# Cpl – Operational Procedures

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| By Rion Sigaya
Rion Sigaya, 3D animator
Jan Michael 'Rion' Sigaya, a former 3D animator turned licensed pilot with a Flight Instructor (FI) license, adeptly navigated the skies before unforeseen pandemic challenges led him back to his roots in the world of 3D animation.
Quizzes Created: 17 | Total Attempts: 234,816
Questions: 30 | Attempts: 8,290

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• 1.

### The need to slow an aircraft below Va is brought about by the following weather phenomenon:

• A.

High density altitude which increases the indicated stall speed

• B.

Turbulence which causes an increase in stall speed

• C.

Turbulence which causes a decreases in stall speed

B. Turbulence which causes an increase in stall speed
Explanation
Turbulence causes an increase in stall speed because it disrupts the smooth flow of air over the wings, reducing the lift generated. This means that the aircraft needs to fly at a higher airspeed to maintain lift and prevent stalling. In turbulent conditions, the aircraft may need to slow down below its normal maneuvering speed (Va) to ensure safety and prevent potential stalls. High density altitude can also increase the indicated stall speed, but it is not directly related to turbulence.

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• 2.

### Recovery from a stall in any airplane becomes more difficult when its

• A.

Center of gravity moves aft

• B.

Center of gravity moves forward

• C.

A. Center of gravity moves aft
Explanation
When the center of gravity moves aft, it means that it shifts towards the tail of the airplane. This can make recovery from a stall more difficult because it causes the tail to become heavier and the nose to become lighter. As a result, the airplane may have a tendency to pitch up even more during the stall, making it harder to regain control and recover from the stall.

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• 3.

### Light beacons producing red flashes indicate:

• A.

End of runway at departure end

• B.

A pilot should remain clear of an airport traffic pattern and continue circling

• C.

Obstructions or areas considered hazardous to aerial navigation

C. Obstructions or areas considered hazardous to aerial navigation
Explanation
Light beacons producing red flashes indicate obstructions or areas considered hazardous to aerial navigation. These beacons are used to warn pilots of potential dangers such as tall buildings, towers, or other obstacles that may pose a risk to aircraft during flight. The red flashes serve as a visual warning to pilots, ensuring they are aware of the hazardous areas and can take appropriate measures to avoid them.

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• 4.

### Why should flight speeds above Vne be avoided?

• A.

Excessive induced drag will result in structural failure

• B.

Design limit load factors may be exceeded, if gusts are encountered

• C.

Control effectiveness is so impaired that the aircraft becomes uncontrollable

B. Design limit load factors may be exceeded, if gusts are encountered
Explanation
Flight speeds above Vne should be avoided because they can lead to exceeding the design limit load factors, especially when encountering gusts. The design limit load factors are the maximum loads that an aircraft is designed to withstand without experiencing structural failure. When flying above Vne, the aircraft may experience increased aerodynamic forces, which can cause the load on the structure to exceed its limits. This can result in structural failure and compromise the safety of the aircraft.

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• 5.

### During a take-off made behind a departing large jet airplane, the pilot can minimize the hazard of wingtip vortices by:

• A.

Extending the takeoff roll and not rotating until well beyond the jet's rotation point.

• B.

Being airborne prior to reaching the jet's flight plan until able to turn clear or its wake.

• C.

Maintain extra speed on take-off and climbout.

B. Being airborne prior to reaching the jet's flight plan until able to turn clear or its wake.
Explanation
Wingtip vortices are created by the airflow around the wings of an aircraft, especially large jet airplanes. These vortices can create turbulence and pose a hazard to smaller aircraft taking off behind them. To minimize this hazard, the pilot should aim to be airborne before reaching the jet's flight path, allowing them to turn clear of the jet's wake. This strategy helps to avoid encountering the vortices and the associated turbulence, ensuring a safer takeoff.

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• 6.

### Which action is appropriate if a pilot becomes involved in hijacking?

• A.

Transmit code H on 121.5

• B.

Append the code PAPA to the aircraft call sign during all radio transmissions.

• C.

Set codes 7500 on the aircraft transponder.

C. Set codes 7500 on the aircraft transponder.
Explanation
Setting codes 7500 on the aircraft transponder is the appropriate action if a pilot becomes involved in hijacking. Code 7500 is the internationally recognized transponder code for hijacking. By setting this code, the pilot is alerting air traffic control and other aircraft to the fact that the aircraft has been hijacked, allowing them to take appropriate action. Transmitting code H on 121.5 and appending the code PAPA to the aircraft call sign are not appropriate actions for a hijacking situation.

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• 7.

### A pilot's most immediate and vital concern in the event of complete engine failure after becoming airborne on takeoff is:

• A.

Maintaining a safe airspeed.

• B.

Landing directly into the wind.

• C.

Turning back to the takeoff field.

A. Maintaining a safe airspeed.
Explanation
In the event of complete engine failure after becoming airborne on takeoff, a pilot's most immediate and vital concern is maintaining a safe airspeed. This is crucial because without engine power, the aircraft will start losing altitude rapidly. By maintaining a safe airspeed, the pilot can ensure that the aircraft remains under control and has enough lift to glide and potentially make a safe landing. Landing directly into the wind or turning back to the takeoff field may not be feasible or safe options depending on the specific circumstances of the engine failure.

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• 8.

### The pilot-in -command of an aircraft operated under IFR, in controlled airspace, shall report as soon as practical to ATC when:

• A.

Climbing or descending to assigned altitudes.

• B.

Experiencing any malfunctions of navigational, approach, or communications equipment, occurring in flight.

• C.

Requested to contact a new controlling facility.

B. Experiencing any malfunctions of navigational, approach, or communications equipment, occurring in flight.
Explanation
When operating under IFR in controlled airspace, the pilot-in-command is required to report to ATC as soon as practical when experiencing any malfunctions of navigational, approach, or communications equipment occurring in flight. This is important for ATC to be aware of any issues that may affect the aircraft's ability to navigate or communicate effectively. Prompt reporting allows ATC to provide appropriate assistance or make necessary adjustments to the flight plan to ensure the safety of the aircraft and other airspace users.

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• 9.

### Which statement is true relating to the effect of low-level wind shear on airplane performance?

• A.

A tailwind shears to a headwind causes the airplane to pitch down.

• B.

A headwind which shears to a tailwind causes the airplane to pitch up.

• C.

A headwind shears to a tailwind causes an initial decrease in airspeed.

C. A headwind shears to a tailwind causes an initial decrease in airspeed.
Explanation
When a headwind shears to a tailwind, it creates a sudden change in the direction and speed of the wind. This change in wind causes a decrease in the airspeed of the airplane. As the airplane transitions from flying into the headwind to flying with the tailwind, the relative speed of the wind decreases, resulting in a temporary decrease in airspeed. This decrease in airspeed can affect the performance and stability of the airplane.

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• 10.

### When an aircraft is rapidly accelerated in straight and level, such as take- off, what inhderent precession characteristics, if any will be displayed?

• A.

The miniature aircraft would indicate a descent.

• B.

The miniature aircraft would indicate a climb.

• C.

It depends on whether the altitude indicator is an electric or vacuum type.

• D.

No precession characteristic is evident unless a force.

B. The miniature aircraft would indicate a climb.
Explanation
The correct answer is "The miniature aircraft would indicate a climb." When an aircraft is rapidly accelerated in straight and level flight, the nose of the aircraft will pitch up due to the inertia of the aircraft. This causes the miniature aircraft on the attitude indicator to indicate a climb. This is a result of the inherent precession characteristics of the attitude indicator, which is designed to show changes in pitch attitude.

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• 11.

### In the event of an engine emergency, the use of a cockpit check procedure by the flight crew is:

• A.

Not recommended because of excess time involved in its proper utilization.

• B.

Discouraged because of possible failure of the cockpit lightning system.

• C.

Required by regulations to prevent reliance upon memorized procedures.

C. Required by regulations to prevent reliance upon memorized procedures.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the use of a cockpit check procedure by the flight crew is required by regulations to prevent reliance upon memorized procedures. This means that it is mandatory for the flight crew to follow a specific checklist in the event of an engine emergency, rather than relying solely on their memory. This ensures that all necessary steps are taken and reduces the risk of important procedures being forgotten or skipped.

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• 12.

### Choose the correct statement regarding wake turbulence.

• A.

The primary hazard is loss of control because of induced roll.

• B.

The greatest vortex strength is produced when the generating airline is heavy, clean and fast.

• C.

Vortex generation begins with the initiation of the takeoff roll.

A. The primary hazard is loss of control because of induced roll.
Explanation
Wake turbulence refers to the turbulence generated by an aircraft's wings as it moves through the air. The primary hazard associated with wake turbulence is the induced roll, which can lead to loss of control of an aircraft. This occurs when the aircraft encounters the wake turbulence of another aircraft, causing it to roll unexpectedly. Therefore, the statement "The primary hazard is loss of control because of induced roll" is the correct statement regarding wake turbulence.

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• 13.

### When diverting to an alternate airport because of an emergency, pilots should:

• A.

• B.

Apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible.

• C.

Climb to a higher altitude because it will easier to identify checkpoints.

B. Apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible.
Explanation
When diverting to an alternate airport because of an emergency, pilots should apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible. This is because in emergency situations, time is of the essence and pilots need to quickly determine the most efficient and safe route to the alternate airport. Relying solely on radio as the primary method of navigation may not provide the necessary accuracy and speed required in such situations. Climbing to a higher altitude may not be necessary or practical, as it depends on the specific circumstances of the emergency.

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• 14.

### Which procedure should you follow to avoid wake turbulence if a large jet crosses your course from left to right approximately 1 mile ahead at your altitude?

• A.

Slow your airspeed to VA and maintain altitude and course.

• B.

Make sure you are slightly above patch of the jet.

• C.

Make sure you are slightly below the patch of the jet and perpendicular to the course.

B. Make sure you are slightly above patch of the jet.
Explanation
To avoid wake turbulence caused by a large jet crossing your course from left to right approximately 1 mile ahead at your altitude, you should make sure you are slightly above the path of the jet. This is because wake turbulence tends to sink below the flight path of the generating aircraft, so flying slightly above the path of the jet will help you avoid encountering the turbulence.

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• 15.

### When receiving radar vectors, if an airplane is approaching on a collision course from your left, what action should you take?

• A.

Take whatever action is necessary to avoid collision.

• B.

Expect the other pilot to give way as required by regulations.

• C.

Wait until ATC issues a new heading altitude that will ensure adequate separation.

A. Take whatever action is necessary to avoid collision.
Explanation
When receiving radar vectors, if an airplane is approaching on a collision course from your left, the correct action to take is to take whatever action is necessary to avoid collision. This means that the pilot should immediately maneuver the aircraft to a different heading or altitude to ensure that there is no risk of collision. It is important for pilots to prioritize safety and take proactive measures to avoid any potential accidents or collisions in the airspace.

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• 16.

### To avoid possible wake turbulence from a large jet aircraft that has just landed prior to your takeoff, at which point on the runway should you plan to become airborne?

• A.

Approximately 500 feet prior to the point where the jet touched down.

• B.

At the point where the jet touched down, or just prior to this point.

• C.

Past the point where the jet touched down.

C. Past the point where the jet touched down.
Explanation
To avoid possible wake turbulence from a large jet aircraft, it is recommended to become airborne past the point where the jet touched down. Wake turbulence is caused by the vortices created by the wings of an aircraft and can be hazardous for smaller aircraft. By waiting until after the point where the jet touched down, the smaller aircraft can minimize the risk of encountering the wake turbulence and ensure a safe takeoff.

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• 17.

### During landing on a runway covered with water or slush which braking technique is most effective?

• A.

Refrain from using brakes because the wheels will lock and cause uncontrollable skidding.

• B.

Apply breaks firmly and immediately upon runway contact to establish a squeegee or drying action of the tires against the runway surface and use differential braking.

• C.

Apply moderate braking after wheels have had ample time to spin up. If a skid develops, release completely and apply moderate differential braking.

C. Apply moderate braking after wheels have had ample time to spin up. If a skid develops, release completely and apply moderate differential braking.
Explanation
Applying moderate braking after the wheels have had ample time to spin up is the most effective braking technique during landing on a runway covered with water or slush. This allows the tires to gain traction and establish contact with the runway surface before applying the brakes. If a skid develops, releasing the brakes completely and then applying moderate differential braking helps to regain control and prevent uncontrollable skidding.

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• 18.

### When landing behind a large aircraft, which procedure should be followed for vortex avoidance?

• A.

Stay well below its final approach flightpath and land at least 2,000 feet behind.

• B.

Stay below and to one side of its final approach flightpath.

• C.

Stay above its final approach flightpath all the way to touchdown.

C. Stay above its final approach flightpath all the way to touchdown.
Explanation
When landing behind a large aircraft, it is important to stay above its final approach flightpath all the way to touchdown in order to avoid encountering the aircraft's wake turbulence or vortices. These vortices are created by the wings of the aircraft and can be hazardous for smaller aircraft flying behind. By staying above the final approach flightpath, the pilot ensures a safe distance from the vortices and reduces the risk of encountering turbulence.

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• 19.

### What is the most important procedure to follow in case of engine fire in flight wherein, there is smoke, fumes, and fire engine warning light illuminated?

• A.

Start descent to suitable landing area.

• B.

Close throttle of affected engine.

• C.

General switch (affected engine) -Off

B. Close throttle of affected engine.
Explanation
In case of an engine fire in flight with smoke, fumes, and fire engine warning light illuminated, the most important procedure to follow is to close the throttle of the affected engine. This action helps to cut off the fuel supply to the engine, reducing the risk of the fire spreading or intensifying. Closing the throttle also helps to decrease the engine's power output, which is crucial for maintaining control of the aircraft during an emergency situation. By closing the throttle, the pilot can mitigate the immediate danger and focus on safely descending to a suitable landing area.

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• 20.

### When turbulence is encountered during the approach to landing what action is recommended and for what primary reason?

• A.

Increase the airspeed slightly above normal approach speed to attain more positive control.

• B.

Decrease the airspeed slightly below normal approach speed to prevent overshooting the landing area.

• C.

Increase the airspeed slightly above normal speed to penetrate the turbulence as quickly as possible.

A. Increase the airspeed slightly above normal approach speed to attain more positive control.
Explanation
When encountering turbulence during the approach to landing, increasing the airspeed slightly above normal approach speed is recommended in order to attain more positive control. By increasing the airspeed, the pilot can have better control over the aircraft and counteract the effects of turbulence more effectively. This allows for a smoother and safer landing, reducing the risk of overshooting the landing area.

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• 21.

### How can you determine if another aircraft is on collision course with your aircraft?

• A.

There will be no apparent relative motion between your aircraft and the other aircraft.

• B.

The other aircraft will always appear to get larger and closer at a rapid rate.

• C.

The nose of each aircraft is pointed at the same print in space.

A. There will be no apparent relative motion between your aircraft and the other aircraft.
Explanation
If there is no apparent relative motion between your aircraft and the other aircraft, it means that both aircraft are moving in the same direction and at the same speed. This indicates that they are not on a collision course. If the other aircraft were on a collision course, there would be an apparent relative motion, with the other aircraft appearing to get larger and closer at a rapid rate. Similarly, if the nose of each aircraft is pointed at the same point in space, it also indicates that they are not on a collision course.

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• 22.

### Pilot -static system errors are generally the greatest in which range of airspeed?

• A.

Left turn

• B.

Maneuvering speed

• C.

Cruising airspeed

• D.

Low airspeed

D. Low airspeed
Explanation
Static system errors in a pilot's instruments refer to inaccuracies caused by the pressure measurement system. These errors are generally the greatest at low airspeeds. At low speeds, the pressure differences between the outside air and the static port are smaller, making it more difficult for the instruments to accurately measure the pressure. As the airspeed increases, the pressure differences become larger, resulting in more accurate readings. Therefore, static system errors are generally the greatest in the low airspeed range.

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• 23.

### Which is correct sequence for recovery from spiraling, nose low, increasing airspeed, unusual flight attitude?

• A.

Reduce power, correct the bank attitude, and raise the nose to a level attitude.

• B.

Reduce power, raise the nose to level attitude, and correct the bank attitude.

• C.

Increase pitch attitude, reduce power, and level wings.

A. Reduce power, correct the bank attitude, and raise the nose to a level attitude.
Explanation
The correct sequence for recovery from a spiraling, nose low, increasing airspeed, unusual flight attitude is to first reduce power to decrease the rate of descent and prevent further acceleration. Next, the bank attitude should be corrected to level the wings and regain control. Finally, the nose should be raised to a level attitude to restore normal flight. This sequence ensures that the aircraft is stabilized and returns to a safe and controlled state.

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• 24.

### What procedure is recommended if a pilot should unintentionally penetrate embedded thunderstorm activity?

• A.

Set power for recommended turbulence airspeed and attempt to maintain a level flight attitude.

• B.

The pilot should reverse aircraft heading or proceed toward an area of known VFR conditions.

• C.

Reduce airspeed to manuevering speed and thereafter maintain a constant altitude.

A. Set power for recommended turbulence airspeed and attempt to maintain a level flight attitude.
Explanation
If a pilot unintentionally penetrates embedded thunderstorm activity, the recommended procedure is to set power for recommended turbulence airspeed and attempt to maintain a level flight attitude. This means adjusting the power to the appropriate level for the recommended turbulence airspeed and trying to keep the aircraft level rather than climbing or descending. This procedure helps to minimize the potential effects of turbulence and maintain control of the aircraft.

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• 25.

### Which type of approach and landing is recommended during gusty wind conditions?

• A.

A power-on approach and power-on landing

• B.

A power-off approach and power-on landing

• C.

A power-on approach and power-off landing

A. A power-on approach and power-on landing
Explanation
During gusty wind conditions, a power-on approach and power-on landing are recommended. This means that the aircraft should maintain power throughout both the approach and landing phases. By keeping the power on, the pilot can have better control over the aircraft and compensate for any sudden changes in wind speed or direction. This approach allows for better maneuverability and reduces the risk of stalling or being affected by wind gusts during the critical phases of flight.

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• 26.

### Pilots are required to have the anti-collision light system operating:

• A.

During all types of operation, both day and night

• B.

Anytime the pilot is in the cockpit

• C.

Anytime an engine is in operation

A. During all types of operation, both day and night
Explanation
The anti-collision light system is required to be operating during all types of operation, both day and night. This is because the anti-collision light system helps to increase the visibility of the aircraft to other pilots and ground personnel, reducing the risk of collision. It is important for the system to be operating at all times to ensure the safety of the aircraft and those around it, regardless of the time of day or the specific operation being conducted.

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• 27.

### When taxiing during strong quartering tailwinds, which aileron position should be used?

• A.

Neutral

• B.

Aileron up on the side from which the wind is blowing

• C.

Aileron down on the side from which the wind is blowing

C. Aileron down on the side from which the wind is blowing
Explanation
When taxiing during strong quartering tailwinds, using aileron down on the side from which the wind is blowing helps to keep the aircraft's wing on that side down, reducing the risk of the wind lifting it. This helps maintain better control and stability during taxiing.

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• 28.

### If severe turbulence is encountered during flight, the pilot should reduce the airspeed to:

• A.

Minimum control speed

• B.

Design-maneuvering speed

• C.

Maximum structural cruising speed

B. Design-maneuvering speed
Explanation
During severe turbulence, reducing the airspeed to the design-maneuvering speed is the appropriate action for the pilot to take. Design-maneuvering speed is the maximum speed at which the aircraft can be safely maneuvered without exceeding its structural limitations. By reducing the airspeed to this level, the pilot ensures that the aircraft remains within its safe operating limits and minimizes the risk of structural damage or loss of control. This speed allows the pilot to maintain control of the aircraft while encountering turbulence.

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• 29.

### When planning a night cross-country flight, a pilot should check for:

• A.

Availability and status of en route and destination airport lighting systems

• B.

Red en route course lights

• C.

Location of rotating light beacons

A. Availability and status of en route and destination airport lighting systems
Explanation
When planning a night cross-country flight, it is important for a pilot to check the availability and status of en route and destination airport lighting systems. This is crucial for ensuring that the pilot can safely navigate and land at the intended airports during nighttime conditions. By checking the availability and status of these lighting systems, the pilot can determine if they are operational and if any maintenance or issues need to be addressed before the flight. This helps to ensure a safe and smooth flight experience.

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• 30.

### After experiencing a powerplant failure at night, one of the primary considerations should include:

• A.

Turning off all electrical switches to save battery power for landing

• B.

Planning the emergency approach and landing to an unlighted portion of an area

• C.

Maneuvering to, and landing on a lighted highway or road

B. Planning the emergency approach and landing to an unlighted portion of an area
Explanation
After experiencing a powerplant failure at night, planning the emergency approach and landing to an unlighted portion of an area is the primary consideration. This is because landing in an unlighted portion of an area reduces the risk of colliding with obstacles or other aircraft. It also allows the pilot to focus on executing a safe landing without the distraction of lights. Additionally, landing in an unlighted area may provide a larger and more suitable landing space compared to a lighted highway or road.

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• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Jan 18, 2019
Quiz Created by
Rion Sigaya

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