Health And Beauty: Aesthetics Test

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| By Michelle L
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Michelle L
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Health And Beauty: Aesthetics Test - Quiz

Many of us put in an awful lot of work to look good, whether that means getting facials, having our bodies waxed, and having our skin treated, but have you stopped to wonder what the best products there are to use for you?
This test is not just about skin and hair but also about the health science behind all of that. So, take it and test your knowledge on such a topic.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is the largest bone of your hand?

    • A.

      Metacarpal bone

    • B.

      Humerus

    • C.

      Radius

    • D.

      Ulna

    Correct Answer
    C. Radius
    Explanation
    The largest bone in your hand is the radius bone. It is one of the two bones in the forearm, the other being the ulna. While the radius extends from the elbow to the wrist, it contributes to the structure of the hand by forming part of the wrist joint. However, if you're specifically referring to the bones within the hand itself, then the largest bone is the third metacarpal, which forms the middle finger.

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  • 2. 

    The largest bone of the fourteen facial bone is...

    • A.

      Mandible bone

    • B.

      Temporal bone

    • C.

      Nasal bone

    • D.

      Frontal bone

    Correct Answer
    A. Mandible bone
    Explanation
    The mandible bone is the largest bone of the fourteen facial bones because it forms the lower jaw. It is a strong, U-shaped bone that supports the teeth and allows for chewing and speaking. The temporal bone is located on the side of the skull and houses the ear structures. The nasal bone forms the bridge of the nose, while the frontal bone forms the forehead. However, neither of these bones are as large as the mandible bone.

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  • 3. 

    What muscle extends from the chest and shoulder muscle to the side of the chin?

    • A.

      Digastric

    • B.

      Mylohyoid

    • C.

      Platysma

    • D.

      Sternocleidomastoid

    Correct Answer
    C. Platysma
    Explanation
    The platysma is a thin, broad muscle that extends from the chest and shoulder muscles to the side of the chin. It covers the front of the neck and is responsible for various movements of the lower jaw and mouth. It helps to lower the jaw and pull down the corners of the mouth, such as during expressions of sadness or tension.

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  • 4. 

    The skin is nourished by:

    • A.

      Bones

    • B.

      Blood & lymph

    • C.

      Cartilage

    • D.

      Blood & flesh

    Correct Answer
    B. Blood & lymph
    Explanation
    The skin is nourished by blood and lymph. Blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the skin cells, providing them with the necessary resources for growth and repair. Lymph, on the other hand, helps remove waste products and toxins from the skin, maintaining its health and vitality. Both blood and lymph play crucial roles in nourishing and maintaining the skin's overall well-being.

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  • 5. 

    The pH point of 9 is how many times of pH 7?

    • A.

      100

    • B.

      200

    • C.

      300

    • D.

      400

    Correct Answer
    A. 100
    Explanation
    A pH of 9 is 100 times more basic than a pH of 7. This is because the pH scale is logarithmic, meaning that each whole number increase or decrease on the scale represents a tenfold change in acidity or basicity. So, a pH of 9 is 10 times more basic than a pH of 8, and 100 times more basic than a pH of 7.

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  • 6. 

    You greet a client at the door and shake the client's hand, afterward you wash your hands. What is this procedure called?

    • A.

      Abstraction

    • B.

      Sterilization

    • C.

      Infection

    • D.

      Sanitation

    Correct Answer
    D. Sanitation
    Explanation
    The procedure described in the question is called sanitation. Sanitation refers to the process of maintaining cleanliness and hygiene to prevent the spread of diseases and ensure a safe environment. In this scenario, washing hands after shaking the client's hand is a common sanitation practice to eliminate any potential germs or bacteria that may have been transferred during the interaction.

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  • 7. 

    Abscesses (collection of pus) is an example of what infection?

    • A.

      Fungal infection

    • B.

      Local infection

    • C.

      Lung infection

    • D.

      Eye infection

    Correct Answer
    B. Local infection
    Explanation
    Abscesses, which are collections of pus, are typically caused by a local infection. This means that the infection is confined to a specific area of the body, such as the skin or a particular organ. In the case of abscesses, bacteria usually enter the body through a wound or an infected hair follicle, causing an inflammatory response that leads to the formation of pus. Therefore, the correct answer is local infection.

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  • 8. 

    Using EPA register product to clean countertops, sinks, floors, toilets, doorknobs, mirrors, magnifying lamps, dispensary, facial beds; is an example of...

    • A.

      Infection

    • B.

      Sterilization

    • C.

      Sanitation

    • D.

      Abstraction

    Correct Answer
    C. Sanitation
    Explanation
    Using EPA registered products to clean various surfaces and objects such as countertops, sinks, floors, toilets, doorknobs, mirrors, magnifying lamps, dispensary, and facial beds is an example of sanitation. Sanitation refers to the process of maintaining cleanliness and hygiene to prevent the spread of germs and reduce the risk of infections. By using EPA registered products, which are specifically designed to kill bacteria and other pathogens, the surfaces and objects can be effectively cleaned and sanitized, ensuring a safe and healthy environment.

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  • 9. 

    What tissue protects our bodies' surface?

    • A.

      Connective

    • B.

      Muscle

    • C.

      Nervous

    • D.

      Epithelial

    Correct Answer
    D. Epithelial
    Explanation
    Epithelial tissue protects our bodies' surface. Epithelial tissue is composed of tightly packed cells that form a protective barrier on the surface of organs, such as the skin. This tissue acts as a barrier against physical injury, pathogens, and dehydration, providing protection to the underlying tissues and organs. It also plays a role in absorption, secretion, and sensation.

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  • 10. 

    What is the cell dividing procedure called?

    • A.

      Photosynthesis

    • B.

      Mitosis

    • C.

      Germination

    • D.

      Pollination

    Correct Answer
    B. Mitosis
    Explanation
    Mitosis is the correct answer because it refers to the cell dividing procedure. During mitosis, a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells, each with the same number of chromosomes as the parent cell. This process is essential for growth, repair, and reproduction in multicellular organisms. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants convert sunlight into energy, germination is the process by which a seed grows into a plant, and pollination is the transfer of pollen from the male reproductive organ to the female reproductive organ in plants.

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  • 11. 

    What are the main source of blood supply to the head, face, and neck?

    • A.

      Subclavian artery

    • B.

      Brachiocephalic artery

    • C.

      Carotid artery

    • D.

      Coronary artery

    Correct Answer
    C. Carotid artery
    Explanation
    The carotid artery is the main source of blood supply to the head, face, and neck. It is a major blood vessel that branches off from the aorta and provides oxygenated blood to the brain and other structures in the head and neck region. The carotid artery splits into two branches, the internal carotid artery and the external carotid artery, which further supply blood to different areas of the head and neck. The subclavian artery supplies blood to the upper extremities, the brachiocephalic artery supplies blood to the upper chest and arms, and the coronary artery supplies blood to the heart.

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  • 12. 

    What is used to blend (add/mix) two substances together?

    • A.

      Solvent

    • B.

      Metal

    • C.

      Gas

    • D.

      Compound

    Correct Answer
    A. Solvent
    Explanation
    A solvent is a substance that is used to blend or mix two or more substances together. It is capable of dissolving other substances, allowing them to mix and form a homogeneous mixture. Solvents are commonly used in various industries and applications, such as in cleaning, painting, and chemical reactions. They help to facilitate the process of blending different substances together by breaking down the intermolecular forces between the particles of the substances being mixed.

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  • 13. 

    Titanium protects the skin by...

    • A.

      Refracting light

    • B.

      Reflecting light

    • C.

      Transmitting energy

    • D.

      Creating a new layer of skin

    Correct Answer
    B. Reflecting light
    Explanation
    Titanium protects the skin by reflecting light. When titanium is applied to the skin, it acts as a physical barrier that reflects the sun's rays away from the skin. This helps to prevent the harmful effects of UV radiation, such as sunburn and skin damage. By reflecting light, titanium provides a protective shield for the skin and reduces the risk of sun-related skin problems.

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  • 14. 

    Allergy is usually caused by...

    • A.

      Wood

    • B.

      Metals

    • C.

      Fabrics

    • D.

      Fragrance

    Correct Answer
    D. Fragrance
    Explanation
    Allergy is usually caused by fragrance because fragrances contain various chemicals and compounds that can trigger allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. These reactions can manifest as skin rashes, itching, sneezing, watery eyes, and even difficulty breathing. Fragrances are commonly found in perfumes, colognes, scented lotions, soaps, and household products. It is important for individuals with known fragrance allergies to avoid products that contain fragrances or opt for fragrance-free alternatives to prevent allergic reactions.

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  • 15. 

    The tools for galvanic machines are made of...

    • A.

      Clay

    • B.

      Metal

    • C.

      Wood

    • D.

      Plastic

    Correct Answer
    B. Metal
    Explanation
    The tools for galvanic machines are made of metal because metal is a good conductor of electricity. Galvanic machines use electrical currents to deliver treatments to the skin, so the tools need to be able to conduct the electricity effectively. Metal is also durable and can withstand the pressure and heat generated during the galvanic treatment process.

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  • 16. 

    Which of the epidermis layer compose cells that resemble granules filled with keratin?

    • A.

      Spinosum

    • B.

      Corneum

    • C.

      Granulosum

    • D.

      Germination

    Correct Answer
    C. Granulosum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is granulosum because this layer of the epidermis is responsible for producing granules filled with keratin. These granules play a crucial role in the formation of the skin's barrier and help to protect the body from external factors such as moisture loss and pathogens. The granulosum layer is located above the basal layer and below the corneum layer in the epidermis.

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  • 17. 

    Which layer of the epidermis penetrates light?

    • A.

      Subcutaneous

    • B.

      Lucidum

    • C.

      Granulosum

    • D.

      Corneum

    Correct Answer
    B. Lucidum
    Explanation
    The layer of the epidermis that penetrates light is the lucidum layer. This layer is found only in thick skin, such as the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. It is translucent and allows light to pass through. The lucidum layer is composed of dead skin cells that have lost their nuclei and other organelles, making it clear and providing a barrier against external factors.

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  • 18. 

    Which layer of the epidermis does cells division occur?

    • A.

      Germinativum

    • B.

      Corneum

    • C.

      Spinosum

    • D.

      Lucidum

    Correct Answer
    A. Germinativum
    Explanation
    Cell division occurs in the germinativum layer of the epidermis. This layer is also known as the basal layer and is responsible for producing new cells that eventually move to the surface of the skin. The germinativum layer is rich in stem cells that continuously divide and differentiate into keratinocytes, the main type of cell found in the epidermis. These new cells then move upwards through the other layers of the epidermis, eventually reaching the corneum layer where they are shed from the skin's surface.

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  • 19. 

    Which layer of the skin is most exfoliated off?

    • A.

      Corneum

    • B.

      Lucidum

    • C.

      Subcutaneous

    • D.

      Granulosum

    Correct Answer
    A. Corneum
    Explanation
    The corneum layer of the skin is the outermost layer and is composed of dead skin cells that are constantly being shed and replaced. This layer is most susceptible to exfoliation, as it is the layer that is sloughed off during processes such as scrubbing or using exfoliating products. The other layers mentioned (lucidum, granulosum, subcutaneous) are deeper layers of the skin and are not typically exfoliated off.

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  • 20. 

    Adipose is located in what layer of skin?

    • A.

      Spinosum

    • B.

      Corneum

    • C.

      Germination

    • D.

      Subcutaneous

    Correct Answer
    D. Subcutaneous
    Explanation
    The correct answer is subcutaneous because adipose tissue, also known as fat, is located in the subcutaneous layer of the skin. This layer is located beneath the dermis and consists of fat cells that provide insulation, cushioning, and energy storage for the body.

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  • 21. 

    If the sebaceous glands (oil glands) become too active what would happen to the skin?

    • A.

      Oily acne

    • B.

      Nothing

    • C.

      Redden

    • D.

      Peeling

    Correct Answer
    A. Oily acne
    Explanation
    If the sebaceous glands become too active, it means that they are producing an excessive amount of oil. This excess oil can clog pores and lead to the development of acne. Therefore, the skin would become oily and acne-prone.

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  • 22. 

    Sudoriferous glands (sweat gland) excrete...

    • A.

      Pus

    • B.

      Water & lactic acid

    • C.

      Blood

    • D.

      Oil

    Correct Answer
    B. Water & lactic acid
    Explanation
    Sudoriferous glands, also known as sweat glands, are responsible for excreting water and lactic acid. Sweat glands are found all over the body and play a crucial role in regulating body temperature. When the body gets overheated, these glands produce sweat, which is primarily composed of water and lactic acid. Water helps to cool down the body by evaporating from the skin surface, while lactic acid helps to maintain the pH balance of the skin. Therefore, the correct answer is water and lactic acid.

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  • 23. 

    A lady has dry and bronze hair and a swollen face. What does that indicate?

    • A.

      Health warning

    • B.

      Oily skin

    • C.

      Bad facial

    • D.

      Excessively dyed hair

    Correct Answer
    A. Health warning
    Explanation
    The dry and bronze hair, along with the swollen face, could be indicators of a health warning. These symptoms may suggest an underlying health condition or imbalance in the body that needs attention. It is important to consult a healthcare professional to determine the cause and appropriate treatment for these symptoms.

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  • 24. 

    Since light skin is sensitive to waxing, how would darker skin react to the procedure?

    • A.

      Acne

    • B.

      Blotchy skin

    • C.

      A little or no effect

    • D.

      Infection

    Correct Answer
    C. A little or no effect
    Explanation
    Darker skin would have a little or no effect when subjected to waxing. This is because darker skin has more melanin, which provides natural protection against the irritation caused by waxing. The higher melanin content also makes darker skin less prone to developing acne or infections after the procedure. Therefore, the waxing procedure is generally well-tolerated by individuals with darker skin.

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  • 25. 

    A male customer with a lot of mustaches walks in for a facial. After cleaning his face, how would you remove the cleaning product?

    • A.

      Follow the direction of the mustache growth

    • B.

      Leave cleaning product on

    • C.

      Use your hands to wipe product off

    • D.

      Shave off mustache

    Correct Answer
    A. Follow the direction of the mustache growth
    Explanation
    To remove the cleaning product from the face of a male customer with a lot of mustaches, it is recommended to follow the direction of the mustache growth. This ensures that the product is effectively removed without causing any discomfort or damage to the mustaches.

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  • 26. 

    Inhibit aging without sun exposure is...

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      Moderate

    • C.

      High

    • D.

      Nothing

    Correct Answer
    B. Moderate
    Explanation
    The term "inhibit aging without sun exposure" suggests that there is a way to slow down the aging process without being exposed to the sun. The word "moderate" implies that there is a moderate level of effectiveness in inhibiting aging without sun exposure. This means that while it may have some positive effects, it may not be as powerful as a high level of inhibition. Therefore, the answer "moderate" indicates that inhibiting aging without sun exposure can have some impact, but it may not be the most effective method.

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  • 27. 

    What is the abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands?

    • A.

      Hormones

    • B.

      Acne

    • C.

      Seborrhea

    Correct Answer
    C. Seborrhea
    Explanation
    Seborrhea is the abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands. It is a condition characterized by excessive production of sebum, an oily substance that moisturizes the skin. This abnormal secretion can lead to oily skin, clogged pores, and the development of acne. Hormones, on the other hand, play a role in regulating sebum production but are not the abnormal secretion itself. Acne is a skin condition that can be caused by seborrhea, but it is not the secretion itself.

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  • 28. 

    What is the main purpose of a clay mask?

    • A.

      Release oils

    • B.

      Absorb oil

    • C.

      Nothing

    • D.

      Exfoliates dead skin

    Correct Answer
    B. Absorb oil
    Explanation
    A clay mask is primarily used to absorb excess oil from the skin. The clay in the mask has properties that help to draw out impurities and excess sebum, which can lead to oily skin and clogged pores. By absorbing the oil, the clay mask helps to mattify the skin, reduce shine, and minimize the appearance of pores. This can leave the skin looking clearer, smoother, and less oily.

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  • 29. 

    What would you use to apply a paraffin mask?

    • A.

      Cotton swabs

    • B.

      Brush

    • C.

      Bare hands

    • D.

      Tissues

    Correct Answer
    B. Brush
    Explanation
    A brush would be used to apply a paraffin mask. A brush is the most suitable tool for applying a paraffin mask because it allows for even and precise application. Using cotton swabs, bare hands, or tissues may not provide the same level of control and coverage as a brush.

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  • 30. 

    The client has dehydrated skin, which is the sign of...

    • A.

      Illness

    • B.

      High blood pressure

    • C.

      Lack of water

    • D.

      Too much water

    Correct Answer
    C. Lack of water
    Explanation
    Dehydrated skin is a sign of lack of water. When the body does not receive enough water, it affects the skin's ability to retain moisture, leading to dryness and dehydration. This can be caused by various factors such as inadequate water intake, excessive sweating, environmental conditions, or certain medical conditions. To improve the condition of dehydrated skin, it is important to increase water consumption, use moisturizers, and avoid harsh skincare products that can further strip the skin of its natural moisture.

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  • 31. 

    Which ingredient is both stimulating and astringent?

    • A.

      Eucalyptus

    • B.

      Peppermint

    • C.

      Honey

    • D.

      Oil

    Correct Answer
    A. Eucalyptus
    Explanation
    Eucalyptus is both stimulating and astringent. It has properties that can invigorate and energize the body, making it a stimulating ingredient. Additionally, it also has astringent properties, meaning it can help tighten and tone the skin. This makes eucalyptus a versatile ingredient that can provide both a refreshing sensation and help improve the appearance of the skin.

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  • 32. 

    What method is used to perform hydrotherapy?

    • A.

      Massage

    • B.

      Whirlpool

    • C.

      Heating

    • D.

      Bathing

    Correct Answer
    B. Whirlpool
    Explanation
    Hydrotherapy is a therapeutic technique that involves the use of water to treat various conditions. One method used to perform hydrotherapy is through the use of a whirlpool. A whirlpool is a special type of bath that uses jets of water to create a swirling motion. This swirling motion helps to massage and relax the muscles, improve circulation, and promote healing. Therefore, the use of a whirlpool is an effective method for performing hydrotherapy.

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  • 33. 

    What is the terminology for the scientific study of the health of hair and scalp?

    • A.

      Biology

    • B.

      Psychology

    • C.

      Trichology

    • D.

      Paleontology

    Correct Answer
    C. Trichology
    Explanation
    Trichology is the correct answer because it is the scientific study of the health of hair and scalp. It involves examining the structure, function, and diseases of the hair and scalp, as well as providing treatments and solutions for hair and scalp issues. Biology and psychology are not specific to the study of hair and scalp health, while paleontology is the study of fossils and ancient life forms, which is unrelated to the topic.

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  • 34. 

    The purpose of using a wood lamp is to...

    • A.

      Heat

    • B.

      Nothing

    • C.

      Apply product

    • D.

      Analyze the skin condition

    Correct Answer
    D. Analyze the skin condition
    Explanation
    A wood lamp is a handheld device that emits ultraviolet light, which helps in analyzing the skin condition. When the UV light interacts with the skin, it can reveal certain conditions such as pigmentation irregularities, fungal infections, bacterial growth, and even skin cancer. By analyzing the skin under the wood lamp, professionals can identify any underlying issues and determine the appropriate treatment or skincare routine. The other options, such as heat, nothing, or applying a product, do not accurately describe the purpose of using a wood lamp.

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  • 35. 

    When extracting milia/comedones (blackheads) the lancet (hand) should be held at:

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      20

    • C.

      30

    • D.

      40

    Correct Answer
    C. 30
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 30. When extracting milia/comedones (blackheads), the lancet (hand) should be held at a 30-degree angle. Holding the lancet at this angle allows for precise and controlled extraction without causing unnecessary damage to the skin. It helps to ensure that the blackhead is effectively removed without causing further irritation or scarring. Holding the lancet at any other angle may result in ineffective extraction or potential harm to the skin.

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  • 36. 

    What is one of the side effects of vitiligo?

    • A.

      Acne

    • B.

      Peeling

    • C.

      Reddening

    • D.

      Dehydration

    • E.

      Lack of pigmentation or white spot

    Correct Answer
    E. Lack of pigmentation or white spot
    Explanation
    One of the side effects of vitiligo is hypopigmentation or white spots, where patches of skin lose pigmentation. These areas become lighter than the surrounding skin due to the loss of melanin-producing cells. This condition can cause emotional distress and self-esteem issues due to visible skin discoloration.

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  • 37. 

    What massage method do you use when cleaning the face?

    • A.

      Shiatsu

    • B.

      Acupressure

    • C.

      Effleurage

    • D.

      Stone

    Correct Answer
    C. Effleurage
    Explanation
    Effleurage is a massage technique that involves gentle, sweeping strokes on the skin's surface. It is commonly used in facial cleaning to remove dirt, oil, and impurities from the face. The gentle and rhythmic movements of effleurage help to stimulate blood circulation and relax the facial muscles, resulting in a deep cleansing and rejuvenating effect. This technique is often preferred for facial cleaning as it is gentle and suitable for all skin types.

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  • 38. 

    What is the relaxing and continuing (cleansing/soothing/rhythmic) massage movement?

    • A.

      Structural

    • B.

      Effleurage

    • C.

      Deep tissue

    • D.

      Acupressure

    Correct Answer
    B. Effleurage
    Explanation
    Effleurage is a relaxing and continuing massage movement that involves long, sweeping strokes with light pressure. It is commonly used at the beginning and end of a massage session to warm up the muscles and promote relaxation. This technique helps to improve blood circulation, reduce tension, and create a soothing and rhythmic experience for the client.

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  • 39. 

    Dr. Jacque movement is especially food for what skin type?

    • A.

      Normal

    • B.

      Combination

    • C.

      Oily

    • D.

      Dry

    Correct Answer
    C. Oily
    Explanation
    Dr. Jacque's movement is especially good for oily skin types because it helps to reduce excess oil and sebum production. Oily skin tends to produce more oil than necessary, leading to clogged pores and acne breakouts. Dr. Jacque's movement likely helps to balance the skin's oil production and keep it more matte and less prone to breakouts.

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  • 40. 

    The galvanic method of hair removal uses...

    • A.

      Electrolysis

    • B.

      Microanalysis

    • C.

      Proteolysis

    Correct Answer
    A. Electrolysis
    Explanation
    The galvanic method of hair removal uses electrolysis. Electrolysis is a process that uses a direct electric current to permanently remove hair by destroying the hair follicle. This method involves inserting a fine needle into the hair follicle and delivering a small electric current to the root of the hair. The current causes a chemical reaction that destroys the cells responsible for hair growth. This method is effective for permanent hair removal but can be time-consuming as it treats one hair follicle at a time.

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  • 41. 

    Which part of the body does free radical damage?

    • A.

      Veins

    • B.

      Tissues

    • C.

      Cell membranes

    • D.

      Arteries

    Correct Answer
    C. Cell membranes
    Explanation
    Free radicals are highly reactive molecules that can cause damage to cells by stealing electrons from other molecules in the body. Cell membranes, which are composed of lipids, are particularly susceptible to free radical damage. When free radicals attack cell membranes, they can disrupt the structure and function of the membrane, leading to cell dysfunction and potentially cell death. This can have wide-ranging effects on various bodily processes and contribute to the development of numerous diseases.

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  • 42. 

    What can you tell the client if he/she has a lot of boil (sebum/sebaceous) on his/her face?

    • A.

      Nothing

    • B.

      Recommend product

    • C.

      Recommend physician

    Correct Answer
    C. Recommend physician
    Explanation
    If a client has a lot of boils on their face, it is advisable to recommend a physician. Boils can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition such as an infection or a skin disorder. A physician would be able to properly diagnose the cause of the boils and provide appropriate treatment. It is important to seek medical advice in such cases to ensure proper care and to prevent any potential complications.

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  • 43. 

    The reason to put loose powder on during make-up is to...

    • A.

      Keep oils from seeping out of pores

    • B.

      Set the foundation

    • C.

      Have a matte finish

    • D.

      Nothing

    Correct Answer
    B. Set the foundation
    Explanation
    Loose powder is used during make-up to set the foundation. It helps to make the foundation last longer and prevents it from smudging or transferring onto clothing. By applying a layer of loose powder over the foundation, it helps to absorb excess oils and moisture, giving a more matte finish to the skin. This also helps to minimize shine and keep the make-up in place throughout the day. Therefore, setting the foundation is one of the main reasons for using loose powder in make-up.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following is an intrinsical disease?

    • A.

      Leukemia

    • B.

      Dehydration

    • C.

      Hyperpigmentation

    • D.

      Vitamin deficiency

    Correct Answer
    D. Vitamin deficiency
    Explanation
    Vitamin deficiency is considered an intrinsic disease because it is caused by an internal factor within the body, specifically a lack of essential vitamins. Intrinsic diseases are those that originate from within the body and are not caused by external factors. Leukemia, dehydration, and hyperpigmentation can be caused by external factors such as infections, lack of hydration, or exposure to certain substances. However, vitamin deficiency is a result of inadequate intake or absorption of vitamins, which is an internal issue.

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  • 45. 

    What is the procedure of removing fat from the eyelid is called?

    • A.

      Abdominoplasty

    • B.

      Blepharoplasty

    • C.

      Phalloplasty

    • D.

      Mammoplasty

    Correct Answer
    B. Blepharoplasty
    Explanation
    Blepharoplasty is the correct answer because it refers to the surgical procedure of removing excess fat, skin, and muscle from the eyelid. Abdominoplasty is a procedure for removing excess skin and fat from the abdomen, phalloplasty is a procedure for constructing or reconstructing the penis, and mammoplasty is a procedure for altering the breasts.

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  • 46. 

    What is a characteristic of pathogenic micro-organism?

    • A.

      Cause diseases

    • B.

      Wrinkles

    • C.

      Acne

    • D.

      Sensitive skin

    Correct Answer
    A. Cause diseases
    Explanation
    Pathogenic micro-organisms are known for their ability to cause diseases. Unlike non-pathogenic micro-organisms, which do not harm the host, pathogenic ones have the capacity to invade and multiply within the host's tissues, leading to various illnesses and health issues. Their ability to cause diseases is what sets them apart and makes them a characteristic feature of pathogenic micro-organisms.

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  • 47. 

    What is the active growth stage of hair cells called?

    • A.

      Pathogen

    • B.

      Catagen

    • C.

      Anagen

    • D.

      Telogen

    Correct Answer
    C. Anagen
    Explanation
    The active growth stage of hair cells is called anagen. During this stage, the cells in the hair follicles divide rapidly and the hair grows longer. It is the phase when the hair is actively growing and can last for several years.

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  • 48. 

    What is a skin abrasion produced by scratching or scraping?

    • A.

      Bruise

    • B.

      Fission

    • C.

      Excoriation

    • D.

      Lesion

    Correct Answer
    C. Excoriation
    Explanation
    An excoriation is a skin abrasion that is caused by scratching or scraping. It is a superficial injury that typically results in a loss of the top layer of skin. This can occur due to various reasons, such as itching, irritation, or compulsive picking of the skin. Excoriations are often characterized by redness, rawness, and sometimes bleeding. Unlike a bruise, which is caused by blunt force trauma, or a lesion, which is a general term for any abnormality in the skin, an excoriation specifically refers to a skin abrasion caused by scratching or scraping.

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  • 49. 

    What is the crack in the skin that penetrates the dermis?

    • A.

      Fission

    • B.

      Fissure

    • C.

      Hemoglobin

    • D.

      Cut

    Correct Answer
    B. Fissure
    Explanation
    A fissure is a deep crack or split in the skin that goes through the dermis. It is a common condition that can occur due to various reasons such as dry skin, excessive moisture, or certain medical conditions. Fissures can be painful and may cause bleeding. Treatment usually involves keeping the area clean and moisturized, and in some cases, medical intervention may be required.

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  • 50. 

    Sudoriferous (sweat) gland regulates...

    • A.

      Cells

    • B.

      Blood pressure

    • C.

      Blood flow

    • D.

      Body temperature

    Correct Answer
    D. Body temperature
    Explanation
    Sudoriferous glands, also known as sweat glands, are responsible for regulating body temperature. When the body temperature rises, these glands produce sweat, which evaporates from the skin's surface and cools down the body. This helps to maintain a stable body temperature and prevent overheating. Therefore, the correct answer is body temperature.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 05, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 16, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Michelle L
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