# Ev Itf Mid Term

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| By Worthless627
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Worthless627
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 3,806
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 91

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The is the mid-term for IT Fundamentals

• 1.

### What does the Turing Test determine? Has a computer ever passed it?

• A.

How fast computers are, yes

• B.

If computers can think, yes

• C.

If computers can think, no

C. If computers can think, no
Explanation
The Turing Test determines whether computers can think or exhibit intelligent behavior. The correct answer, "if computers can think, no," implies that computers have not yet passed the Turing Test, indicating that they have not demonstrated human-like thinking or intelligence.

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• 2.

### How many "letters" are there in decimal code? What are those "letters"?

• A.

2, 0 and 1

• B.

10, 0-9

• C.

10, 1-10

B. 10, 0-9
Explanation
The correct answer is 10, 0-9. In decimal code, there are 10 "letters" which are represented by the numbers 0-9. Decimal code is the numeric representation system that we commonly use, where each digit represents a value from 0 to 9.

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• 3.

### What are the five main types of hardware components?

• A.

Inputs, outputs, microprocessor, memory, storage

• B.

Monitors, hard drives, memory, microprocessor, storage

• C.

Modems, hard drives, storage, microprocessor, storage

A. Inputs, outputs, microprocessor, memory, storage
Explanation
The correct answer is inputs, outputs, microprocessor, memory, storage. These five components are the main hardware components of a computer system. Inputs refer to devices that allow users to enter data into the computer, such as keyboards and mice. Outputs are devices that display or present data to the user, like monitors and printers. The microprocessor is the central processing unit (CPU) of the computer that performs calculations and executes instructions. Memory refers to the temporary storage space used by the computer to hold data and instructions. Storage is the long-term storage space used to store data and programs, such as hard drives and solid-state drives.

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• 4.

### What is the brain or engine of a computer system?

• A.

Hard drive

• B.

Microprocessor

• C.

Memory

B. Microprocessor
Explanation
The microprocessor is considered the brain or engine of a computer system because it is responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations. It acts as the central processing unit (CPU) and controls all the operations of the computer. The microprocessor receives and processes data from memory, performs arithmetic and logical operations, and sends output to the computer's display or other devices. It is the main component that enables the computer to perform tasks and run programs efficiently.

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• 5.

### Which of the following is not an operating system used by personal computers?

• A.

Windows

• B.

Disk Operating System (DOS)

• C.

Apple

C. Apple
Explanation
Apple is not an operating system used by personal computers. It is a company that manufactures computers and other electronic devices. The operating system used by Apple computers is macOS.

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• 6.

### Which of the following is not one of the 5 types of computers when grouping by capabilities?

• A.

Supercomputers, Mainframe Computers

• B.

Mobile Computers, Desktops

• C.

Servers, Macs

C. Servers, Macs
Explanation
The given answer, "Servers, Macs," is not one of the 5 types of computers when grouping by capabilities. The 5 types of computers are supercomputers, mainframe computers, mobile computers, desktops, and servers. Macs are a brand of computers, specifically referring to Apple's line of desktop and laptop computers, and servers are a type of computer that are designed to manage network resources. Therefore, the answer is correct as it includes two types of computers that are not part of the 5 types when grouping by capabilities.

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• 7.

### Moore's Law states the amount of transistors in a microprocessor will accelerate with time.

• A.

True

• B.

False

• C.

There is no such law

A. True
Explanation
Moore's Law is a well-known observation made by Gordon Moore, co-founder of Intel, in 1965. It states that the number of transistors on a microprocessor chip doubles approximately every two years. This exponential growth in transistor density has been a driving force behind the rapid advancement of computer technology. Therefore, the statement that the amount of transistors in a microprocessor will accelerate with time is true, in accordance with Moore's Law.

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• 8.

### The main difference between hardware and software is that software is merely instructions where as hardware is actually something that can be touched.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that hardware refers to the physical components of a computer system that can be physically touched and interacted with, such as the computer's processor, memory, keyboard, and mouse. On the other hand, software refers to the programs, data, and instructions that are stored electronically and can be executed by the hardware. While software is intangible and exists as a set of instructions, hardware is tangible and can be physically manipulated. Therefore, the statement that software is merely instructions and hardware is something that can be touched is true.

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• 9.

### Why is binary code an easy language for any digital computer?

• A.

There are only 2 letters

• B.

The 0 and 1 represent the basic states of on and off

B. The 0 and 1 represent the basic states of on and off
Explanation
Binary code is an easy language for any digital computer because it uses only two letters, 0 and 1, which represent the basic states of on and off. This simplicity allows computers to easily interpret and process binary code, making it an ideal language for digital systems.

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• 10.

### Which of the following is not a manufacturer of microprocessors?

• A.

Intel

• B.

AMD

• C.

Apple

C. Apple
Explanation
Apple is not a manufacturer of microprocessors. While Intel and AMD are well-known manufacturers of microprocessors, Apple does not produce its own microprocessors. Instead, Apple designs its own processors, such as the Apple M1 chip, but they are manufactured by other companies like TSMC. Therefore, Apple is not included in the list of microprocessor manufacturers.

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• 11.

### ENIAC was one of the first digital computers. Where was it built and located?

• A.

• B.

Washington, DC

• C.

New York City, NY

Explanation
ENIAC, one of the first digital computers, was built and located in Philadelphia, PA.

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• 12.

### A mouse is an example of

• A.

Outputs

• B.

Inputs

• C.

Software

B. Inputs
Explanation
A mouse is an example of an input device. It is used to provide input to a computer by allowing the user to move the cursor on the screen and select items by clicking on them. The mouse sends signals to the computer, which then processes the input and performs the desired actions. Therefore, the correct answer is "inputs."

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• 13.

### What is the on-chip memory of a microprocessor called?

• A.

Cache memory

• B.

Storage

• C.

Random Access Memory

A. Cache memory
Explanation
Cache memory is the on-chip memory of a microprocessor that is used to store frequently accessed data and instructions. It is designed to improve the overall performance of the system by reducing the time taken to access data from the main memory. Cache memory is faster than the main memory and is located closer to the processor, allowing for faster access and retrieval of data. It acts as a buffer between the processor and the main memory, storing copies of frequently used data to minimize the need for accessing the slower main memory.

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• 14.

### What is the difference between RAM (Random Access Memory) and ROM (Read Only Memory)?

• A.

RAM is short term where ROM is long term

• B.

RAM is long term where is ROM is short term

• C.

There is no difference

A. RAM is short term where ROM is long term
Explanation
RAM (Random Access Memory) and ROM (Read Only Memory) are both types of computer memory, but they have different characteristics. RAM is considered short term memory because it is volatile, meaning its contents are lost when the computer is turned off or restarted. It is used to temporarily store data that the computer is actively using, such as running programs and open files. On the other hand, ROM is non-volatile and retains its contents even when the power is turned off. It contains permanent instructions or data that cannot be modified or erased by normal computer operations. Therefore, ROM is considered long term memory.

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• 15.

### An Algorethmic Unit or Floating Point Unit could be found where?

• A.

Storage

• B.

Ports

• C.

Microprocessor

C. Microprocessor
Explanation
An Algorithmic Unit or Floating Point Unit can be found in the microprocessor. The microprocessor is the central processing unit (CPU) of a computer, responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations. The Algorithmic Unit is responsible for executing complex mathematical and logical operations, while the Floating Point Unit is specifically designed for performing floating-point arithmetic operations. Both units are integrated into the microprocessor to enhance its processing capabilities and efficiency.

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• 16.

### What are the places for input and output connection on a computer system called?

• A.

Ports

• B.

USBs

• C.

Microprocessors

A. Ports
Explanation
Ports are the places on a computer system where input and output connections are made. They are used to connect external devices such as keyboards, mice, printers, and monitors to the computer. Different types of ports exist, such as USB ports, Ethernet ports, HDMI ports, and audio ports, each serving a specific purpose. These ports allow data to be transferred between the computer and external devices, enabling communication and interaction with the system.

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• 17.

### Computer systems have a flow chart. What do we call the flow chart for how information enters and exits a computer system?

• A.

System bus

• B.

Port flows

• C.

Architecure

A. System bus
Explanation
The flow chart for how information enters and exits a computer system is called the system bus. The system bus is responsible for transferring data between the various components of a computer system, such as the CPU, memory, and peripherals. It acts as a communication pathway, allowing information to be transmitted in and out of the computer system efficiently.

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• 18.

### What is used to measure the capabilities of microprocessors?

• A.

Gigahertz

• B.

Gigabytes

• C.

Megabytes

A. Gigahertz
Explanation
Gigahertz is used to measure the capabilities of microprocessors. Gigahertz refers to the clock speed of a processor, which represents the number of cycles it can execute per second. A higher gigahertz value indicates a faster processor and thus higher capabilities in terms of processing speed and performance. Therefore, gigahertz is the appropriate unit of measurement for evaluating the capabilities of microprocessors.

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• 19.

### There are two types of information in computers they are?

• A.

Instructions, data

• B.

Data, decimal code

• C.

Decimal code, binary code

A. Instructions, data
Explanation
Computers process two types of information: instructions and data. Instructions are the commands given to the computer that tell it what operations to perform, while data refers to the information that is being processed or manipulated by the computer. This distinction is fundamental to the functioning of computers, as they rely on instructions to execute tasks and data to perform calculations or store information. Therefore, the correct answer is "instructions, data".

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• 20.

### Do smart phones (cell phones like a Droid or Iphone) have operating systems?

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Smartphones like Droids and iPhones do have operating systems. Operating systems are software that manage the hardware and software resources of a device, and provide common services for computer programs. In the case of smartphones, operating systems such as Android and iOS are used to control the device's functions, manage apps, and provide a user interface for interacting with the device. Therefore, it is correct to say that smartphones have operating systems.

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• 21.

### What is the primary material used to make microprocessors?

• A.

Silicon

• B.

Gold

• C.

Copper

A. Silicon
Explanation
The primary material used to make microprocessors is silicon. Silicon is a semiconductor material that has the ability to conduct electricity under certain conditions. It is widely used in the electronics industry due to its abundance, low cost, and excellent electrical properties. Silicon is also known for its high melting point, which makes it suitable for handling the high temperatures generated by microprocessors during operation. Additionally, silicon can be easily processed and manipulated to create the intricate structures and circuits required for microprocessor functionality.

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• 22.

### Who is the founder of Microsoft? Facebook?

• A.

Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg

• B.

Steve Jobs, Mark Zuckerberg

• C.

Bill Gates, Roger Mello

A. Bill Gates, Mark Zuckerberg
Explanation
Bill Gates is the co-founder of Microsoft, one of the largest technology companies in the world. He played a significant role in the development and success of Microsoft, contributing to the creation of iconic products such as Windows and Office. Mark Zuckerberg, on the other hand, is the founder of Facebook, the largest social media platform globally. Zuckerberg started Facebook from his college dorm room and grew it into a global phenomenon. Both Gates and Zuckerberg are renowned entrepreneurs and have made significant contributions to the technology industry.

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