Earth Science Exam #3

55 Questions | Total Attempts: 412

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Earth Science Exam #3

This exam cover the atmosphere, pollution, and glaciers


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Where is the world's largest ice sheet located today?
    • A. 

      A) Russia, Siberia

    • B. 

      B) Greenland

    • C. 

      C) Iceland

    • D. 

      D) Antarctica

  • 2. 
    Which one of the following is NOT true of glaciers?
    • A. 

      A) show evidence of past or present flow

    • B. 

      Exist only in the Northern Hemisphere

    • C. 

      C) form from the recrystallization of snow

    • D. 

      D) originate on land

  • 3. 
    A fiord is a ________.
    • A. 

      A) a long, narrow inlet with steep sides or cliffs, created in a valley carved by glacial activity.

    • B. 

      B) lake in a cirque

    • C. 

      C) valley before it was glaciated

    • D. 

      D) period of the Ice Age

  • 4. 
    ________ is an irregular, usually thin till layer laid down by a retreating glacier.
    • A. 

      A) Ground moraine

    • B. 

      B) Outwash blanket

    • C. 

      C) Kame sheet

    • D. 

      D) Kame

  • 5. 
    A broad accumulation of stratified drift deposited adjacent to the downstream edge of an end moraine is a ________.
    • A. 

      A) kame terrace

    • B. 

      B) ground moraine

    • C. 

      C) outwash plain

    • D. 

      D) esker

  • 6. 
    When ice forms from seawater, the remaining seawater will have a:
    • A. 

      A) higher salinity

    • B. 

      B) lighter color

    • C. 

      C) darker color

    • D. 

      D) higher temperature

  • 7. 
    The atmospheric component that contributes to the majority of greenhouse warming on Earth is
    • A. 

      A) methane

    • B. 

      B) water vapor

    • C. 

      C) ozone

    • D. 

      D) carbon dioxide

  • 8. 
    Ozone: .
    • A. 

      A) exists primarily in the troposphere

    • B. 

      B) is very difficult to split into diatomic oxygen and monatomic oxygen.

    • C. 

      C) absorbs ultraviolet light.

    • D. 

      D) typically reaches its greatest concentrations near the ground and near major cities.

  • 9. 
    The troposphere:
    • A. 

      A) has height that is relatively consistent at about ten kilometers.

    • B. 

      B) is characterized in part by vertical mixing of air.

    • C. 

      C) stays about the same temperature above three kilometers.

    • D. 

      D) contains a bit less than half the atmosphere's mass.

  • 10. 
    The atmosphere is a mixture of:
    • A. 

      A) moisture and gas molecules only.

    • B. 

      B) precipitation and air.

    • C. 

      C) particulate matter and water.

    • D. 

      D) gas molecules, small particulates, and moisture.

  • 11. 
    Carbon dioxide is an important variable gas because:
    • A. 

      A) it is widely distributed throughout the atmosphere.

    • B. 

      B) it has been increasing steadily since the early 900s.

    • C. 

      C) it is a "greenhouse" gas.

    • D. 

      D) all of the above

  • 12. 
    Ozone is found primarily in the ________ and is important because of ________.
    • A. 

      A) mesosphere; it makes the mid-levels of the atmosphere cold

    • B. 

      B) troposphere; it enhances thunderstorm development

    • C. 

      C) thermosphere; it makes the upper levels of the atmosphere very warm

    • D. 

      D) stratosphere; its interaction with ultraviolet radiation

  • 13. 
    The four layers of the atmosphere from the top down are: .
    • A. 

      A) stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, troposphere.

    • B. 

      B) thermosphere, mesosphere, stratosphere, troposphere

    • C. 

      C) troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere.

    • D. 

      D) thermosphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, troposphere.

  • 14. 
    The "stratosphere" warms because of: .
    • A. 

      A) the injection of moisture by high-flying jet aircraft.

    • B. 

      B) dust and dirt deposited by volcanoes

    • C. 

      C) the injection of moisture by meteors.

    • D. 

      D) the interaction of ozone and ultraviolet light

  • 15. 
    The atmosphere consists of a mixture of gas molecules and precipitation
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Large volcanic eruptions are more likely to bring a cooler climate than a warmer climate
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    The Coriolis Effect is zero at:
    • A. 

      A) sunrise

    • B. 

      B) the Poles

    • C. 

      C) the upper atmosphere

    • D. 

      D) the Equator

  • 18. 
    Which of the following are processes that occur under the Hydrologic Cycle?  
    • A. 

      A) evaporation

    • B. 

      B) infiltration

    • C. 

      C) precipitation

    • D. 

      D) all of the above

  • 19. 
    As the temperature increases, generally, the relative humidity:
    • A. 

      A) is unaffected

    • B. 

      B) decreases.

    • C. 

      C) is erratic.

    • D. 

      D) increases

  • 20. 
    Adiabatic processes:
    • A. 

      A) are usually not reversible.

    • B. 

      B) often involve changes both in temperature and pressure.

    • C. 

      C) are relatively uncommon in the atmosphere.

    • D. 

      D) occur with the addition or loss of energy.

  • 21. 
    A parcel of rising air is least likely to do this:
    • A. 

      A) reach the lifting condensation level

    • B. 

      B) contract.

    • C. 

      C) reach an area of lower pressure.

    • D. 

      D) cool.

  • 22. 
    Air that contains as much water as it can hold:
    • A. 

      A) has a very low relative humidity

    • B. 

      . B) is very heavy.

    • C. 

      C) cannot be lifted very high.

    • D. 

      D) is saturated.

  • 23. 
    The chief source of Los Angeles air pollution is:
    • A. 

      A) fog from the ocean.

    • B. 

      B) coal-burning electricity plants.

    • C. 

      C) automobile exhaust

    • D. 

      . D) industrial pollutants.

  • 24. 
    Small suspended solids and liquids are called:
    • A. 

      A) precipitation.

    • B. 

      B) smog.

    • C. 

      C) particulates

    • D. 

      D) all of the above

  • 25. 
    The following types of fog would be associated with areas where smoke combines with damp air.
    • A. 

      A) London-type smog.

    • B. 

      B) Albequerque-type fog.

    • C. 

      C) Los Angeles-type smog

    • D. 

      D) Cairo-type fog.

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