Computer Science 1030 Chapter 1

20 Questions

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Computer Science Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In 1642 Pascal created a mechanical device with gears and leveers. This device was capable of what kind of calculation?
    • A. 

      Addition

    • B. 

      Addition and subtraction

    • C. 

      Addition, subtraction, and multiplication

    • D. 

      Addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division

  • 2. 
    Leibniz built on Pascal's work by creating the Leibniz Wheel. This device was capable of what kind of calculations in addition to the ones Pascal's could do?
    • A. 

      Subtraction

    • B. 

      Addition and multiplication

    • C. 

      Subtraction and multiplication

    • D. 

      Multiplication and Division

  • 3. 
    The Jacquard loom is important in the history of computing for what innovation?
    • A. 

      It worked like a player piano.

    • B. 

      Reusable cards with holes held information.

    • C. 

      It used gears and wheels for calculation.

    • D. 

      Paper rolls with holes held information.

  • 4. 
    IBM has some of its origins in what 1890 event?
    • A. 

      The U.S. Census

    • B. 

      The first Jacquard loom in the United States

    • C. 

      Ada Lovelace's first program loop

    • D. 

      The introduction of electricity to the United States

  • 5. 
    Name the four important elements of Babbage's Engine that are components of today's computer.
    • A. 

      The stored program technique, an input device, an output device, and memory

    • B. 

      Mechanical calculation equipment, human-powered mechanisms, punched cards, and an output device.

    • C. 

      An input device, memory, a central processing unit, an output device

    • D. 

      An input device, the stored program technique, a central processing unit, and an output device.

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Epistemological calculus

    • B. 

      Ontological algebra

    • C. 

      Boolean algebra

    • D. 

      Metaphysical algebra

  • 7. 
    The U.S. military used the ENIAC computer for its intended purpose during World War II.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    What important concept is attributed to John Von Neumann?
    • A. 

      The large memory concept

    • B. 

      The stored program concept

    • C. 

      The discrete variable automation concept

    • D. 

      The virtual memory concept

  • 9. 
    What company controlled 70% or more of the computer marketplace in the '60s and '70s?
    • A. 

      Sperry-Univac

    • B. 

      International Business Machines

    • C. 

      Hollerith Machines

    • D. 

      Microsoft

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      They were more expensive than tubes but lasted longer and were cooler in temperature.

    • B. 

      They didn't last as long as tubes but were less expensive.

    • C. 

      They were cheaper and smaller than tubes.

    • D. 

      They were cheaper, smaller, and cooler than tubes and lasted longer.

  • 11. 
    WHat important pastry helped move your job up in the queu in second-generation software, and what third-generation software develoment made that pastry unnecessary?
    • A. 

      Donuts and integrated circuits

    • B. 

      Bear claws and multitasking

    • C. 

      Donuts and time-sharing

    • D. 

      Donuts and virtual memory

  • 12. 
    In hardware, the next step up from the transitor was the transmitter.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Science and Wall Street Journal

    • B. 

      Popular Electronics and Radio Electronics

    • C. 

      Popular Electronics and Star Trek Monthly

    • D. 

      New Mexico Entrepreneur and Radio Electronics

  • 14. 
    What important concept did the Altair use, which was borrowed by its competition, including the IBM personal computer?
    • A. 

      The computer came in kit form.

    • B. 

      The computer's price was $666.

    • C. 

      The machine had an open architecture.

    • D. 

      The machine could be used without plugging it into a wall outlet.

  • 15. 
    The Apple computer became very popular. What was its largest market, and what software made it interesting to that market?
    • A. 

      The education market and the educational game Shape Up.

    • B. 

      The games market and the game The Big Race

    • C. 

      The business market and the program Lotus 1-2-3

    • D. 

      The business market and the program VisiCalc

  • 16. 
    In 1990, what software company dominated the software market, and what major product did it sell?
    • A. 

      Lotus and Lotus 1-2-3

    • B. 

      Bricklin and VisiCalc

    • C. 

      Apple and the Apple Operating System

    • D. 

      Microsoft and Word

  • 17. 
    Today, Microsoft considers its major competition in operating systems to be what system?
    • A. 

      Control Data Corporation OS

    • B. 

      Sega Games operating system

    • C. 

      Linux operating system

    • D. 

      Mac OS X

  • 18. 
    ARPA was created in response to what major event in world history?
    • A. 

      World War II

    • B. 

      The McCarthy hearings of the 1950s

    • C. 

      The launch of Sputnik

    • D. 

      The inability of computers to communicate with one another

  • 19. 
    Name the three most likely critical large-scale develpments of the fifth generation of software develpment from this list of options:
    • A. 

      Parallel computing, networking, and the multiple-data-stream approach

    • B. 

      The graphical user interface, networking, and computer-aided software engineering (CASE) tools

    • C. 

      Networking, the graphical user interface, and packet switching

    • D. 

      ARPANET, the Internet, and CASE tools

  • 20. 
    Marc Andreessen released what application that made browsers widesoread?
    • A. 

      Netscape

    • B. 

      Mosaic

    • C. 

      Explorer

    • D. 

      Hypertext