The Cold War Quiz: History Trivia!

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The Cold War Quiz: History Trivia! - Quiz

Do you have enough knowledge about the Cold War to pass this quiz? The Cold War was geopolitical strife between the Soviet Union and the United States and their corresponding allies, which consisted of the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc after World War II. It was an ongoing political rivalry. If you need to know about the cold war, this is the quiz for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In 1949, Canada joined the U.S., Great Britain and other Western European nations in a military alliance known as:

    • A.

      Warsaw Pact

    • B.

      NATO

    • C.

      NORAD

    • D.

      IMF

    Correct Answer
    B. NATO
    Explanation
    In 1949, Canada joined the U.S., Great Britain, and other Western European nations in a military alliance known as NATO. NATO, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was formed as a collective defense alliance to counter the threat of the Soviet Union and promote stability and security in the North Atlantic region. It aimed to provide a unified defense against potential aggression and foster cooperation among member countries. Canada's participation in NATO demonstrated its commitment to collective security and its alignment with Western democratic nations during the Cold War era.

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  • 2. 

    Hysteria created in the US because the "witch hunt" for suspected Communists in the US government.

    • A.

      Mulroney era

    • B.

      McCarthy era

    • C.

      Diefenbaker era

    • D.

      Kennedy era

    Correct Answer
    B. McCarthy era
    Explanation
    During the McCarthy era, there was a widespread fear and paranoia in the US about the presence of communists within the government. Senator Joseph McCarthy led a campaign to expose and eliminate suspected communists, which resulted in a "witch hunt" atmosphere. This era was marked by intense investigations, blacklisting of individuals, and public hearings, causing hysteria and a climate of suspicion in the country. The correct answer refers to this period of time when the witch hunt for suspected communists in the US government was at its peak.

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  • 3. 

    At the United Nations, Canada was a key factor in creating a ceasefire to end this conflict.

    • A.

      Korea

    • B.

      Vietnam

    • C.

      Cold war

    • D.

      Cuba

    Correct Answer
    A. Korea
    Explanation
    Canada played a significant role in creating a ceasefire to end the conflict in Korea. During the Korean War, which lasted from 1950 to 1953, Canada actively participated in the United Nations forces fighting against North Korea and China. Canada's contribution included sending troops, providing medical support, and engaging in peace negotiations. Canada's diplomatic efforts were instrumental in brokering a ceasefire agreement, known as the Korean Armistice Agreement, which was signed in 1953 and effectively ended the conflict.

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  • 4. 

    He was responsible for exposing a Soviet spy ring in Canada after World War Two.

    • A.

      Khruschev

    • B.

      Gouzenko

    • C.

      Gorbachev

    • D.

      Kharlamov

    Correct Answer
    B. Gouzenko
    Explanation
    Gouzenko is the correct answer because he was responsible for exposing a Soviet spy ring in Canada after World War Two. He was a cipher clerk at the Soviet embassy in Ottawa and defected to Canada in 1945, bringing with him evidence of Soviet espionage activities. His revelations led to the arrest and conviction of several individuals involved in the spy ring, and it was a significant event that heightened tensions between the Soviet Union and Western countries during the early years of the Cold War.

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  • 5. 

    A foreign aid package to help south Asia countries in particular India and Pakistan.

    • A.

      UNICEF plan

    • B.

      IMF plan

    • C.

      Red Cross

    • D.

      Colombo plan

    Correct Answer
    D. Colombo plan
    Explanation
    The Colombo Plan is the most suitable answer because it specifically focuses on providing aid to countries in South Asia, including India and Pakistan. The UNICEF plan primarily focuses on children's welfare, while the IMF plan is more concerned with economic stability. The Red Cross is a humanitarian organization that provides aid globally, but it does not specifically target South Asia. Therefore, the Colombo Plan aligns best with the given scenario.

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  • 6. 

    Canadian forces were part of the peacekeeping efforts in these countries:

    • A.

      Egypt & Libya

    • B.

      Rwanda & Somalia

    • C.

      Rwanda & Nigeria

    • D.

      Somalia & Egypt

    Correct Answer
    B. Rwanda & Somalia
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Rwanda & Somalia. The Canadian forces were involved in peacekeeping efforts in these two countries. This suggests that Canada played a role in maintaining peace and stability in Rwanda and Somalia during the specified period.

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  • 7. 

    The Canadian Prime Minister recognized the Communist government in China.

    • A.

      Diefenbaker

    • B.

      Mulroney

    • C.

      St. Laurent

    • D.

      Trudeau

    Correct Answer
    D. Trudeau
    Explanation
    Trudeau is the correct answer because he was the Canadian Prime Minister who recognized the Communist government in China. This recognition took place in 1970 when Trudeau established diplomatic relations with China and visited the country. This decision was significant as it marked a shift in Canada's foreign policy towards China and opened up opportunities for trade and cultural exchanges between the two countries.

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  • 8. 

    The first line of the radar in the Canadian North.

    • A.

      Pinetree Line

    • B.

      DEW Line

    • C.

      Mid Canada Line

    • D.

      Canada Line

    Correct Answer
    B. DEW Line
    Explanation
    The correct answer is DEW Line. The DEW Line, also known as the Distant Early Warning Line, was a system of radar stations in the Canadian Arctic. It was established during the Cold War to detect and provide early warning of any potential incoming Soviet attacks over the North Pole. The DEW Line played a crucial role in monitoring and defending North America's airspace. The other options mentioned, Pinetree Line, Mid Canada Line, and Canada Line, were also radar systems, but they were not specifically located in the Canadian North like the DEW Line.

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  • 9. 

    Its goal is to help stabilize the world economy by helping countries in debt.

    • A.

      IMF

    • B.

      UNICEF

    • C.

      WHO

    • D.

      SECURITY COUNCIL

    Correct Answer
    A. IMF
    Explanation
    The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization that aims to stabilize the world economy by providing financial assistance and advice to countries facing economic difficulties, particularly those in debt. The IMF offers loans and technical assistance to member countries, helping them implement economic reforms and policies that can restore stability and promote growth. By supporting countries in debt, the IMF plays a crucial role in preventing financial crises and contributing to global economic stability.

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  • 10. 

    Lester Pearson won a Nobel Peace Prize for his role in helping to mediate which conflict?

    • A.

      Suez Crisis

    • B.

      Korean War

    • C.

      Somalia

    • D.

      Rwanda

    Correct Answer
    A. Suez Crisis
    Explanation
    Lester Pearson won a Nobel Peace Prize for his role in helping to mediate the Suez Crisis. The Suez Crisis occurred in 1956 when Egypt nationalized the Suez Canal, leading to military intervention by Israel, France, and the United Kingdom. Pearson, who was the Canadian Minister of External Affairs at the time, proposed the creation of a United Nations Emergency Force to resolve the conflict and ensure the withdrawal of foreign troops. His diplomatic efforts were successful, and he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1957 for his significant contribution to resolving the Suez Crisis peacefully.

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  • 11. 

    This law shut down suspected Communist organizations/newspapers in Quebec in the early 1950"s.

    Correct Answer
    Padlock Law
    Explanation
    The Padlock Law was a legislation implemented in Quebec in the early 1950s that allowed the government to shut down organizations and newspapers suspected of having Communist affiliations. This law was part of the government's efforts to combat the perceived threat of Communism during the Cold War era. By giving the authorities the power to close down these suspected Communist entities, the Padlock Law aimed to suppress any potential influence or dissemination of Communist ideologies in Quebec.

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  • 12. 

    This organization was created to combat world hunger and abolish disease.

    Correct Answer
    World Health Organization UNICEF
    Explanation
    Both the World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF are international organizations that work towards combating world hunger and abolishing disease. However, the question specifically mentions that "This organization was created," indicating that it is referring to only one organization. Since the WHO was specifically created for this purpose, it is the correct answer. UNICEF also works towards similar goals but was not solely created for this purpose.

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  • 13. 

    He was the Canadian Prime Minister during the Cuban Missile Crisis who had strained relations with the US.

    Correct Answer
    John Diefenbaker
    Explanation
    John Diefenbaker was the Canadian Prime Minister during the Cuban Missile Crisis. During his tenure, he had strained relations with the United States. This strained relationship was primarily due to his refusal to allow American nuclear weapons on Canadian soil. Diefenbaker's decision was seen as a betrayal by the US, leading to tensions between the two countries.

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  • 14. 

    This eliminated tariffs on trade between Canada, the US, and Mexico.

    Correct Answer
    NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement
    Explanation
    NAFTA, which stands for the North American Free Trade Agreement, eliminated tariffs on trade between Canada, the US, and Mexico. This agreement was established to promote economic integration and increase trade among the three countries. By eliminating tariffs, it facilitated the movement of goods and services across borders, promoting economic growth and creating new opportunities for businesses in all three countries.

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  • 15. 

    He was responsible for major economic and social changes in the Soviet Union which led to the end of communism.

    Correct Answer
    Mikhail Gorbachev
    Explanation
    Mikhail Gorbachev is the correct answer because he implemented major economic and social reforms in the Soviet Union, known as perestroika and glasnost, which ultimately contributed to the downfall of communism. Under Gorbachev's leadership, the Soviet Union experienced increased openness, political reforms, and economic restructuring, which weakened the centralized control of the Communist Party and led to the eventual dissolution of the Soviet Union. Gorbachev's policies paved the way for the end of communism in the Soviet Union and the subsequent transition to a more democratic and market-oriented system.

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  • 16. 

    These policies instituted in the Soviet Union led to the end of communism.

    Correct Answer
    perestroika glasnost
    Explanation
    Perestroika and glasnost were policies implemented in the Soviet Union under the leadership of Mikhail Gorbachev in the 1980s. Perestroika aimed to reform and restructure the Soviet economic system, allowing for more market-oriented practices and private ownership. Glasnost, on the other hand, promoted openness and transparency in government and society, allowing for more freedom of speech and expression. These policies ultimately contributed to the weakening of the Soviet Union and the eventual end of communism, as they led to increased criticism of the government and a desire for political and economic change.

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  • 17. 

    The belief that if one country in South East Asia fell under communist control that others would follow is called?

    Correct Answer
    domino theory
    Explanation
    The domino theory refers to the belief that if one country in South East Asia were to become communist, it would lead to a chain reaction where other countries in the region would also fall under communist control. This theory was particularly prominent during the Cold War era, as the United States feared the spread of communism and sought to prevent its expansion. The domino theory played a significant role in shaping U.S. foreign policy and military interventions in countries like Vietnam.

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  • 18. 

    Its recommendation was to encourage the federal government to patronize a variety of cultural activities.

    Correct Answer
    Massey Commission
    Explanation
    The Massey Commission was a government-appointed commission in Canada that was responsible for making recommendations on the state of Canadian culture. One of its main recommendations was for the federal government to support and promote a diverse range of cultural activities. This would involve providing funding and resources to various cultural initiatives, such as the arts, heritage preservation, and education. By doing so, the commission believed that Canada's cultural identity could be enriched and celebrated, leading to a stronger sense of national unity and pride.

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  • 19. 

    This was created by the federal government to regulate and monitor the Canadian broadcasting industry to ensure that there was a guaranteed amount of Canadian content in radio/television.

    Correct Answer
    CRTC Canadian Radion Television Commission
    Explanation
    The CRTC, which stands for Canadian Radio Television Commission, was created by the federal government to regulate and monitor the Canadian broadcasting industry. Its main purpose is to ensure that there is a guaranteed amount of Canadian content in radio and television. The CRTC plays a crucial role in promoting and supporting Canadian culture and identity through the regulation and oversight of the broadcasting sector.

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  • 20. 

    What is a "buffoon"?

    Correct Answer
    a fool a clown
    Explanation
    A "buffoon" refers to someone who is foolish or acts in a silly manner. They are often seen as a clown-like figure, entertaining others through their foolish behavior. Therefore, the correct answer is "a fool" or "a clown" as both options accurately describe the meaning of a buffoon.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 19, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Jonhamlin
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