Evidence For Evolution! Trivia Facts Quiz

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Evidence For Evolution! Trivia Facts Quiz - Quiz

This quiz will test your understanding of the various lines of evidence used to support macroevolution.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The following diagram can best be interpreted by which of the following statements

    • A.

      Creatures that share similar structures also share a close common ancestor.

    • B.

      Similar structures between species shows that each of these species also share similar functions of these same parts.

    • C.

      Similar bone structures between these creatures supports Darwin's idea that as species evolve from a common ancestor, modifications will develop.

    Correct Answer
    C. Similar bone structures between these creatures supports Darwin's idea that as species evolve from a common ancestor, modifications will develop.
    Explanation
    The answer is supported by the information given in the diagram, which states that similar bone structures between creatures support Darwin's idea of evolution from a common ancestor. This implies that as species evolve, modifications will develop, leading to similar bone structures in different creatures.

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  • 2. 

    This picture of the ancient whale Basilosaurus is used to support which of the following statements

    • A.

      Whales descended from an ancestor that used hind limbs to walk and swim.

    • B.

      Whales' ancestors have increased their use and function of their hind limbs.

    • C.

      40 million years ago, whales crawled up on land and used these hind limbs to support their weight.

    Correct Answer
    A. Whales descended from an ancestor that used hind limbs to walk and swim.
    Explanation
    The picture of the ancient whale Basilosaurus supports the statement that whales descended from an ancestor that used hind limbs to walk and swim because the picture shows Basilosaurus with well-developed hind limbs. This indicates that Basilosaurus's ancestor had hind limbs and used them for locomotion, suggesting a transitional stage between walking and swimming in whale evolution.

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  • 3. 

    The following diagram can best be explained by....

    • A.

      Marsupial species are the same in various geographic locations around the world.

    • B.

      When the common ancestor of these marsupials both inhabited two different locations, over time natural selection led to new species of marsupials.

    • C.

      Natural selection will cause marsupials to evolve into the same species at different locations.

    • D.

      Marsupial evolution on different continents leads to an decrease in diversity.

    Correct Answer
    B. When the common ancestor of these marsupials both inhabited two different locations, over time natural selection led to new species of marsupials.
    Explanation
    This answer explains that the diagram can best be explained by the process of natural selection leading to the development of new species of marsupials over time. It suggests that the common ancestor of these marsupials inhabited different locations, and as a result of natural selection, new species evolved in those locations. This explanation aligns with the information given in the passage and provides a logical interpretation of the diagram.

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  • 4. 

    TRUE or FALSE: Homologous structures have the same function in different species.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Homologous structures are anatomical structures that have a similar evolutionary origin but may have different functions in different species. These structures may have similar underlying structures and patterns, but they have adapted to perform different functions based on the needs of each species. Therefore, the statement that homologous structures have the same function in different species is false.

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  • 5. 

    TRUE or FALSE:  Species closely related will show similar stages of embryonic development.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Species that are closely related tend to have similar stages of embryonic development because they share a common ancestor. The closer the relationship between species, the more similar their embryonic development will be. This is due to the conservation of developmental processes and genetic mechanisms that are inherited from their common ancestor. Therefore, it is true that species closely related will show similar stages of embryonic development.

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  • 6. 

    If a chicken has 45 different amino acid chains than humans while a mouse may only have 25, humans according to evolution would be more closely related to whom?

    • A.

      Mouse

    • B.

      Chicken

    Correct Answer
    A. Mouse
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that humans would be more closely related to mice. This is because the number of different amino acid chains in a chicken is 45, while in a mouse it is only 25. According to the principle of evolution, organisms with a higher number of shared traits or genetic similarities are considered more closely related. Since humans share fewer amino acid chains with chickens compared to mice, it indicates a closer evolutionary relationship between humans and mice.

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  • 7. 

    This highlighted structure on this whale that no longer serves a function for the whale is called a(n)?

    • A.

      Embryonic Development

    • B.

      Vestigial Structure

    • C.

      Homologous Structure

    • D.

      Advantageous trait

    Correct Answer
    B. Vestigial Structure
    Explanation
    A vestigial structure is a structure that has lost its original function over time. In the context of the question, the highlighted structure on the whale is no longer serving any purpose for the whale. This suggests that it is a vestigial structure. Vestigial structures are remnants of organs or structures that were functional in the organism's ancestors but are no longer necessary or useful in its current form.

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  • 8. 

    Scientists would say this structure highlighted with this whale has evolved to this state because....

    • A.

      The ancestors of whale increased its dependence upon these bones

    • B.

      Millions of years ago, the ancestors of whales maintained the function for this structure.

    • C.

      Over time, as the whale evolved in becoming adapted to water, the function for this structure was minimized.

    Correct Answer
    C. Over time, as the whale evolved in becoming adapted to water, the function for this structure was minimized.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that as the whale evolved and adapted to living in water, the function of the highlighted structure was minimized. This implies that the structure was once important for the ancestors of whales, but as they transitioned to an aquatic lifestyle, it became less necessary. This is a common phenomenon in evolution, where structures or traits that are no longer useful gradually diminish or disappear over time.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following could be a logical conclusion for this data?

    • A.

      All species have evolved in this area over the last 10 million years.

    • B.

      Natural selection has diversified the fox and dog species in this region over the last 10 million years.

    • C.

      Evolution appears to happen at constant rates.

    Correct Answer
    B. Natural selection has diversified the fox and dog species in this region over the last 10 million years.
    Explanation
    The given data suggests that the fox and dog species in this region have diversified over the last 10 million years. This conclusion is supported by the statement that "all species have evolved in this area over the last 10 million years" and implies that natural selection has played a role in this diversification. The statement also implies that evolution is not happening at a constant rate, as it specifically mentions the diversification of the fox and dog species in this region.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following would be an accurate statement according to the theory of evolution?

    • A.

      The arctic fox and the Cape Fox will show more similarities in embryonic development than the cape fox and the raccoon dog.

    • B.

      Dogs and foxes would not share homologous structures.

    • C.

      Dogs would have more homologous structures with the arctic fox than the wolfe species

    Correct Answer
    A. The arctic fox and the Cape Fox will show more similarities in embryonic development than the cape fox and the raccoon dog.
    Explanation
    According to the theory of evolution, species that are more closely related will share more similarities in embryonic development. Therefore, the statement that the arctic fox and the Cape Fox will show more similarities in embryonic development than the cape fox and the raccoon dog is accurate. This is because the arctic fox and the Cape Fox belong to the same genus (Vulpes) and are more closely related than the cape fox and the raccoon dog, which belong to different genera.

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