Diabetic Retinopathy

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 2788

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Diabetic Retinopathy - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What does A refer to:
    • A. 

      Cotton Wool Exudate

    • B. 

      Hard Exudate

    • C. 

      Blot Hemorrhage

    • D. 

      Flamed Hemorrhage

  • 2. 
    What is the recent estimate prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among those with diabetes aged 40 years and older?
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      30%

    • C. 

      50%

    • D. 

      70%

  • 3. 
    Patient with diabetes often develop opthalmic complication as follow except:
    • A. 

      Glaucoma

    • B. 

      Keratoconus

    • C. 

      Corneal abnormality

    • D. 

      Cataract

    • E. 

      Iris Neovascularisation

  • 4. 
    What is the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy at early stages ?
    • A. 

      Distortion

    • B. 

      Floaters

    • C. 

      Blurred vision

    • D. 

      Red eyes

    • E. 

      Asymptomatic

  • 5. 
    The exact mechanism by which diabetes causes retinopathy remains unclear, but several theories have been postulated to explain the typical cause. The following theories might explain the pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy except:
    • A. 

      Aldose reduce and vasoproliferative factor

    • B. 

      Macular oedema

    • C. 

      Neovascularisation

    • D. 

      Hypoxia

    • E. 

      Hyperlipidemia

  • 6. 
    What level of HBa1c is the best for the control of diabetes?
    • A. 

      3-4%

    • B. 

      6-7%

    • C. 

      7-8%

    • D. 

      8-9%

  • 7. 
    In patients with type I diabetes, no clinically significant retinopathy can be seen in the first 5 years after the initial diagnosis of diabetes is made.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    In patients with type II diabetes, the incidence of diabetic retinopathy increases with the disease duration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Pregnant women with proliferative diabetic retinopathy do poorly without treatment, but those who have had prior panretinal photocoagulation remain stable throughout pregnancy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    An increased risk of diabetic retinopathy appears to exist in patients of Native American, Hispanic, and African American heritage.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    What does A refers to:
  • 12. 
    VEGF refers to:
  • 13. 
    What is A refers to:
  • 14. 
    What is B refers to:
  • 15. 
    Diabetic retinopathy is one of the common causes of blindness among children of type I diabetes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Retinal photocoagulation is an effective treatment, particularly if it given at a relatively early stage when the patient is usually symptomless.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    VEGF stimulates endothelial growth causing new vessel formation and increase increase vascular permeability (causing retinal leakage and exudation)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    Argon laser photocoagulation can be carried out with topical anaesthesia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Clinical features of diabetic retinopathy:
    • A. 

      Microaneuryms

    • B. 

      Macroaneuryms

    • C. 

      Neovascularisation

    • D. 

      Venous changes

    • E. 

      Exudates

    • F. 

      Retinal detachment

    • G. 

      Cotton wool spots

    • H. 

      Ptosis

    • I. 

      Fibrosis

  • 20. 
    Photocoagulation is used to:
    • A. 

      To destroy areas of retinal ischaemia

    • B. 

      To seal leaking microaneuryms and reduce macular oedema

    • C. 

      To gliose new vessels directly on the retinal surface

    • D. 

      To gliose new vessels on the optic disc

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