Clic Cosmetology: Infection Control: Principles And Practice (Part 1)

49 Questions | Total Attempts: 87

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Clic Cosmetology: Infection Control: Principles And Practice (Part 1)

This covers the nature of various organisms, how they relate to disease, and how their spread can be prevented in the salon. These quizzes cover bacteria, viruses, how pathogens enter the body, parasites, immunity, principles of prevention, universal precautions, and the professional image.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    One-celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics; some are harmful, some harmless; also known as microbes or germs.
  • 2. 
    The science that deals with the study of microorganisms called bacteria.
  • 3. 
    Communicable by infection from one person to another person or from one infected body part to another.
  • 4. 
    The science that deals with microorganisms and their effects on other forms of life.
  • 5. 
    Microscopic plant or animal cell.
  • 6. 
    A vegetable or animal organism that lives on or in another organism and draws its nourishment from that organism.
  • 7. 
    Any of the various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms.
  • 8. 
    The study of viruses and viral diseases.
  • 9. 
    A submicroscopic structure capable of infesting almost all plants and animals, including bacteria, infectious agent that lives only by penetrating cells and becoming part of them.
  • 10. 
    Helpful or harmless; not disease producing organisms which perform many useful functions such as decomposing garbage and improving soil fertility are what?
    • A. 

      Nonpathogenic

    • B. 

      Pathogenic

    • C. 

      Parasites

    • D. 

      Saprophytes

  • 11. 
    Bacteria that are harmful and can cause disease when they invade plant or animal tissue.
    • A. 

      Pathogenic

    • B. 

      Nonpathogenic

    • C. 

      Saprophytes

    • D. 

      Parasites

  • 12. 
    Saphrophytes are a type of nonpathogenic bacteria that lives on dead matter.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly or in three different groups.
    • A. 

      Cocci

    • B. 

      Bacilli

    • C. 

      Spirilla

  • 14. 
    Short, rod-shaped bacteria. They are the most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus (lockjaw), typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria.
    • A. 

      Spirilla

    • B. 

      Cocci

    • C. 

      Bacilli

  • 15. 
    Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria. They are subdivided into subgroups, such as Treponema pallida, which causes syphilis, or Borrelia burgdorferi, which causes Lyme disease.
    • A. 

      Cocci

    • B. 

      Spirilla

    • C. 

      Bacilli

  • 16. 
    Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes. They cause abscesses, pustules, and boils.
    • A. 

      Staphylococci

    • B. 

      Streptococci

    • C. 

      Diplococci

  • 17. 
    Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads. They cause infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning.
    • A. 

      Diplococci

    • B. 

      Streptococci

    • C. 

      Staphylococci

  • 18. 
    Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such as pneumonia.
    • A. 

      Streptococci

    • B. 

      Diplococci

    • C. 

      Staphylococci

  • 19. 
    Different bacteria move in different ways. Cocci rarely show active ______. They are transmitted in the air, in dust, or within the substance in which they settle.
  • 20. 
    Bacilli and spirilla are both motile and use slender, hairlike extensions, known as _________, or cilia, for locomotion.
  • 21. 
    Bacterial Growth and Reproduction: During the active stage, bacteria grow and reproduce. When they reach their largest size, they divide into two new cells. This division is called ________. The cells that are formed are called daughter cells. When conditions are unfavorable, bacteria die or become inactive.
  • 22. 
    Bacterial Growth and Reproduction: Certain bacteria, such as the anthrax and tetanus bacilli, form spherical spores with tough outer coverings during their ______  _______. The purpose is to be able to withstand periods of famine, dryness, and unsuitable temperatures. In this stage, spores can be blown about and are not harmed by disinfectants, heat, or cold.
  • 23. 
    Mycobacterium fortuitum furunculosis, a rod-shaped bacteria that was long thought to be relatively harmless, caused a huge outbreak in California in the ______ industry.
  • 24. 
    An __________ occurs when body tissues are invaded by disease-causing or pathogenic bacteria.
    • A. 

      Infection

    • B. 

      Illness

    • C. 

      Disease

  • 25. 
    The presence of pus means the affected area isn't going to get infected because the body is cleansing itself.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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