Endocrine System Stokke N180

27 Questions | Total Attempts: 51

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Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    All of the following are roles of the endocrine system EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Maintain internal environment

    • B. 

      Regulate energy availability

    • C. 

      Impacts growth and development

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is NOT true of endocrine glands?
    • A. 

      They secrete products directly into the target organ

    • B. 

      They secrete products into the blood

    • C. 

      They are ductless glands

  • 3. 
    The endocrine system functions independantly of other systems
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    The products that both the nervous system AND the endocrine system produce are:
    • A. 

      Steroids

    • B. 

      Catecholamines

    • C. 

      Oxytocin

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is a complete list of the hormones produced by the ANTERIOR pituitary gland?
    • A. 

      ADH and oxytocin

    • B. 

      ACTH, oxytocin, aldosterone, epinephrine, norepinephrine, growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, and ADH

    • C. 

      TSH, luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, prolactin, GH, ACTH, and melancyte stimulating hormone

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is a complete list of the hormones released by the POSTERIOR pituitary gland?
    • A. 

      ADH and oxytocin

    • B. 

      ACTH, oxytocin, aldosterone, epinephrine, norepinephrine, growth hormone, thyroid stimulating hormone, and ADH

    • C. 

      TSH, luteinizing hormone, follicle stimulating hormone, prolactin, GH, ACTH, and melancyte stimulating hormone

  • 7. 
    Which of the following are ENDOCRINE functions of the hypothalamus?
    • A. 

      Regulation of temperature, sleep, hunger, thirst

    • B. 

      Regulates GH and TRH and stimulates release of LH, FSH, and ACTH

    • C. 

      Stimulates ovulation and testosterone secretion, regulates GH and TRH

  • 8. 
    Which of the following hormones are released from the ADRENAL CORTEX?
    • A. 

      Mineral corticoids, glucocorticoids, and sex hormones

    • B. 

      Catecholamines

    • C. 

      Androgens, catecholamines, and glucocorticoids

  • 9. 
    Aldosterone effects blood pressure PRIMARILY through which path?
    • A. 

      High BP -> kidneys release renin -> angiotensin I -> angiotensin II -> increased aldosterone -> lower BP

    • B. 

      Low BP -> ACTH released by pituitary gland -> increase in aldosterone -> increase in BP

    • C. 

      Low BP -> kidneys release renin -> angiotensin I -> angiotensin II -> increase aldosterone -> increase in BP

  • 10. 
    ACTH is short for ____________ , is released by the __________ gland and effects the release of ____________.
    • A. 

      Adrenocoricotropin homrone; posterior pituitary; aldosterone

    • B. 

      Adrenocoricotropin hormone; anterior pituitary; cortisol and aldosterone

    • C. 

      Adrenocoricotropin hormone; anterior pituitary; cortisol

    • D. 

      Adrenocoricotropin hormone; posterior pituitary; cortisol and catecholamines

  • 11. 
    What is the function of TSH?
    • A. 

      Increases the release of TRH

    • B. 

      Increases the overall activity of the thyroid gland

    • C. 

      Increases the conversion of T3 into T4

  • 12. 
    What is the function of GnRH?
    • A. 

      Stimulates the release of GH

    • B. 

      Inhibits the release of GH

    • C. 

      Stimulates the release of LH and FSH

  • 13. 
    The following are hormones released by the hypothalamus that target the anterior pituitary gland: TRH, GnRH, GH-RH, GH-IH, CRH, PIH, MIH.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Luteinizing Hormone (LH) is released by the __________ and targets the _____________.
    • A. 

      Anterior pituitary; bone and soft tissue

    • B. 

      Posterior pituitary; adrenal cortex

    • C. 

      Anterior pituitary; ovaries and testes

    • D. 

      Posterior pituitary; kidneys

  • 15. 
    Which of the following are hormones produced in the adrenal MEDULLA?
    • A. 

      Mineral corticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens, and estrogens

    • B. 

      Catecholamines

    • C. 

      Mineral corticoids, glucocorticoids, androgens, estrogens, and catecholamines

  • 16. 
    Aldosterone is a __________ and it's primary function is to _____________.
    • A. 

      Glucocorticoid; initiate gluconeogenesis and inhibit calcium re-uptake by the bones

    • B. 

      Sex hormone; stimulate sexual maturation (secondary sex characteristics)

    • C. 

      Mineral corticoid; maintain extracellular fluid vollume

  • 17. 
    Cortisol is a __________ and one of it's primary function is to _____________.
    • A. 

      Glucocorticoid; initiate gluconeogenesis and inhibit calcium re-uptake by the bones

    • B. 

      Sex hormone; stimulate sexual maturation (secondary sex characteristics)

    • C. 

      Mineral corticoid; maintain extracellular fluid vollume

  • 18. 
    Androgen is a __________ and one of it's primary function is to _____________.
    • A. 

      Glucocorticoid; initiate gluconeogenesis and inhibit calcium re-uptake by the bones

    • B. 

      Sex hormone; stimulate sexual maturation (secondary sex characteristics)

    • C. 

      Mineral corticoid; maintain extracellular fluid vollume

  • 19. 
    All of the following are functions of Thyroid Hormone EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Affects oxygen consumption and protein synthesis

    • B. 

      Metabolism and temperature regulation

    • C. 

      Stimulates calcium resorption and tissue growth

  • 20. 
    Parathyroid hormone performs which of the following functions?
    • A. 

      Raises calcium levels by pulling calcium out of bone and increases calcium absorption from GI and kidneys

    • B. 

      Lowers calcium levels by inhibiting calcium resorption from bone and decreases calcium absorption from GI and kidneys

    • C. 

      All of the above

  • 21. 
    All of the following are ENDOCRINE funtions of the pancreas EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Releasing insulin

    • B. 

      Releasing glucagon

    • C. 

      Releasing pepsin and amylase

  • 22. 
    True or false: ADH is produced in the hypothalamus and transported to the pituitary gland for storage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    True or false: Oxytocin is produced in the anterior pituitary and transported to the posterior pituitary gland for storage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    True or False: The Autocrine system is the part of the endocrine system that releases hormone that effect the releasing cell as well as other areas of the body.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    True or False: The Paracrine system is the part of the exocrine system that releases products that effect cells neighboring the releasing cell - it has a local effect.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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