A Long And Healthy Life?

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| By Georgia_kourakou
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Georgia_kourakou
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 356
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A Long And Healthy Life? - Quiz


Reading comprehension Read the article and choose the correct option.
source:https://www. Ngllife. Com/long-and-healthy-life-0


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure …

    • A.

      Are common illnesses in elderly people.

    • B.

      Teach scientists a lot about old age and long life.

    • C.

      Are never found among a group of people in Ecuador.

    Correct Answer
    A. Are common illnesses in elderly people.
    Explanation
    The given answer states that diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure are common illnesses in elderly people. This explanation suggests that these health conditions are frequently observed in older individuals, indicating that they are prevalent in this age group. It implies that as people age, they are more susceptible to developing these illnesses, highlighting the significance of healthcare and prevention strategies for elderly individuals.

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  • 2. 

     What do some people from Calabria and Okinawa have in common?

    • A.

      They suffer from diabetes

    • B.

      They have an unusual genetic illness.

    • C.

      They live long and healthy lives.

    Correct Answer
    C. They live long and healthy lives.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "They live long and healthy lives." This suggests that both people from Calabria and Okinawa have a similar lifestyle or genetic factors that contribute to their longevity and good health. It implies that they may have certain cultural practices, dietary habits, or genetic traits that promote a longer and healthier life.

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  • 3. 

    According to the article, …

    • A.

      Scientists are investigating people who are 120 years old.

    • B.

      Scientific advances mean we will all live to at least 100 years.

    • C.

      Scientists have found genes that might influence how long we live.

    Correct Answer
    C. Scientists have found genes that might influence how long we live.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "scientists have found genes that might influence how long we live." This is supported by the statement in the article that scientists have discovered genes that could potentially have an impact on our lifespan. This suggests that our genetic makeup plays a role in determining how long we live.

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  • 4. 

    What two factors for long life do scientists usually investigate?

    • A.

      Where people live and what their lifestyles are

    • B.

      Genetic factors and environmental factors

    • C.

      People’s diet and activity when they were young

    Correct Answer
    B. Genetic factors and environmental factors
    Explanation
    Scientists usually investigate genetic factors and environmental factors when studying long life. Genetic factors refer to the genes and inherited traits that may contribute to a person's longevity, such as their family history of long life or certain genetic variations. Environmental factors, on the other hand, include external influences such as lifestyle choices, diet, exercise, exposure to pollutants, and overall living conditions. By studying both genetic and environmental factors, scientists can gain a better understanding of the complex factors that contribute to long life and potentially identify ways to promote healthy aging.

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  • 5. 

    The ‘wellderly’ …

    • A.

      Need medicine for typical illnesses of old age.

    • B.

      Are over 80 years old and in good health.

    • C.

      Are elderly people with health problems.

    Correct Answer
    B. Are over 80 years old and in good health.
    Explanation
    The term "wellderly" suggests a combination of the words "well" and "elderly," indicating that these individuals are elderly but in good health. Therefore, the correct answer is that the "wellderly" are over 80 years old and in good health.

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  • 6. 

     According to the article, …

    • A.

      People who live in small villages have healthier lifestyles.

    • B.

      In parts of Italy and Japan, most people live to be a hundred.

    • C.

      Some communities in Italy and Japan have been studied by scientists.

    Correct Answer
    C. Some communities in Italy and Japan have been studied by scientists.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "some communities in Italy and Japan have been studied by scientists." This answer is supported by the information given in the article. The article mentions that in parts of Italy and Japan, most people live to be a hundred, indicating that there are certain communities in these countries with a high life expectancy. Additionally, the article states that these communities have been studied by scientists, suggesting that there is research and evidence supporting this claim.

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  • 7. 

    Healthy elderly people ...

    • A.

      Often say that their diet is the most important thing.

    • B.

      Don’t usually know what the secret to long life is.

    • C.

      Give many different reasons for their old age

    Correct Answer
    A. Often say that their diet is the most important thing.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer suggests that healthy elderly people often emphasize the importance of their diet. This implies that they believe that maintaining a healthy diet is crucial for their overall well-being and longevity. This could be because a nutritious diet provides essential nutrients, supports the immune system, and helps prevent chronic diseases commonly associated with aging. By prioritizing their diet, they are likely adopting a proactive approach towards maintaining their health as they age.

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  • 8. 

    Laron syndrome …

    • A.

      Affects people's height.

    • B.

      Affects only men in Hawaii.

    • C.

      Often leads to diabetes.

    Correct Answer
    A. Affects people's height.
    Explanation
    Laron syndrome affects people's height. This condition is a rare genetic disorder that results in an inability to respond to growth hormone. As a result, individuals with Laron syndrome typically have short stature. This condition is not limited to a specific gender or location, and it does not necessarily lead to diabetes.

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  • 9. 

    Laron syndrome is interesting to scientists because …

    • A.

      It might help people with growth problems.

    • B.

      It shows that there is a genetic reason for old age.

    • C.

      There are different versions of the syndrome.

    Correct Answer
    B. It shows that there is a genetic reason for old age.
    Explanation
    Laron syndrome is interesting to scientists because it shows that there is a genetic reason for old age. This means that studying the syndrome can provide insights into the aging process and potentially lead to advancements in understanding and treating age-related conditions.

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  • 10. 

     Scientist think that healthy old age …

    • A.

      Is the result of the interaction of different factors.

    • B.

      Is a genetic condition in European women.

    • C.

      Was more common in the 19th century than it is today.

    Correct Answer
    A. Is the result of the interaction of different factors.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that healthy old age is the result of the interaction of different factors. This suggests that there is no single factor that determines healthy aging, but rather a combination of various factors such as genetics, lifestyle choices, environment, and healthcare. These factors interact and influence each other to contribute to a person's overall health and well-being in old age. Therefore, it is not solely a genetic condition or something that was more common in the past, but rather a complex outcome influenced by multiple factors.

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