Certified Nursing Assistant Exam Practice Test

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Certified Nursing Assistant Exam Practice Test - Quiz

Among the many CNA skills, strong communication skills are one of the most important to have when it comes to attaining the goals set to you as a medical practitioner. If you are planning to be a medical practitioner, there are many hats you will be expected to wear in regards to jobs you will do. Take the CNA practice exam quiz below and revise it before the certification exam.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following should you observe and record when admitting a client?

    • A.

      Color of the stool and amount of urine voided

    • B.

      How much the client has eaten and drunk

    • C.

      Bruises, marks, rashes, or broken skin

    • D.

      Insurance information

    Correct Answer
    C. Bruises, marks, rashes, or broken skin
    Explanation
    When admitting a client, it is important to observe and record any bruises, marks, rashes, or broken skin. This is crucial for assessing the client's overall health and identifying any potential injuries or skin conditions that may require medical attention. Monitoring the color of the stool and the amount of urine voided is important for assessing the client's digestive and urinary system functioning. Recording how much the client has eaten and drunk helps in monitoring their nutritional intake and hydration levels. However, insurance information is not directly related to the client's immediate health assessment and does not need to be observed and recorded during admission.

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  • 2. 

    When responding to a client on the intercom you should

    • A.

      Ask for the client's name.

    • B.

      Say, "What do you want?"

    • C.

      Give your name and position and say "may I help you?"

    • D.

      Say, "The nurse will answer your call."

    Correct Answer
    C. Give your name and position and say "may I help you?"
    Explanation
    When responding to a client on the intercom, it is important to provide a professional and courteous greeting. Giving your name and position and asking "may I help you?" demonstrates a polite and helpful attitude towards the client. This approach establishes a positive and welcoming interaction, ensuring that the client feels valued and supported. It also sets the tone for effective communication and assists in addressing the client's needs promptly and efficiently.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following things should you do to familiarize a new client with his or her surroundings?

    • A.

      Show the client where the call light is and how to work it.

    • B.

      Tell the client no to operate the TV.

    • C.

      Ask visitors to leave the room while you finish admittin th client.

    • D.

      Raise the side rails of the bed and raise the bed to high position.

    Correct Answer
    A. Show the client where the call light is and how to work it.
    Explanation
    To familiarize a new client with their surroundings, it is important to show them where the call light is and how to work it. This allows the client to easily call for assistance when needed, ensuring their safety and comfort. The other options, such as telling the client not to operate the TV, asking visitors to leave the room, or raising the side rails and bed, do not directly address familiarizing the client with their surroundings.

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  • 4. 

    When arranging a patient's room, you should do all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      Check signal cords.

    • B.

      Adjust the back and knee rests as directed.

    • C.

      Administer medications.

    • D.

      Check to light.

    Correct Answer
    C. Administer medications.
    Explanation
    When arranging a patient's room, there are several tasks that need to be completed. Checking signal cords is important to ensure that the patient can easily call for assistance. Adjusting the back and knee rests as directed is necessary to provide the patient with comfort and support. Checking the light is important to ensure that the room is well-lit and safe for the patient. However, administering medications is not a task that falls under the responsibility of arranging a patient's room. Medication administration is typically done by nurses or healthcare professionals and is not directly related to the physical arrangement of the room.

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  • 5. 

    When assisting a client in and out of bed, the nurse aide should always

    • A.

      Employ body mechanic techniques.

    • B.

      Get another person to help.

    • C.

      Pull the client's fee out first, and then lift the back up.

    • D.

      Put shoes on the client because the patient may slip.

    Correct Answer
    A. Employ body mechanic techniques.
    Explanation
    When assisting a client in and out of bed, the nurse aide should always employ body mechanic techniques. This is because body mechanic techniques involve using proper body mechanics and positioning to prevent strain or injury to both the nurse aide and the client. By using these techniques, the nurse aide can minimize the risk of musculoskeletal injuries and provide safe and effective care to the client. Getting another person to help, pulling the client's feet out first, and putting shoes on the client are not directly related to employing body mechanic techniques.

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  • 6. 

    When should you wash your hands?

    • A.

      When you notice they look or feel dirty

    • B.

      When the charge nurse tells you to

    • C.

      At least twice daily

    • D.

      Before and after contact with a patient

    Correct Answer
    D. Before and after contact with a patient
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "before and after contact with a patient" because washing hands before and after contact with a patient helps to prevent the spread of germs and infections. Before contact, it helps to remove any potential pathogens on the hands, reducing the risk of transmission to the patient. After contact, it helps to remove any pathogens that may have been acquired from the patient, reducing the risk of transmission to oneself or others. This practice is crucial in healthcare settings to maintain proper hygiene and prevent the spread of diseases.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following is the correct procedure for serving a meal to a client who must be fed?

    • A.

      Serve the tray along with all the other trays, and then come back to feed the client

    • B.

      Bring the tray to the client last; feed after you have served all other clients

    • C.

      Bring the tray into the room when you are ready to feed the client

    • D.

      Have the kitchen staff hold the tray for one hour

    Correct Answer
    C. Bring the tray into the room when you are ready to feed the client
    Explanation
    The correct procedure for serving a meal to a client who must be fed is to bring the tray into the room when you are ready to feed the client. This ensures that the meal is served fresh and at the appropriate time for the client's needs. Serving the tray along with all the other trays or bringing it to the client last may result in the food becoming cold or losing its quality. Having the kitchen staff hold the tray for one hour is not a suitable option as it may lead to food safety concerns.

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  • 8. 

    The MOST serious problem that wrinkles in the bedclothes can cause is

    • A.

      Restlessness.

    • B.

      Sleeplessness.

    • C.

      Decubitus ulcers.

    • D.

      Bleeding and shock.

    Correct Answer
    C. Decubitus ulcers.
    Explanation
    Wrinkles in the bedclothes can cause decubitus ulcers, also known as bedsores. These ulcers occur when there is prolonged pressure on the skin, usually in areas where bones are close to the surface. The pressure reduces blood flow to the area, leading to tissue damage and the formation of ulcers. Restlessness and sleeplessness may be temporary discomforts caused by wrinkles, but decubitus ulcers are a more serious and long-term consequence. Bleeding and shock are not directly caused by wrinkles in the bedclothes.

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  • 9. 

    An important way to reduce the incidence of decubitus ulcers is to

    • A.

      Keep the client in bed.

    • B.

      Force fluids every 2 hours.

    • C.

      Change position every 2 hours.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    C. Change position every 2 hours.
    Explanation
    Changing position every 2 hours is an important way to reduce the incidence of decubitus ulcers. This helps to relieve pressure on specific areas of the body, improving blood circulation and preventing the development of pressure ulcers. Keeping the client in bed and forcing fluids every 2 hours may have their own benefits, but they are not specifically targeted at reducing the incidence of decubitus ulcers.

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  • 10. 

    You are told to put a client in Fowler's position. Before changing the position of the client's bed you should

    • A.

      Open the window.

    • B.

      Explain the procedure to the client.

    • C.

      Check with the client's family.

    • D.

      Remake the bed.

    Correct Answer
    B. Explain the procedure to the client.
    Explanation
    Before changing the position of the client's bed, it is important to explain the procedure to the client. This is necessary to ensure that the client is aware of what is happening and feels comfortable with the change. By explaining the procedure, the client can provide any necessary input or express any concerns they may have. This helps to establish trust and maintain good communication between the client and the caregiver, ensuring a smooth transition in the client's position.

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  • 11. 

    During had washing, the nurse aide accidentally touches the inside of the sink while rinsing the soap off. The NEXT action is to

    • A.

      Allow the water to run over the hands for two minutes.

    • B.

      Dry the hands and turn off the faucet with the paper towel.

    • C.

      Repeat the wash from the beginning.

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Repeat the wash from the beginning.
    Explanation
    If the nurse aide accidentally touches the inside of the sink while rinsing the soap off, it means that the hands may have come into contact with potentially contaminated surfaces. To ensure proper hand hygiene and prevent the spread of germs, the next action should be to repeat the handwashing process from the beginning. This will ensure that the hands are thoroughly cleaned and the risk of contamination is minimized.

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  • 12. 

    When giving mouth care to an unconscious patient, the safest position to prevent aspiration is

    • A.

      On her or his back.

    • B.

      In semi-Fowler's position.

    • C.

      With the head turned to the side.

    • D.

      In the supine position.

    Correct Answer
    C. With the head turned to the side.
    Explanation
    When giving mouth care to an unconscious patient, the safest position to prevent aspiration is with the head turned to the side. This position helps to ensure that any fluids or secretions in the patient's mouth can easily drain out, reducing the risk of aspiration into the lungs. Keeping the head turned to the side also helps to maintain an open airway and prevent any obstruction. This position is commonly recommended in order to promote safe and effective mouth care for unconscious patients.

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  • 13. 

    Mr. Roark, a newly admitted conscious client, has been put to bed. Before leaving him alone, the FIRST action would be to

    • A.

      Ask him if he is hungry.

    • B.

      Inspect his skin.

    • C.

      Complete the listing of clothing and valuables.

    • D.

      Make sure he knows how to use the call light.

    Correct Answer
    D. Make sure he knows how to use the call light.
    Explanation
    The first action before leaving Mr. Roark alone would be to make sure he knows how to use the call light. This is important for his safety and well-being, as the call light allows him to easily communicate with the healthcare staff in case he needs any assistance or has an emergency. Ensuring that he knows how to use the call light ensures that he can reach out for help if needed, promoting his comfort and security while in bed.

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  • 14. 

    When lifting a heavy object, the correct method would be to bend at the

    • A.

      Wast, keeping your legs straight.

    • B.

      Wast, rounding your shoulders.

    • C.

      Knees, keeping your back straight.

    • D.

      Knees and waist.

    Correct Answer
    C. Knees, keeping your back straight.
    Explanation
    The correct method for lifting a heavy object is to bend at the knees, keeping your back straight. This is because bending at the knees helps to distribute the weight evenly and allows the leg muscles to do most of the work, reducing strain on the back. Keeping the back straight helps to maintain proper alignment and prevents injury to the spine.

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  • 15. 

    When cleaning a client's dentures at the sink the reason the either line the emesis basin with a paper towel or to fill the sink with water is to

    • A.

      Prevent contamintion of the dentures.

    • B.

      Hide the dentures from view.

    • C.

      Guard against breaking the dentures.

    • D.

      Protect the basin from scratches.

    Correct Answer
    C. Guard against breaking the dentures.
    Explanation
    When cleaning a client's dentures at the sink, lining the emesis basin with a paper towel or filling the sink with water helps to guard against breaking the dentures. This is because dentures are fragile and can easily slip out of the hands and fall onto a hard surface like the sink, which may cause them to break. By lining the basin with a soft paper towel or filling the sink with water, it provides a cushioning effect and reduces the risk of dentures breaking if they accidentally fall.

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  • 16. 

    When assisting a client with eating, the FIRST thing the nurse aide should do is

    • A.

      Cut the food into large bite-size pieces.

    • B.

      Wash his/her hands and the client's hands.

    • C.

      Butter the client's bread.

    • D.

      Provide the client with privacy.

    Correct Answer
    B. Wash his/her hands and the client's hands.
    Explanation
    The first thing the nurse aide should do when assisting a client with eating is to wash his/her hands and the client's hands. This is important to maintain hygiene and prevent the spread of germs and infections. Washing hands before handling food helps to remove any potential contaminants and ensures that the client's food is safe to eat. Additionally, washing the client's hands helps to maintain their personal hygiene and prevent the spread of germs from their hands to their mouth while eating.

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  • 17. 

    A patient has a new cast on his right arm. While caring for him, it is important to FIRST observe for

    • A.

      Pulse above the cast.

    • B.

      Color and hardness of the cast.

    • C.

      Warmth and color of fingers.

    • D.

      Signs of crumbling at the cast end.

    Correct Answer
    C. Warmth and color of fingers.
    Explanation
    When a patient has a new cast on their right arm, it is important to first observe for warmth and color of the fingers. This is because a cast can potentially cause circulation problems, such as restricted blood flow or nerve damage, which can lead to the fingers becoming cold or discolored. By checking the warmth and color of the fingers, healthcare providers can assess the patient's circulation and ensure that there are no complications arising from the cast.

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  • 18. 

    Encouraging a client to take part in activities of daily living (ADLs) such as bathing, combing hair, and feeding is

    • A.

      Done only when time permits.

    • B.

      The family's responsibility.

    • C.

      Necessary for rehabilitation.

    • D.

      A violation of clients' rights.

    Correct Answer
    C. Necessary for rehabilitation.
    Explanation
    Encouraging a client to take part in activities of daily living (ADLs) such as bathing, combing hair, and feeding is necessary for rehabilitation. This is because participating in ADLs helps clients regain their independence, improve their physical and cognitive abilities, and promote their overall well-being. By engaging in these activities, clients can enhance their self-esteem, maintain their functional abilities, and develop the skills needed to perform daily tasks on their own. Therefore, encouraging clients to participate in ADLs is an essential component of the rehabilitation process.

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  • 19. 

    Before assisting a client into wheelchair, the FIRST action would be to check if the

    • A.

      The client is adequately covered.

    • B.

      The floor is slippery.

    • C.

      The door to the room is closed.

    • D.

      Wheels of the chair are locked.

    Correct Answer
    D. Wheels of the chair are locked.
    Explanation
    Before assisting a client into a wheelchair, it is important to check if the wheels of the chair are locked. This is crucial for the safety and stability of the client during the transfer process. If the wheels are not locked, there is a risk of the chair moving or rolling unexpectedly, which could lead to accidents or injuries. Therefore, ensuring that the wheels are locked provides a secure and stable base for the client before assisting them into the wheelchair.

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  • 20. 

    While giving an unconscious patient a bath, it is important to

    • A.

      Pass the range of motion to all joints.

    • B.

      Let the charge nurse exercise the patient's joints.

    • C.

      Call the physical therapist to exercise the patient afterward.

    • D.

      Exercise the patient only if the doctor has ordered it.

    Correct Answer
    A. Pass the range of motion to all joints.
    Explanation
    When giving an unconscious patient a bath, it is important to pass the range of motion to all joints. This is because immobility can lead to joint stiffness, contractures, and pressure ulcers. By gently moving the patient's joints through their full range of motion, it helps to maintain joint flexibility, prevent muscle atrophy, and improve circulation. This should be done regularly to promote the patient's overall well-being and prevent complications associated with immobility.

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  • 21. 

    You are assigned to assist Mrs. Kelley with her lunch. She is on bed rest. The BEST position for her, if permitted, would be

    • A.

      Tredelenberg position.

    • B.

      Hyperextension.

    • C.

      Legs dangling at the side of the bed.

    • D.

      Fowler's position.

    Correct Answer
    D. Fowler's position.
    Explanation
    Fowler's position is the best position for Mrs. Kelley if permitted because it provides optimal comfort and support for a patient on bed rest. This position involves raising the head of the bed to a 45-degree angle, which helps to prevent aspiration, improve breathing, and promote circulation. It also allows for easier feeding and digestion. The Tredelenberg position, hyperextension, and legs dangling at the side of the bed are not suitable in this scenario as they do not provide the same level of support and comfort as Fowler's position.

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  • 22. 

    When moving a wheelchair onto and elevator, you should stay

    • A.

      Behind the chair, pulling it toward you.

    • B.

      Behind the chair, pushing it away from you.

    • C.

      In front of the client to observe his or her condition.

    • D.

      To the side and hold the door open.

    Correct Answer
    A. Behind the chair, pulling it toward you.
    Explanation
    When moving a wheelchair onto an elevator, it is important to stay behind the chair and pull it toward you. This position allows for better control and stability while maneuvering the wheelchair onto the elevator. It also ensures that the wheelchair user is facing forward and can easily see where they are going. Pushing the chair away from you can make it more difficult to control and may cause the wheelchair to move too quickly or in an unintended direction. Staying behind the chair and pulling it toward you is the safest and most effective method for moving a wheelchair onto an elevator.

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  • 23. 

    The Foley bag must be kept lower than the client's bladder so that

    • A.

      Urine will not leak out, soiling the bed.

    • B.

      Urine will not return to the bladder, causing infection.

    • C.

      The bag will be hidden and the client will not be embarrassed.

    • D.

      The client will be more comfortable in bed.

    Correct Answer
    B. Urine will not return to the bladder, causing infection.
    Explanation
    The Foley bag must be kept lower than the client's bladder so that urine will not return to the bladder, causing infection. This is because if the bag is positioned higher than the bladder, gravity may cause the urine to flow back into the bladder, increasing the risk of infection. Keeping the bag lower ensures that the urine flows out of the bladder and into the bag, preventing any potential contamination.

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  • 24. 

    Mrs. Black is a diabetic. For her midafternoon nourishment, the kitchen has sent a cartoon of chocolate ice cream. Your FIRST action should be to

    • A.

      Substitute diet cola for ice cream.

    • B.

      Hold the nourishment and report to the charge nurse.

    • C.

      Ask the secretary to notify the kitchen of an error,

    • D.

      Ask Mrs. Black if she likes ice cream.

    Correct Answer
    B. Hold the nourishment and report to the charge nurse.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to hold the nourishment and report to the charge nurse. Since Mrs. Black is a diabetic, it is important to consider her dietary restrictions and ensure that she receives appropriate nourishment. Chocolate ice cream is likely to contain high amounts of sugar, which can be harmful for a diabetic individual. Therefore, it is necessary to hold the nourishment and inform the charge nurse to address the situation and provide an alternative option that is suitable for Mrs. Black's condition.

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  • 25. 

    When assisting a client to use the bedside commode, it is important to

    • A.

      Leave the call light within reach.

    • B.

      Place toilet tissue close by.

    • C.

      Return to check on the client periodically.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    When assisting a client to use the bedside commode, it is important to leave the call light within reach so that the client can easily call for assistance if needed. Placing toilet tissue close by ensures that the client can maintain hygiene during and after using the commode. Returning to check on the client periodically is crucial to ensure their safety and well-being, as they may require assistance or have any concerns. Therefore, all of the above options are important when assisting a client to use the bedside commode.

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  • 26. 

    When assisting Mr. Byrd, a blind client, with his meal, it is NECESSARY to

    • A.

      Sit next to him to help.

    • B.

      Identify each item on his tray.

    • C.

      Feed him so he won't spill his food

    • D.

      Insist him to only use a spoon

    Correct Answer
    B. Identify each item on his tray.
    Explanation
    When assisting a blind client with his meal, it is necessary to identify each item on his tray. This is because the client is unable to see the food and may not be able to determine what items are on his tray without assistance. By identifying each item, the client can have a better understanding of what is in front of him and make informed choices about what he wants to eat. This ensures that the client is able to have a satisfactory meal experience.

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  • 27. 

    The purpose of cold applications is usually to

    • A.

      Speed the flow of blood to the area.

    • B.

      Prevent heat exhaustion.

    • C.

      Prevent or reduce swelling.

    • D.

      Prevent the formation of scar tissue.

    Correct Answer
    C. Prevent or reduce swelling.
    Explanation
    Cold applications, such as ice packs or cold compresses, are commonly used to prevent or reduce swelling. When applied to an injured area, the cold temperature causes vasoconstriction, narrowing the blood vessels and reducing blood flow to the area. This helps to decrease inflammation and swelling by limiting the amount of fluid that accumulates in the tissues. Additionally, cold applications can also help to numb the area and provide pain relief.

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  • 28. 

    The hot water bottle is an example of a

    • A.

      Local dry heat application.

    • B.

      Generalized dry heat application.

    • C.

      Local moist heat application.

    • D.

      Generalized moist heat application.

    Correct Answer
    A. Local dry heat application.
    Explanation
    A hot water bottle is a specific type of heat application that provides dry heat to a localized area. It is typically filled with hot water and placed on the body to relieve pain or provide warmth. Unlike moist heat applications, such as hot towels or steam, the hot water bottle does not involve any moisture. Additionally, it is a localized application, meaning it is applied to a specific area rather than the entire body. Therefore, the hot water bottle fits the description of a local dry heat application.

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  • 29. 

    Clients receiving an enema are usually placed

    • A.

      On the right side.

    • B.

      On the left side.

    • C.

      Flat on the back.

    • D.

      In a semi-sitting position

    Correct Answer
    B. On the left side.
    Explanation
    When clients receive an enema, they are usually placed on the left side. This position helps to facilitate the flow of the enema solution into the rectum and colon, allowing for easier and more effective elimination of waste. Placing the client on the left side also helps to prevent the solution from flowing back into the small intestine. Additionally, this position helps to minimize discomfort and promote relaxation during the procedure.

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  • 30. 

    A female client's perineal area should be cleansed before which specimen is collected?

    • A.

      The 24-hour urine specimen.

    • B.

      The midstream clean-catch urine specimen.

    • C.

      The pediatric routine urine specimen.

    • D.

      The routine urine specimen.

    Correct Answer
    B. The midstream clean-catch urine specimen.
    Explanation
    Before collecting a midstream clean-catch urine specimen, it is necessary to cleanse the perineal area of a female client. This is important to ensure that the specimen is not contaminated with any bacteria or other substances from the surrounding area. Cleansing the perineal area helps to maintain the integrity and accuracy of the urine specimen being collected.

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  • 31. 

    The most common site for counting the pulse is the

    • A.

      Carotid artery.

    • B.

      Femoral artery.

    • C.

      Brachial artery.

    • D.

      Radial artery.

    Correct Answer
    D. Radial artery.
    Explanation
    The radial artery is the most common site for counting the pulse because it is easily accessible and located close to the surface of the skin. It is located on the wrist, on the thumb side, and is commonly used for measuring the heart rate. The carotid artery, femoral artery, and brachial artery are also sites where the pulse can be felt, but they are not as commonly used as the radial artery for this purpose.

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  • 32. 

    When counting respirations, the nurse aide should

    • A.

      Wait until after the client has exercised.

    • B.

      Not tell the patient what you are going to do.

    • C.

      Count five respirations and then check your watch.

    • D.

      Have the client count respirations while you take her pulse.

    Correct Answer
    B. Not tell the patient what you are going to do.
    Explanation
    The nurse aide should not tell the patient what they are going to do when counting respirations. This is because if the patient is aware that their respirations are being counted, they may alter their breathing pattern, leading to inaccurate results. It is important to count the respirations discreetly and without the patient's knowledge to obtain an accurate measurement.

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  • 33. 

    With catheterized patients, which of the following is NOT the nurse aide's responsibility?

    • A.

      Insertion of the catheter

    • B.

      Prevention of infarction.

    • C.

      Checking to make sure the catheter is draining properly.

    • D.

      Recording output.

    Correct Answer
    A. Insertion of the catheter
    Explanation
    The nurse aide's responsibility does not include the insertion of the catheter. This task is typically performed by a healthcare professional with specialized training, such as a nurse or a doctor. The nurse aide's role is to assist with the care and management of the catheter once it is inserted, such as checking for proper drainage and recording the patient's output. Prevention of infection is also an important responsibility of the nurse aide when caring for catheterized patients, but it is not specifically mentioned in the given options.

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  • 34. 

    When giving information to the charge nurse for an incident report, the nurse aide should

    • A.

      Write in the client's chart that an incident occurred.

    • B.

      Keep the report in your personal file.

    • C.

      Stat the facts clearly.

    • D.

      Give your opinions as to the cause of the incident.

    Correct Answer
    C. Stat the facts clearly.
    Explanation
    When giving information to the charge nurse for an incident report, the nurse aide should state the facts clearly. This is important because incident reports should be objective and based on factual information rather than personal opinions or assumptions. By stating the facts clearly, the nurse aide ensures that an accurate account of the incident is documented, which can be helpful for further investigation and analysis. It also helps to maintain professionalism and avoid any potential biases or misinterpretations.

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  • 35. 

    All long-term-care nurse aides must be competency evaluated and must complete a distinct education course, these requirements are set by

    • A.

      OBRA.

    • B.

      OSHA.

    • C.

      CDC.

    • D.

      FDA.

    Correct Answer
    A. OBRA.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is OBRA. OBRA stands for the Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act, which is a federal law that sets the standards for nursing home care and requires that long-term-care nurse aides be competency evaluated and complete a distinct education course. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration), CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), and FDA (Food and Drug Administration) do not have specific regulations regarding the education and evaluation requirements for long-term-care nurse aides.

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  • 36. 

    Sexuality changes in aging can result in

    • A.

      Decreased sexual desire.

    • B.

      Unchanged sexual desire.

    • C.

      Increased sexual desire.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    As individuals age, their sexuality can undergo various changes. Some may experience a decrease in sexual desire due to hormonal changes, health conditions, or medications. Others may find that their sexual desire remains unchanged, while some individuals may actually experience an increase in sexual desire due to factors such as increased confidence or a sense of liberation. Therefore, all of the given options can be possible outcomes of sexuality changes in aging.

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  • 37. 

    When family members visit a client, the visitors should

    • A.

      Stay in the day room.

    • B.

      Stay a short while so as not to tire the client.

    • C.

      Be expected to help with care.

    • D.

      Be allowed privacy with the client.

    Correct Answer
    D. Be allowed privacy with the client.
    Explanation
    When family members visit a client, it is important to allow them privacy with the client. This is because privacy allows the family members to have meaningful interactions and conversations with the client without any interruptions or distractions. It also creates a comfortable and relaxed environment for the client and their family members to spend quality time together. Privacy is essential for maintaining the dignity and respect of the client and their family, and it allows them to discuss personal matters or sensitive topics without any discomfort or hesitation.

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  • 38. 

    You may attend resident council meetings in an eldercare facility (ECF) if

    • A.

      You are invited to attend.

    • B.

      Your superior assigns you to attend.

    • C.

      You are interested in what the residents are discussing.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. You are invited to attend.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "you are invited to attend." This means that attending resident council meetings in an eldercare facility is only possible if you receive an invitation to do so. The other options, such as being assigned by a superior or having personal interest, are not valid reasons for attending the meetings. Only individuals who are specifically invited are allowed to participate in these meetings.

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  • 39. 

    Which of the following is considered a client's right?

    • A.

      Having curtains pulled during personal care

    • B.

      Having personal information kept confidentially

    • C.

      Receiving and sending private mail

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    All of the options listed are considered a client's right. Having curtains pulled during personal care ensures privacy and dignity. Keeping personal information confidentially protects the client's privacy and maintains trust. Receiving and sending private mail allows the client to maintain communication and personal connections. Therefore, all of these options are considered a client's right.

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  • 40. 

    An ECF resident wishes to wash her own underwear. You should

    • A.

      Ignore the request.

    • B.

      Tell her that clothing must go to the laundry.

    • C.

      Tell her you will do it.

    • D.

      Help her obtain supplies.

    Correct Answer
    D. Help her obtain supplies.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to help her obtain supplies. This is the appropriate response because the resident wants to wash her own underwear, indicating a desire for independence and self-care. By assisting her in obtaining the necessary supplies, you are supporting her autonomy and promoting her well-being.

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  • 41. 

    In the long-term-care facility, the family members should be used to

    • A.

      Leave during treatments.

    • B.

      Attend care-planning meetings.

    • C.

      Avoid visiting during mealtimes.

    • D.

      Help perform client care.

    Correct Answer
    B. Attend care-planning meetings.
    Explanation
    In a long-term care facility, it is important for family members to attend care-planning meetings. These meetings allow the family members to actively participate in the planning and decision-making process regarding the care and treatment of their loved ones. By attending these meetings, family members can provide valuable input, discuss concerns, and stay informed about the progress and changes in the care plan. This involvement helps in ensuring that the care provided is personalized, comprehensive, and meets the specific needs and preferences of the client.

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  • 42. 

    Sexuality in long-term-care clients may include all the following except

    • A.

      Needing private time with a partner.

    • B.

      Caring about one's physical appearance.

    • C.

      Engaging in public fonding.

    • D.

      Desiring sexual interaction.

    Correct Answer
    C. Engaging in public fonding.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is engaging in public fondling. Sexuality in long-term care clients is a normal and important aspect of their lives. It may include needing private time with a partner, caring about one's physical appearance, and desiring sexual interaction. However, engaging in public fondling is not appropriate or acceptable behavior in any setting, including long-term care facilities. It is important to respect the privacy and dignity of all individuals, including their sexual expression, but within appropriate boundaries.

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  • 43. 

    Which statement about some patients with developmental disabilities is correct?

    • A.

      They usually have no ADL skills.

    • B.

      They are usually bed bound.

    • C.

      They can learn but at a slow pace.

    • D.

      They are dangerous because they are always strong.

    Correct Answer
    C. They can learn but at a slow pace.
    Explanation
    Patients with developmental disabilities can learn, but they may do so at a slower pace compared to individuals without disabilities. Developmental disabilities can affect cognitive, physical, and/or social functioning, making it more challenging for individuals to acquire new skills or knowledge. However, with appropriate support and interventions, individuals with developmental disabilities can still make progress and learn new things.

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  • 44. 

    A goal for an ECF resident is that she not swear at times or aides. When she calls you by your name, your appropriate action is to

    • A.

      Smile and give the appropriate reward.

    • B.

      Continue whatever task that is being done.

    • C.

      Tease the resident about not swearing.

    • D.

      Tell all of the staff that she didn't swear.

    Correct Answer
    A. Smile and give the appropriate reward.
    Explanation
    The appropriate action when an ECF resident calls you by your name is to smile and give the appropriate reward. This indicates a positive reinforcement for the resident's behavior of not swearing and encourages them to continue behaving in a respectful manner. Teasing the resident about not swearing may be inappropriate and could potentially discourage them from maintaining their goal. Continuing whatever task that is being done is not necessarily the appropriate response in this situation. Telling all of the staff that the resident didn't swear is not relevant to the resident's behavior and does not address the appropriate action to take.

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  • 45. 

    An agitated resident must be turned every two hours all night long. The first action of the nurse aide when waking up this resident is to

    • A.

      Turn on the light.

    • B.

      Speak quietly and calmly.

    • C.

      Touch her shoulder.

    • D.

      Shout her name.

    Correct Answer
    B. Speak quietly and calmly.
    Explanation
    The nurse aide's first action when waking up an agitated resident who needs to be turned every two hours all night long should be to speak quietly and calmly. This approach helps to create a soothing and peaceful environment for the resident, reducing their agitation and making the turning process easier. Turning on the light or shouting the resident's name may startle or further agitate the resident, while touching her shoulder may not be enough to effectively calm her down. Therefore, speaking quietly and calmly is the most appropriate initial action in this situation.

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  • 46. 

    If a client objects to certain food for religious or cultural reasons, the appropriate action would be to

    • A.

      Tell him to wait for the next meal.

    • B.

      Offer to substitute something different for him.

    • C.

      Call the dietician on the next day.

    • D.

      Tell him he needs to eat what is on his tray.

    Correct Answer
    B. Offer to substitute something different for him.
    Explanation
    If a client objects to certain food for religious or cultural reasons, the appropriate action would be to offer to substitute something different for him. This is because respecting and accommodating the client's religious or cultural beliefs is important in providing appropriate care. By offering an alternative option, the client's dietary needs and preferences can be met while still ensuring they receive a suitable meal.

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  • 47. 

    The client's religion forbids eating pork. Bacon is being served for breakfast. The MOST appropriated response is to

    • A.

      Encourage the client to eat it because she needs protein.

    • B.

      Tell the client it is all right since her doctor ordered the diet.

    • C.

      Call the kitchen for a tray without bacon.

    • D.

      Tell the client that restrictions don't pertain in times of illness.

    Correct Answer
    C. Call the kitchen for a tray without bacon.
    Explanation
    The most appropriate response in this situation is to call the kitchen for a tray without bacon. This is because the client's religion forbids eating pork, so it would be respectful and considerate to accommodate their dietary restrictions. Encouraging the client to eat it because she needs protein would not be appropriate, as it disregards her religious beliefs. Similarly, telling the client it is all right since her doctor ordered the diet or saying that restrictions don't pertain in times of illness would not address the client's religious dietary restrictions.

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  • 48. 

    If a client asks a question you cannot answer, the best response is to

    • A.

      Tell the client you will ask another aide.

    • B.

      Ask the charge nurse to talk to the client.

    • C.

      Call the doctor to talk to the client.

    • D.

      Tell the client that you cannot answer the question.

    Correct Answer
    B. Ask the charge nurse to talk to the client.
    Explanation
    The best response when a client asks a question you cannot answer is to ask the charge nurse to talk to the client. This is because the charge nurse is typically more experienced and knowledgeable and can provide the client with accurate information or find someone who can. It is important to ensure that clients receive accurate and reliable information, even if it means seeking assistance from someone else.

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  • 49. 

    Before bathing a client, the nursing assistant should

    • A.

      Close the door and pull the curtain

    • B.

      Gather a change of clothing

    • C.

      Check for a doctor's order

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The nursing assistant should close the door and pull the curtain before bathing a client to ensure privacy and maintain a comfortable environment. They should also gather a change of clothing for the client to wear after the bath. Additionally, they should check for a doctor's order to ensure that bathing is safe and appropriate for the client. Therefore, all of the options mentioned are necessary steps that the nursing assistant should take before bathing a client.

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  • 50. 

    On entering a room, you notice that the client is not breathing. Your FIRST action should be to

    • A.

      Call for help.

    • B.

      Lay the client down on his back.

    • C.

      Give four qiuck breaths.

    • D.

      Give 8-10 abdominal thrusts.

    Correct Answer
    A. Call for help.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to call for help. When encountering a client who is not breathing, the first and most important action is to call for assistance. This ensures that additional help is on the way to provide further assistance and support. While other actions such as laying the client down, giving breaths, or performing abdominal thrusts may be necessary, they should only be done after help has been summoned.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 02, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Tikaboo
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