It is a Cisco proprietary protocol.
It recalculates the spanning tree in less than 1 second.
It requires the PortFast and UplinkFast features on switch ports.
It supports four states; blocking, listening, learning, and fowarding
It requires a full-duplex, point-to-point connection between switches and achieve the highes recalculation speed
Both broadcast their entire routing table from all participating interfaces to 255.255.255.255.
Both advertise their routing updates out all active interfaces every 30 seconds.
Both have the same administrative distance value of 120
Both can turn off automatic summarization.
Both support VLSM and CIDR.
To assign a default gateway to the hosts thar are connected to the switch.
To allow hosts on the same LAN to connect to each other
To allow remote management of the switch
To allow inter-VLAN communication.
PPP with CHAP authentication
PPP with PAP authentication
Hosts A and B can reach each other, but cannot reach hosts C and D or the server.
No host can reach any other host.
Hosts A, B, C, and D can reach each other, but cannot reach the server.
All hosts can reach each other.
Configure a default route on R3 and propagate it via the
Configure a default route on R2 and propagate it via RIPv2 to routers R1 and R3.
Configure a default route on the ISP, and it will be automatically propagated to all routers.
Configure a default route on R1, and it will be automatically propagated to all routers.
Eliminates the need for a Layer 3 device
Provides segmentation of broadcast domains
Allows for the propagation of broadcasts from one local network to another
Allows for the logical grouping of devices despite physical location
Prevents issues such as broadcast storms by ensuring a loop free environment
It will create, change, and delete VLANs.
It will send VTP messages to other attached switches.
It will ignore information that is contained in the VTP message.
It will retain its original database when it receives updates from the server.
Service provider edge
It is a reliable protocol.
It retransmits lost packets.
It is a three-way handshake protocol.
It has low overhead.
Fa0/1 interface of switch A
Fa0/2 interface of switch A
Fa0/1 interface of switch B
Fa0/2 interface of switch B
Fa0/1 interface of switch C
No set loopback
Incorrect subnet mask on R2
Incorrect IP address on R1
D 192.168.0.0/24 is a summary, Null0
D 192.168.0.0/22 is a summary, Null0
D 192.168.0.0/24 [90/203010] via 10.1.1.2, 00:00:10, Serial0/0/0
D 192.168.0.0/22 [90/203010] via 10.1.1.2, 00:00:10, Serial0/0/0
1=R, 2=O, 3=D, 4=C
1=R, 2=E, 3=O, 4=S
1=R, 2=D, 3=O, 4=S
1=O, 2=R, 3=D, 4=C
1=R, 2=O, 3=E, 4=C
All traffic that exits the Fa0/1 interface will be denied.
All FTP traffic from the 192.168.2.0 network will be denied.
All traffic except FTP will be allowed to exit the Fa0/1 interface.
All traffic except FTP will be allowed from the 192.168.1.0 network.
The network commands have been incorrectly issued on both routers.
Both routers have been configured with the same autonomous number.
The wildcard masks have been incorrectly configured on both routers.
Autosummarization is enabled on both routers.
The new route will be ignored and will never be added to the routing table.
The new route will be added to the routing table and will be the primary route to the 192.168.1.0/24 network.
The previously existing dynamic route will be replaced with the new static route.
The new route will be displayed in the routing table if the dynamic routing information for this route is lost.
R 192.168.1.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.100.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet0/1
R 192.168.2.0/24 [120/15] via 192.168.101.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet0/0
R 192.168.3.0/24 [120/2] via 192.168.101.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet0/0
R 192.168.4.0/24 [120/7] via 192.168.101.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet0/0