Cosmetology - Chemical Texture Services

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Cosmetology - Chemical Texture Services

If you are a cosmetology student you know that different products have different chemical compositions and textures. Did you understand the topic of chemical texture from the Milady's Standard Cosmetology Book? Test how much you recall by taking up the test below as you get to understand more on the book. All the best and share the quiz with your classmates.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Hair services that cause a chemical change that permanently alters the natural wave pattern of the hair are called:
    • A. 

      Thermal waving

    • B. 

      Chemical texture services

    • C. 

      Wet setting

    • D. 

      Haircoloring services

  • 2. 
    A strong, compact cuticle makes for:
    • A. 

      Damaged hair

    • B. 

      Easily permed hair

    • C. 

      Resistant hair

    • D. 

      Porous hair

  • 3. 
    • A. 

      High ph

    • B. 

      More alkaline

    • C. 

      Stronger

    • D. 

      Less alkaline

  • 4. 
    Changing the natural wave pattern of the hair is made possible by breaking of the:
    • A. 

      Side bonds

    • B. 

      Peptide bonds

    • C. 

      End bonds

    • D. 

      Polypeptide chanines

  • 5. 
    Of the three types of side bonds, disulfide bonds are the:
    • A. 

      Most easily broken

    • B. 

      Strongest

    • C. 

      Weakest

    • D. 

      Most numerous

  • 6. 
    Salt bonds are easily broken by:
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Blow-dryers

    • C. 

      Changes in pH

    • D. 

      High humidity

  • 7. 
    An example of a physical change is a:
    • A. 

      Chemical relaxing

    • B. 

      Soft curl permanent

    • C. 

      Permanent wave

    • D. 

      Wet set

  • 8. 
    Hydrogen bonds are very weak, but they account for about _ of the hair's total strength.
    • A. 

      1/2

    • B. 

      1/3

    • C. 

      1/4

    • D. 

      1/6

  • 9. 
    By making a point of keeping accurate, up-to-date client records, you will:
    • A. 

      Take longer to perfom a service

    • B. 

      Annoy the client

    • C. 

      Improve your technical skills

    • D. 

      Repeat past mistakes

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      Length

    • B. 

      Hairline

    • C. 

      Color

    • D. 

      Growth direction

  • 11. 
    Hair texture is described with the terms:
    • A. 

      Porous and resistant

    • B. 

      Coarse, medium, and fine

    • C. 

      Straight, wavy, curly, coiled

    • D. 

      High and low

  • 12. 
    When treated with chemical texture services, coarse hair is usually:
    • A. 

      Easier to process

    • B. 

      More susceptible to damage

    • C. 

      Harder to penetrate

    • D. 

      More fragile

  • 13. 
    The hair texture that is the most fragile and easiest to process with permanent waving solution is:
    • A. 

      Fine hair

    • B. 

      Porous hair

    • C. 

      Medium hair

    • D. 

      Coarse hair

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Density

    • B. 

      Elasticity

    • C. 

      Porosity

    • D. 

      Texture

  • 15. 
    Wet hair with normal elasticity can stretch up to __ percent of its original length and then return to that length without breaking.
    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      80

    • C. 

      25

    • D. 

      70

  • 16. 
    The first part of any perm, wrapping the hair on perm rods, causes a/an:
    • A. 

      Disulfide bond change

    • B. 

      Chemical change

    • C. 

      End bond change

    • D. 

      Physical change

  • 17. 
    The second part of any perm, the application of waving solution and neutralizer, causes a:
    • A. 

      Physical change

    • B. 

      Chemical change

    • C. 

      Hydrogen bond change

    • D. 

      Peptide bond change

  • 18. 
    The major difference between a wet set and a perm is the:
    • A. 

      Size of the wrapping tools

    • B. 

      Type of end bonds broken

    • C. 

      Type of wrapping tools

    • D. 

      Type of side bonds broken

  • 19. 
    The size of the perm tool determines the:
    • A. 

      Base control

    • B. 

      Placement of the curl

    • C. 

      Size of the curl

    • D. 

      Base direction

  • 20. 
    Wrapping the hair on small tools increases the:
    • A. 

      Tension

    • B. 

      Curl size

    • C. 

      Side bonds broken

    • D. 

      Hydrogen bonds broken

  • 21. 
    For perm wrapping, the hair is divided into panels, then into:
    • A. 

      Partings

    • B. 

      Base controls

    • C. 

      Subpanels

    • D. 

      Base sections

  • 22. 
    The position of the tool in relation to its base section is called the:
    • A. 

      Base control

    • B. 

      Base direction

    • C. 

      Tool angle

    • D. 

      Wrapping technique

  • 23. 
    • A. 

      In which the hair is combed

    • B. 

      Of the hair to the length of the tool

    • C. 

      At which the tool is positioned on the head

    • D. 

      At which the hair is wrapped

  • 24. 
    The hair is wrapped at an angle 45 degrees beyond perpendicular to its base section in:
    • A. 

      Half-off-base placement

    • B. 

      On-base placement

    • C. 

      Cross-base placement

    • D. 

      Off-base placement

  • 25. 
    In off-base placement, the hair is wrapped __ to its base section.
    • A. 

      45 degrees above perpendicular

    • B. 

      Parallel

    • C. 

      45 degrees below perpendicular

    • D. 

      Perpendicular (90 degrees)

  • 26. 
    Because it places additional stress and tension on the hair, caution should be used with:
    • A. 

      Off-base placement

    • B. 

      Croquignole wrapping

    • C. 

      Spiral wrapping

    • D. 

      On-base placement

  • 27. 
    Of the various base controls, the least amount of volume is created by using:
    • A. 

      Off-base placement

    • B. 

      On-base placement

    • C. 

      Croquignole placement

    • D. 

      Half-off-base placement

  • 28. 
    The angle at which the perm tool is positioned on the head is referred to as the:
    • A. 

      Base section

    • B. 

      Base control

    • C. 

      Wrapping technique

    • D. 

      Base direction

  • 29. 
    The wrapping technique in which the hair is wrapped from the ends to the scalp in overlapping layers is called:
    • A. 

      Basic wrapping

    • B. 

      Croquignole wrapping

    • C. 

      Spiral wrapping

    • D. 

      Circular wrapping

  • 30. 
    In the spiral perm wrapping technique, the hair is wrapped:
    • A. 

      In overlapping layers

    • B. 

      At a perpendicular angle

    • C. 

      At an angle other than perpendicular

    • D. 

      From ends to scalp only

  • 31. 
    Rods with a smaller circumference in the center than at the ends are called:
    • A. 

      Convex rods

    • B. 

      Tapered rods

    • C. 

      Straight rods

    • D. 

      Concave rods

  • 32. 
    Rods with the same circumference along their entire length or curling area are called:
    • A. 

      Straight rods

    • B. 

      Tapered rods

    • C. 

      Convex rods

    • D. 

      Concave rods

  • 33. 
    The distinguishing feature of soft bender rods is that they can be:
    • A. 

      Used with a croguignole wrap

    • B. 

      Fastened to form a circle

    • C. 

      Bent into many shapes

    • D. 

      Used with a spiral wrap

  • 34. 
    Circle tools or loop rods are ideal for:
    • A. 

      Wrapping small sections

    • B. 

      Croquignole wrapping short hair

    • C. 

      Wraping very short hair

    • D. 

      Spiral wrapping very long hair

  • 35. 
    End wraps are absorbent papers used when winding hair on perm tools to:
    • A. 

      Control the hair ends

    • B. 

      Absorb moisture

    • C. 

      Control elasticity

    • D. 

      Maintain moisture

  • 36. 
    When you place one end paper over the top of the hair strand as you wrap it around the perm tool, it is called a:
    • A. 

      Double flat wrap

    • B. 

      Single flat wrap

    • C. 

      One-way wrap

    • D. 

      Bookend wrap

  • 37. 
    When you fold one end paper in half over the hair ends like an envelope, it is called a:
    • A. 

      Bookend wrap

    • B. 

      Double end paper wrap

    • C. 

      Single end paper wrap

    • D. 

      Half wrap

  • 38. 
    The end paper technique that provides the most control over the hair ends and keeps them evenly distributed is the:
    • A. 

      Bookend wrap

    • B. 

      Single flat wrap

    • C. 

      Single end paper wrap

    • D. 

      Double flat wrap

  • 39. 
    Permanent waving solution breakes the disulfide bonds in the cortex through a chemical reaction called:
    • A. 

      Subtraction

    • B. 

      Hydrogenation

    • C. 

      Reduction

    • D. 

      Oxidation

  • 40. 
    In permanent waving solutions, thiol compounds act as:
    • A. 

      Reducing agents

    • B. 

      Oxidizing agents

    • C. 

      Neutralizing agents

    • D. 

      Alkalizing agents

  • 41. 
    Ammonium thioglycolate is produced by adding _________ to thioglycolic acid.
    • A. 

      Alchol

    • B. 

      Neutralizer

    • C. 

      Hydrogen peroxide

    • D. 

      Ammonia

  • 42. 
    Alkaline waves are also called:
    • A. 

      Acid-balanced waves

    • B. 

      Low-pH waves

    • C. 

      Cold waves

    • D. 

      Ammonia-free waves

  • 43. 
    Most true acid waves:
    • A. 

      Have a ph between 3 and 5

    • B. 

      Process quickly

    • C. 

      Produce a very firm curl

    • D. 

      Require heat to speed processing

  • 44. 
    Most of the acid waves in today's salons have a ph between:
    • A. 

      6.5 to 7.0

    • B. 

      7.8 to 8.2

    • C. 

      7.0 to 9.6

    • D. 

      4.5 to 7.5

  • 45. 
    Permanent waves that require heat from an outside source, usually a hair dryer, are called:
    • A. 

      Acid-balanced

    • B. 

      Alkaline

    • C. 

      Endothermic

    • D. 

      Exothermic

  • 46. 
    One benefit of ammonia-free waves is that they:
    • A. 

      Are good for very resistant hair

    • B. 

      Have no unpleasant ammonia oder

    • C. 

      Are less alkaline than ammonia solutions

    • D. 

      Are less damaging than ammonia solution

  • 47. 
    In permanent waving, most of the processing takes place as soon as the solution penetrates the hair, within the first:
    • A. 

      5 to 10 minutes

    • B. 

      3 to 5 minutes

    • C. 

      15 to 30 minutes

    • D. 

      10 to 15 minutes

  • 48. 
    Complete saturation of the hair is essential to proper processing in all permanent waves, but especially in:
    • A. 

      Thick hair

    • B. 

      Porous hair

    • C. 

      Fine hair

    • D. 

      Resistant hair

  • 49. 
    A properly processed permanent wave should break and rebuild about ____ percent of the hair's disulfide bonds.
    • A. 

      50

    • B. 

      90

    • C. 

      75

    • D. 

      25

  • 50. 
    If the hair is underprocessed:
    • A. 

      Too many disulfide bonds are broken

    • B. 

      The hair is overly softened

    • C. 

      The hair is curlier at the scalp

    • D. 

      Too few disulfide bonds are broken

  • 51. 
    Neutralizer performs two functions, deactivating any remaining waving solution in the hair and:
    • A. 

      Rebuilding broken disulfide bonds

    • B. 

      Conditioning the hair

    • C. 

      Re-forming broken hydrogen bonds

    • D. 

      Breaking remaining disulfide bonds

  • 52. 
    The chemical reaction involved in neutralizing is:
    • A. 

      Hydrogenation

    • B. 

      Activating

    • C. 

      Oxidation

    • D. 

      Reduction

  • 53. 
    Perm solution should be rinsed from the hair for at least:
    • A. 

      Three minutes

    • B. 

      Eight minutes

    • C. 

      Ten minutes

    • D. 

      Five minutes

  • 54. 
    Perm solution should be rinsed from the hair before neutralizing to avoid scalp irritation and:
    • A. 

      Underprocessing

    • B. 

      Lightening the hair color

    • C. 

      Neutralizing the perm solution

    • D. 

      Darkening the hair color

  • 55. 
    After rinsing perm solution from the hair, the next step is to:
    • A. 

      Remove the rods

    • B. 

      Apply more waving solution

    • C. 

      Blot the rods with towls

    • D. 

      Apply neutralizer

  • 56. 
    An optional step after blotting the hair before applying neutralizer is to:
    • A. 

      Apply a pre-neutralizing conditioner

    • B. 

      Wash with a gentle shampoo

    • C. 

      Rinse a second time

    • D. 

      Apply protective cream

  • 57. 
    The hydrogen atoms in the broken disulfide bonds are so strongly attracted to the oxygen in the neutralizer they they release their bond with the:
    • A. 

      Sulfur atoms

    • B. 

      Nitrogen atoms

    • C. 

      Salt bond

    • D. 

      Sodium

  • 58. 
    Unless the scalp is irritated, hair that has just been permed may be colored with:
    • A. 

      Oxidation haircolor

    • B. 

      Demipermanent haircolor

    • C. 

      A double-process color application

    • D. 

      Permanent haircolor

  • 59. 
    It is safe to perm hair that:
    • A. 

      Has been colored with metallic haircolor

    • B. 

      Has been treated with hydroxide relaxer

    • C. 

      Shows signs of breakage

    • D. 

      Has been treated with thio relaxer

  • 60. 
    Metallic salts leave a coating on the hair that may cause severe discoloration, hair breakage, or:
    • A. 

      Uneven curls

    • B. 

      Mild odor

    • C. 

      Hair straightening

    • D. 

      Smooth curls

  • 61. 
    To test for metallic salts in the hair, immerse at least 20 strands in a mixture of peroxide and:
    • A. 

      Thio

    • B. 

      Bleach

    • C. 

      Alcohol

    • D. 

      Ammonia

  • 62. 
    The basic perm wrap is also called the:
    • A. 

      Bricklay perm wrap

    • B. 

      Weave technique

    • C. 

      Straight set wrap

    • D. 

      Curvature perm wrap

  • 63. 
    The perm wrap that creates a movement that curves within sectioned-out panles is the:
    • A. 

      Weave technique

    • B. 

      Straight perm wrap

    • C. 

      Bricklay perm wrap

    • D. 

      Curvature perm wrap

  • 64. 
    Zigzag partings are used to divide base areas in the perm wrapping technique called the:
    • A. 

      Bricklay perm

    • B. 

      Spiral technique

    • C. 

      Weave technique

    • D. 

      Curvature perm

  • 65. 
    The double tool perm technique is also called the:
    • A. 

      Curvature wrap

    • B. 

      Spiral technique

    • C. 

      Bricklay wrap

    • D. 

      Piggyback wrap

  • 66. 
    The spiral perm technique:
    • A. 

      Uses two tools on one strand of hair

    • B. 

      Produces a uniform curl from scalp to ends

    • C. 

      Follows the curvature of the head

    • D. 

      Is particularly suited for short hair

  • 67. 
    To determine the proper processing time needed for optimal curl development, you should do:
    • A. 

      Preliminary test curls

    • B. 

      A strand test

    • C. 

      An elasticity test

    • D. 

      A patch test

  • 68. 
    When giving a partial perm, you can make a smooth transition from a rolled to an unrolled section by using a ___ as the last tool next to an unrolled section.
    • A. 

      Concave tool

    • B. 

      Circle tool

    • C. 

      Pin curl

    • D. 

      Larger tool

  • 69. 
    The process of rearranging the basic structure of extremely curly hair into a straight form is called:
    • A. 

      Thermal hair relaxing

    • B. 

      Chemical hair waving

    • C. 

      Chemical hair relaxing

    • D. 

      Permanent waving

  • 70. 
    Chemical hair relaxing is very similar to:
    • A. 

      Permanent haircolor

    • B. 

      Permanent waving

    • C. 

      Hair pressing

    • D. 

      Thermal waving

  • 71. 
    All relaxers and permanents change the shape of the hair by:
    • A. 

      Creating hydrogen bonds

    • B. 

      Breaking hydrogen bonds

    • C. 

      Creating disulfide bonds

    • D. 

      Breaking disulfide bonds