American Government Exam 1 Review

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 58

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American Government Exam 1 Review

Exam One of American Government Course.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The principle of checks and balances is based on the idea that:
    • A. 

      Leaders are the trustees of the people

    • B. 

      A weak government is always preferable to a strong government

    • C. 

      At the end of each congressional session, the Supreme Court reviews all acts of the Executive branch and Congress and may rule them unconstitutional

    • D. 

      Power must be used to offset power

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Among the concurrent powers of the federal and state governments is the power to:
    • A. 

      Regulate foreign commerce

    • B. 

      Coin money

    • C. 

      Lay and collect taxes

    • D. 

      Establish post offices

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    When Americans speak of the ideal of equality, they mean by that term which of the following beliefs:
    • A. 

      A guaranteed minimum income for all

    • B. 

      Equal opportunity for material gain and political influence.

    • C. 

      Equality in taxation

    • D. 

      Equality in income

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    One of the most important factors that led to the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was:
    • A. 

      Boston Tea Party

    • B. 

      The Stamp Act

    • C. 

      Shays Rebellion

    • D. 

      The Battle of Bunker Hill

    • E. 

      The Boston Massacre

  • 5. 
    Most immigrants have come to the U.S. from:
    • A. 

      Canada

    • B. 

      Mexico

    • C. 

      China

    • D. 

      India

    • E. 

      Cuba

  • 6. 
    A source of conflict between the states and the national government is:
    • A. 

      Unfunded mandates

    • B. 

      Control over the national guard

    • C. 

      The Full Faith and Credit clause of Article IV

    • D. 

      Lobbying by states for federal funds

    • E. 

      Both A and C

  • 7. 
    At the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, two major cleavages soon became apparent:
    • A. 

      Republicans and Democrats

    • B. 

      State size and slavery

    • C. 

      Religion and politics

    • D. 

      Gender and religion

    • E. 

      Politics and gender

  • 8. 
    In Federalist No.10, Madison argued that:
    • A. 

      The federal government should have a unified power so that the majority could prevail

    • B. 

      The most important role of government was to control "the mischief's of faction"

    • C. 

      The sources of faction in society can be removed

    • D. 

      The states should be able to veto federal taxes

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    Political culture refers to:
    • A. 

      "the process by which it is determined whose values will prevail in the making of public policy"

    • B. 

      "a general agreement on issues"

    • C. 

      "cultural myths that are basically true"

    • D. 

      "core values about the role of government, its operations and institutions held by citizens"

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    Restraints on political power the Founding fathers put in the U.S. Constitution included all of the following except:
    • A. 

      Grants of power

    • B. 

      Denials of power

    • C. 

      Using power to check power

    • D. 

      Separated institutions that share power

    • E. 

      Careful and strong limits on political parties

  • 11. 
    A major reason that writers of the Constitution established a federal system of government is because
    • A. 

      The states already existed

    • B. 

      It was consistent with the philosphy expressed in the Declaration of Independence

    • C. 

      Locke and Montesquieu thought it was superior to other systems of government

    • D. 

      The British political systems was based on the federal principle

  • 12. 
    A unitary national government:
    • A. 

      Cannot be a democracy

    • B. 

      Can designate the powers of regional or state governments

    • C. 

      Are limited by the inherent powers of the regional or state governments

    • D. 

      Both A and B

    • E. 

      Both A and C

  • 13. 
    In the dispute over how slaves were would count for representation, the Constitutional Convention approved the:
    • A. 

      Great Compromise

    • B. 

      Virginia Plan

    • C. 

      Three-fifths compromise

    • D. 

      New Jersey Plan

    • E. 

      Supremacy clause

  • 14. 
    A public policy program that is jointly funded, jointly administered and jointly determined by both state and national governments is an example of:
    • A. 

      Dual federalism

    • B. 

      Cooperative federalism

    • C. 

      Layer cake federalism

    • D. 

      Disjointed federalism

    • E. 

      Balanced federalism

  • 15. 
    To address opposition to the new Constitution, the framers:
    • A. 

      Added the Bill of Rights to it

    • B. 

      Sent troops to put down Shays Rebellion

    • C. 

      Allowed for the popular election of the President

    • D. 

      Allowed for the popular election of senators

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 16. 
    The Founding Fathers limited the people to an indirect role in the selection of all except which of which these institutions?
    • A. 

      President

    • B. 

      Supreme Court

    • C. 

      House of Representatives

    • D. 

      Electoral College

    • E. 

      Senate

  • 17. 
    Supporters of more federalism cite all of the following as advantages of federalism except for:
    • A. 

      Accommodating diversity

    • B. 

      Supporting liberty by dividing power between levels of government

    • C. 

      Providing state as laboratories of democracy

    • D. 

      Allowing for adaptability to changing circumstances

    • E. 

      Allowing for unfunded federal mandates

  • 18. 
    Under the Articles of Confederation, which of the following is not true:
    • A. 

      The states were subordinate to the national government

    • B. 

      National government was weak

    • C. 

      The national government could not levy taxes directly on citizens

    • D. 

      The national government had inadequate military power to put down insurrections

    • E. 

      Each state had an equal vote in Congress

  • 19. 
    The "necessary and proper" clause is important because it:
    • A. 

      Allows the military to control rebellion

    • B. 

      Permits the Court to suspend rules when necessary

    • C. 

      Gives the President great power in times of national crisis

    • D. 

      Stretched the powers of the states

    • E. 

      Allows Congress to make laws to execute its enumerated powers

  • 20. 
    Which of the following most showed the suspicion of the Founding Fathers of direct democracy?
    • A. 

      Direct election of the members of the House of Representatives

    • B. 

      The establishment of the Electoral College

    • C. 

      Basing the number of members of the House of Representatives for each state on population

    • D. 

      The Great Compromise

    • E. 

      A and C

  • 21. 
    The case McCulloch v. Maryland, the court ruled:
    • A. 

      The state of Maryland cannot tax the National Bank

    • B. 

      Affirmed that national law is supreme to conflicting state law

    • C. 

      Established the principle of judicial review

    • D. 

      That voters could vote directly for members of the Senate

    • E. 

      A and B

  • 22. 
    The English philosopher contending that the individual has a right to protection of life, liberty and property was:
    • A. 

      Locke

    • B. 

      Montesquieu

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      Hobbes

    • E. 

      Calhouln

  • 23. 
    The Anti-Federalists:
    • A. 

      Wanted more uniformity among the states and less diversity

    • B. 

      Were the supporters of the Constitution

    • C. 

      Feared that the proposed constitution would lead to overly powerful and intrusive national government

    • D. 

      Opposed the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution

    • E. 

      Supported John Marshall's view of national supremacy

  • 24. 
    In Gibbons v. Ogden the Supreme Court decided to:
    • A. 

      Expand the rights of the states to regulate economic activities

    • B. 

      Allow the states to refuse to accept the Tariff of 1828

    • C. 

      Invalidate a monopoly granted by the state of New York that was in conflict with a federal license

    • D. 

      Allow some states to nullify federal statues in some specific instences

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    Where government is dominated by a small exclusive class, it is called a(n):
    • A. 

      Theocracy

    • B. 

      Populism

    • C. 

      Anarchy

    • D. 

      Monarchy

    • E. 

      Oligarchy

  • 26. 
    A government in which the people elect representatives to govern them is a:
    • A. 

      Populist democracy

    • B. 

      Direct democracy

    • C. 

      Republic

    • D. 

      Elitist democracy

    • E. 

      Aristocracy

  • 27. 
    A New England town meeting is an example of:
    • A. 

      Republican government

    • B. 

      Direct democracy

    • C. 

      The initiative

    • D. 

      Pluralist democracy

    • E. 

      Inventive democracy

  • 28. 
    Shay's Rebellion occurred because:
    • A. 

      The government of Massachusetts was foreclosing on farmers' land

    • B. 

      The states of Virginia refused to pay money to the national treasury unless it was based on population

    • C. 

      Connecticut placed a tariff on goods coming into that state from New York

    • D. 

      The Georgia militia would not answer a call from the national government to defend the country

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 29. 
    Federal grants-in-aid that can be used only for specific projects are called:
    • A. 

      Categorical grants

    • B. 

      Block grants

    • C. 

      Revenue-sharing grants

    • D. 

      Discretionary grants

    • E. 

      Specified grants

  • 30. 
    The idea of individual liberty is most associated with:
    • A. 

      Powers denied to government

    • B. 

      The right to be left alone by government

    • C. 

      Unlimited government

    • D. 

      The Equal Protection clause of the 14th Amendment

    • E. 

      A and B