How Well You Know DNA Structure? Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Bfritz
B
Bfritz
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 16 | Total Attempts: 51,136
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 6,638

SettingsSettingsSettings
How Well You Know DNA Structure? Quiz - Quiz

How well you know the DNA structure? When it comes to reproduction, the parents' DNA split and is shared with the offspring, so it comes out with having characteristics from the parents. Understanding Human DNA has made it possible to understand how some illnesses are hereditary and if they can be avoided. In this quiz, you will be expected to test out what you know about different components of DNA. Do check it out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    IF this structure represents DNA, what would be the appropriate description?

    • A.

      Double helix

    • B.

      Ladder

    • C.

      Twisted Sisters

    • D.

      Psychadelic stairway

    Correct Answer
    A. Double helix
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Double helix" because the structure of DNA is famously known as a double helix. It consists of two strands that are twisted around each other in a spiral shape, resembling a twisted ladder or a twisted spiral staircase. This unique structure allows DNA to store and transmit genetic information.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The following diagram represents which of the following selections?

    • A.

      Purines

    • B.

      Pyrimidines

    • C.

      Nucleotide

    • D.

      Deoxyribose Sugars

    Correct Answer
    C. Nucleotide
    Explanation
    The diagram represents the selection of "Nucleotide". Nucleotides are the building blocks of nucleic acids, such as DNA and RNA. They consist of a nitrogenous base (either a purine or a pyrimidine), a sugar molecule (in this case, deoxyribose), and a phosphate group. The diagram includes all the components of a nucleotide, hence it represents the selection of "Nucleotide".

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The dashed lines between the two bases represents...

    • A.

      Ionic bonding

    • B.

      Pyrimidial bonding

    • C.

      Phosphate-sugar bonds

    • D.

      Hydrogen bonds

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydrogen bonds
    Explanation
    The dashed lines between the two bases represent hydrogen bonds. Hydrogen bonds are weak attractions between a hydrogen atom and an electronegative atom, such as oxygen or nitrogen. In DNA, hydrogen bonds form between the nitrogenous bases of the two DNA strands, holding the strands together in a double helix structure. These hydrogen bonds are crucial for the stability and integrity of the DNA molecule.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Which of the following would be classified as the purines?

    • A.

      Adenine and Thymine

    • B.

      Adenine and Guanine

    • C.

      Adenine and Cytosine

    • D.

      Thymine and Cytosine

    Correct Answer
    B. Adenine and Guanine
    Explanation
    Adenine and Guanine would be classified as the purines. Purines are one of the two types of nitrogenous bases found in DNA and RNA, the other being pyrimidines. Adenine and guanine are both purines because they have a double-ring structure, consisting of a six-membered ring fused to a five-membered ring. In contrast, thymine and cytosine are pyrimidines, which have a single-ring structure. Therefore, the correct answer is Adenine and Guanine.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The backbone of the DNA structure is made up of...

    • A.

      Alternating phosphates and sugar molecules

    • B.

      Nucleotides

    • C.

      Alternating bases and sugars

    • D.

      Alternating phosphates and bases

    Correct Answer
    A. Alternating phosphates and sugar molecules
    Explanation
    The backbone of the DNA structure is made up of alternating phosphates and sugar molecules. These phosphates and sugars form a strong and stable structure that supports the DNA double helix. The phosphates provide a negative charge, while the sugars provide a backbone for the attachment of nucleotide bases. This alternating pattern of phosphates and sugars creates a stable and flexible structure that allows DNA to store and transmit genetic information. Nucleotides and bases are important components of DNA, but they are attached to the backbone rather than forming the backbone itself.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The diagram below represents Griffith's experiment on mice. Which of the following would be a logical conclusion to this experiment?

    • A.

      The rough strain of bacteria is deadly after all.

    • B.

      The rough strain of bacteria must have mutated to become deadly.

    • C.

      Something inside the bacteria has the ability to instruct and control what the bacteria does. Therefore, changing a bacteria's behaviors if engulfed by that bacteria.

    • D.

      Proteins inside the bacteria must have a transforming ability.

    Correct Answer
    C. Something inside the bacteria has the ability to instruct and control what the bacteria does. Therefore, changing a bacteria's behaviors if engulfed by that bacteria.
    Explanation
    The diagram represents Griffith's experiment, where he observed that when a harmless bacteria strain (rough strain) was mixed with a heat-killed deadly strain (smooth strain), the mice still died. This suggests that something inside the bacteria has the ability to instruct and control what the bacteria does, as the rough strain must have acquired the ability to cause disease from the smooth strain. This conclusion is logical based on the experiment's results.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The following diagram represents what Hershey and Chase experimented in the 1950s. Which of the following hypotheses did they test and confirm? (make sure all the hypothesis is a true hypothesis first!)

    • A.

      If DNA is truly the hereditary material emitted into the bacteria, then radioactively marked DNA will show up in the bacteria, not in the external liquid following the virus' activity.

    • B.

      If a relationship exists between a virus' DNA and protein, then marking the protein with radioactive material will help identify the bacteria's life cycle.

    • C.

      If a relationship exists between DNA and its ability to be transmitted, then tracking the DNA with radioactive material will note how the bacteria was changed in the mice.

    • D.

      Protein and DNA could possibly be related to hereditary behaviors and therefore, marking each one will help identify which one causes the bacteria to be transformed.

    Correct Answer
    A. If DNA is truly the hereditary material emitted into the bacteria, then radioactively marked DNA will show up in the bacteria, not in the external liquid following the virus' activity.
    Explanation
    Hershey and Chase tested and confirmed the hypothesis that if DNA is truly the hereditary material emitted into the bacteria, then radioactively marked DNA will show up in the bacteria, not in the external liquid following the virus' activity. This means that they wanted to determine whether DNA or protein was responsible for transmitting genetic information. By using radioactive markers on DNA and protein, they were able to track the location of these molecules and found that the radioactively marked DNA was present in the bacteria, confirming that DNA is indeed the hereditary material.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Examining the following diagram, which of the following selections might accurately describe which base is represented in the purple color?

    • A.

      Adenine or Guanine

    • B.

      Cytosine or Guanine

    • C.

      Thymine or Guanine

    • D.

      Thymine or Adenine

    Correct Answer
    A. Adenine or Guanine
    Explanation
    The base represented in the purple color in the diagram is guanine. Here's why:
    Structure: The purple molecule has two rings connected by a linker, which is characteristic of purine bases like guanine and adenine. Pyrimidine bases, like cytosine and thymine, have only one ring.
    Position of the nitrogen atoms: The purple molecule has two nitrogen atoms on the top ring and one on the bottom ring, which matches the structure of guanine. Adenine has a different arrangement of nitrogen atoms on the rings.
    Color coding: In many biology diagrams, purine bases are often colored red or purple, while pyrimidine bases are colored blue or green. While not definitive, the purple color of the molecule does support the identification as a purine base.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Which of the following best represents Chargraff's rule of base pairing?

    • A.

      A bonds with T, C bonds with G ALWAYS

    • B.

      A and G will always have double rings in their molecules

    • C.

      A bonds with C and G bonds with T

    • D.

      No such rule exists

    Correct Answer
    A. A bonds with T, C bonds with G ALWAYS
    Explanation
    Chargaff's rule of base pairing states that in DNA, adenine (A) always pairs with thymine (T) and cytosine (C) always pairs with guanine (G). This rule is important because it explains the complementary nature of the DNA strands and provides the basis for DNA replication and transcription. The other options in the question are incorrect because they do not accurately represent Chargaff's rule.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    DNA is found in the nucleus in eukaryotic cells.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    In eukaryotic cells, DNA is indeed found in the nucleus. The nucleus is a membrane-bound organelle that houses the cell's genetic material, including DNA. This is in contrast to prokaryotic cells, where DNA is found in the cytoplasm. The presence of DNA in the nucleus of eukaryotic cells allows for more efficient regulation of gene expression and protection of the genetic material from potential damage in the cytoplasm.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 19, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 21, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Bfritz
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.