Court System Of United States: Quiz! Trivia

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Court System Of United States: Quiz! Trivia - Quiz

Courts in American can be divided into three levels, which include the district courts, the circuit courts, and then finally the Supreme Court. There is a way in which cases are can be decided by one and overturned by the other. As an aspiring lawyer, take up the quiz below on the court system in the United States court system and refresh your memory.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The powers of the national executive branch are defined in the:

    • A.

      U S constitution

    • B.

      Constitution of VA

    • C.

      The bill of rights

    Correct Answer
    A. U S constitution
    Explanation
    The powers of the national executive branch are defined in the U.S. Constitution. The U.S. Constitution is the supreme law of the United States and it outlines the powers and limitations of the three branches of government - the executive, legislative, and judicial branches. It specifically outlines the powers and responsibilities of the President, who is the head of the executive branch. The Constitution establishes the President as the commander-in-chief of the military, grants the power to make treaties and appoint ambassadors, and outlines the process of impeachment among other powers and responsibilities.

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  • 2. 

    The powers of the state executive branch are defined in the:

    • A.

      U S constitution

    • B.

      10th amendment

    • C.

      Constitution of VA

    Correct Answer
    C. Constitution of VA
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the constitution of VA because the powers of the state executive branch are specific to each state and are outlined in their respective state constitutions. The U.S. Constitution and the 10th amendment primarily define the powers of the federal government and the division of powers between the federal and state governments, but they do not specifically outline the powers of the state executive branch.

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  • 3. 

    The juvenile and domestic relations district court has _____ jurisdiction.

    • A.

      Appellate

    • B.

      Original

    Correct Answer
    B. Original
    Explanation
    The juvenile and domestic relations district court has original jurisdiction. This means that it is the court where cases are initially filed and heard. It has the authority to handle and make decisions on cases involving juveniles and domestic relations matters, such as child custody, child support, and abuse or neglect cases. The court's decisions in these cases are typically the first and final ones, unless they are appealed to a higher court.

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  • 4. 

    What court hears juvenile and family cases?

    • A.

      General district court

    • B.

      Supreme court

    • C.

      Domestic relations district court

    Correct Answer
    C. Domestic relations district court
    Explanation
    The domestic relations district court is the correct answer because it specifically handles juvenile and family cases. This court focuses on legal matters related to divorce, child custody, child support, and other family-related issues. It is designed to provide a specialized and dedicated forum for resolving disputes within the realm of family law. The general district court and supreme court may have jurisdiction over a wider range of cases but do not specifically specialize in juvenile and family matters.

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  • 5. 

    What court hears misdemeanor cases and civil cases involving lesser amounts?

    • A.

      Supreme court

    • B.

      Traffic court

    • C.

      General district court

    Correct Answer
    C. General district court
    Explanation
    The general district court is the correct answer because it is the court that typically hears misdemeanor cases and civil cases involving lesser amounts. This court is responsible for handling a wide range of cases, including traffic offenses, landlord-tenant disputes, and small claims. It is the lowest level of court in the state judicial system and operates in a specific geographic area.

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  • 6. 

    What court has original jurisdiction?

    • A.

      Circuit court

    • B.

      Juvenile and domestic relations district court

    • C.

      General district court

    Correct Answer
    C. General district court
    Explanation
    The general district court has original jurisdiction. This means that it is the court where a case is first heard and decided. It has the authority to handle a wide range of civil and criminal cases, including traffic offenses, small claims, and misdemeanors. The circuit court and juvenile and domestic relations district court may also hear certain types of cases, but the general district court is the primary court with original jurisdiction.

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  • 7. 

    What court is the only court in VA that has a jury?

    • A.

      Circuit court

    • B.

      Supreme court

    • C.

      Traffic court

    Correct Answer
    A. Circuit court
    Explanation
    The circuit court is the only court in Virginia that has a jury. This court is responsible for handling a wide range of cases, including criminal, civil, and family law matters. It is the highest trial court in the state and has the authority to hear both appeals from lower courts and original jurisdiction cases. The jury plays a crucial role in the circuit court by determining the facts of the case and delivering a verdict.

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  • 8. 

    What court has original jurisdiction in felony cases and for certain civil cases?

    • A.

      General distric court

    • B.

      Juvenile and domestic relation court

    • C.

      Circuit court

    Correct Answer
    C. Circuit court
    Explanation
    The circuit court has original jurisdiction in felony cases and for certain civil cases. This means that these types of cases are first heard and decided by the circuit court. The circuit court is a higher-level court that has the authority to handle more serious criminal offenses and complex civil disputes. The general district court and juvenile and domestic relation court have jurisdiction over different types of cases, but not specifically felony cases or certain civil cases.

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  • 9. 

    The circuit court has ______jurisdiction in cases appealed from the lower district courts.

    • A.

      Appellate

    • B.

      Original

    Correct Answer
    A. Appellate
    Explanation
    The circuit court has appellate jurisdiction in cases appealed from the lower district courts. This means that the circuit court has the authority to review and reconsider the decisions made by the lower district courts. Appellate jurisdiction allows the circuit court to determine if any errors were made in the lower court's decision or if the law was properly applied. The circuit court does not have original jurisdiction in these cases, which means it does not have the authority to hear the case for the first time.

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  • 10. 

    The circuit court has ____ jurisdiction in felony cases and for certain civil cases.

    • A.

      Original

    • B.

      Appellate

    Correct Answer
    A. Original
    Explanation
    The circuit court has original jurisdiction in felony cases and for certain civil cases. This means that the circuit court is the first court to hear these types of cases and has the authority to make initial decisions and judgments on them. The term "original" indicates that the circuit court has the power to handle these cases from the beginning, rather than hearing appeals or reviewing decisions made by lower courts.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 11, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Aradia3rd
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