Cold War Chapter 18 Gibson

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Cold War Chapter 18 Gibson - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The "Iron Curtain" was a phrase said by whom discribing Europe?

    • A.

      FDR

    • B.

      Joseph Stalin

    • C.

      Churchill

    • D.

      Truman

    Correct Answer
    C. Churchill
    Explanation
    The phrase "Iron Curtain" was used by Winston Churchill to describe the division of Europe between the Western democracies and the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Churchill's speech in 1946 brought attention to the political and ideological divide between the East and West, symbolizing the physical and metaphorical barrier that separated the communist and capitalist worlds. His use of the term "Iron Curtain" became widely known and is still recognized as a significant description of the geopolitical situation in Europe during that time.

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  • 2. 

    What policy stated that the "United States must support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjagation by armed minorities or by outside pressures"?

    • A.

      Marshal Plan

    • B.

      The Yalta Conference

    • C.

      The Truman Doctrine

    • D.

      The North Atlantic Treaty Organization

    Correct Answer
    C. The Truman Doctrine
    Explanation
    The Truman Doctrine is the correct answer because it was a policy introduced by President Harry S. Truman in 1947. It stated that the United States would provide political, military, and economic assistance to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian regimes. The doctrine aimed to contain the spread of communism and support countries that were resisting subjugation by armed minorities or outside pressures. The policy was significant in shaping US foreign policy during the Cold War era.

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  • 3. 

    What was the outcome of the Korean War?

    • A.

      The US won

    • B.

      North Korea Won

    • C.

      The USSR won

    • D.

      It became a stalemate/tie

    Correct Answer
    D. It became a stalemate/tie
    Explanation
    The outcome of the Korean War was a stalemate or tie. Neither the United States nor North Korea emerged as clear winners. The war ended in a ceasefire agreement that established the Korean Demilitarized Zone, dividing the Korean Peninsula into North and South. This division remains to this day, with no official peace treaty signed between the two sides.

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  • 4. 

    The term that describes an annihilation of both USSR and the US was__________________.

    • A.

      HUAC

    • B.

      UN

    • C.

      MAD

    • D.

      NATO

    Correct Answer
    C. MAD
    Explanation
    MAD stands for Mutual Assured Destruction, which was a concept during the Cold War that described the potential outcome of a nuclear war between the USSR and the US. It suggested that if either country were to launch a nuclear attack, the other country would retaliate with equal force, resulting in the complete annihilation of both nations. This concept was meant to deter both sides from initiating a nuclear conflict, as the consequences would be catastrophic for everyone involved.

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  • 5. 

    The Soviets brought goods to Berlin during the Berlin Airlift.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During the Berlin Airlift, it was actually the Western Allies, led by the United States, who brought goods to Berlin. The Soviet Union, along with East Germany, had blockaded West Berlin in an attempt to gain control over the entire city. In response, the Western Allies organized a massive airlift operation to supply the residents of West Berlin with food, fuel, and other essential items. The Soviets were the ones imposing the blockade, not providing goods. Therefore, the statement that the Soviets brought goods to Berlin during the Berlin Airlift is false.

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  • 6. 

    The Korean War was an UN assault.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Korean War was indeed an assault led by the United Nations. The war began in 1950 when North Korea invaded South Korea, and the United Nations, under the leadership of the United States, intervened to support South Korea. A coalition of 16 countries, primarily from the UN, provided military assistance to South Korea. The UN forces, commanded by General Douglas MacArthur, fought against the North Korean and Chinese forces until an armistice was signed in 1953, ending the war.

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  • 7. 

    Joseph McCarthy was known for_______________

    • A.

      Helping plan the offensive

    • B.

      Made unsupportive accusations of suspected Communists

    • C.

      Developing the phrase "iron Curtain"

    • D.

      A Truman Advisor

    Correct Answer
    B. Made unsupportive accusations of suspected Communists
    Explanation
    Joseph McCarthy was known for making unsupportive accusations of suspected Communists. McCarthy was a U.S. Senator who led a campaign against alleged communist infiltration in the United States during the 1950s. He made sensational claims and used his position to accuse individuals of being communists without substantial evidence. This period became known as the "McCarthy era" and resulted in the blacklisting and persecution of many innocent people. McCarthy's tactics and accusations were widely criticized and eventually led to his downfall.

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  • 8. 

    The Marshal Plan is _____________

    • A.

      A treaty within all of America

    • B.

      Provide aid to all of European nations that want it

    • C.

      The treaty with North Korea

    • D.

      The plan to accuse all Communists

    Correct Answer
    B. Provide aid to all of European nations that want it
    Explanation
    The Marshal Plan was a program initiated by the United States after World War II to provide financial aid and assistance to European countries in need. It aimed to help these nations rebuild their economies, promote stability, and prevent the spread of communism. The plan was not a treaty, but rather a comprehensive aid program that offered assistance to any European country that expressed a desire to participate.

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  • 9. 

    Who was the assumed "winner" to the Yalta Conference?

    • A.

      FDR

    • B.

      Truman

    • C.

      Churchhill

    • D.

      Stalin

    Correct Answer
    D. Stalin
    Explanation
    Stalin was considered the assumed "winner" of the Yalta Conference because he was able to secure several significant concessions for the Soviet Union. These included the recognition of the Soviet Union's control over Eastern Europe, the establishment of pro-Soviet governments in these countries, and the division of Germany into occupation zones. Additionally, Stalin was able to ensure Soviet influence in the newly formed United Nations. Overall, Stalin's gains at the conference solidified the Soviet Union's position as a major world power and allowed him to expand Soviet control in Eastern Europe.

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  • 10. 

    The reason for public shelters during the Cold War were_______________

    • A.

      To hide when a bomb was dropped

    • B.

      The radiation fallout

    • C.

      For Soviet spies to hide

    • D.

      For American spies to hide

    Correct Answer
    B. The radiation fallout
    Explanation
    During the Cold War, public shelters were built to protect people from the radiation fallout that would occur after a bomb was dropped. These shelters were designed to provide a safe space where individuals could seek refuge and minimize their exposure to the harmful effects of radiation. The threat of nuclear attacks during this period necessitated the construction of these shelters as a precautionary measure to ensure the safety of the general population.

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  • 11. 

    Espionage (spies) became a contributing factor to the Cold War.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Cold War, espionage played a significant role in escalating tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. Both sides employed spies to gather intelligence on each other's military capabilities, political strategies, and technological advancements. This information was crucial in shaping their respective foreign policies and military strategies. The discovery of spies, such as the infamous cases of Alger Hiss and the Cambridge Five, further fueled mistrust and paranoia between the two superpowers. Therefore, it can be concluded that espionage did indeed contribute to the Cold War.

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  • 12. 

    The Soviet Union did not vote to defend the South Korea at the UN security council because__________________

    • A.

      The Soviets were boycotting the US's presence in Taiwan

    • B.

      The Soviets were boycotting the presence of Chinese Communists

    • C.

      The Soviets had already sent military aid to South Korea

    • D.

      The Soviets had wanted to remain Neutral at the time

    Correct Answer
    A. The Soviets were boycotting the US's presence in Taiwan
    Explanation
    The Soviet Union did not vote to defend South Korea at the UN Security Council because they were boycotting the US's presence in Taiwan. This suggests that the Soviet Union's decision was influenced by their opposition to the US and their support for China, as Taiwan was seen as a US ally. By boycotting the US's presence in Taiwan, the Soviet Union was expressing their disapproval of US involvement in the region and aligning themselves with China.

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  • 13. 

    Accustations that communism was widely present in the U.S. government and military were made by_________

    • A.

      Douglas MacArthur

    • B.

      Alger Hiss

    • C.

      Harry Truman

    • D.

      Joseph McCarthy

    Correct Answer
    D. Joseph McCarthy
    Explanation
    Joseph McCarthy is the correct answer because he was a prominent American politician who made accusations that communism was widely present in the U.S. government and military during the early 1950s. McCarthy led a campaign known as the "Red Scare" and conducted hearings and investigations to expose alleged communist sympathizers and spies. His actions had a significant impact on American politics and society, leading to widespread fear and paranoia about communism.

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  • 14. 

    When the Soviet Union  exploded an atomic bomb the US responded by intensifying their efforts to develop_______________

    • A.

      NATO

    • B.

      An atomic bomb

    • C.

      A hydrogen bomb

    • D.

      A space satellite

    Correct Answer
    C. A hydrogen bomb
    Explanation
    When the Soviet Union exploded an atomic bomb, it caused a significant shift in the balance of power between the US and the USSR. The US responded by intensifying their efforts to develop a hydrogen bomb. This decision was driven by the belief that the US needed to maintain its military superiority and deter the Soviet Union from further aggression. The hydrogen bomb was seen as a more powerful and advanced weapon compared to the atomic bomb, which would give the US an edge in the arms race with the Soviet Union.

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  • 15. 

    Why did people cover the back of their neck during 'Duck and Cover"?

    • A.

      They wanted to protect themselves from burns

    • B.

      Wanted to protect themselves from falling debris

    • C.

      To protect them from the fallout

    • D.

      They didn't cover the back of their necks

    Correct Answer
    A. They wanted to protect themselves from burns
    Explanation
    During the "Duck and Cover" practice, people covered the back of their necks to protect themselves from burns. This is because the back of the neck is a vulnerable area that is often exposed and can easily be burned in the event of an explosion or fire. By covering their necks, individuals aimed to minimize the risk of burns and increase their chances of survival in such situations.

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  • 16. 

    Who was forced to retreat to Taiwan

    • A.

      Korean Nationalists

    • B.

      Korean Communists

    • C.

      Chinese Nationalists

    • D.

      Chinese Communists

    Correct Answer
    C. Chinese Nationalists
    Explanation
    During the Chinese Civil War, the Chinese Nationalists, also known as the Kuomintang (KMT), led by Chiang Kai-shek, were forced to retreat to Taiwan. They lost the war against the Chinese Communists, led by Mao Zedong, and were unable to maintain control over mainland China. As a result, they fled to the island of Taiwan, where they established the Republic of China government. This retreat to Taiwan marked a significant turning point in the history of China, as it led to the division of the country into the People's Republic of China on the mainland and the Republic of China on Taiwan.

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  • 17. 

    Cartoon Who is the person in the cartoon?

    • A.

      Joseph McCarthy

    • B.

      Harry Truman

    • C.

      Joseph Stalin

    • D.

      George Marshall

    Correct Answer
    A. Joseph McCarthy
    Explanation
    The person in the cartoon is Joseph McCarthy.

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  • 18. 

    Cartoon What does the cartoon criticize?

    • A.

      McCarthyism

    • B.

      The Korean War

    • C.

      NATO

    • D.

      The Marshall Plan

    Correct Answer
    A. McCarthyism
    Explanation
    The cartoon criticizes McCarthyism, which was a period in the United States during the 1950s when Senator Joseph McCarthy led a campaign to expose supposed communists and communist sympathizers. The cartoon likely criticizes the methods and tactics used during this period, such as false accusations, fear-mongering, and the infringement on civil liberties. It may also be commenting on the negative impact McCarthyism had on individuals' lives and careers, as well as its divisive nature within society.

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  • 19. 

    Cartoon Where is the person assumed to be speaking

    • A.

      Senate Hearings

    • B.

      In front of the UN

    • C.

      Taking to the President

    • D.

      Speaking to Stalin

    Correct Answer
    A. Senate Hearings
    Explanation
    The person in the cartoon is assumed to be speaking at Senate Hearings.

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  • 20. 

    Cartoon The cartoon is pro McCarrthyism

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given answer is false because the statement "The cartoon is pro McCarthyism" implies that the cartoon supports or promotes McCarthyism, which was a period of intense anti-communist investigations and accusations in the United States during the 1950s. However, without any specific information or context about the cartoon, it is not possible to determine whether it is pro or against McCarthyism. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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