Eukaryotic Cells Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Pablo Carlos
P
Pablo Carlos
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 6,828
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 6,868

SettingsSettingsSettings
Eukaryotic Cells Quiz - Quiz

How much do you know about cells? Can you pass this eukaryotic cells quiz? Eukaryotic cells are known to have a nucleus enclosed within the nuclear membrane, and they form huge and complex organisms. Protozoa, plants, fungi, and animals all have eukaryotic cells. They are classified under the kingdom of Eukaryota. These questions will give you an even better understanding of eukaryotic cells. Go for it! All the best to you!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the different parts inside a cell called?

    • A.

      Organelles

    • B.

      Bases

    • C.

      Nucleotides

    • D.

      Pieces

    • E.

      Atoms

    Correct Answer
    A. Organelles
    Explanation
    The different parts inside a cell are called organelles. Organelles are specialized structures within a cell that perform specific functions, similar to the organs in a human body. They include structures such as the nucleus, mitochondria, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi apparatus, and many others. Each organelle has a specific role in maintaining the overall function and structure of the cell.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Name this organelle.

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Golgi Complex

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Chloroplast

    • E.

      Ribosome

    Correct Answer
    C. Mitochondria
    Explanation
    Mitochondria is the correct answer because it is an organelle found in most eukaryotic cells and is responsible for producing energy in the form of ATP through cellular respiration. It has its own DNA and is often referred to as the "powerhouse" of the cell. The other options, such as the nucleus, Golgi complex, chloroplast, and ribosome, have different functions and are not directly involved in energy production.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Eukaryotic cells cannot produce energy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Eukaryotic cells are capable of producing energy through various processes such as cellular respiration. They have specialized organelles like mitochondria that generate ATP, the main energy currency of the cell. Therefore, the statement that eukaryotic cells cannot produce energy is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What type of cell is it?

    • A.

      Bacteria Cell

    • B.

      Prokaryotic Cell

    • C.

      Animal Cell

    • D.

      Plant Cell

    • E.

      Yeast Cell

    Correct Answer
    D. Plant Cell
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Plant Cell because plant cells have unique features such as a cell wall, chloroplasts, and a large central vacuole, which are not present in other types of cells. These features enable plant cells to perform functions such as photosynthesis and providing structural support to the plant.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Prokaryotes are different from eukaryotic cells because they do not have membrane-bound nuclei.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Prokaryotes are single-celled organisms that lack a membrane-bound nucleus. Instead, their genetic material is located in a region called the nucleoid. This is in contrast to eukaryotic cells, which have a distinct nucleus surrounded by a nuclear membrane. Therefore, the statement that prokaryotes do not have membrane-bound nuclei is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The green center structure is called what?

    • A.

      Cytoplasm

    • B.

      Large Central Vacuole

    • C.

      Mitochondria

    • D.

      Ribosome

    • E.

      Nucleolus

    Correct Answer
    E. Nucleolus
    Explanation
    The green center structure in a cell is called the nucleolus. The nucleolus is responsible for producing and assembling the components of ribosomes, which are essential for protein synthesis. It is located within the nucleus and plays a crucial role in the overall functioning of the cell.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    What layer protects every cell from its environment?

    • A.

      Cell Membrane

    • B.

      Smooth ER

    • C.

      Nuclear envelope

    • D.

      Cytosol

    • E.

      Pores

    Correct Answer
    A. Cell Membrane
    Explanation
    The cell membrane is a protective layer that surrounds every cell, acting as a barrier between the cell and its environment. It controls the movement of substances in and out of the cell, allowing the cell to maintain a stable internal environment. The cell membrane is made up of a phospholipid bilayer with embedded proteins, which gives it flexibility and selective permeability. This allows the cell to regulate the exchange of nutrients, waste products, and other molecules with its surroundings, ensuring the cell's survival and proper functioning.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Eukaryotic cells have DNA storage.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Eukaryotic cells have DNA storage because they have a nucleus, which contains the cell's genetic material in the form of DNA. This DNA is organized into chromosomes and is responsible for storing the cell's genetic information and controlling its functions. In contrast, prokaryotic cells, such as bacteria, do not have a nucleus and their DNA is found in the cytoplasm.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    What organelle has digestive enzymes?

    • A.

      Nucleus

    • B.

      Chloroplast

    • C.

      Golgi Complex

    • D.

      Lysosome

    • E.

      Rough ER

    Correct Answer
    D. Lysosome
    Explanation
    Lysosome is the correct answer because it is an organelle that contains digestive enzymes. These enzymes help break down waste materials, cellular debris, and foreign substances that enter the cell. Lysosomes play a crucial role in maintaining cellular homeostasis and recycling cellular components. They are responsible for the degradation of macromolecules such as proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, and carbohydrates. Additionally, lysosomes are involved in various cellular processes such as autophagy, phagocytosis, and apoptosis.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which organelle stores DNA?

    • A.

      Nucleolus

    • B.

      Nucleus

    • C.

      Large Central Vacuole

    • D.

      Ribosome

    • E.

      Centrioles

    Correct Answer
    B. Nucleus
    Explanation
    The nucleus is the correct answer because it is the organelle that stores DNA. The nucleus is often referred to as the control center of the cell because it contains the genetic material, which is in the form of DNA. DNA carries the instructions for the cell's functions and characteristics, and it is stored and protected within the nucleus. The other organelles listed in the options do not store DNA.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 29, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Pablo Carlos
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.