Do You Understand What Malaria Is?

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Malaria-aware
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Do You Understand What Malaria Is? - Quiz

After exploring the World of Malaria, do you think you fully understand what malaria is? Take this quiz to test your knowledge of what malaria is!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the parasite's genus that causes malaria?

    • A.

      Trichomonas

    • B.

      Plasmodium

    • C.

      Amoeba

    • D.

      Euglena

    Correct Answer
    B. Plasmodium
    Explanation
    Plasmodium is the correct answer because it is the genus of parasites that causes malaria. Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease that affects millions of people worldwide, particularly in tropical and subtropical regions. The Plasmodium parasite is transmitted to humans through the bite of infected mosquitoes. Once inside the human body, the parasite multiplies in the liver and then infects red blood cells, leading to the symptoms of malaria. Therefore, Plasmodium is the genus responsible for causing this disease.

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  • 2. 

    True or False: Malaria can be directly spread from one person to another.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Malaria cannot be directly spread from one person to another. It is primarily transmitted through the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. When an infected mosquito bites a person, the malaria parasites are transmitted into the person's bloodstream. However, malaria can rarely be transmitted through blood transfusion, organ transplantation, or from mother to unborn child during pregnancy.

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  • 3. 

    What is NOT one of the symptoms that one with malaria will suffer?

    • A.

      Chills

    • B.

      Fever

    • C.

      Vomiting

    • D.

      Diarrhea

    Correct Answer
    D. Diarrhea
    Explanation
    One of the symptoms that a person with malaria may suffer from is diarrhea. Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease that primarily affects red blood cells and causes symptoms such as fever, chills, and vomiting. Diarrhea, however, is not typically associated with malaria. It is important to note that symptoms can vary depending on the severity and type of malaria infection.

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  • 4. 

    What does the parasite need in order to successfully complete its life cycle?

    • A.

      Host & vector

    • B.

      Host only

    • C.

      Vector only

    • D.

      Host & transfer technique

    Correct Answer
    A. Host & vector
    Explanation
    Parasites require both a host and a vector to successfully complete their life cycle. The host provides the necessary environment and resources for the parasite to grow and reproduce, while the vector is responsible for transmitting the parasite from one host to another. Without both a host and a vector, the parasite would not be able to complete its life cycle and continue its survival.

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  • 5. 

    What is the microscopic test used to diagnose malaria?

    • A.

      Polymerase Chain Reaction

    • B.

      Blood smear

    • C.

      Fluorescence Microscopy Stain

    • D.

      Rapid Dipstick Immunoassay

    Correct Answer
    B. Blood smear
    Explanation
    A blood smear is the microscopic test used to diagnose malaria. This test involves taking a small sample of blood and spreading it onto a glass slide. The slide is then stained and examined under a microscope to look for the presence of malaria parasites in the red blood cells. This method allows for the identification of different species of malaria parasites and provides a definitive diagnosis of malaria. Other tests like Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), Fluorescence Microscopy Stain, and Rapid Dipstick Immunoassay may also be used for malaria diagnosis, but the blood smear is considered the gold standard.

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  • 6. 

    What is commonly used to treat malaria?

    • A.

      Quinine

    • B.

      Tetracyline

    • C.

      Blood transfusions

    • D.

      Chloroquine

    Correct Answer
    D. Chloroquine
    Explanation
    Chloroquine is commonly used to treat malaria. It is an antimalarial drug that works by killing the parasites causing the infection. It is effective against both the blood stage and the liver stage of the malaria parasite, making it a widely used treatment option. Chloroquine is generally well-tolerated and has been used for many years in the treatment of malaria.

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  • 7. 

    True or False: Complications may develop from malaria which can cause death.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Complications from malaria can indeed lead to death. Malaria is a serious and potentially life-threatening disease caused by parasites transmitted through the bite of infected mosquitoes. If left untreated or if treatment is delayed, the infection can progress and cause severe complications such as organ failure, cerebral malaria, respiratory distress, and anemia. These complications can be fatal, especially in vulnerable populations such as young children and pregnant women. Therefore, it is important to promptly diagnose and treat malaria to prevent the development of complications and potential death.

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  • 8. 

    What is NOT an effective method of preventing malaria?

    • A.

      Leaving home open

    • B.

      Utilizing bed nets

    • C.

      Wearing protective clothing and bug repellent

    • D.

      Taking antimalarial drugs prior to traveling

    Correct Answer
    A. Leaving home open
    Explanation
    Leaving home open is not an effective method of preventing malaria because mosquitoes, which transmit the disease, can easily enter the house and bite individuals. Mosquitoes are attracted to human hosts and breeding sites, so leaving home open increases the risk of exposure to infected mosquitoes. Effective preventive measures include utilizing bed nets, wearing protective clothing and bug repellent, and taking antimalarial drugs prior to traveling. These methods help to reduce the contact between mosquitoes and humans, thereby decreasing the chances of contracting malaria.

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  • 9. 

    True or False: The ancestor of the Plasmodium parasite existed about a billion years ago.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true. The Plasmodium parasite, which causes malaria, is believed to have originated around a billion years ago. This is based on genetic analysis and the study of the evolution of parasites. The ancestor of Plasmodium is thought to have been a free-living organism that eventually evolved into a parasitic form. The parasite has since evolved into multiple species that infect different hosts, including humans.

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  • 10. 

    Who is not associated with malarial research?

    • A.

      Ronald Ross

    • B.

      Louis Pasteur

    • C.

      Alphonse Laveran

    Correct Answer
    B. Louis Pasteur
    Explanation
    Louis Pasteur is not associated with malarial research. While Pasteur made significant contributions to the field of microbiology and is known for his work on vaccines and pasteurization, his research did not specifically focus on malaria. On the other hand, Ronald Ross and Alphonse Laveran are both renowned for their contributions to the understanding and treatment of malaria. Ross discovered that mosquitoes transmit the disease, while Laveran identified the parasite responsible for malaria.

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