Cardiovascular System | Peripheral Vascular Diseases NCLEX Quiz 20

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1104

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Cardiovascular System Quizzes & Trivia

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A nurse is assessing the neurovascular status of a client who returned to the surgical nursing unit 4 hours ago after undergoing aortoiliac bypass graft. The affected leg is warm. and the nurse notes redness and edema. The pedal pulse is palpable and unchanged from admission. The nurse interprets that the neurovascular status is:
    • A. 

      Normal because of the increased blood flow through the leg

    • B. 

      Slightly deteriorating and should be monitored for another hour

    • C. 

      Moderately impaired. and the surgeon should be called.

    • D. 

      Adequate from the arterial approach. but venous complications are arising.

  • 2. 
    A client is admitted with a venous stasis leg ulcer. A nurse assesses the ulcer. expecting to note that the ulcer:
    • A. 

      Has a pale colored base

    • B. 

      Is deep. with even edges

    • C. 

      Has little granulation tissue

    • D. 

      Has brown pigmentation around it.

  • 3. 
    In preparation for the discharge of a client with arterial insufficiency and Raynaud’s disease. client teaching instructions should include:
    • A. 

      Walking several times each day as an exercise program.

    • B. 

      Keeping the heat up so that the environment is warm

    • C. 

      Wearing TED hose during the day

    • D. 

      Using hydrotherapy for increasing oxygenation

  • 4. 
    A client comes to the outpatient clinic and tells the nurse that he has had legs pains that began when he walks but cease when he stops walking. Which of the following conditions would the nurse assess for?
    • A. 

      An acute obstruction in the vessels of the legs

    • B. 

      Peripheral vascular problems in both legs

    • C. 

      Diabetes

    • D. 

      Calcium deficiency

  • 5. 
    Which of the following characteristics is typical of the pain associated with DVT?
    • A. 

      Dull ache

    • B. 

      No pain

    • C. 

      Sudden onset

    • D. 

      Tingling

  • 6. 
    Cancer can cause changes in what component of Virchow’s triad?
    • A. 

      Blood coagulability

    • B. 

      Vessel walls

    • C. 

      Blood flow

    • D. 

      Blood viscosity

  • 7. 
    Varicose veins can cause changes in what component of Virchow’s triad?
    • A. 

      Blood coagulability

    • B. 

      Vessel walls

    • C. 

      Blood flow

    • D. 

      Blood viscosity

  • 8. 
    Which technique is considered the gold standard for diagnosing DVT?
    • A. 

      Ultrasound imaging

    • B. 

      Venography

    • C. 

      MRI

    • D. 

      Doppler flow study

  • 9. 
    A nurse is assessing a client with an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Which of the following assessment findings by the nurse is probably unrelated to an aneurysm?
    • A. 

      Pulsatile abdominal mass

    • B. 

      Hyperactive bowel sounds in that area

    • C. 

      Systolic bruit over the area of the mass

    • D. 

      Subjective sensation of “heart beating” in the abdomen.

  • 10. 
    A nurse is caring for a client who had a percutaneous insertion of an inferior vena cava filter and was on heparin therapy before surgery. The nurse would inspect the surgical site most closely for signs of:
    • A. 

      Thrombosis and infection

    • B. 

      Bleeding and infection

    • C. 

      Bleeding and wound dehiscence.

    • D. 

      Wound dehiscence and evisceration.

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