Take The Earth Climate Assessment Quiz Questions!

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Take The Earth Climate Assessment Quiz Questions! - Quiz

The earth climate is changing and this to a high degree is based on the human activities that are destroying the ozone layer daily. As we continue to revise for the earth science regents, I have prepared a quiz to cover the climate unit. Why don’t you give it a shot and see just how much you recall.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    This question may require the use of the Earth Science Reference Tables. Base your answer to this question on the information about a laboratory procedure, diagram, and data table below.  Hot water at 90°C is poured into cup A. Cool water at 20°C is poured into cup B. Styrofoam covers are placed on the cups. An aluminum bar and a thermometer are placed through holes in each cover. Points X and Y are locations on the aluminum bar. The data table shows temperature readings taken every minute for 20 minutes. Which change in the experiment would increase the heating rate of the water in cup B (Standard 2.2b)?

    • A. 

      Making the aluminum bar shorter between points X and Y

    • B. 

      Making the aluminum bar longer between points X and Y

    • C. 

      Keeping cup A covered, but uncovering cup B

    • D. 

      Keeping cup B covered, but uncovering cup A

    • E. 

      Heating cup B will not have any effect on the experiment

    Correct Answer
    A. Making the aluminum bar shorter between points X and Y
    Explanation
    Making the aluminum bar shorter between points X and Y would increase the heating rate of the water in cup B. This is because heat is transferred from the hot water in cup A to the cool water in cup B through the aluminum bar. Shortening the bar would decrease the distance over which heat needs to travel, allowing for faster heat transfer and therefore increasing the heating rate of the water in cup B.

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  • 2. 

    Deep currents are the result of (Standard 2.1 i):

    • A. 

      The Coriolis effect

    • B. 

      Changes in the density of ocean currents

    • C. 

      The trade winds

    • D. 

      Filling of the oceans by precipitation

    • E. 

      Neap tides

    Correct Answer
    B. Changes in the density of ocean currents
    Explanation
    Deep currents are the result of changes in the density of ocean currents. Density plays a crucial role in the movement of water in the ocean. When water becomes denser due to factors such as temperature or salinity changes, it sinks and forms deep currents. These currents are responsible for the vertical movement of water in the ocean, transporting heat, nutrients, and dissolved gases. The density variations occur due to differences in temperature and salinity, which can be influenced by factors such as evaporation, precipitation, and mixing with other water masses. The Coriolis effect, trade winds, and neap tides do not directly cause changes in the density of ocean currents.

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  • 3. 

    What role do convection currents in the ocean and atmosphere have in regulating climate (Standard 2.2 b)?

    • A. 

      They set up atmospheric circulation.

    • B. 

      They prevent deep water currents.

    • C. 

      They restrict energy to local use.

    • D. 

      There ensure a balance of precipitation.

    • E. 

      They prevent shallow water currents.

    Correct Answer
    A. They set up atmospheric circulation.
    Explanation
    Convection currents in the ocean and atmosphere play a crucial role in regulating climate by setting up atmospheric circulation. These currents are driven by temperature differences, with warm air or water rising and cool air or water sinking. This movement of air and water redistributes heat around the Earth, helping to regulate temperatures and distribute energy. It also plays a role in the transport of moisture, which affects precipitation patterns. Therefore, the convection currents are responsible for establishing the overall circulation patterns in the atmosphere, which in turn influence climate.

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  • 4. 

    What is the name for a water wave that results in seismic activity (Standard 2.1i)?

    • A. 

      Breaker

    • B. 

      Monsoon

    • C. 

      Hurricane

    • D. 

      Whitecap

    • E. 

      Tsunami

    Correct Answer
    E. Tsunami
    Explanation
    A tsunami is the correct answer because it is a water wave that results in seismic activity. Unlike other options such as breaker, monsoon, hurricane, or whitecap, a tsunami is specifically caused by seismic events such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, or underwater landslides. Tsunamis can cause significant damage and devastation when they reach coastal areas, making them a unique and powerful natural phenomenon.

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  • 5. 

    London, England, is located at approximately 51° 30' north latitude and 0° longitude. Elmira, New York, is located at approximately 42° 10' north latitude and 76° 54' west longitude.  What is one reason why London has a warmer average winter temperature than Elmira(Standard 2.2c)?

    • A. 

      London’s climate is modified by its longer duration of insolation.

    • B. 

      London is located closer to the equator.

    • C. 

      London’s climate is modified by the North Atlantic Current

    • D. 

      London is located at a higher elevation

    • E. 

      London is affected by more hurricanes

    Correct Answer
    C. London’s climate is modified by the North Atlantic Current
    Explanation
    London’s climate is modified by the North Atlantic Current. The North Atlantic Current is a warm ocean current that brings warm water from the Gulf Stream towards the coast of Europe, including London. This current helps to moderate the climate and keep temperatures relatively mild, even in the winter. Elmira, on the other hand, is not influenced by this current and therefore does not benefit from the same level of temperature moderation.

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  • 6. 

    The amount of precipitation that seeps into the ground or runs off is influenced mostly by(Standard 1.2g)?

    • A. 

      Cloud cover

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Conduction

    • D. 

      Crevasses

    • E. 

      Climate

    Correct Answer
    E. Climate
    Explanation
    The amount of precipitation that seeps into the ground or runs off is influenced mostly by climate. Climate determines the long-term weather patterns in an area, including the amount and frequency of precipitation. Different climates have different amounts of rainfall, which in turn affects how much water can seep into the ground or run off. Therefore, climate plays a major role in determining the amount of precipitation that is absorbed by the ground or becomes runoff.

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  • 7. 

    The gravitational pull of the moon is strongest (Standard 1.1a):

    • A. 

      During spring

    • B. 

      During winter

    • C. 

      During the evening

    • D. 

      On the side farthest from the moon

    • E. 

      On the side nearest the moon

    Correct Answer
    E. On the side nearest the moon
    Explanation
    The gravitational pull of the moon is strongest on the side nearest the moon because gravity is strongest when objects are closest to each other. The moon's gravitational force is what causes tides on Earth, and the side of Earth that is closest to the moon experiences the highest tide due to the stronger gravitational pull.

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  • 8. 

    The slow rocking motion of ocean water that occurs as the tidal bulges move around the ocean basin is called a (Standard 1.1a)?

    • A. 

      Tidal current

    • B. 

      Tsunami

    • C. 

      Tidal oscillation

    • D. 

      Flood tide

    • E. 

      Variation tides

    Correct Answer
    C. Tidal oscillation
    Explanation
    Tidal oscillation refers to the slow rocking motion of ocean water caused by the movement of tidal bulges around the ocean basin. This motion is a result of the gravitational forces exerted by the moon and the sun on the Earth's oceans. Tidal oscillations are responsible for the regular rise and fall of tides in coastal areas.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following factors does not determine a region’s climate?

    • A. 

      Geography

    • B. 

      Wind Patterns

    • C. 

      Ocean Currents

    • D. 

      Orographic Effect

    • E. 

      Longitude

    Correct Answer
    E. Longitude
    Explanation
    Longitude does not determine a region's climate. Climate is primarily determined by factors such as geography, wind patterns, ocean currents, and orographic effect. Longitude, on the other hand, is a measure of a location's east-west position on the Earth's surface and does not directly influence climate patterns.

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  • 10. 

    Hurricanes form when a group of thunderstorms going different directions meets and begins to spin (Standard 2.1i):

    • A. 

      Over Florida

    • B. 

      Over cold waters

    • C. 

      Over tropical waters

    • D. 

      Over water between 30 to 60 degrees latitude

    • E. 

      Over the equator only

    Correct Answer
    C. Over tropical waters
    Explanation
    Hurricanes form over tropical waters because these areas provide the necessary warm and moist conditions for the development and intensification of a tropical cyclone. The warm ocean waters act as a source of energy, providing heat and moisture to fuel the storm. Additionally, the Coriolis effect, caused by the rotation of the Earth, is stronger in tropical regions, which helps to initiate and sustain the cyclonic circulation needed for a hurricane to form. Therefore, hurricanes are most likely to form over tropical waters where the combination of warm ocean temperatures and favorable atmospheric conditions are present.

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  • 11. 

    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how much you already know about climate science.

    Correct Answer
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Explanation
    The answer "1, 2, 3, 4" suggests that the respondent can rate their knowledge about climate science on a scale from 1 to 4, with 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest. This allows for a range of responses, indicating that the respondent may have varying levels of knowledge about climate science, from very little (1) to a high level of expertise (4).

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  • 12. 

    Rate, on a scale of 1 – 4, 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest, how interested are you in climate science.

    Correct Answer
    1
    2
    3
    4
    Explanation
    This question asks the respondent to rate their level of interest in climate science on a scale of 1 to 4, with 1 being the lowest and 4 being the highest. The answer provided is 1, 2, 3, 4, which means that the respondent is open to any level of interest in climate science, ranging from the lowest to the highest.

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