Data Communication And Computer Network 1(TTA)

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| By Harishhot02
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Harishhot02
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 2,608
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 221

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Data Communication And Computer Network 1(TTA) - Quiz

INSTRUCTIONS-1. NUMBER OF QUESTIONS 25
2. HAS A TIME LIMIT OF 15 MINUTES
3. HAS A PASS MARKS OF 30%
4. QUESTIONS PER PAGE 1
5. EACH QUESTIONS HAS 1 MARKS
6. NEGATIVE MARKING FOR EACH QUESTIONS IS 0.257. WILL ALLOW TO YOU GO BACK ,SKIP AND CHANGE YOUR ANSWERS
8. WILL ALLOW TO YOU PRINT OUT YOUR RESULT AND CERTIFICATE
9. WILL ALLOW TO YOU PRINT OUT YOURS RESPONSE SHEET WITH
CORRECT ANSWER KEY AND EXPLANATION.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Telephone systems may be classified as

    • A.

      Duplex and symmetrical.

    • B.

      Duplex and asymmetrical.

    • C.

      Simplex and asymmetrical

    • D.

      simplex and symmetrical

    Correct Answer
    A. Duplex and symmetrical.
    Explanation
    Telephone systems can be classified as duplex and symmetrical because they allow for simultaneous two-way communication, meaning both parties can speak and listen at the same time. Additionally, these systems are symmetrical because they provide equal bandwidth and capacity for both the sending and receiving of signals. This allows for efficient and balanced communication between parties.

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  • 2. 

    A network that provides a constant bandwidth for the complete duration of a message transfer is a

    • A.

      circuit switched network

    • B.

      cell switched network

    • C.

      packet switched network

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. circuit switched network
    Explanation
    A circuit switched network provides a constant bandwidth for the complete duration of a message transfer. This means that a dedicated communication path is established between the sender and receiver for the entire duration of the communication. This ensures that the bandwidth is reserved and available exclusively for the message being transferred, resulting in a reliable and consistent transfer of data. In contrast, in packet switched networks, data is divided into packets and sent independently, which may result in varying bandwidth availability and potential delays. Therefore, the correct answer is a circuit switched network.

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  • 3. 

    A router:

    • A.

      determines on which outgoing link a packet is to be forwarded.

    • B.

      forwards a packet to the next free outgoing link.

    • C.

      Forwards a packet to all outgoing links

    • D.

      forwards a packet to all outgoing links, except the link upon which the packet originated.

    Correct Answer
    C. Forwards a packet to all outgoing links
    Explanation
    A router forwards a packet to all outgoing links because it needs to ensure that the packet reaches its intended destination. By sending the packet to all outgoing links, the router increases the chances of the packet reaching its destination even if there are multiple possible paths. This is especially important in cases where there may be network congestion or link failures, as the packet can still be delivered through an alternate path.

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  • 4. 

    The Internet is an example of a:

    • A.

      Packet switched network

    • B.

      Cell switched network

    • C.

      Circuit switched network

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    A. Packet switched network
    Explanation
    The Internet is an example of a packet switched network because it breaks down data into small packets and sends them separately over the network. These packets can take different routes to reach their destination and are reassembled at the receiving end. This method allows for efficient and flexible data transmission, as multiple packets can be sent simultaneously and the network resources can be shared among multiple users.

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  • 5. 

    Baseband transmission may be defined as the transmission of a signal over a link:

    • A.

      which is relatively short.

    • B.

      by means of wires.

    • C.

      at a different band of frequencies

    • D.

      without any change in frequency.

    Correct Answer
    D. without any change in frequency.
    Explanation
    Baseband transmission refers to the transmission of a signal without any change in frequency. This means that the original signal is directly transmitted without any modulation or conversion to a different frequency range. Baseband transmission is typically used for short-distance communication and is commonly implemented using wired connections.

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  • 6. 

    .A telephone customarily includes a 4-wire to 2-wire hybrid. The purpose of a hybrid is:

    • A.

      To combine the signals associated with the microphone and speaker.

    • B.

      to interconnect the 4 wires of a telephone to a line.

    • C.

      to merge/separate signals associated with the microphone and speaker.

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. to merge/separate signals associated with the microphone and speaker.
    Explanation
    A telephone customarily includes a 4-wire to 2-wire hybrid. This hybrid is used to merge and separate the signals associated with the microphone and speaker. It allows for the two-way communication to occur by combining the microphone signal with the speaker signal when transmitting, and separating them when receiving. This ensures that the caller's voice is transmitted clearly to the other party while also allowing them to hear the response clearly.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following definitions correctly describes the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)?

    • A.

      DHCP enables a NIC to determine the IP address for a given MAC address.

    • B.

      DHCP is a technique whereby IP addresses are assigned centrally by a server to each host

    • C.

      DHCP enables a NIC to determine the MAC address for a given IP address

    • D.

      DHCP is a routing protocol run by routers within a network

    Correct Answer
    B. DHCP is a technique whereby IP addresses are assigned centrally by a server to each host
    Explanation
    DHCP is a network protocol that allows a server to automatically assign IP addresses to devices on a network. It centrally manages and assigns IP addresses to each host, eliminating the need for manual configuration. This enables devices to easily connect to the network and obtain the necessary network settings, such as IP address, subnet mask, default gateway, and DNS servers.

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  • 8. 

    The Domain Name System (DNS) is primarily used to:

    • A.

      Remove the need for a user to indicate a host they wish to communicate with by means of an IP address

    • B.

      Determine the symbolic name of a host, given its IP address

    • C.

      Determine the IP address of a host, given its MAC address

    • D.

      Determine the MAC address of a host, given its IP address.

    Correct Answer
    A. Remove the need for a user to indicate a host they wish to communicate with by means of an IP address
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "remove the need for a user to indicate a host they wish to communicate with by means of an IP address." This means that the DNS allows users to access websites or other hosts on the internet by using domain names (such as www.example.com) instead of having to remember and enter the corresponding IP address (such as 192.168.0.1). The DNS system translates the domain name into the corresponding IP address, making it easier for users to access websites and communicate with hosts on the internet.

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  • 9. 

    Which data communication method is used to transmit the data over a serial communication link?

    • A.

      simplex

    • B.

      half duplex

    • C.

      full duplex

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. full duplex
    Explanation
    Full duplex is the correct answer because it is a data communication method that allows for simultaneous two-way communication over a serial communication link. In full duplex mode, data can be transmitted and received at the same time, enabling efficient and faster communication between devices. This method is commonly used in applications where real-time, bi-directional communication is required, such as video conferencing or online gaming.

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  • 10. 

    What is the minimum number of wires needed to send data over a serial communication link layer?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    B. 2
    Explanation
    In a serial communication link layer, data is transmitted one bit at a time. This means that only two wires are required: one for transmitting data (TX) and one for receiving data (RX). The TX wire is used to send data from the sender to the receiver, while the RX wire is used to receive data from the sender. Therefore, the minimum number of wires needed for a serial communication link layer is 2.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following types of channels moves data relatively slowly?

    • A.

      Wide band channel

    • B.

      voice band channel

    • C.

      narrow band channel

    • D.

      Broadband channel

    Correct Answer
    C. narrow band channel
    Explanation
    A narrow band channel moves data relatively slowly compared to other types of channels. This is because a narrow band channel has a smaller bandwidth, which limits the amount of data that can be transmitted at a given time. In contrast, wide band, voice band, and broadband channels have larger bandwidths, allowing for faster data transfer rates. Therefore, the correct answer is narrow band channel.

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  • 12. 

    Most data communications involving telegraph lines use:

    • A.

      Simplex lines

    • B.

      Wide band channel

    • C.

      narrow band channel

    • D.

      dialed service

    Correct Answer
    C. narrow band channel
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "narrow band channel" because telegraph lines typically transmit data at low speeds and require a narrow bandwidth to accommodate the limited data rate. Wide band channels are used for high-speed data transmission, simplex lines allow data to flow in only one direction at a time, and dialed service refers to the method of connecting calls on a telephone network, which is not relevant to data communications involving telegraph lines.

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  • 13. 

    A communications device that combines transmissions from several I/O devices into one line is a

    • A.

      Concentrator

    • B.

      Modifier

    • C.

      Full-duplex line

    • D.

      Multiplexer

    Correct Answer
    D. Multiplexer
    Explanation
    A multiplexer is a communications device that combines transmissions from several I/O devices into one line. It acts as a selector, choosing which input to transmit at any given time. This allows for efficient use of the communication line by transmitting multiple signals simultaneously. Therefore, a multiplexer is the correct answer for this question.

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  • 14. 

    In a synchronous modem, the digital-to-analog converter transmits signal to the

    • A.

      equalizer

    • B.

      Modulator

    • C.

      demodulator

    • D.

      terminal

    Correct Answer
    A. equalizer
    Explanation
    In a synchronous modem, the digital-to-analog converter is responsible for converting digital signals into analog signals. These analog signals are then transmitted to the equalizer. The equalizer is used to compensate for any distortion or interference that may occur during transmission, ensuring that the received signal is of high quality. Therefore, the correct answer is equalizer.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following communications lines is best suited to interactive processing applications?

    • A.

      narrow band channel

    • B.

      Simplex lines

    • C.

      Full duplex lines

    • D.

      Mixed band channel

    Correct Answer
    C. Full duplex lines
    Explanation
    Full duplex lines are best suited for interactive processing applications because they allow for simultaneous two-way communication, where data can be sent and received at the same time. This is important for interactive applications where real-time communication and feedback are required, such as video conferencing or online gaming. Narrow band channels and simplex lines do not allow for simultaneous two-way communication, while mixed band channels may not provide the necessary bandwidth for interactive processing.

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  • 16. 

    Why IP Protocol is considered as unreliable

    • A.

      A packet may be lost

    • B.

      Packets may arrive out of order

    • C.

      Duplicate packets may be generated

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The IP Protocol is considered unreliable because all of the mentioned factors can occur. A packet may get lost during transmission, which means it will never reach its intended destination. Additionally, packets may arrive out of order, causing confusion and potential errors in the data being transmitted. Furthermore, duplicate packets may be generated, leading to redundant data and potential inefficiencies in the network. These factors contribute to the unreliability of the IP Protocol.

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  • 17. 

    What is the minimum header size of an IP Packet?

    • A.

      16 bytes

    • B.

      10 bytes

    • C.

      20 bytes

    • D.

      32bytes

    Correct Answer
    C. 20 bytes
    Explanation
    The minimum header size of an IP Packet is 20 bytes. The IP header contains important information such as the source and destination IP addresses, protocol version, and other control flags. This fixed size of 20 bytes ensures that the necessary information can be included in the header and allows for efficient routing and processing of IP packets in the network.

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  • 18. 

    Which of following provides reliable communication

    • A.

      TCP

    • B.

      IP

    • C.

      UDP

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    A. TCP
    Explanation
    TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) provides reliable communication because it ensures that data sent over a network is delivered accurately and in the correct order. It uses acknowledgment messages and retransmission mechanisms to guarantee that data packets are received by the intended recipient. TCP also manages flow control and congestion control to prevent network congestion and ensure efficient data transmission. Therefore, TCP is considered a reliable protocol for communication.

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  • 19. 

    What is address size of IPV6?

    • A.

      32 bit

    • B.

      64 bit

    • C.

      128 bit

    • D.

      256 bit

    Correct Answer
    C. 128 bit
    Explanation
    The address size of IPV6 is 128 bit. IPV6 was developed as a successor to IPV4 to address the issue of address exhaustion. With 128 bits, IPV6 provides a significantly larger address space compared to the 32-bit address space of IPV4. This allows for a much greater number of unique IP addresses, ensuring that there are enough addresses to accommodate the growing number of devices and users on the internet.

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  • 20. 

    .What is a Firewall in computer network?

    • A.

      The physical boundary of Network

    • B.

      An operating system of computer network

    • C.

      A system designed to prevent unauthorized access

    • D.

      A web browsing Software

    Correct Answer
    C. A system designed to prevent unauthorized access
    Explanation
    A firewall is a system designed to prevent unauthorized access to a computer network. It acts as a barrier between the internal network and external networks, such as the internet, by monitoring and controlling incoming and outgoing network traffic. It uses various security measures, such as packet filtering, to analyze and filter network traffic based on predefined rules. By doing so, it helps protect the network from potential threats, such as hackers, malware, and unauthorized access attempts.

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  • 21. 

    What does Protocol defines?

    • A.

      Protocol defines what data is communicated

    • B.

      Protocol defines how data is communicated

    • C.

      Protocol defines when data is communicated

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    A protocol is a set of rules that governs the communication between devices or systems. It defines what data is communicated by specifying the format and structure of the information being exchanged. It also defines how data is communicated by outlining the procedures and protocols to be followed during the transmission and reception of data. Additionally, it can define when data is communicated by specifying the timing and synchronization requirements for data transmission. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of these" as a protocol encompasses all these aspects of communication.

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  • 22. 

    What is the uses of sub netting?

    • A.

      It divides one large network into several smaller ones

    • B.

      It divides network into network classes

    • C.

      it speeds up the speed of network

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. It divides one large network into several smaller ones
    Explanation
    Subnetting is a technique used to divide a large network into smaller subnetworks. This allows for better organization and management of network resources. By dividing the network, it becomes easier to control network traffic, improve network performance, and enhance security. Subnetting also helps in optimizing the utilization of IP addresses, as each subnetwork can have its own range of IP addresses. Therefore, the correct answer is that subnetting divides one large network into several smaller ones.

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  • 23. 

    Repeater operates in which layer of the OSI model ?

    • A.

      Physical layer

    • B.

      Data link layer

    • C.

      Network layer

    • D.

      Transport layer

    Correct Answer
    A. Physical layer
    Explanation
    A repeater operates in the physical layer of the OSI model. The physical layer is responsible for transmitting raw bits over a physical medium, such as cables or wireless signals. A repeater receives a weak or distorted signal and regenerates it, amplifying the signal to extend its reach or improve its quality. This process helps to overcome the limitations of signal degradation over long distances or through obstacles. Therefore, a repeater's function aligns with the responsibilities of the physical layer, making it the correct answer.

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  • 24. 

    IPV4 address is

    • A.

      8 bit

    • B.

      16 bit

    • C.

      32 bit

    • D.

      64 bit

    Correct Answer
    C. 32 bit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 32 bit. An IPv4 address is a numerical label assigned to each device connected to a computer network that uses the Internet Protocol for communication. It consists of 32 bits, which are divided into four groups of eight bits each, separated by periods. This allows for a total of approximately 4.3 billion unique addresses to be assigned in the IPv4 addressing scheme.

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  • 25. 

    What is the meaning of Bandwidth in Network?

    • A.

      Transmission capacity of a communication channels

    • B.

      Connected computers in the network

    • C.

      Class of IP use in Network

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Transmission capacity of a communication channels
    Explanation
    Bandwidth in a network refers to the transmission capacity of a communication channel. It is the amount of data that can be transmitted over a network in a given amount of time. It is often measured in bits per second (bps) and determines the speed and efficiency of data transfer. The higher the bandwidth, the more data can be transmitted simultaneously, resulting in faster and more efficient network communication.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 11, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Harishhot02
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