CSET Teachers Test Prep Version 1

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CSET Quizzes & Trivia

CSET Teachers Test Prep


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     An activity in which students are asked to compare the movements of dancers to those of various animals would be most useful for teaching _______.

    • A.

      differences between locomotor and axial movements

    • B.

      cultural background and heritage of dance

    • C.

      Differences between formal dance styles and “street dance”

    • D.

      Aesthetic interpretation and awareness of form

    Correct Answer
    D. Aesthetic interpretation and awareness of form
    Explanation
    An activity in which students compare the movements of dancers to those of various animals would be most useful for teaching aesthetic interpretation and awareness of form. By observing and analyzing the movements of both dancers and animals, students can develop an understanding of how movement can be interpreted aesthetically and how form plays a role in dance. This activity encourages students to think critically about the artistic elements of dance and how it can be influenced by different sources, such as animals.

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  • 2. 

     Which of the following dance styles would be most appropriate for teaching third graders basic movement patterns and listening skills?

    • A.

      Square dance

    • B.

      Salsa

    • C.

      Lindy Hop

    • D.

      Ballet

    Correct Answer
    A. Square dance
    Explanation
    Square dance would be the most appropriate dance style for teaching third graders basic movement patterns and listening skills. Square dancing involves simple movements and patterns that can be easily learned and followed by young children. It also requires active listening and following instructions, which helps develop their listening skills. Additionally, square dancing is a social dance that promotes teamwork and cooperation among the dancers, making it an ideal choice for teaching these skills to third graders.

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  • 3. 

    In most social dances, the movement of the partner who follows is based on _________.

    • A.

      A pre-set series of maneuvers memorized by both partners

    • B.

      Specific physical cues from the partner who is leading

    • C.

      A general awareness of space, time, levels, and force/energy

    • D.

      The instructions of a choreographer

    Correct Answer
    B. Specific physical cues from the partner who is leading
    Explanation
    In most social dances, the movement of the partner who follows is based on specific physical cues from the partner who is leading. This means that the follower pays attention to the movements, signals, and body language of the leader to understand and respond accordingly. The leader's physical cues guide the follower's steps, turns, and overall movement throughout the dance. This communication through physical cues allows for a synchronized and coordinated dance between the partners.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following terms could be used to describe the quick tempo of a traditional Polka?

    • A.

      Timbre

    • B.

      legato

    • C.

      Forte

    • D.

      Allegro

    Correct Answer
    D. Allegro
    Explanation
    Allegro is a musical term that indicates a fast tempo. In the context of a traditional Polka, which is known for its lively and energetic character, the term allegro accurately describes the quick tempo at which the dance is typically performed. Timbre refers to the quality of sound, legato refers to smooth and connected playing, and forte refers to playing loudly. While these terms may be applicable in other musical contexts, they do not specifically describe the tempo of a Polka.

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  • 5. 

     “The Wheels on the Bus” is good for teaching children the fundamentals of music and vocal performance for all of the following reasons, except:

    • A.

      It contains simple, easy-to-remember lyrics.

    • B.

      it employs short, repetitive stanzas.

    • C.

      It requires extensive vocal range.

    • D.

      It is highly visual and can be physicalized.

    Correct Answer
    C. It requires extensive vocal range.
    Explanation
    "The Wheels on the Bus" is good for teaching children the fundamentals of music and vocal performance because it contains simple, easy-to-remember lyrics that are suitable for young learners. Additionally, it employs short, repetitive stanzas which help in reinforcing the song's structure and melody. Furthermore, it is highly visual and can be physicalized, allowing children to engage and interact with the song through actions and movements. However, it does not require an extensive vocal range, making it accessible for children with varying vocal abilities.

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  • 6. 

    Use the excerpt below to answer the question that follows.  The composition above is written in what key?

    • A.

      B-minor

    • B.

      E-flat major

    • C.

      A-sharp major

    • D.

      C-major

    Correct Answer
    B. E-flat major
    Explanation
    The composition is written in E-flat major because the key signature of E-flat major consists of three flats: B-flat, E-flat, and A-flat. The excerpt does not mention any accidentals or key changes, so it can be assumed that the piece is written in E-flat major.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following best describes how a “lead sheet” would most typically be used by a small, experienced jazz ensemble?

    • A.

      The lead sheet would indicate only the basic melody and chord changes. The jazz performers would be expected to “flesh out” the piece by adding improvisation, ornaments, and chordal accompaniment.

    • B.

      The lead sheet would provide detailed notation of the many complex transitions, ornaments, harmonies and other elements distinctive to jazz. Experienced jazz performers would be expected to quickly read and play the piece exactly as noted.

    • C.

      The lead sheet, designed specifically to played by the trumpet or saxophone, would form the core of the piece and would be most useful for a small ensemble which usually must play without direction from a conductor.

    • D.

      The lead sheet would detail the melody of the piece, but not the rhythm. The performers would each make individual choices about changes to the tempo and metrical pattern as the piece is played.

    Correct Answer
    A. The lead sheet would indicate only the basic melody and chord changes. The jazz performers would be expected to “flesh out” the piece by adding improvisation, ornaments, and chordal accompaniment.
    Explanation
    A lead sheet is a simplified musical score that typically includes the melody and chord changes of a song. In the context of a small, experienced jazz ensemble, the lead sheet would serve as a framework for the performers to create their own improvisations and embellishments. It allows for individual interpretation and creativity, as the performers would add their own ornaments and chordal accompaniment to enhance the piece. This approach is common in jazz, where improvisation is a key element of the performance.

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  • 8. 

     In dramatic directing, the term "blocking" typically refers to ____________.

    • A.

      The action of the antagonist in resisting the protagonist’s goal

    • B.

      The design of the set and props for each scene

    • C.

      Positioning the actors on the stage and mapping their movements

    • D.

      The mood created by factors such as lighting design

    Correct Answer
    C. Positioning the actors on the stage and mapping their movements
    Explanation
    In dramatic directing, the term "blocking" refers to the process of positioning the actors on the stage and planning their movements. This involves determining where each actor will stand, sit, or move during a scene, as well as coordinating their actions and interactions with other actors. Blocking is an essential aspect of creating the physicality and visual composition of a play, and it helps to convey the intended emotions and dynamics of the scenes. It also ensures that the actors are visible and audible to the audience, and that their movements are coordinated with other technical elements such as lighting and set design.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following improvisational acting activities would best help students learn about character development?

    • A.

      Having students write up a character bio, including where their character works, their family history, etc.

    • B.

      Making up a situation in which a student’s character must make a choice, and then asking them to play out the scene.

    • C.

      Asking students to make a list of their 10 favorite movie characters.

    • D.

      Having students pretend to feel different emotions and demonstrate those feelings visually, without speaking.

    Correct Answer
    B. Making up a situation in which a student’s character must make a choice, and then asking them to play out the scene.
    Explanation
    Making up a situation in which a student's character must make a choice and then asking them to play out the scene would best help students learn about character development. This activity allows students to actively engage in creating and portraying a character in a specific context, which requires them to consider the character's motivations, thoughts, and actions. By improvising the scene, students can explore different aspects of their character's personality, decision-making process, and emotional responses, thus enhancing their understanding of character development in a practical and experiential way.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is a type of theatrical staging in which there is no clear distinction between the space of the audience and the space occupied by the performers?

    • A.

      Kabuki theater

    • B.

      Environmental staging

    • C.

      Proscenium staging

    • D.

      Aristotelian theater

    Correct Answer
    B. Environmental staging
    Explanation
    Environmental staging is a type of theatrical staging in which there is no clear distinction between the space of the audience and the space occupied by the performers. In this type of staging, the audience is immersed in the performance, often surrounded by the set and props, creating a more interactive and immersive experience. This type of staging is often used to break down the traditional barriers between the performers and the audience, allowing for a more intimate and dynamic connection between the two.

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  • 11. 

     ________ space is a term for the area not occupied by the focus or subject of a painting.

    • A.

      Opaque

    • B.

      Vanishing point

    • C.

      Negative

    • D.

      Hue

    Correct Answer
    C. Negative
    Explanation
    Negative space refers to the empty or unoccupied areas in a painting that surround and define the main subject or focus. It is the space around and between the objects or figures in a composition. By utilizing negative space effectively, artists can create a sense of balance, contrast, and harmony in their artwork. It plays a crucial role in shaping the overall composition and enhancing the visual impact of the subject matter.

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  • 12. 

    Use the reproduction below of The Gleaners (1857), by Jean-Francois Millet, to answer the question that follows.  Millet’s prominent placement of the three women in the foreground most strongly supports which of the following thematic interpretations?

    • A.

      By juxtaposing the difficult labor of the three, stooped-over peasant women against the leisurely aristocratic overseer in the background on horseback, Millet is emphasizing the unjust disparity between the working class and upper class in 1850s society.

    • B.

      By using drab, faded colors, Millet is creating a mood of sadness which underpins the difficult, backbreaking labors of the poor.

    • C.

      By obscuring the three women’s faces, Millet is emphasizing the anonymity of peasant class laborers who formed the backbone of 1850s economic growth in France, yet will likely be forgotten in the annals of history.

    • D.

      By positioning the three women prominently in the frame, Millet is emphasizing the importance of the labors of the working class to 1850s society.

    Correct Answer
    D. By positioning the three women prominently in the frame, Millet is emphasizing the importance of the labors of the working class to 1850s society.
    Explanation
    Millet's placement of the three women in the foreground suggests that he is highlighting the significance of the working class's labor in 1850s society. By giving them a prominent position in the frame, Millet is drawing attention to their contributions and emphasizing their importance. This interpretation is supported by the fact that the aristocratic overseer in the background is depicted in a leisurely manner, creating a contrast between the working class and the upper class. This suggests that Millet is emphasizing the unjust disparity between the two classes and the value of the labor performed by the working class.

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  • 13. 

    The image above is an example of which style of art?

    • A.

      Post-impressionism

    • B.

      Dada

    • C.

      Surrealism

    • D.

      High Renaissance

    Correct Answer
    A. Post-impressionism
    Explanation
    The image above is an example of post-impressionism because it displays the characteristics commonly associated with this art style. Post-impressionism emerged in the late 19th century as a reaction against the limitations of impressionism. It is characterized by the use of bold colors, expressive brushstrokes, and a focus on subjective emotions and interpretations of the artist. The image in question exhibits these traits, with its vibrant colors, visible brushstrokes, and a sense of personal expression. Therefore, it can be identified as an example of post-impressionism.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following aspects of the game of basketball would not be considered a locomotor skill?

    • A.

      Long periods of jogging from one end of the court to the other

    • B.

      creating accuracy in shooting through repetition

    • C.

      Cutting around a defender while dribbling

    • D.

      Jumping vertically when rebounding

    Correct Answer
    B. creating accuracy in shooting through repetition
    Explanation
    Creating accuracy in shooting through repetition would not be considered a locomotor skill in the game of basketball. Locomotor skills are movements that involve traveling or moving from one place to another, such as jogging from one end of the court to the other, cutting around a defender while dribbling, or jumping vertically when rebounding. However, creating accuracy in shooting through repetition is a fine motor skill that focuses on hand-eye coordination and technique rather than physical movement or locomotion.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following components are most important to a mature football throw?

    • A.

      Spinning the ball off the fingertips and following through with the arm

    • B.

      swinging the non-throwing arm and lifting the front leg just before release

    • C.

      holding the torso as motionless as possible and visually focusing on the ball

    • D.

      Gripping the ball directly in the middle with the laces away from the fingers

    Correct Answer
    A. Spinning the ball off the fingertips and following through with the arm
  • 16. 

    Which of the following is not a benefit directly linked with increased physical activity?

    • A.

      Improved self-esteem

    • B.

      Greater body awareness

    • C.

      Reduced risk of heart disease

    • D.

      Reduced risk of all types of cancer

    Correct Answer
    D. Reduced risk of all types of cancer
    Explanation
    Increased physical activity has been shown to have numerous benefits, including improved self-esteem, greater body awareness, and reduced risk of heart disease. However, there is limited evidence to suggest that physical activity directly reduces the risk of all types of cancer. While regular exercise can indirectly lower the risk of certain cancers by promoting a healthy weight, reducing inflammation, and improving immune function, it is not a guaranteed preventive measure for all types of cancer.

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  • 17. 

    When working with a diabetic student you should do all of the following except ______.

    • A.

      Provide easy access to diabetes supplies

    • B.

      Make sure snacks are available to treat low blood sugar

    • C.

      Excuse the student from all forms of cardiovascular exercise

    • D.

      Allow free access to bathrooms and water during class

    Correct Answer
    C. Excuse the student from all forms of cardiovascular exercise
    Explanation
    When working with a diabetic student, it is important to provide easy access to diabetes supplies, such as insulin and blood glucose monitoring devices, to ensure they can manage their condition effectively. Having snacks available to treat low blood sugar is also crucial as it helps prevent hypoglycemia and its associated symptoms. Allowing free access to bathrooms and water during class is necessary as frequent urination and increased thirst are common symptoms of diabetes. However, excusing the student from all forms of cardiovascular exercise is not necessary, as exercise is beneficial for managing diabetes and maintaining overall health.

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  • 18. 

    Jogging one mile four times per week would be most effective in improving a child’s __________?

    • A.

      flexibility

    • B.

      Strength

    • C.

      Cardio-respiratory endurance

    • D.

      Agility

    Correct Answer
    C. Cardio-respiratory endurance
    Explanation
    Jogging one mile four times per week would be most effective in improving a child's cardio-respiratory endurance. Cardio-respiratory endurance refers to the ability of the heart, lungs, and circulatory system to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the muscles during sustained physical activity. Jogging is a form of aerobic exercise that increases heart rate and breathing rate, thereby improving the efficiency of the cardiovascular system. Regular jogging helps strengthen the heart and lungs, improves blood circulation, and enhances the body's ability to utilize oxygen, leading to improved cardio-respiratory endurance.

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  • 19. 

    In baseball, which of the following is not a way in which a player is automatically out?

    • A.

      A ground ball is caught when the player is at bat

    • B.

      the player is tagged by another player possessing the ball

    • C.

      A base is tagged by a player possessing the ball before a runner reaches it

    • D.

      A batter swings at, and misses, three pitches

    Correct Answer
    A. A ground ball is caught when the player is at bat
    Explanation
    A ground ball is caught when the player is at bat is not a way in which a player is automatically out in baseball. In this scenario, if a ground ball is caught when the player is at bat, it is considered a normal play and the player would have the opportunity to run to first base or be thrown out by the defensive team. The other options listed - being tagged by another player, a base being tagged before a runner reaches it, and swinging and missing three pitches - are all situations where a player would be automatically out according to the rules of baseball.

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  • 20. 

    Which of the following is an appropriate goal for a third-grade physical education student?

    • A.

      run 1 mile without walking

    • B.

      perform forward and backward tumbles

    • C.

      Demonstrate a simple routine on the uneven bars

    • D.

      dribble a ball with control while jogging

    Correct Answer
    B. perform forward and backward tumbles
    Explanation
    An appropriate goal for a third-grade physical education student would be to perform forward and backward tumbles. This goal is suitable because it aligns with the physical abilities and developmental stage of a third-grade student. Tumbling exercises help improve coordination, balance, and body awareness, which are important skills at this age. Additionally, forward and backward tumbles are safe and achievable for a third-grade student, making it an appropriate goal for them to work towards.

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  • 21. 

    A child with a medium build would most likely excel at physical activities involving ________.

    • A.

      Multiple components of movement

    • B.

      Static balancing or staying in place while resisting external forces

    • C.

      Components of both movement and resisting external forces while staying in place

    • D.

      Quickly changing direction

    Correct Answer
    C. Components of both movement and resisting external forces while staying in place
    Explanation
    A child with a medium build would most likely excel at physical activities involving components of both movement and resisting external forces while staying in place. This is because a medium build typically indicates a balanced combination of strength and agility, which are essential for activities that require both movement and the ability to resist external forces. Examples of such activities may include sports like wrestling or gymnastics, where the child needs to move their body while also maintaining stability and resisting the opponent's force.

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  • 22. 

    Which of the following is highest in unsaturated fat?

    • A.

      lean beef

    • B.

      Corn oil

    • C.

      Lard

    • D.

      Cooked pork

    Correct Answer
    B. Corn oil
    Explanation
    Corn oil is highest in unsaturated fat compared to lean beef, lard, and cooked pork. Unsaturated fats are considered healthier than saturated fats because they can help lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. Corn oil is rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, which are beneficial for the body when consumed in moderation. In contrast, lean beef, lard, and cooked pork contain higher amounts of saturated fats, which can raise cholesterol levels and increase the risk of heart disease when consumed in excess.

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  • 23. 

    The President’s Fitness Challenge is a program encouraging students and teachers to focus on:

    • A.

      building habits that encourage lifelong health and physical fitness

    • B.

      Using competitive sports as an instructional tool to teach teamwork

    • C.

      Preparing student athletes for collegiate sports careers

    • D.

      Individual accomplishments without a system of testing or awards

    Correct Answer
    A. building habits that encourage lifelong health and physical fitness
    Explanation
    The President's Fitness Challenge program aims to promote the development of habits that support lifelong health and physical fitness. This suggests that the program is focused on encouraging individuals, both students and teachers, to adopt healthy habits that they can sustain throughout their lives. This aligns with the goal of promoting long-term well-being rather than focusing solely on short-term achievements or competitive sports.

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  • 24. 

    A third grade teacher notices that most of the girls in her class have neater handwriting than the boys. What is the most likely explanation of this?

    • A.

      For sociological reasons, girls tend to focus more on pleasing teachers and authority figures.

    • B.

      Girls tend to develop fine motor skills earlier than boys.

    • C.

      Boys write sloppily in order to appear masculine.

    • D.

      The musculature in girls’ hands is different than boys’, allowing them a greater degree of control.

    Correct Answer
    B. Girls tend to develop fine motor skills earlier than boys.
    Explanation
    Girls tend to develop fine motor skills earlier than boys. This could explain why most of the girls in the class have neater handwriting compared to the boys. Fine motor skills involve the coordination of small muscles in the hands and fingers, which are important for tasks such as writing. As girls tend to develop these skills earlier, it is likely that they have had more practice and are able to write with greater control and precision.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following activities would be most valuable in helping a student learn leadership skills and personal responsibility?

    • A.

      Having the student organize a small sports activity for the class

    • B.

      Having the student self-evaluate fitness levels and set goals for improvement

    • C.

      Assigning the student to care for class sports supplies

    • D.

      having the student pick teams during a competitive sports activity

    Correct Answer
    A. Having the student organize a small sports activity for the class
    Explanation
    Having the student organize a small sports activity for the class would be most valuable in helping a student learn leadership skills and personal responsibility. This activity would require the student to take charge, make decisions, and coordinate with others. It would also require them to be responsible for the success of the activity, including planning, organizing, and ensuring everyone's participation. This would provide them with an opportunity to develop leadership skills, such as communication, problem-solving, and decision-making, while also teaching them personal responsibility and accountability for their actions.

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  • 26. 

    American Football is most closely related to which other sport?

    • A.

      English football

    • B.

      Cricket

    • C.

      Field hockey

    • D.

      Rugby

    Correct Answer
    D. Rugby
    Explanation
    American Football is most closely related to rugby because both sports share similar origins and have many common elements. Both sports involve two teams competing to advance a ball towards a goal line and score points. They also share similar physicality and strategies, such as tackling and passing the ball. Additionally, American Football evolved from rugby and has been influenced by its rules and gameplay. Therefore, rugby is the sport that is most closely related to American Football.

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  • 27. 

    The understanding that objects continue to exist even if they are outside one’s field of perception is known as ________.

    • A.

      Transitive inference

    • B.

      Object permanence

    • C.

      Conservation

    • D.

      Causal reasoning

    Correct Answer
    B. Object permanence
    Explanation
    Object permanence refers to the understanding that objects continue to exist even if they are not currently being perceived. This concept is typically developed during infancy and is an important milestone in cognitive development. It allows individuals to understand that objects have a separate existence from their own perception and can be located in different places or hidden from view. This understanding is crucial for various cognitive processes, such as memory, problem-solving, and reasoning about the physical world.

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  • 28. 

    A teacher asks four children why you should not hit others and records their answers as follows: Child 1: “Because you get in trouble and can’t go to recess.” Child 2: “Because it is important for everyone to follow the classroom behavior rules.” Child 3: “Because I wouldn’t want someone to hit me.” Child 4: “Because the teacher says hitting others can cause injuries and isn’t nice.” According to Kohlberg’s stages of moral development, which child’s answer represents the most advanced stage of moral development?

    • A.

      Child 1

    • B.

      Child 2

    • C.

      Child 3

    • D.

      Child 4

    Correct Answer
    C. Child 3
    Explanation
    Child 3's answer represents the most advanced stage of moral development according to Kohlberg's stages. This is because Child 3 shows empathy and understands the concept of treating others how they would like to be treated. This demonstrates a higher level of moral reasoning and consideration for others' well-being.

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  • 29. 

    According to Piaget’s stages of cognitive development, which of the following first begins to occur during the Concrete Operational Stage?

    • A.

      Egocentrism

    • B.

      Metacognition

    • C.

      Accomodation

    • D.

      Animism

    Correct Answer
    B. Metacognition
    Explanation
    During the Concrete Operational Stage, children begin to develop metacognition. Metacognition refers to the ability to think about and reflect on one's own thoughts and cognitive processes. This stage is characterized by the child's ability to understand that their thoughts and beliefs may differ from others, and they can start to reflect on their own thinking and problem-solving strategies. It is an important milestone in cognitive development as it allows children to become more aware of their own cognitive abilities and improve their problem-solving skills.

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  • 30. 

    A young boy is given a series of instructions when first assembling a complex toy made of building blocks, and then later reassembles the toy without assistance.  This could be best described as an example of _________.

    • A.

      A child using accommodation to modify his schema

    • B.

      Habituation based on similar repeated stimuli

    • C.

      Success in a task through scaffolding

    • D.

      group learning

    Correct Answer
    C. Success in a task through scaffolding
    Explanation
    In this scenario, the young boy is initially given instructions on how to assemble the complex toy, which can be seen as scaffolding. Scaffolding refers to the support or guidance provided by an adult or more knowledgeable peer to help a learner accomplish a task. The fact that the boy is able to later reassemble the toy without assistance suggests that he has successfully internalized the instructions and achieved success in the task through scaffolding.

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  • 31. 

    One example of a “non-traditional” intelligence model is Sternberg’s Triarchic intelligence model.  Sternberg’s theory of intelligence is based on _________.

    • A.

      Gardner’s eight facets of multiple intelligence

    • B.

      Analytic, creative, and practical intelligence

    • C.

      Tests such as the Wechsler and Stanford-Binet

    • D.

      three factors contributing to academic performance (memory, vocabulary, and problem solving)

    Correct Answer
    B. Analytic, creative, and practical intelligence
    Explanation
    Sternberg's Triarchic intelligence model is based on the idea of three different types of intelligence: analytic, creative, and practical intelligence. This model suggests that intelligence is not a single, fixed entity, but rather a combination of these three components. Analytic intelligence refers to the ability to analyze and evaluate information, creative intelligence involves the generation of new and innovative ideas, and practical intelligence relates to the application of knowledge and skills in real-life situations. This model goes beyond traditional views of intelligence and recognizes the importance of different abilities in different contexts.

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  • 32. 

    A child with a secure attachment to her caregiver usually develops a sense of __________.

    • A.

      constant need for the caregiver’s presence

    • B.

      Autonomy

    • C.

      Clinginess

    • D.

      Entitlement

    Correct Answer
    B. Autonomy
    Explanation
    A child with a secure attachment to her caregiver usually develops a sense of autonomy. This means that the child feels confident and independent in exploring their environment, making decisions, and taking actions on their own. They have a healthy sense of self and are able to develop their own identity separate from their caregiver. This secure attachment allows the child to feel safe and supported, which in turn fosters their independence and autonomy.

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  • 33. 

    Peer groups, clothing choices, and activity choices become increasingly important to adolescents because they _______.

    • A.

      Help the adolescent define a sense of identity

    • B.

      Allow the adolescent to defy authority figures

    • C.

      Are often the first opportunities for autonomy

    • D.

      Are directly tied to academic success

    Correct Answer
    A. Help the adolescent define a sense of identity
    Explanation
    During adolescence, individuals go through a period of self-discovery and exploration. Peer groups, clothing choices, and activity choices play a crucial role in this process as they allow adolescents to express their individuality and find a sense of identity. By associating with certain peer groups, dressing in a particular way, and engaging in specific activities, adolescents can align themselves with like-minded individuals and establish their own unique identity. These choices provide them with a sense of belonging, self-expression, and the opportunity to shape their own identity separate from authority figures.

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  • 34. 

    A child sings into a hairbrush.  This could be considered an example of __________.

    • A.

      Rule-based play

    • B.

      Symbolic play

    • C.

      transference

    • D.

      Emotional withdrawal

    Correct Answer
    B. Symbolic play
    Explanation
    Symbolic play refers to the use of objects or actions to represent something else, often seen in children's imaginative play. In this case, the child singing into a hairbrush is using the hairbrush as a symbol for a microphone or a musical instrument, engaging in pretend play and creating a make-believe scenario. This type of play helps children develop their creativity, imagination, and cognitive skills as they use symbols to represent different objects or roles.

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  • 35. 

    Positive role models are considered to be important during a child’s early development because _________.

    • A.

      children depend on modeling to develop various aspects of their personality

    • B.

      They can take the place of peer relationships

    • C.

      They prevent self-efficacy

    • D.

      Children require these relationships in order to develop language skills

    Correct Answer
    A. children depend on modeling to develop various aspects of their personality
    Explanation
    During a child's early development, positive role models are considered important because children depend on modeling to develop various aspects of their personality. Role models serve as examples for children to learn from and imitate, helping them develop their values, beliefs, and behaviors. By observing and emulating positive role models, children can acquire important social, emotional, and cognitive skills that contribute to their overall development. These role models can provide guidance, inspiration, and support, shaping children's understanding of the world and helping them navigate through different situations.

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  • 36. 

    A group of birth defects caused by brain damage that affect control of movement are known as ______.

    • A.

      cerebral palsy

    • B.

      Down syndrome

    • C.

      Muscular dystrophy

    • D.

      spina bifida

    Correct Answer
    A. cerebral palsy
    Explanation
    Cerebral palsy is a group of birth defects caused by brain damage that affect control of movement. It is a neurological disorder that can cause muscle stiffness, weakness, and coordination problems. It is not the same as Down syndrome, muscular dystrophy, or spina bifida, which are all different conditions with their own distinct characteristics and causes.

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  • 37. 

     Which of the following would not be considered a sociocultural factor influencing individual development?

    • A.

      Family

    • B.

      race

    • C.

      Cultural perspective

    • D.

      Poverty

    Correct Answer
    D. Poverty
    Explanation
    Poverty would not be considered a sociocultural factor influencing individual development because it is primarily an economic factor. Sociocultural factors refer to the social and cultural influences that shape an individual's development, such as family, race, and cultural perspective. While poverty can have an impact on an individual's development, it is more closely related to economic circumstances rather than social or cultural factors.

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  • 38. 

    Sudden onset of wetting and inflicting self-harm are typical symptoms of _________.

    • A.

      Physical abuse

    • B.

      sexual abuse

    • C.

      neglect

    • D.

      Inability to handle peer pressure

    Correct Answer
    B. sexual abuse
    Explanation
    Sudden onset of wetting and self-harm are typical symptoms of sexual abuse. Sexual abuse can cause significant emotional distress and trauma, leading to behavioral changes such as bedwetting and self-harm as a coping mechanism. These symptoms may be indicative of a child's attempt to cope with the overwhelming emotions and psychological pain associated with the abuse. It is important to recognize and address these symptoms promptly to protect the well-being of the individual and provide appropriate support and intervention.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following sources of bias is generally important to consider when assessing a child anecdotally?

    • A.

      Possible projections or misinterpretations of others observing the child

    • B.

      Cultural biases inherent in the examinations you have given to the child

    • C.

      Whether you have observed the child for a sufficient time period to get a holistic sense of his or her behaviors

    • D.

      whether the child is modifying his or her behaviors due to your observation

    Correct Answer
    A. Possible projections or misinterpretations of others observing the child
    Explanation
    When assessing a child anecdotally, it is important to consider possible projections or misinterpretations of others observing the child. This is because the observations and interpretations of others can be subjective and influenced by their own biases, which may lead to inaccurate assessments of the child's behavior. It is crucial to critically evaluate the source of information and consider the potential biases that may be present in order to make a more objective assessment of the child.

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