Congenital Heart Disease Quiz: Test!

9 Questions | Total Attempts: 2795

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Congenital Heart Disease Quiz: Test!

Do you know what congenital heart disease is? Congenital heart disease is one or more problems with the heart’s structure that is present since birth. Congenital suggests that you were born with the defect. These illnesses can cause life-threatening consequences in a person’s body. The most common reason for congenital heart disease is large chromosomes. This quiz will test you on congenital heart disease. Good luck. You can do it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Congenital heart disease can be:
    • A. 

      Asymptomatic at birth

    • B. 

      Associated with immunodeficiency

    • C. 

      Easily detected on routine neonatal examination

    • D. 

      Cyanotic or acyanotic

    • E. 

      Seen more commonly in low birth weight babies

  • 2. 
    Differential of a collapsed, cyanotic baby include:
    • A. 

      Sepsis

    • B. 

      Inborn error of metabolism

    • C. 

      Severe respiratory distress

    • D. 

      Non-accidental injury

  • 3. 
    An ECG in tricuspid atresia shows:
    • A. 

      Left axis deviation

    • B. 

      Right axis deviation

  • 4. 
    Immediate management of a collapsed baby with a duct dependent cardiac lesion includes:
    • A. 

      Intubation and ventilation

    • B. 

      Correction of hypoglycaemia

    • C. 

      Intravenous fluid bolus

    • D. 

      ECG

    • E. 

      IV prostaglandin

  • 5. 
    For a well-baby with a murmur at the routine neonatal examination:
    • A. 

      Saturations should be checked

    • B. 

      An ECG should be checked

    • C. 

      Trained nurses/midwives are as good as doctors at assessing

    • D. 

      A sternal or subxiphoid heave should be looked for

    • E. 

      Parents should be warned that symptoms of heart disease may present before the 6 week follow up

  • 6. 
    Fallot's tetralogy:
    • A. 

      Is so called because there are 4 diagnostic features

    • B. 

      May have pulmonary atresia

    • C. 

      Shows overriding of the aorta

    • D. 

      Features first described by √Čtienne-Louis Fallot in 1888

    • E. 

      Is characterised by spells

  • 7. 
    A patent ductus arteriosus:
    • A. 

      Can be a cause of heart failure, but may also be life-saving

    • B. 

      Causes a left to right shunt

    • C. 

      Is associated with intraventricular haemorrhage, pulmonary haemorrhage, and necrotizing enterocolitis

    • D. 

      Is normal on day 14 of life

    • E. 

      In preterms is due to lack of endothelial cushions, hypoxia and high pulmonary resistance

  • 8. 
    Chest x-ray:
    • A. 

      May show pulmonary oedema in congenital heart disease

    • B. 

      Always shows an enlarged heart in heart failure

    • C. 

      May show a characteristic heart shadow in Transposition of the great arteries called "egg on a string"

    • D. 

      May show a characteristic heart shadow in Tetralogy called "moon in june"

    • E. 

      May show pulmonary oligaemia in congenital heart disease

  • 9. 
    The following statements are true:
    • A. 

      The Blalock - Taussig shunt is a procedure performed to alleviate poor pulmonary blood flow

    • B. 

      Taussig was a woman

    • C. 

      Taussig was a deaf cardiologist

    • D. 

      Taussig was dyslexic

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