway through the vertebral column, formed by all of the vertebral foramina

    • D. 

      A long projection off of the posterior side of a vertebra

    • E. 

      A pointed projetion at the bottom of the C1 vertebra

  • 13. 
    Which of the following cell types is the most common type of bone cell, and is actually a mature bone cell encased in a lacuna
    • A. 

      Osteoblast

    • B. 

      Chrondrocyte

    • C. 

      Osteocyte

    • D. 

      Osteoprogenitor Cell

    • E. 

      Osteoclast

  • 14. 
    Which of the following bones is/are classified as (a) sesamoid bone
    • A. 

      Carpals

    • B. 

      Patella

    • C. 

      Parietal bones

    • D. 

      Scapula

    • E. 

      Tarsals

  • 15. 
    Find the false statement below, if any, concerning bone tissue
    • A. 

      Spongy bone make up flat bones and the expanded ends of long bones

    • B. 

      Spongy bone consists of osteons, while compact bone contains trabeculae

    • C. 

      Compact bone makes up most of the shafts of long bones

    • D. 

      Bone tissue heals well, due to its extensive blood supply

    • E. 

      There is no false statement above; a-d are all true of bone tissue

  • 16. 
    Find the false statement below, if any, concerning the endochondral ossification process
    • A. 

      Endochondral ossification is the more common method of bone formation

    • B. 

      Long bones usually develop by this method during fetal development

    • C. 

      Healing bones usually use this method of bone formation

    • D. 

      It involves bone formation between sheets of primitive connective tissue

    • E. 

      There is no false statement above; a-d are all true of endochondral ossification

  • 17. 
    The expanded end of a long bone is called the               ; the covering of dense connective tissue that encloses the entire bone is called the                    
    • A. 

      Epiphyseal disk; diaphysis

    • B. 

      Periosteum; epiphysis

    • C. 

      Diaphysis; endosteum

    • D. 

      Metaphysis; epiphyseal disk

    • E. 

      Epiphysis; periosteum

  • 18. 
    What effect do vitamins C, K and B12 have on bone health
    • A. 

      They accelerate deposition of calcium salts

    • B. 

      They accelerate the ossification of the epiphyseal disks

    • C. 

      They stimulate protein synthesis, one of which is collagen

    • D. 

      They increase the metabolic rate in all cells

    • E. 

      They cause hypertrophy of hte long bones, increading their length and width

  • 19. 
    All of the following would be likely to help strengthen the bones and increase bone density, except:
    • A. 

      Taking papathyroid hormone supplements

    • B. 

      Getting some sunshine daily

    • C. 

      Drinking plenty of milk

    • D. 

      Taking vitamin D supplements

    • E. 

      All of the above are true

  • 20. 
    Which type of fracture is considered the most serious in children, since it sometimes results in the fractured bone eventually ending up longer or shorter than the corresponding bone on the other side of the body
    • A. 

      Greenstick

    • B. 

      Epipyseal disks

    • C. 

      Segmental

    • D. 

      Fissured

    • E. 

      Nondisplaced

  • 21. 
    What does the Wolff's law state
    • A. 

      Slight bending of bones during exercise will weaken bones, and cause them to atrophy

    • B. 

      The higher the blood level of growth hormone, the longer the bones will be, and the taller the person will be

    • C. 

      The longer it takes for the epiphyseal disk to ossify, the longer the bone will be

    • D. 

      The better nutrition a person has, the more calcium will be depositied in the bones, and the stronger the bones will be

    • E. 

      A bone grows and remodels in response to the physical stresses place on it; therefore, varied exercise will lead to strong, heavy bones

  • 22. 
    What is hematopoiesis
    • A. 

      The maintenance of a stable internal enviroment in the body

    • B. 

      The formation of a blood clot in the site of a bone injury

    • C. 

      The process of bone formation, between sheets or layers of primitive tissue

    • D. 

      Blood cell formation

    • E. 

      A disease of the bones, in which blood cell production greatly decreases, and the body becomes deficient in O2 and nutrients

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