Colonial Powers In Se Asia: Chapter 21 Section 1

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A quiz to help you on your Chapter 21 Section 1 quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Great Britain controlled which of the following areas?

    • A.

      Thailand

    • B.

      Indo-China

    • C.

      Burma

    • D.

      Philippines

    Correct Answer
    C. Burma
    Explanation
    Great Britain controlled Burma.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following remained free from European control?

    • A.

      Thailand

    • B.

      Indo-China

    • C.

      Burma

    • D.

      Philippines

    Correct Answer
    A. Thailand
    Explanation
    Thailand remained free from European control because it was the only country in Southeast Asia that was never colonized by a European power. While neighboring countries like Indo-China, Burma, and the Philippines were under European control at some point, Thailand managed to maintain its independence and sovereignty. This was due to a combination of factors such as skilled diplomacy, strategic alliances, and the ability to adapt and modernize its political and economic systems.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following controlled the Philippines?

    • A.

      Spain, then France

    • B.

      Great Britain, then Spain

    • C.

      Spain, then the United States

    • D.

      Great Britain, then France

    Correct Answer
    C. Spain, then the United States
    Explanation
    Spain controlled the Philippines first, followed by the United States. This is because Spain colonized the Philippines in the 16th century and ruled over it for several centuries. However, after the Spanish-American War in 1898, the United States gained control of the Philippines as part of the Treaty of Paris. The United States then governed the Philippines as a colonial power until the country gained independence in 1946.

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  • 4. 

    A believer in Social Darwinism would MOST agree with which of the following?

    • A.

      Christianity should be taught to natives

    • B.

      Representative government should be introduced gradually into the colonies

    • C.

      It is natural for inferior natives to be dominated by more powerful Europeans

    • D.

      All races are equal in ability

    Correct Answer
    C. It is natural for inferior natives to be dominated by more powerful Europeans
    Explanation
    A believer in Social Darwinism would most likely agree with the statement "It is natural for inferior natives to be dominated by more powerful Europeans." Social Darwinism is a belief system that applies the principles of natural selection and survival of the fittest to human societies. According to this ideology, superior individuals or groups are naturally destined to dominate and succeed over weaker ones. Therefore, a believer in Social Darwinism would support the idea that more powerful Europeans should naturally dominate inferior natives based on their perceived superiority.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following represents the most cost-effective way of managing a colony?

    • A.

      Direct Rule

    • B.

      Indirect Rule

    Correct Answer
    B. Indirect Rule
    Explanation
    Indirect rule represents the most cost-effective way of managing a colony. This approach involves governing through local indigenous leaders, allowing for reduced administrative costs compared to direct rule, where a colonial power governs directly. Indirect rule leverages existing structures and systems, reducing the need for extensive infrastructure and personnel. Additionally, it can help maintain local customs and traditions, potentially reducing resistance and promoting stability.

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  • 6. 

    The use of local officials to maintain control of a colony is called

    • A.

      Direct Rule

    • B.

      Indirect Rule

    Correct Answer
    B. Indirect Rule
    Explanation
    Indirect Rule refers to the practice of governing a colony through local officials rather than direct administration by the colonial power. This approach allowed the colonial power to maintain control over the colony while minimizing direct involvement and costs. Local officials were appointed or allowed to retain their positions, but they were expected to follow the policies and directives of the colonial power. This system was often used by European powers during the era of imperialism to govern their colonies and maintain a semblance of local autonomy while still exerting control.

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  • 7. 

    In areas were local rulers resisted colonization, the European powers resorted to

    • A.

      Direct Rule

    • B.

      Indirect Rule

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct Rule
    Explanation
    When local rulers resisted colonization in certain areas, European powers implemented direct rule. This involved the European powers taking direct control over the administration and governance of the region. They would appoint their own officials to govern and make decisions, often disregarding the existing local power structures. This form of rule allowed the European powers to exert maximum control and influence over the colonized areas, ensuring their dominance and suppressing any resistance or opposition from the local rulers.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following would most often be more popular among the natives?

    • A.

      Direct Rule

    • B.

      Indirect Rule

    Correct Answer
    B. Indirect Rule
    Explanation
    Indirect Rule would most often be more popular among the natives because it allows for a certain level of autonomy and self-governance. With Indirect Rule, the colonial power appoints local leaders or rulers to govern on their behalf, which gives the appearance of local control. This approach is often seen as less intrusive and oppressive compared to Direct Rule, where the colonial power directly governs and imposes its own laws and systems. Indirect Rule allows for a degree of cultural preservation and continuity, which can be more appealing to the natives.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following are reasons for the European powers colonizing Southeast Asia?

    • A.

      To gain access to Chinese markets

    • B.

      To exploit natural resources

    • C.

      To compete with other European nations

    • D.

      To "civilize" Asia

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The European powers colonized Southeast Asia for multiple reasons. Firstly, they wanted to gain access to Chinese markets, which were highly lucrative and in high demand. Secondly, they aimed to exploit the region's abundant natural resources, such as spices, rubber, and minerals, for economic gain. Additionally, the European powers sought to compete with each other for dominance and control over Southeast Asia, leading to colonization as a means of expanding their influence. Lastly, there was a belief among some Europeans that colonizing Southeast Asia would help "civilize" the region by introducing European culture, values, and systems. Therefore, all of the mentioned reasons contributed to the European powers' colonization of Southeast Asia.

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  • 10. 

    Colonial economies in Southeast Asia were purposely focused on

    • A.

      Industrial activity (factories)

    • B.

      Natural resources

    • C.

      Service industries

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Natural resources
    Explanation
    Colonial economies in Southeast Asia were purposely focused on natural resources because the region was rich in valuable commodities such as rubber, tin, timber, and spices. The colonizers exploited these resources to fuel their own industries and trade networks. They established plantations and mining operations, often using forced labor, to extract and export these resources back to their home countries. This focus on natural resources allowed the colonial powers to generate significant profits and maintain their dominance over the region.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following was a "buffer state" between France and British holdings in Southeast Asia?

    • A.

      Burma

    • B.

      Indo-China

    • C.

      Thailand

    • D.

      Singapore

    Correct Answer
    C. Thailand
    Explanation
    Thailand was a "buffer state" between France and British holdings in Southeast Asia because it managed to maintain its independence and serve as a neutral territory between the two colonial powers. While Burma was a British colony and Indo-China was a French colony, Thailand was able to negotiate and maintain its sovereignty, acting as a buffer zone between the two imperial powers. Singapore, on the other hand, was a British colony and not a buffer state.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following led a resistance movement against the United States in the Philippines?

    • A.

      George Dewey

    • B.

      King Mongkut

    • C.

      King Chulalongkorn

    • D.

      Emilio Aguinaldo

    Correct Answer
    D. Emilio Aguinaldo
    Explanation
    Emilio Aguinaldo led a resistance movement against the United States in the Philippines. He was a Filipino revolutionary and politician who played a crucial role in the Philippine Revolution against Spanish colonial rule. After the United States took control of the Philippines following the Spanish-American War, Aguinaldo continued to fight for Philippine independence and led the resistance against American occupation. His leadership and efforts were instrumental in the Philippine-American War, which lasted from 1899 to 1902.

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  • 13. 

    Colonial plantations most often resulted in

    • A.

      Increased economic opportunities for natives

    • B.

      Low wages, dangerous conditions, and and high taxes

    • C.

      Advancements for native culture

    • D.

      An explosion of learning for the natives

    Correct Answer
    B. Low wages, dangerous conditions, and and high taxes
    Explanation
    Colonial plantations most often resulted in low wages, dangerous conditions, and high taxes. This is because colonial plantations were established by colonizers for the purpose of exploiting the resources and labor of the native population. The natives were often forced to work long hours in harsh conditions for meager wages, while also being burdened with high taxes imposed by the colonial authorities. This system of exploitation and oppression was prevalent in many colonial societies, where the wealth and benefits generated by the plantations primarily went to the colonizers, while the natives suffered from poverty, inequality, and limited economic opportunities.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following defeated the Spanish at Manila Bay?

    • A.

      Commodore Matthew Perry

    • B.

      Commodore George Dewey

    • C.

      Emilio Aginaldo

    • D.

      King Mongkut

    Correct Answer
    B. Commodore George Dewey
    Explanation
    Commodore George Dewey defeated the Spanish at Manila Bay.

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  • 15. 

    The idea that it was the duty of the Europeans to bring civilization to Asia and Africa was known as

    • A.

      Social Darwinism

    • B.

      The "white man's burden"

    • C.

      Social Gospel Theory

    • D.

      The Gospel of Wealth

    Correct Answer
    B. The "white man's burden"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "the 'white man's burden'." This phrase refers to the belief held by many Europeans during the period of imperialism that it was their responsibility to bring civilization and progress to the people of Asia and Africa. It was based on the assumption that European culture and values were superior and that it was their duty to "civilize" the so-called "uncivilized" societies. This concept was popularized by the British poet Rudyard Kipling in his poem of the same name, which portrayed the burden of the white man as a noble and necessary task.

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  • 16. 

    The first European colony in Southeast Asia was established as

    • A.

      Burma

    • B.

      Indo-China

    • C.

      Singapore

    • D.

      Myanmar

    Correct Answer
    C. Singapore
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Singapore. Singapore was established as the first European colony in Southeast Asia by the British in 1819. Sir Stamford Raffles, an official of the British East India Company, founded the colony as a trading post. Singapore's strategic location along major trade routes made it an ideal spot for British traders to access the lucrative markets of Southeast Asia. The colony grew rapidly and eventually became a major port and economic hub in the region. Today, Singapore is an independent nation and one of the world's leading financial centers.

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  • 17. 

    Which of the following resisted European control of Southeast Asia at some time or another?

    • A.

      The rising middle class

    • B.

      Local rulers

    • C.

      Peasants

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the mentioned groups resisted European control of Southeast Asia at some point. The rising middle class, local rulers, and peasants all resisted European control due to various reasons such as protecting their own interests, preserving their culture and traditions, and resisting exploitation and oppression. These groups played significant roles in the resistance movements and uprisings against European colonial powers in Southeast Asia.

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  • 18. 

    True or False:  Western powers feared giving power to natives.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Western powers feared giving power to natives because they believed that natives were not capable of governing themselves effectively. They viewed themselves as superior and believed that they had a responsibility to "civilize" and control the native populations. This fear was rooted in racism, colonialism, and the desire to maintain their own dominance and control over the territories they colonized.

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  • 19. 

    A ___________ is a political unit that depends on another government for its protection.

    Correct Answer
    protectorate
    Protectorate
    Explanation
    A protectorate is a political unit that relies on another government for its protection. This means that the government of the protectorate is not fully independent and instead relies on a more powerful government to defend and ensure its security. The protectorate may still have some degree of internal autonomy, but it ultimately depends on the protecting government for its safety and defense.

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  • 20. 

    ________ is the extension of a nation's power over other lands.

    Correct Answer
    Imperialism
    imperialism
    Explanation
    Imperialism refers to the extension of a nation's power over other lands. It involves the domination and control of territories, often through colonization, economic exploitation, or political influence. Imperialism allows a nation to assert its authority and expand its influence beyond its own borders, often with the aim of acquiring resources, increasing economic and political power, or spreading cultural or ideological values.

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  • 21. 

    __________ is a system were local elites ere removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials brought from the mother country.

    Correct Answer
    Direct rule
    direct rule
    Direct Rule
    Explanation
    Direct rule is a system where local elites are removed from power and replaced with a new set of officials brought from the mother country. This system allows the mother country to have direct control over the colony or territory, ensuring that their interests and policies are implemented without any interference from local elites. This approach was commonly used during colonial times as a means of maintaining control and exploiting resources in the colonies.

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  • 22. 

    ___________ is a system were local rulers were allowed to retain their positions of authority and status in a new colonial setting.

    Correct Answer
    Indirect Rule
    indirect rule
    Indirect rule
    Explanation
    Indirect Rule is a system where local rulers were allowed to retain their positions of authority and status in a new colonial setting. This system was implemented by colonial powers to govern their colonies by using the existing traditional rulers as intermediaries between the colonial administration and the local population. It aimed to maintain stability and control by leveraging the authority and knowledge of the local rulers, while still ensuring the colonial power's ultimate control and influence over the colony.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 19, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 24, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kevhugh
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