Covalent Bond Practice Test Quiz Questions!

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Chemistry Expert
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Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.
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Covalent Bond Practice Test Quiz Questions! - Quiz


Get ready to test your knowledge of covalent bonds with our exciting Covalent Bond Practice Test Quiz! Dive into the fascinating world of chemical bonding as you tackle a series of interactive and engaging questions. Discover the ins and outs of covalent bonds, and understand their formation, properties, and importance in chemistry. Can you differentiate between polar and nonpolar bonds?

Do you know how to determine the bond type between different elements? Challenge yourself with our covalent bonding practice questions and become a master of molecular connections. Get ready to bond with this quiz and unleash your inner chemist! Let's Read morebegin!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which chemical bond involves sharing a pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule?

    • A.

      A cation

    • B.

      An ion

    • C.

      A covalent bond

    • D.

      An ionic bond

    Correct Answer
    C. A covalent bond
    Explanation
    A covalent bond involves the sharing of a pair of electrons between atoms in a molecule. In this type of bond, the atoms share electrons in order to achieve a stable electron configuration. This sharing of electrons creates a strong bond between the atoms, holding the molecule together.

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  • 2. 

    What is a covalent chemical bond where two lobes of one involved electron orbital overlap two lobes of the other? 

    • A.

      Ionic bond

    • B.

      Covalent bond

    • C.

      Sigma bond

    • D.

      Pi bond

    Correct Answer
    D. Pi bond
    Explanation
    A pi bond is a covalent chemical bond where two lobes of one involved electron orbital overlap two lobes of the other. Unlike a sigma bond, which forms when two atomic orbitals overlap head-on, a pi bond is formed when two parallel p orbitals overlap sideways. This type of bond is commonly found in double and triple bonds between atoms.

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  • 3. 

    A chemical bond in which one atom loses an electron to form a positive ion and the other atom gains an electron to form a negative ion is a (an)

    • A.

      Cation

    • B.

      Ionic bond

    • C.

      Covalent bond

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Ionic bond
    Explanation
    An ionic bond is formed when one atom loses an electron to become a positively charged ion (cation) and another atom gains that electron to become a negatively charged ion (anion). This attraction between the oppositely charged ions creates a strong bond between them, known as an ionic bond.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following molecules is an example of a covalent compound?

    • A.

      NaCl

    • B.

      HCl

    • C.

      K2O

    • D.

      CaF2

    Correct Answer
    B. HCl
    Explanation
    A covalent compound is formed when atoms share electrons. In the case of hydrogen chloride (HCl), hydrogen and chlorine atoms form a covalent bond by sharing electrons. Hydrogen needs one more electron to achieve a stable configuration, and chlorine needs one electron to complete its outer shell. By sharing one electron each, they satisfy the octet rule (or duet rule for hydrogen) and form a stable molecule.

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  • 5. 

    A positively charged ion is a

    • A.

      Sigma bond

    • B.

      Pi bond

    • C.

      Anion

    • D.

      Cation

    Correct Answer
    D. Cation
    Explanation
    A positively charged ion is called a cation because it has lost one or more electrons, leaving it with a net positive charge. Cations are formed when an atom loses electrons, resulting in an imbalance between the number of protons and electrons. This imbalance creates a positive charge, and cations are attracted to negatively charged particles. Therefore, the correct answer is cation.

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  • 6. 

    A negatively charged ion is a 

    • A.

      A cation

    • B.

      An anion

    • C.

      A covalent bond

    • D.

      An ionic bond

    Correct Answer
    B. An anion
    Explanation
    A negatively charged ion is called an anion because it has gained one or more electrons, resulting in an overall negative charge. Anions are formed when atoms or molecules gain electrons, which causes an imbalance in the number of protons and electrons. This excess of electrons creates a negative charge, making the ion attracted to positively charged ions or molecules. Therefore, an anion is the correct term to describe a negatively charged ion.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following elements commonly forms covalent bonds?

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Sodium

    • C.

      Chlorine

    • D.

      Potassium

    Correct Answer
    A. Carbon
    Explanation
    Carbon commonly forms covalent bonds because it has four valence electrons in its outermost energy level. In order to achieve a stable electron configuration, carbon can share electrons with other atoms, forming covalent bonds. This allows carbon to form a variety of compounds, including organic molecules. Sodium, chlorine, and potassium, on the other hand, commonly form ionic bonds due to their tendency to gain or lose electrons to achieve a stable configuration.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is an example of a nonpolar covalent molecule?

    • A.

      H2O (water)

    • B.

      NH3 (ammonia)

    • C.

      CO2 (carbon dioxide)

    • D.

      HCl (hydrochloric acid)

    Correct Answer
    C. CO2 (carbon dioxide)
    Explanation
    CO2 (carbon dioxide) is an example of a nonpolar covalent molecule because it consists of two identical atoms of carbon bonded to one atom of oxygen. CO2 (carbon dioxide) is an example of a nonpolar covalent molecule because it consists of two identical atoms of carbon bonded to one atom of oxygen. The difference in electronegativities between C and O creates a dipole moment over the double bond between C and O; however, since carbon dioxide is a linear molecule with two identical C=O double bonds, the dipole moments of each bond cancel out. As a result, there is no separation of charge, making carbon dioxide nonpolar. In contrast, H2O (water), NH3 (ammonia), and HCl (hydrochloric acid) are polar molecules.

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  • 9. 

    In a covalent bond, electrons are shared between atoms to achieve:

    • A.

      Stability

    • B.

      Ionic charge

    • C.

      Metallic properties

    • D.

      Radioactive decay

    Correct Answer
    A. Stability
    Explanation
    In a covalent bond, electrons are shared between atoms to achieve stability. By sharing electrons, both atoms are able to fill their outermost energy level, resulting in a more stable arrangement. This sharing of electrons allows the atoms to achieve a lower energy state, reducing their overall reactivity and increasing their stability.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following molecules exhibits a polar covalent bond?

    • A.

      H2 (hydrogen gas)

    • B.

      HF (hydrofluoric acid)

    • C.

      O2 (oxygen gas)

    • D.

      N2 (nitrogen gas)

    Correct Answer
    B. HF (hydrofluoric acid)
    Explanation
    HF (hydrofluoric acid) exhibits a polar covalent bond. In a polar covalent bond, the electrons are not shared equally between the atoms. In HF, fluorine is more electronegative than hydrogen, meaning it has a stronger pull on the shared electrons. As a result, the electrons spend more time around the fluorine atom, creating a partial negative charge on the fluorine and a partial positive charge on the hydrogen. This separation of charges gives rise to a polar covalent bond in HF.

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Zohra Sattar |PhD, Chemistry |
Chemistry Expert
Dr. Zohra Sattar Waxali earned her doctorate in chemistry and biochemistry from Northwestern University, specializing in the metallomes of cardiac cells and stem cells, and their impact on biological function. Her research encompasses the development of arsenoplatin chemotherapeutics, stapled peptide estrogen receptor inhibitors, and antimicrobial natural products. With her expertise, Dr. Waxali ensures the accuracy and relevance of our chemistry quizzes, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of chemical principles and advancements in the field.

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  • Current Version
  • Feb 01, 2024
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    Expert Reviewed by
    Zohra Sattar
  • Mar 08, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Sseery
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