Diabetic Retinopathy

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Hasifmustafa
H
Hasifmustafa
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 4,212
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 4,220

SettingsSettingsSettings
Diabetic Retinopathy - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does A refer to:

    • A.

      Cotton Wool Exudate

    • B.

      Hard Exudate

    • C.

      Blot Hemorrhage

    • D.

      Flamed Hemorrhage

    Correct Answer
    A. Cotton Wool Exudate
    Explanation
    Cotton wool exudate refers to a retinal finding characterized by fluffy, white, irregularly shaped lesions on the surface of the retina. These lesions are caused by ischemia and damage to the nerve fibers in the retina. Cotton wool exudate is often seen in conditions such as diabetic retinopathy, hypertensive retinopathy, and retinal vein occlusion. It indicates areas of reduced blood flow and can be a sign of underlying systemic disease.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What is the recent estimate prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among those with diabetes aged 40 years and older?

    • A.

      10%

    • B.

      30%

    • C.

      50%

    • D.

      70%

    Correct Answer
    B. 30%
    Explanation
    The recent estimate prevalence of diabetic retinopathy among those with diabetes aged 40 years and older is 30%. This means that approximately 30% of individuals with diabetes in this age group are affected by diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes that affects the eyes. This statistic highlights the significant impact of diabetes on eye health and emphasizes the need for regular eye screenings and proper management of diabetes to prevent or minimize the development of diabetic retinopathy.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Patient with diabetes often develop opthalmic complication as follow except:

    • A.

      Glaucoma

    • B.

      Keratoconus

    • C.

      Corneal abnormality

    • D.

      Cataract

    • E.

      Iris Neovascularisation

    Correct Answer
    B. Keratoconus
    Explanation
    Patients with diabetes often develop ocular complications such as glaucoma, corneal abnormalities, cataract, and iris neovascularization. However, keratoconus is not typically associated with diabetes. Keratoconus is a progressive eye condition where the cornea thins and bulges into a cone shape, leading to distorted vision. While keratoconus can occur in individuals with or without diabetes, it is not directly linked to diabetes or its complications.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    What is the symptoms of diabetic retinopathy at early stages ?

    • A.

      Distortion

    • B.

      Floaters

    • C.

      Blurred vision

    • D.

      Red eyes

    • E.

      Asymptomatic

    Correct Answer
    E. Asymptomatic
    Explanation
    Diabetic retinopathy is a condition where high blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels in the retina. At early stages, diabetic retinopathy may not cause any noticeable symptoms, which is why it is referred to as asymptomatic. This means that individuals with diabetic retinopathy may not experience any visual disturbances or discomfort, making regular eye exams crucial for early detection and treatment. The other symptoms listed, such as distortion, floaters, blurred vision, and red eyes, may occur at later stages of the condition.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The exact mechanism by which diabetes causes retinopathy remains unclear, but several theories have been postulated to explain the typical cause. The following theories might explain the pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy except:

    • A.

      Aldose reduce and vasoproliferative factor

    • B.

      Macular oedema

    • C.

      Neovascularisation

    • D.

      Hypoxia

    • E.

      Hyperlipidemia

    Correct Answer
    E. Hyperlipidemia
    Explanation
    Hyperlipidemia is not directly implicated in the pathophysiology of diabetic retinopathy. However, it is a common comorbidity in individuals with diabetes and can contribute to the progression of retinopathy indirectly by causing vascular damage and inflammation. The other options, including aldose reductase and vasoproliferative factor, macular edema, neovascularization, and hypoxia, are all known to play a role in the development and progression of diabetic retinopathy.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What level of HBa1c is the best for the control of diabetes?

    • A.

      3-4%

    • B.

      6-7%

    • C.

      7-8%

    • D.

      8-9%

    Correct Answer
    B. 6-7%
    Explanation
    The level of HBa1c that is considered the best for the control of diabetes is 6-7%. This range indicates good blood sugar control without causing hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) or hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) episodes. It is important to maintain this level to prevent complications associated with diabetes and to ensure overall health and well-being.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    In patients with type I diabetes, no clinically significant retinopathy can be seen in the first 5 years after the initial diagnosis of diabetes is made.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In patients with type I diabetes, it is generally true that no clinically significant retinopathy can be observed within the first 5 years after the initial diagnosis of diabetes. This is because retinopathy, which is damage to the blood vessels in the retina, takes time to develop and progress. However, it is important to note that regular eye examinations are still necessary to monitor for any early signs of retinopathy and to ensure early intervention if needed.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    In patients with type II diabetes, the incidence of diabetic retinopathy increases with the disease duration.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels in the retina. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage these blood vessels, leading to vision problems and even blindness. As type II diabetes progresses, the risk of developing diabetic retinopathy also increases. This is because the longer a person has diabetes, the more time there is for high blood sugar levels to cause damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Therefore, it is important for patients with type II diabetes to have regular eye exams to detect and manage any signs of diabetic retinopathy.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Pregnant women with proliferative diabetic retinopathy do poorly without treatment, but those who have had prior panretinal photocoagulation remain stable throughout pregnancy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Pregnant women with proliferative diabetic retinopathy, a condition characterized by abnormal blood vessel growth in the retina, typically have a poor prognosis without treatment. However, those who have undergone panretinal photocoagulation, a laser treatment that reduces abnormal blood vessel growth, tend to remain stable throughout pregnancy. This suggests that prior panretinal photocoagulation can effectively manage the condition and prevent further deterioration during pregnancy. Therefore, the statement "Pregnant women with proliferative diabetic retinopathy do poorly without treatment, but those who have had prior panretinal photocoagulation remain stable throughout pregnancy" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    An increased risk of diabetic retinopathy appears to exist in patients of Native American, Hispanic, and African American heritage.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because studies have shown that individuals of Native American, Hispanic, and African American heritage are more likely to develop diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes that affects the eyes. This increased risk may be due to genetic factors, as well as higher rates of diabetes and poorer diabetes management within these populations. Regular eye exams and proper diabetes management are important for individuals of these ethnic backgrounds to prevent and manage diabetic retinopathy.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    What does A refers to:

    Correct Answer
    Cotton wool spot
    Soft exudate
    Explanation
    A refers to two different retinal findings: cotton wool spot and soft exudate. Cotton wool spots are caused by a disruption in the blood flow to the nerve fiber layer of the retina, resulting in fluffy white patches. Soft exudates, on the other hand, are yellowish-white lesions caused by the accumulation of lipids and proteins in the retina. Both of these findings are commonly seen in various retinal diseases, such as diabetic retinopathy and hypertensive retinopathy.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    VEGF refers to:

    Correct Answer
    vascular endothelial growth factors
    Explanation
    VEGF stands for vascular endothelial growth factors. These are a group of proteins that play a crucial role in promoting the growth of new blood vessels. They are primarily involved in the process of angiogenesis, which is the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones. VEGF is important in various physiological and pathological processes, including embryonic development, wound healing, and tumor growth. By stimulating the growth of blood vessels, VEGF helps to ensure an adequate blood supply to tissues and organs, promoting their proper functioning.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    What is A refers to:

    Correct Answer
    Hard exudates
  • 14. 

    What is B refers to:

    Correct Answer
    Cotton wool spots
    Explanation
    Cotton wool spots refer to small areas of retinal ischemia, which appear as white or grayish patches on the retina. These spots are caused by a blockage or narrowing of the retinal blood vessels, leading to a lack of oxygen and nutrients to the affected area. Cotton wool spots are commonly seen in conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, and other vascular diseases. They can be detected during a routine eye examination and may indicate an underlying systemic disease.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Diabetic retinopathy is one of the common causes of blindness among children of type I diabetes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Diabetic retinopathy is a common cause of blindness, but it primarily affects adults with diabetes, not children. Therefore, the statement that it is one of the common causes of blindness among children with type I diabetes is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Retinal photocoagulation is an effective treatment, particularly if it given at a relatively early stage when the patient is usually symptomless.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Retinal photocoagulation is a proven and successful treatment, especially when administered early in the disease progression when the patient typically does not experience any symptoms. This procedure uses laser therapy to seal leaking blood vessels in the retina, preventing further damage and preserving vision. By targeting the affected areas before symptoms arise, retinal photocoagulation can effectively halt the progression of the condition and maintain the patient's visual health. Therefore, the statement is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    VEGF stimulates endothelial growth causing new vessel formation and increase increase vascular permeability (causing retinal leakage and exudation)

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    VEGF, or vascular endothelial growth factor, is a protein that stimulates the growth of new blood vessels, a process known as angiogenesis. This is essential for tissue development and repair. However, excessive VEGF can lead to abnormal blood vessel formation and increased vascular permeability. In the context of the retina, this can cause retinal leakage and exudation, which can be detrimental to vision. Therefore, the statement that VEGF stimulates endothelial growth causing new vessel formation and increases vascular permeability is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Argon laser photocoagulation can be carried out with topical anaesthesia.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Argon laser photocoagulation is a procedure used to treat various eye conditions, such as diabetic retinopathy and macular degeneration. It involves using a laser to seal leaking blood vessels in the retina. This procedure can be performed with topical anesthesia, which means that only the surface of the eye is numbed using eye drops or gel. This is a less invasive method compared to other forms of anesthesia, such as injections or general anesthesia. Therefore, the statement that argon laser photocoagulation can be carried out with topical anesthesia is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Clinical features of diabetic retinopathy:

    • A.

      Microaneuryms

    • B.

      Macroaneuryms

    • C.

      Neovascularisation

    • D.

      Venous changes

    • E.

      Exudates

    • F.

      Retinal detachment

    • G.

      Cotton wool spots

    • H.

      Ptosis

    • I.

      Fibrosis

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Microaneuryms
    C. Neovascularisation
    D. Venous changes
    E. Exudates
    G. Cotton wool spots
    Explanation
    The clinical features of diabetic retinopathy include microaneurysms, neovascularization, venous changes, exudates, and cotton wool spots. Microaneurysms are small bulges in the blood vessels of the retina, while neovascularization refers to the growth of new blood vessels. Venous changes are alterations in the veins of the retina, and exudates are deposits of fluid or lipids. Cotton wool spots are areas of retinal nerve fiber layer infarcts. These clinical features are commonly observed in diabetic retinopathy, a complication of diabetes that affects the blood vessels in the retina.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Photocoagulation is used to:

    • A.

      To destroy areas of retinal ischaemia

    • B.

      To seal leaking microaneuryms and reduce macular oedema

    • C.

      To gliose new vessels directly on the retinal surface

    • D.

      To gliose new vessels on the optic disc

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To destroy areas of retinal ischaemia
    B. To seal leaking microaneuryms and reduce macular oedema
    C. To gliose new vessels directly on the retinal surface
    Explanation
    Photocoagulation is a laser treatment used to destroy areas of retinal ischemia, which is a condition where the retina does not receive enough blood supply. It is also used to seal leaking microaneurysms and reduce macular edema, which are common complications of diabetic retinopathy. Additionally, photocoagulation can be used to gliose (scar) new vessels directly on the retinal surface, preventing them from causing further damage. However, it is not used to gliose new vessels on the optic disc.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 11, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Hasifmustafa
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.