Clic Cosmetology: Infection Control: Principles And Practice (Part 4)

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Stefahknee
S
Stefahknee
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 1,710
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 243

SettingsSettingsSettings
Clic Cosmetology: Infection Control: Principles And Practice (Part 4) - Quiz

This covers the nature of various organisms, how they relate to disease, and how their spread can be prevented in the salon. These quizzes cover bacteria, viruses, how pathogens enter the body, parasites, immunity, principles of prevention, universal precautions, and the professional image.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Surfaces of tools or other objects that are not free from dirt, oils, and microbes are covered with __________.

    • A.

      Dirt

    • B.

      Microbes

    • C.

      Contaminants

    • D.

      Cilia

    Correct Answer
    C. Contaminants
    Explanation
    Contaminants are any substances that can cause contamination. Surfaces may seem clean to you, even sparkling, but no matter how clean they appear to the naked eye, chances are they are contaminated.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The removal of pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces is called __________.

    • A.

      Sterilization

    • B.

      Disinfection

    • C.

      Decontamination

    • D.

      Sanitation

    Correct Answer
    C. Decontamination
    Explanation
    Decontamination involves the use of physical or chemical means to remove, inactivate, or destroy pathogens so that the object is rendered safe for handling, use, or disposal.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    There are three main levels of decontamination: sterilization, disinfection, and sanitation. Which one is NOT required in the salon?

    • A.

      Sterilization

    • B.

      Disinfection

    • C.

      Sanitation

    Correct Answer
    A. Sterilization
    Explanation
    Sterilization is not required in the salon. Sterilization is the highest level of decontamination, which involves killing or removing all forms of microbial life, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. In a salon setting, sterilization is typically not necessary as the tools and equipment used do not come into contact with bodily fluids or pose a high risk of infection. Instead, disinfection and sanitation are sufficient to maintain a clean and safe environment. Disinfection involves killing or inactivating most microorganisms, while sanitation reduces the number of microorganisms to a safe level.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    __________ is the highest level of decontamination. It completely destroys every organism on a surface, whether beneficial or harmful.

    • A.

      Disinfection

    • B.

      Sanitation

    • C.

      Sterilization

    Correct Answer
    C. Sterilization
    Explanation
    Sterilization even kills bacterial spores, the most resistant for m of life on Earth. It is the process used by dentists and surgeons, and also estheticians.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    We can only sterilize surfaces that are __________.

    • A.

      Porous

    • B.

      Nonporous

    Correct Answer
    B. Nonporous
    Explanation
    Porous means having pores or openings that permit liquids or gases to pass through. Metal implements are nonporous and can be sterilized, but wood surfaces, which are porous, cannot. Sterilization is impractical and unnecessary in salons.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Disinfection is a higher level of decontamination than sanitation.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    It is second only to sterilization. Disinfection controls microorganisms on hard, nonporous surfaces such as cuticle nippers and other salon implements.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Disinfection provides the level of protection required by the salon to kill most organisms, with one exception. Disinfection does not kill __________.

    • A.

      Viruses

    • B.

      HIV and AIDS

    • C.

      Bacterial spores

    • D.

      Viruses

    Correct Answer
    C. Bacterial spores
    Explanation
    Disinfection is a process that is used to kill most organisms and provide the necessary level of protection in a salon setting. However, it is important to note that disinfection does not effectively kill bacterial spores. Bacterial spores are highly resistant structures that some bacteria can form as a means of survival in unfavorable conditions. These spores can withstand harsh environments and disinfection methods, making them difficult to eliminate. Therefore, while disinfection is effective against many organisms, it is not sufficient to kill bacterial spores.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    __________ are chemical agents used to destroy most bacteria and some viruses and to disinfect implements and surfaces.

    • A.

      Cleaners

    • B.

      Disinfectants

    • C.

      Antiseptics

    Correct Answer
    B. Disinfectants
    Explanation
    Disinfectants are not for use on human skin, hair, or nails. Any substance powerful enough to quickly and efficiently destroy pathogens can also damage skin.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Information compiled by a manufacturer about its product, ranging from ingredient content and associated hazards to combustion levels and storage requirements.

    • A.

      OSHA

    • B.

      MSDS

    • C.

      EPA

    Correct Answer
    B. MSDS
    Explanation
    MSDS stands for Material Safety Data Sheet.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Regulates employee exposure to toxic substances and informs employees about the dangers of materials used in the workplace.

    • A.

      MSDS

    • B.

      EPA

    • C.

      OSHA

    Correct Answer
    C. OSHA
    Explanation
    OSHA stands for Occupational Safety and Health Administration was created as part of the US Department of Labor. Issues having to do with the mixing, storing and disposal of chemicals; the general safety of the workplace; and most important the right of the cosmetologist to know what is contained in the products she uses all are regulated by OSHA standards.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    To meet salon requirements, a disinfectant must have the correct ______ (effectiveness) to be used against bacteria, fungi, and viruses.

    • A.

      Bactericidial

    • B.

      Pseudomonacidal

    • C.

      Efficacy

    • D.

      Virucidal

    Correct Answer
    C. Efficacy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Efficacy". Efficacy refers to the ability of a disinfectant to effectively kill or inactivate bacteria, fungi, and viruses. In order to meet salon requirements, a disinfectant must have the correct level of effectiveness or efficacy to ensure that it can effectively eliminate these microorganisms and prevent the spread of infections.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The disinfectants that are "Formulated for Hospitals and Health Care Facilities" must be....

    • A.

      Bactericidal, Tuberculocidal, Virucidal, Fungicidal

    • B.

      Pseudomonacidal, Bactericidal, Fungicidal,, and Virucidal

    • C.

      Virucidal, Fungicidal, Bactericidal

    • D.

      Pseudomonacidal, Virucidal, Bactericidal

    Correct Answer
    B. Pseudomonacidal, Bactericidal, Fungicidal,, and Virucidal
    Explanation
    Pseudomonacidal is effective against the bacteria Pseudomonas.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    For bloodborne pathogens, OSHA issue a policy in 1997 stating that in order to comply with OSHA's Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, the use of an EPA-registered _____________ disinfectant or EPA-registered disinfectant labeled as effective against HIV and HBV is required.

    • A.

      Bactericidal

    • B.

      Pseudomonacidal

    • C.

      Tuberculocidal

    • D.

      Virucidal

    Correct Answer
    C. Tuberculocidal
    Explanation
    When salon implements accidentally come into contact with blood or body fluids, they should be cleaned and completely immersed in an EPA-registered disinfectant that kills HIV-1 and Hepatitis B virus, or in a tuberculocidal disinfectant.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Ultrasonic cleaners use high-frequency sound waves to create powerful, cleansing bubbles in the liquid.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This cleansing action is an effective way to clean tiny crevices that are impossible to reach with a brush. Without an effective disinfectant solution, however, these devices only sanitize implements.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Commonly called quats, are a type of disinfectant considered non-toxic, odorless, and fast-acting. Most quat solutions disinfect implements in 10 to 15 minutes.

    • A.

      Phenol

    • B.

      Alcohol

    • C.

      Quaternary ammonium compounds

    • D.

      Sodium Hypochlorite

    Correct Answer
    C. Quaternary ammonium compounds
    Explanation
    Quats are also very effective for cleaning tables and countertops.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Carbolic acid; caustic poison that can be safe and extremely effective if used according to instructions. In 5 percent dilute solution it is used to sanitize metallic implements.

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Phenol

    • C.

      Sodium Hypochlorite

    • D.

      Quats

    Correct Answer
    B. Phenol
    Explanation
    Phenol, also known as carbolic acid, is a caustic poison that can be safe and highly effective if used correctly. In a 5 percent dilute solution, it is commonly used to sanitize metallic implements. This suggests that phenol is the correct answer as it aligns with the given information about its properties and usage.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    In the salon, ethyl and isopropyl alcohol are sometimes used to disinfect implements.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The strength of the ethyl alcohol must be no less than 70%, and the strength of isopropyl alcohol must be 99%. Since alcohol is not an EPA-registered disinfectant, it is not permitted for use with implements in states requiring hospital disinfection.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Formalin, a solution of formaldehyde in water, is recommended as a disinfectant and fumigant  in dry cabinet sanitizers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Formalin, a solution of formaldehyde in water, WAS recommended as a disinfectant and fumigant in dry cabinet sanitizers. However, formalin is not safe for salon use. Formaldehyde, a pungent gas, is a suspected cancer-causing agent. It is poisonous when inhaled.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Sodium hypochlorite is the proper term for....

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Phenol

    • C.

      Bleach

    • D.

      Formaldehyde

    Correct Answer
    C. Bleach
    Explanation
    Bleach is an effective disinfectant but shares some of the same drawbacks as alcohol. Both are very effective disinfectants, but should not be used on salon implements. They are general "household level" disinfectants and are not designed for professional tools.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Ultraviolet sanitizers are useful storage containers.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    UV sanitizers will not disinfect salon implements. Never use these devices to disinfect.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    The third, or lowest level of decontamination is called _________.

    • A.

      Sterilization

    • B.

      Sanitation

    • C.

      Disinfection

    Correct Answer
    B. Sanitation
    Explanation
    To sanitize means "to significantly reduce the number of pathogens or disease producing organisms found on a surface."

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    _________ is a fungus growth that usually grows in dark, damp places.

    Correct Answer
    Mold
    Explanation
    Mildew is a moldy coating produced by fungi that can appear on walls, fabrics, and the like, and also occurs in damp areas. Mold spores carry toxins that can cause allergic reactions and sickness in some people.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    ________ can kill, retard, or prevent the growth of bacteria, but they are not classified as disinfectants.

    • A.

      Sanitizer

    • B.

      Antiseptic

    • C.

      Centralizer

    • D.

      Sterilizer

    Correct Answer
    B. Antiseptic
    Explanation
    Antiseptics such as 3 percent solutions of hydrogen peroxide are weaker than disinfectants and are safe for application to skin. They are considered sanitizers and are not adequate for use on instruments and surfaces.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    To assume  that all human blood and specified human body fluids are infectious for HIV, HBV, and other bloodborne pathogens is __________  _________.

    Correct Answer
    Universal Precautions
    Explanation
    Employers and employees are required to use universal precautions. They include: hand-washing, gloving, personal protective equipment such as goggles, injury prevention, and proper handling and disposal of needles, other sharp instruments and products that have been contaminated by blood or other body fluids.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Clients who are infected with Hepatitis B Virus or other bloodborne pathogens are ___________, which means that they show no symptoms or signs of infection.

    • A.

      Symptomatic

    • B.

      Immune

    • C.

      Asymptomatic

    Correct Answer
    C. Asymptomatic
    Explanation
    Clients who are infected with Hepatitis B Virus or other bloodborne pathogens are asymptomatic, which means that they show no symptoms or signs of infection. This implies that they do not display any visible indications of being infected, such as fatigue, jaundice, or abdominal pain. However, even though they do not exhibit symptoms, they can still transmit the virus to others, making it crucial to take precautions and practice safe behaviors to prevent the spread of the infection.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 17, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 21, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Stefahknee
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement