The grammatical rules that are established before the introduction of slang and jargon
A set of principles that apply to all languages and are unconsciously accessible to every human language user
The grammatical rules that all the dialects of a language have in common
A set of principles that should be followed when writing or when speaking in a formal setting
The acquisition of grammatical rules in a second language
The change in the meaning of a word over time
The relationship between a word's structure and its meaning
The uses of different types of utterances in different contexts
The woman in the car drives to the opera.
A rainy day is an opportunity to stay at home.
The dog on the beach loves to play frisbee.
A bird in hand is worth two in the bush.
The earliest forms of English evolved from languages with pictographic writing systems.
Careless transcriptions have changed the spelling of many English words.
In the transition to Modern English, the pronunciation of many words changed while their spelling did not.
Words that are slang and jargon have distinct pronunciation rules.
The syntactic structures that they find easiest to learn
The style and structure of their oral narratives
The use of coordinate structures in oral language
The inferences they make about a speaker's desires or intentions
Second-language learners often have trouble recognizing and producing certain phonemes in the target language.
There are rules that govern the combinations of phonemes that can occur in any given language.
The sounds associated with letter combinations in English have changed over the history of the language.
Children's first utterances tend to involve the repetition of simple syllables.
Stopping periodically while reading a difficult text to predict what will happen next
Taking notes while reading a difficult text, then reviewing the notes after reading
Using a graphic organizer after reading a text to represent the main ideas and themes
Engaging in repeated reading of a text at the reader's independent reading level
The word is in the reader's oral vocabulary.
The reader recognizes the word's part of speech.
The word is a homophone of a familiar word.
The reader recognizes the word's language of origin.
Is able to recognize faulty reasoning.
Is familiar with the conventions of different genres.
Is able to use a text's index and glossary.
Has extensive knowledge of content-area vocabulary.
Gabriel García Márquez, my favorite writer, is the author of One Hundred Years of Solitude.
Gabriel García Márquez is my favorite writer; he is the author of One Hundred Years of Solitude.
Gabriel García Márquez is my favorite writer and the author of One Hundred Years of Solitude.
Gabriel García Márquez, who is my favorite writer, is the author of One Hundred Years of Solitude.
These flowers are beautiful.
Every petal has a different hue.
I will put them in a vase with water.
Thank you for this wonderful gift!
Cooking, shopping, driving
Sailed, ran, soared
Can, would, must
Shine, disperse, finish