# Electronic Devices And Circuit Theory Quiz!

Reviewed by Matt Balanda
Matt Balanda, BS (Aerospace Engineering) |
Physics
Review Board Member
Matt holds a Bachelor's of Science in Aerospace Engineering and Mathematics from the University of Arizona, along with a Master's in Educational Leadership for Faith-Based Schools from California Baptist University. A devoted leader, he transitioned from Aerospace Engineering to inspire students. As the High School Vice-Principal and a skilled Physics teacher at Calvary Chapel Christian School, his passion is nurturing a love for learning and deepening students' connection with God, fostering a transformative educational journey.
, BS (Aerospace Engineering)
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What do you know about electronic devices and circuit theory? Do you think you can pass this quiz? For this quiz, you will be required to know how many valence electrons semiconductors have, what is trivalent doped semiconductor material, the most prevalent semiconductive material in electronic devices, and the purpose of pentavalent impurity. This quiz will shock you; it is so helpful.

## Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory Questions and Answers

• 1.

### Semiconductors have how many valence electrons?

• A.

2

• B.

4

• C.

6

• D.

8

B. 4
Explanation
Semiconductors have 4 valence electrons. Valence electrons are the electrons in the outermost energy level of an atom. In semiconductors, such as silicon and germanium, the valence electrons participate in bonding and determine the electrical properties of the material. Having 4 valence electrons allows semiconductors to form covalent bonds with neighboring atoms, creating a stable crystal lattice structure. This structure gives semiconductors their unique electrical behavior, where they can conduct electricity under certain conditions but not as well as conductors like metals.

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• 2.

### Trivalent dopants create what type of semiconductor material?

• A.

P-Type

• B.

N-type

• C.

PN Junctions

A. P-Type
Explanation
Trivalent dopants create P-type semiconductor material. P-type semiconductors are created by adding impurities with three valence electrons (trivalent dopants) to the pure semiconductor material. These dopants create "holes" in the material's electron structure, which act as positive charge carriers. This results in a material with an excess of positive charge carriers, making it P-type.

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• 3.

### In a trivalent-doped semiconductor material,the majority charge carriers are:

• A.

Holes

• B.

Electrons

A. Holes
Explanation
In a trivalent-doped semiconductor material, the majority charge carriers are holes. This is because trivalent dopants introduce excess electrons into the material, creating an imbalance in the charge carriers. These excess electrons can move freely within the material, leaving behind positively charged holes. As a result, the majority charge carriers in the material are the positively charged holes rather than the electrons.

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• 4.

### Valence electrons are:

• A.

In the closest orbit to the nucleus

• B.

In the most distant orbit from the nucleus

• C.

In various orbits around the nucleus

• D.

Not associated with a particular atom

B. In the most distant orbit from the nucleus
Explanation
Valence electrons are located in the most distant orbit from the nucleus. These electrons are involved in chemical bonding and determine the reactivity and chemical properties of an atom. They are responsible for the formation of chemical bonds with other atoms, either by sharing or transferring electrons. The number of valence electrons in an atom can be determined by its position in the periodic table, specifically by the group number.

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• 5.

### The most widely used semiconductive material in electronic devices is:

• A.

Germanium

• B.

Carbon

• C.

Copper

• D.

Silicon

D. Silicon
Explanation
Silicon is the most widely used semiconductive material in electronic devices due to its abundance, affordability, and excellent electrical properties. It has a stable crystalline structure, making it an ideal material for creating transistors, diodes, and integrated circuits. Silicon can be easily doped with impurities to alter its electrical conductivity, allowing for the creation of p-type and n-type semiconductors. Its high melting point and thermal stability also make it suitable for use in high-temperature applications. Additionally, silicon's compatibility with existing manufacturing processes and its ability to form a native oxide layer for insulation further contribute to its dominance in the electronics industry.

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• 6.

### The energy band in which free electrons exist is the:

• A.

First band

• B.

Second band

• C.

Conduction band

• D.

Valence band

C. Conduction band
Explanation
The conduction band is the energy band in which free electrons exist. In this band, the electrons have enough energy to move freely and conduct electricity. The valence band, on the other hand, is the energy band in which electrons are tightly bound to atoms and cannot move easily. Therefore, the conduction band is the correct answer as it accurately describes the energy band where free electrons exist.

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• 7.

### Recombination is when:

• A.

An electron falls into a hole

• B.

A positive and a negative ion bond together

• C.

A valence electron becomes a conduction electron

• D.

A crystal is formed

A. An electron falls into a hole
Explanation
Recombination refers to the process in which an electron, which was previously in the conduction band, falls back into a hole in the valence band of a material. This process leads to the recombination of the electron-hole pair, resulting in the release of energy in the form of light or heat. Therefore, the statement "an electron falls into a hole" accurately describes the process of recombination.

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• 8.

### The process of adding an impurity to an intrinsic semiconductor is called:

• A.

Doping

• B.

Recombination

• C.

Atomic modification

• D.

Ionization

A. Doping
Explanation
Doping is the process of intentionally adding impurities to an intrinsic semiconductor in order to alter its electrical properties. By adding impurities, the number of free charge carriers (either electrons or holes) in the semiconductor can be increased or decreased, allowing for the creation of n-type or p-type semiconductors. This is a fundamental technique in semiconductor device fabrication and is used to create transistors, diodes, and other electronic components. Recombination refers to the process where charge carriers combine and neutralize each other, atomic modification is not a commonly used term in this context, and ionization refers to the process of creating ions by adding or removing electrons.

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• 9.

### The purpose of pentavalent impurity is to:

• A.

Reduce the conductivity of silicon

• B.

Increase the number of holes

• C.

Increase the number of free electrons

• D.

Create minority carriers

C. Increase the number of free electrons
Explanation
Pentavalent impurities, such as phosphorus or arsenic, have five valence electrons. When these impurities are added to silicon, they create extra electrons that are free to move within the crystal lattice. This increases the number of free electrons in the silicon material, thereby increasing its conductivity. Therefore, the purpose of pentavalent impurities is to increase the number of free electrons in silicon.

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• 10.

### The majority carriers in an n-type semiconductor are:

• A.

Holes

• B.

Valence electrons

• C.

Conduction electrons

• D.

Protons

C. Conduction electrons
Explanation
In an n-type semiconductor, the majority carriers are conduction electrons. N-type semiconductors are doped with impurities that have extra electrons, creating an excess of negative charge carriers. These extra electrons are able to move freely throughout the material, making them the majority carriers. This is in contrast to p-type semiconductors, where the majority carriers are holes, which are vacancies in the valence band where an electron is missing.

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• 11.

### The depletion region consists of:

• A.

Nothing but minority carriers

• B.

Immobile ions

• C.

No majority carriers

• D.

Explanation
The depletion region in a semiconductor consists of immobile ions and no majority carriers. Immobile ions are present due to the presence of impurities or doping in the semiconductor material. The majority carriers, which are either electrons or holes, are depleted from this region due to the formation of an electric field. Therefore, the correct answer is (B) and (C) as both immobile ions and no majority carriers are present in the depletion region.

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• 12.

### The term bias means?

• A.

The ratio of majority carriers to minority carriers

• B.

The amount of current across the diode

• C.

A dc voltage is applied to control the operation of a device

• D.

Neither (A),(B),nor (C)

C. A dc voltage is applied to control the operation of a device
Explanation
Bias refers to the application of a DC voltage to control the operation of a device. This voltage is used to establish a specific operating point or to provide a reference level for the device's operation. It is commonly used in electronic circuits to ensure that the device operates within its desired range and to control its behavior. Biasing is essential for proper functioning and performance of many electronic devices, such as transistors and amplifiers.

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• 13.

### To forward-bias a diode:

• A.

An external voltage is applied that is positive at the anode ana negative at the cathode

• B.

An external voltage is applied that is negative at the anode and positive at the cathode

• C.

An external voltage is applied that is positive at the p region and negative at the n region

• D.

Explanation
To forward-bias a diode, an external voltage is applied that is positive at the anode and negative at the cathode. This allows current to flow through the diode, as the positive voltage at the anode repels the majority charge carriers in the p-region and attracts the minority charge carriers in the n-region, allowing them to cross the depletion region and create a current. Similarly, applying a positive voltage at the p-region and negative voltage at the n-region also forward-biases the diode. Therefore, both answers (A) and (C) are correct.

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• 14.

### When a diode is forward-biased:

• A.

No current is flowing

• B.

Acts like a Open switch

• C.

Current is flowing due to majority carriers only

• D.

The current is produced by both holes and electrons

D. The current is produced by both holes and electrons
Explanation
When a diode is forward-biased, the current is produced by both holes and electrons. In a forward-biased diode, the positive terminal of the voltage source is connected to the p-side (anode) of the diode and the negative terminal is connected to the n-side (cathode). This causes the majority carriers (electrons in the n-side and holes in the p-side) to move towards the junction. As they cross the junction, the electrons and holes recombine, creating a flow of current. Therefore, both types of carriers contribute to the current in a forward-biased diode.

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• 15.

### Although current is blocked in reverse bias:

• A.

Resemble like a switch is ON state

• B.

There is a very small current due to minority carriers

• C.

Resistance is lower

B. There is a very small current due to minority carriers
Explanation
In reverse bias, the majority carriers are pushed away from the junction, creating a depletion region. However, a very small current can still flow due to the presence of minority carriers, such as minority electrons in the p-region and minority holes in the n-region. These minority carriers can diffuse across the junction and contribute to a small current. Therefore, even though the current is blocked in reverse bias, there is still a very small current present due to the minority carriers.

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Matt Balanda |BS (Aerospace Engineering) |
Physics
Matt holds a Bachelor's of Science in Aerospace Engineering and Mathematics from the University of Arizona, along with a Master's in Educational Leadership for Faith-Based Schools from California Baptist University. A devoted leader, he transitioned from Aerospace Engineering to inspire students. As the High School Vice-Principal and a skilled Physics teacher at Calvary Chapel Christian School, his passion is nurturing a love for learning and deepening students' connection with God, fostering a transformative educational journey.

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• Mar 01, 2024
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• Jul 25, 2017
Quiz Created by
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