World Environment Day 2020 Quiz

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| By Maya T
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Maya T
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 178
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 178

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World Environment Day 2020 Quiz - Quiz

Welcome to the “Biodiversity: our solutions are in nature” Quiz.
An individual can participate only once. There will be 25 Questions to be answered within 15 minutes
Please provide the following details:Name and Email.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    70% of our atmospheric oxygen (nearly 3 out of 4 breathes you take anywhere on the planet) is due to:

    • A.

      Rainforests

    • B.

      Boreal forest

    • C.

      Photosynthesizing ocean organisms

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Rainforests
    Explanation
    Rainforests are responsible for producing 70% of our atmospheric oxygen. This is because the dense vegetation in rainforests undergoes photosynthesis, a process in which plants convert carbon dioxide into oxygen. As rainforests cover a significant portion of the Earth's surface, they play a crucial role in maintaining the oxygen levels in the atmosphere. The other options, such as boreal forests and photosynthesizing ocean organisms, also contribute to oxygen production but to a lesser extent compared to rainforests. Therefore, rainforests are the primary source of the majority of the oxygen we breathe.

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  • 2. 

    There are three kinds of deserts in India: sand desert, salt desert, and cold desert. One of the states has a cold desert. Name it.

    • A.

      Jammu and Kashmir

    • B.

      Himachal Pradesh

    • C.

      Rajasthan

    • D.

      Gujarat

    Correct Answer
    A. Jammu and Kashmir
    Explanation
    Jammu and Kashmir is the correct answer because it is the only state among the options that has a cold desert. Jammu and Kashmir is home to the famous cold desert called the "Ladakh Desert" or "Cold Desert of India." This desert is located in the Leh district of Jammu and Kashmir and is known for its extreme cold temperatures and barren landscapes.

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  • 3. 

    We all know that the Kaziranga sanctuary is a place where rhinos can live safely away from hunters. What is the term used for such careful use and protection of nature?

    • A.

      Biofriendly

    • B.

      Ecofriendly

    • C.

      Degradation

    • D.

      Conservation

    Correct Answer
    A. Biofriendly
    Explanation
    The term used for the careful use and protection of nature is conservation. Conservation involves the preservation and management of natural resources and habitats to ensure their sustainability and protection from harm. It includes measures to protect endangered species, such as rhinos in the Kaziranga sanctuary, from hunters and other threats. The term "biofriendly" is not directly related to the protection of nature, and "ecofriendly" refers to practices that are environmentally friendly but does not specifically imply protection or preservation. "Degradation" refers to the decline or deterioration of natural resources, which is the opposite of conservation.

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  • 4. 

    By 2100 AD, global temperature is expected to rise by about 2 °C and consequently, the sea level by about 50 cm from the present level. How is a rise in temperature expected to increase the level of the sea?

    • A.

      By expanding ocean water

    • B.

      By melting mountain glaciers

    • C.

      By causing ice sheets of Antarctica and Greenland to melt and slide into the oceans

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    A rise in temperature is expected to increase the level of the sea through multiple mechanisms. Firstly, as the temperature increases, ocean water expands due to thermal expansion, leading to a rise in sea level. Secondly, the melting of mountain glaciers due to higher temperatures contributes to the increase in sea level. Lastly, the warming of the Earth's atmosphere can cause the ice sheets of Antarctica and Greenland to melt and slide into the oceans, further raising the sea level. Therefore, all of the given options are correct explanations for how a rise in temperature can increase the level of the sea.

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  • 5. 

    Which is the most common non-commercial biological fuel in a large number of developing countries?  

    • A.

      Animal dung

    • B.

      Crop residue

    • C.

      Coal

    • D.

      Fuelwood

    Correct Answer
    D. Fuelwood
    Explanation
    Fuelwood is the most common non-commercial biological fuel in a large number of developing countries. This is because fuelwood is easily accessible and readily available in these regions. It is obtained from trees and used for cooking, heating, and other domestic purposes. In many developing countries, fuelwood is the primary source of energy for households, especially in rural areas where alternative fuels may be scarce or expensive.

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  • 6. 

    Garbage can be put under four categories: organic, toxic, soiled, and recyclable. Of the organic waste, this forms an important part.  

    • A.

      Plastic bags

    • B.

      Vegetable peels

    • C.

      Glass

    • D.

      Metal

    Correct Answer
    B. Vegetable peels
    Explanation
    Vegetable peels are considered organic waste because they are biodegradable and come from natural plant materials. Unlike plastic bags, glass, and metal, vegetable peels can easily decompose and break down in the environment. Therefore, they should be put in the organic waste category for proper disposal and potential use in composting or other organic recycling processes.

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  • 7. 

    World Wildlife Fund was founded in :  

    • A.

      1961

    • B.

      1965

    • C.

      1969

    • D.

      1992

    Correct Answer
    A. 1961
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1961. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) was founded in 1961. It is an international organization dedicated to conserving nature and protecting the diversity of life on Earth. WWF works on various environmental issues such as climate change, endangered species, habitat loss, and sustainable development. Since its establishment, WWF has played a significant role in promoting conservation efforts and raising awareness about the importance of protecting our planet.

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  • 8. 

    International Day of Biological Diversity Every year, the International Day of Biological Diversity is celebrated by the United Nations. The day is celebrated under the theme “__________________________”.

    • A.

      Our Solutions are in Nature

    • B.

      Connecting People to Nature

    • C.

      Green Economy

    • D.

      Many Species. One Planet. One Future

    Correct Answer
    A. Our Solutions are in Nature
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Our Solutions are in Nature". This theme highlights the importance of biodiversity in providing solutions to various global challenges such as climate change, food security, and sustainable development. It emphasizes the need to protect and conserve nature in order to find solutions to these challenges. By recognizing the value of nature and its ecosystems, we can work towards a more sustainable future.

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  • 9. 

    The Saharan cheetah used to be found in fragmented populations in western and central Sahara and Sahel regions of Africa.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Saharan cheetah was indeed found in fragmented populations in the western and central Sahara and Sahel regions of Africa. This indicates that the cheetah's habitat was not continuous and instead consisted of smaller, isolated areas.

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  • 10. 

    In which state Sesachalam Hills Biosphere Reserve is located

    • A.

      Tamil Nadu

    • B.

      Kerala

    • C.

      Andhra Pradesh

    • D.

      Karnataka

    Correct Answer
    C. Andhra Pradesh
    Explanation
    Sesachalam Hills Biosphere Reserve is located in Andhra Pradesh.

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  • 11. 

    There are __________Biosphere Reserve in India.

    Correct Answer
    18
    Explanation
    There are 18 Biosphere Reserves in India.

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  • 12. 

    "Unified Geologic Map of the Moon", the first ever digital, unified, global, geological map of the moon was released recently by ?

    • A.

      Lunar Planetary Institute

    • B.

      United States Geological Survey

    • C.

      National Aeronautics and Space Administration

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". This means that the "Unified Geologic Map of the Moon" was released by all three organizations mentioned: the Lunar Planetary Institute, the United States Geological Survey, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

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  • 13. 

    Consider the following statements with respect to “Patachitra Painting”. 1. It is the traditional painting of Odisha and West Bengal. 2. Women decorate the nuptial chamber and the inner walls of their homes to celebrate festivals particularly the return of Ram from exile. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 only

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2 

    • D.

      Neither 1 or 2

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 only
    Explanation
    Patachitra Painting is the traditional painting of Odisha and West Bengal. This statement is correct. The second statement about women decorating the nuptial chamber and inner walls of their homes to celebrate festivals, particularly the return of Ram from exile, is not mentioned in the given information and is therefore incorrect.

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  • 14. 

    Global Terrorism Index Report” is published annually by?

    • A.

      INTERPOL

    • B.

      Economist Intelligence Unit

    • C.

      Institute for Economics and Peace

    • D.

      United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime

    Correct Answer
    C. Institute for Economics and Peace
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Institute for Economics and Peace. The Global Terrorism Index Report is published annually by the Institute for Economics and Peace. This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the impact of terrorism worldwide, including trends, patterns, and rankings of countries based on their levels of terrorism. The Institute for Economics and Peace is an independent think tank that focuses on measuring and analyzing peace and conflict around the world. Their research and reports aim to inform policymakers and promote peaceful solutions to global issues.

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  • 15. 

    “Covid-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support (CARES) Program” is an initiative of which of the following?

    • A.

      The World Bank

    • B.

      New Development Bank

    • C.

      Asian Development Bank

    • D.

      African Development Bank

    Correct Answer
    C. Asian Development Bank
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Asian Development Bank. The Covid-19 Active Response and Expenditure Support (CARES) Program is an initiative of the Asian Development Bank. This program aims to provide financial support to its member countries in responding to and mitigating the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic. It includes measures such as emergency health response, social protection, and economic stimulus to support affected sectors and vulnerable populations.

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  • 16. 

    Consider the following statements with respect to naming of Tropical Cyclones 1. Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC), New Delhi is responsible to name tropical cyclones        forming over the North Indian Ocean including Bay of Bengal & the Arabian Sea following a standard procedure. 2. The names of the tropical cyclones over the north Indian Ocean, once used, will cease to be used again. Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

    • A.

      1 only

    • B.

      2 only

    • C.

      Both 1 and 2

    • D.

      Neither 1 nor 2

    Correct Answer
    C. Both 1 and 2
    Explanation
    Both statements 1 and 2 are correct. Statement 1 states that the Regional Specialized Meteorological Centre (RSMC), New Delhi is responsible for naming tropical cyclones forming over the North Indian Ocean, including the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea, following a standard procedure. Statement 2 states that once the names of tropical cyclones over the North Indian Ocean are used, they will not be used again. Therefore, both statements are true.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following national parks is not a UNESCO World Heritage site?

    • A.

      Kaziranga

    • B.

      Keoladeo

    • C.

      Sundarbans

    • D.

      Kanha

    Correct Answer
    D. Kanha
    Explanation
    Kanha National Park is not a UNESCO World Heritage site. This can be attributed to the fact that although Kanha is a renowned national park in India, it has not been designated as a World Heritage site by UNESCO. UNESCO World Heritage sites are selected based on their outstanding universal value, representing natural or cultural significance. While Kaziranga, Keoladeo, and Sundarbans have all been recognized as UNESCO World Heritage sites, Kanha has not achieved this distinction.

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  • 18. 

    The Lahugala Kitulana National Park is located in which country?

    • A.

      India

    • B.

      Sri Lanka

    • C.

      Bhutan 

    • D.

      Bangladesh

    Correct Answer
    B. Sri Lanka
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sri Lanka because the Lahugala Kitulana National Park is located in Sri Lanka.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following National Parks does not belong to Andaman & Nicobar Islands?

    • A.

      Button Island National Park

    • B.

      Mount Harriet National Park

    • C.

      Moiling National Park

    • D.

      Wandoor Marine National Park

    Correct Answer
    C. Moiling National Park
    Explanation
    Moiling National Park does not belong to Andaman & Nicobar Islands because it is located in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in northeastern India. The other three national parks mentioned - Button Island National Park, Mount Harriet National Park, and Wandoor Marine National Park - are all located in the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

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  • 20. 

    The Chitwan National Park (CNP) is located in which country?

    • A.

      India 

    • B.

      Bhutan

    • C.

      Bangladesh

    • D.

      Nepal

    Correct Answer
    D. Nepal
    Explanation
    The Chitwan National Park (CNP) is located in Nepal. This can be inferred from the fact that the question asks for the country where CNP is located, and Nepal is one of the options provided.

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  • 21. 

    The Pulie Badze Wildlife Sanctuary (PWS) is located in which state?

    • A.

      Mizoram

    • B.

      Tripura

    • C.

      Manipur

    • D.

      Nagaland

    Correct Answer
    D. Nagaland
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Nagaland. The Pulie Badze Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Nagaland.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following environmental law empowers the central and state pollution control boards to meet with grave emergencies of air pollution?

    • A.

      Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Amendment Act

    • B.

      Environment (Protection) Act

    • C.

      Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Rules

    • D.

      Objective of Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules

    Correct Answer
    A. Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Amendment Act
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Amendment Act. This law empowers the central and state pollution control boards to address serious emergencies related to air pollution. It provides the necessary legal framework and authority for these boards to take immediate action in order to prevent and control air pollution in grave situations.

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  • 23. 

    He is a well-known ecologist in India. His interests range from broad ecological issues such as developing Community Biodiversity Registers and conserving sacred groves to studies on the behavior of mammals, birds and insects. He has written several articles, published papers in journals and is the author of 6 books.

    • A.

      Mansukhbhai Raghavjibhai Prajapati

    • B.

      Sunderlal Bahuguna

    • C.

      Madhav Gadgil

    • D.

      M S Swaminathan 

    Correct Answer
    C. Madhav Gadgil
    Explanation
    Madhav Gadgil is a well-known ecologist in India who has made significant contributions to the field of ecology. His interests span a wide range of ecological issues, from developing Community Biodiversity Registers to conserving sacred groves. He has conducted studies on the behavior of mammals, birds, and insects, and has shared his findings through articles, published papers, and books. Therefore, Madhav Gadgil is the correct answer based on the given information.

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  • 24. 

    She is known as one of India’s champions who supported the cause of downtrodden tribal people whose environment is being affected by the dams on the Narmada River.

    • A.

      Norma Alwares

    • B.

      Medha Patkar

    • C.

      Perisia White

    • D.

      Purnima Barman

    Correct Answer
    B. Medha Patkar
    Explanation
    Medha Patkar is known as one of India's champions who supported the cause of downtrodden tribal people affected by the dams on the Narmada River.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 03, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Maya T
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