It is a Cisco proprietary protocol.
It recalculates the spanning tree in less than 1 second.
It requires the PortFast and UplinkFast features on switch ports.
It supports four states; blocking, listening, learning, and fowarding
It requires a full-duplex, point-to-point connection between switches and achieve the highes recalculation speed
Both broadcast their entire routing table from all participating interfaces to 255.255.255.255.
Both advertise their routing updates out all active interfaces every 30 seconds.
Both have the same administrative distance value of 120
Both can turn off automatic summarization.
Both support VLSM and CIDR.
To assign a default gateway to the hosts thar are connected to the switch.
To allow hosts on the same LAN to connect to each other
To allow remote management of the switch
To allow inter-VLAN communication.
PPP with CHAP authentication
PPP with PAP authentication
Hosts A and B can reach each other, but cannot reach hosts C and D or the server.
No host can reach any other host.
Hosts A, B, C, and D can reach each other, but cannot reach the server.
All hosts can reach each other.
Configure a default route on R3 and propagate it via the
Configure a default route on R2 and propagate it via RIPv2 to routers R1 and R3.
Configure a default route on the ISP, and it will be automatically propagated to all routers.
Configure a default route on R1, and it will be automatically propagated to all routers.
Eliminates the need for a Layer 3 device
Provides segmentation of broadcast domains
Allows for the propagation of broadcasts from one local network to another
Allows for the logical grouping of devices despite physical location
Prevents issues such as broadcast storms by ensuring a loop free environment
It will create, change, and delete VLANs.
It will send VTP messages to other attached switches.
It will ignore information that is contained in the VTP message.
It will retain its original database when it receives updates from the server.
Service provider edge
It is a reliable protocol.
It retransmits lost packets.
It is a three-way handshake protocol.
It has low overhead.
Fa0/1 interface of switch A
Fa0/2 interface of switch A
Fa0/1 interface of switch B
Fa0/2 interface of switch B
Fa0/1 interface of switch C
No set loopback
Incorrect subnet mask on R2
Incorrect IP address on R1
D 192.168.0.0/24 is a summary, Null0
D 192.168.0.0/22 is a summary, Null0
D 192.168.0.0/24 [90/203010] via 10.1.1.2, 00:00:10, Serial0/0/0
D 192.168.0.0/22 [90/203010] via 10.1.1.2, 00:00:10, Serial0/0/0
1=R, 2=O, 3=D, 4=C
1=R, 2=E, 3=O, 4=S
1=R, 2=D, 3=O, 4=S
1=O, 2=R, 3=D, 4=C
1=R, 2=O, 3=E, 4=C
All traffic that exits the Fa0/1 interface will be denied.
All FTP traffic from the 192.168.2.0 network will be denied.
All traffic except FTP will be allowed to exit the Fa0/1 interface.
All traffic except FTP will be allowed from the 192.168.1.0 network.
The network commands have been incorrectly issued on both routers.
Both routers have been configured with the same autonomous number.
The wildcard masks have been incorrectly configured on both routers.
Autosummarization is enabled on both routers.
The new route will be ignored and will never be added to the routing table.
The new route will be added to the routing table and will be the primary route to the 192.168.1.0/24 network.
The previously existing dynamic route will be replaced with the new static route.
The new route will be displayed in the routing table if the dynamic routing information for this route is lost.
R 192.168.1.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.100.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet0/1
R 192.168.2.0/24 [120/15] via 192.168.101.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet0/0
R 192.168.3.0/24 [120/2] via 192.168.101.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet0/0
R 192.168.4.0/24 [120/7] via 192.168.101.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet0/0
It will set the gateway of last resort for R1.
It will configure the IP address 10.1.1.2 on one interface of R1.
It configures the router to forward traffic that is destined for the 192.168.1.128/26 network through the interface with IP address 10.1.1.2.
It configures a static route for all packets with the source network address 192.168.1.128/26.
Routes that are passive are never updated.
Routes that are active are used to forward data.
Routes that are active are being recalculated by DUAL.
Routes that are passive are waiting for the neighbor adjacency process to complete.
It provides a high-speed backbone layer between geographically dispersed networks.
It provides hierarchical design between the core layer and the distribution layer.
It provides an entry point for hosts into the network.
It provides data security and traffic management for the core layer.
The revision number is different on both switches.
Both switches are in server mode.
The VTP domain name is different on both switches.
The VTP pruning mode is disabled.
It uses a three-way handshake with encryption. It
It sends the username/password pair across the link in clear text.
It provides protection against playback attack through a variable challenge value.
It designates the called device to control the frequency and timing of the authentication.
The command specifies how traffic will be routed to the 10.1.1.2 host.
It will set the default route in the routing table.
This route has an administrative distance of 1.
If a dynamic routing protocol with default parameters is configured on this router, this route will not be installed in the routing table
It supports a maximum hop count of 15.
It sends small hello packets to maintain knowledge of its neighbors.
It forwards complete routing tables in its updates to neighboring routers.
It supports equal and unequal cost load balancing.
It supports only one network layer protocol.
They increase network security.
They facilitate VTP implementation.
They decrease the size of the collision domain.
They make more physical connections to the network possible.
They logically group hosts according to their function.
There is a routing loop occurring between all three routers.
There is a network statement missing.
Network 172.30.20.0 has an incorrect wildcard mask.
The OSPF area configuration is incorrect.
/23 is an invalid subnet mask for the 192.168.0.0 network.
Set the router ID of R2 to 10.0.0.1.
Set the Loopback0 IP address of R3 to 192.168.1.253.
Set the FastEthernet0/0 IP address of R1 to 192.168.1.1.
Set the router ID of R1 to the highest IP address in the network.
Set the OSPF priority to 0 on the R3 FastEthernet0/0 interface.
R1 will be the DR.
R4 will be the DR.
R5 will be the DR.
R2 will be the BDR.
R3 will be the BDR.
CHAP sends passwords in clear text.
CHAP uses repeated challenges for verification.
PPP encapsulation is configured in interface mode.
CHAP uses a 2-way handshake to establish a link.
CHAP uses a challenge/response that is based on the MD5 hash algorithm.
The IP address is already in use.
The technician is using a network address.
The technician is using the wrong subnet mask for /26.
The technician must enable VLSM on the interface.
They provide IP filtering.
They reduce the processing load on the router.
They simplify the configuration of inter-VLAN routing.
They prevent routing loops and facilitate convergence.
They identify traffic for multiple uses such as QoS and NAT.
An untagged frame cannot pass through access ports.
An untagged frame cannot pass through trunk ports.
All frames that pass through trunk ports are untagged frames.
Untagged frames minimize the delays that are associated with inspection of the VLAN ID tag.
Untagged frames that are received on an 802.1Q trunk port are members of the native VLAN.
It permits or denies access based on the entire protocol.
It filters the packet based on the source IP address only.
It uses identification numbers between 100 and 199.
It can filter traffic based on port number.
It can only filter inbound traffic on an interface.
Configure dynamic NAT instead of PAT.
Configure the access list for the correct network.
Include the ip nat pool command in the configuration.
Configure the ip nat inside command on the correct interface.
A PVC provides a permanent logical connection to forward data between two points.
A PVC is dynamically established when a router requests a transmission.
A PVC prevents small messages from being held up behind larger messages.
A PVC requires call set-up information to be sent before transmitting any data.
It is the address of the destination network.
It is the routerID of the neighboring router.
It is the next hop address of the feasible successor.
It is the IP address of the serial0/0/0 interface of RouterC.
PC3 and the FastEthernet0/0 interface of R1 are not on the same subnet.
Fa0/1 is configured for access mode.
Fa0/4 must be configured as a trunk.
PC1 and the switch are not on the same subnet.
The session from host A to host B
The session from host B to hosts C and D
The session from host B to hosts E and F
The session from host E and host F to host A and host B
The router IDs of the two routers do not match.
The process IDs of the two routers do not match.
The Hello and Dead timers of the routers do not match.
The OSPF backbone area is configured on both routers.
The serial interfaces of the two routers are in different subnets.
They adapt to topological changes.
They are more secure than static routes.
They eliminate the need for default routes.
They have lower administrative distances than static routes.
They enable routers to share information about the reachability and status of remote networks.
The routing update information is protected against being falsified.
The routing table of R2 will be secured.
The key is encrypted with the MD5 hashing algorithm.
OSPF routes will get priority over EIGRP routes going into the routing table.
The overhead of OSPF information exchange will reduce.