Chp 5 Loman

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Chp 5 Loman - Quiz

This test will assess your knowledge of chapter 5 materials, including lecture, homework, vocabulary, and classroom activities like group work, videos, etc.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How did mining change over time?

    • A.

      Individual miners working independent claims took over claims abandoned by large corporations.

    • B.

      Large mines owned by corporations took over independent claims worked by individual miners.

    • C.

      As barbed wire became available, mines were pushed into smaller and smaller areas until they went out of business.

    • D.

      Mining became more profitable after Native Americans were restricted to living on reservations.

    Correct Answer
    B. Large mines owned by corporations took over independent claims worked by individual miners.
    Explanation
    Over time, there was a shift in the mining industry where large corporations started to take over independent claims that were previously worked by individual miners. This indicates a consolidation of mining operations, with bigger players dominating the industry. This change can be attributed to various factors such as increased capital investment, technological advancements, and the desire for greater efficiency and control in the mining process.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following speakers is most likely a Chinese settler in the West in the 1880s?

    • A.

      "I want to get my family away from the black codes and Jim Crow laws and find a better place for us to live."

    • B.

      "I owned a farm in Oregon Territory, but I've come to California to find gold."

    • C.

      "I had to leave my country to escape religious persecution. I hope to find to freedom in America."

    • D.

      "I came to California hoping to make my fortune in the gold rush. Now I work in an orchard in California's Central Valley."

    Correct Answer
    D. "I came to California hoping to make my fortune in the gold rush. Now I work in an orchard in California's Central Valley."
    Explanation
    The speaker who came to California hoping to make their fortune in the gold rush and now works in an orchard in California's Central Valley is most likely a Chinese settler in the West in the 1880s. This is because during the 1880s, many Chinese immigrants came to California to participate in the gold rush and later found employment in industries such as agriculture, including working in orchards in the Central Valley. The mention of the gold rush and working in an orchard aligns with the historical context of Chinese settlers in the West during that time.

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  • 3. 

    Many western settlers lived in shelters dug into the sides of hills because

    • A.

      Underground structures were more secure against Indian attack.

    • B.

      Native Americans taught settlers this labor saving construction method.

    • C.

      Wood was in limited supply.

    • D.

      They were more fashionable than wood structures.

    Correct Answer
    C. Wood was in limited supply.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "wood was in limited supply." This is because settlers living in the western areas often faced scarcity of wood, making it difficult to construct traditional wooden structures. As a result, they opted for shelters dug into the sides of hills, which provided a more secure and readily available alternative. This choice was primarily driven by the necessity to adapt to the local environment and available resources, rather than being influenced by Native Americans or fashion preferences.

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  • 4. 

    What type of business organization originated during the Gilded Age?

    • A.

      Sole proprietorship

    • B.

      Entrepreneurial

    • C.

      Corporation

    • D.

      Partnership

    Correct Answer
    C. Corporation
    Explanation
    During the Gilded Age, corporations became a popular type of business organization. Corporations allowed individuals to pool their resources and invest in large-scale ventures, such as railroads and factories. This form of organization provided limited liability for shareholders, which encouraged investment and growth. Corporations also had the ability to issue stocks and bonds, making it easier to raise capital. The rise of corporations during the Gilded Age contributed to the rapid industrialization and economic growth of the United States.

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  • 5. 

    "They were born of the necessity of workers to protect and defend themselves from encroachment, injustice and wrong. … To protect the workers in their inalienable rights to a higher and better life; to protect them, no only as equals before the law, but also in their health, their homes, their firesides, their liberties as men, as workers, and as citizens; to overcome and conquer prejudices and antagonism; to secure to them the fight to life; the right to be full sharers in the abundance which is the result of their brain and brawn, and the civilization of which they are the founders and the mainstay; to this the workers are entitled..."In the above passage, Samuel Gompers is describing the mission of

    • A.

      The labor movement

    • B.

      Social Darwinism

    • C.

      Benevolent societies

    • D.

      The civil rights movement

    Correct Answer
    A. The labor movement
    Explanation
    The passage describes the need for workers to protect themselves from injustice and to secure their rights to a better life. It mentions the workers' rights to health, homes, liberties, and a fair share of the abundance they contribute to society. This aligns with the goals and mission of the labor movement, which advocates for the rights and welfare of workers. The passage does not mention social Darwinism, benevolent societies, or the civil rights movement, making the labor movement the correct answer.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following statements reflects the attitude of W.E.B. Du Bois toward African American advancement?

    • A.

      He wanted black people to advance, but to do it without angering white people.

    • B.

      He called for armed revolt against white oppressors, even if it cost lives.

    • C.

      He wanted African Americans to strive for full rights immediately.

    • D.

      He recommended waiting until white people were ready to accept blacks in positions of leadership.

    Correct Answer
    C. He wanted African Americans to strive for full rights immediately.
  • 7. 

    The Knights of Labor campaigned for

    • A.

      An 8-hour workday, the end of child labor, and equal pay for equal work.

    • B.

      Wage increases and shorter workweeks.

    • C.

      The right to use strikes as a negotiating tactic.

    • D.

      A 12-hour workday for adults, and an 8-hour workday for children.

    Correct Answer
    A. An 8-hour workday, the end of child labor, and equal pay for equal work.
    Explanation
    The Knights of Labor campaigned for an 8-hour workday, the end of child labor, and equal pay for equal work. This is evident from their advocacy for an 8-hour workday, which aimed to improve working conditions and provide workers with more leisure time. They also fought against child labor, recognizing the exploitation and harm it caused to young workers. Additionally, the Knights of Labor advocated for equal pay for equal work, highlighting the importance of fair compensation regardless of gender or other factors.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following eased street traffic in cities?

    • A.

      Subways

    • B.

      Automobiles

    • C.

      Telegraphs

    • D.

      Airplanes

    • E.

      Railroad

    Correct Answer
    A. Subways
    Explanation
    Subways have eased street traffic in cities because they provide an underground transportation system that can efficiently move a large number of people without adding to the congestion on the streets. Subways have dedicated tracks and stations, allowing for faster and more reliable travel times compared to automobiles. They also help reduce pollution and the need for parking spaces, making them a sustainable solution for urban transportation.

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  • 9. 

    Elisha Otis --> Safety Elevator -->  ?ORElisha Otis : Safety Elevator :: Safety Elevator : ?

    • A.

      Cities develop mass transportation systems.

    • B.

      Construction of skyscrapers becomes practical.

    • C.

      Construction worker deaths decrease.

    • D.

      Settlement houses are established in many cities.

    Correct Answer
    B. Construction of skyscrapers becomes practical.
    Explanation
    The relationship between Elisha Otis and the safety elevator is that Otis invented the safety elevator, which made construction of skyscrapers practical. Similarly, the relationship between the safety elevator and the answer choice is that the invention of the safety elevator allowed for the construction of skyscrapers to become practical.

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  • 10. 

    Railroads were able to expand rapidly when

    • A.

      Native Americans were restricted to reservations.

    • B.

      The Chisholm Trail finally reached the Kansas border.

    • C.

      The telegraph allowed for more accurate scheduling of trains.

    • D.

      The Bessemer process made production of steel faster and cheaper.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Bessemer process made production of steel faster and cheaper.
    Explanation
    The expansion of railroads was able to occur rapidly because the Bessemer process made production of steel faster and cheaper. This process revolutionized the steel industry by allowing for the mass production of high-quality steel at a lower cost. Steel was a crucial material for building and maintaining railroads, as it provided strength and durability. With the availability of affordable steel, railroads were able to expand their networks more quickly and efficiently, leading to the rapid growth of the industry.

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  • 11. 

    “While the law [of competition] may be sometimes hard for the individual, it is best for the race, because it insures the survival of the fittest in every department. We accept and welcome, therefore, as conditions to which we must accommodate ourselves, great inequality of environment, the concentration of business, industrial and commercial, in the hands of a few, and the law of competition between these, as being not only beneficial, but essential for the future progress of the race.” —Andrew Carnegie, “Wealth,” North American Review, June 1889 What phrase in this passage best indicates Andrew Carnegie’s belief in social Darwinism?

    • A.

      “conditions to which we much accommodate ourselves”

    • B.

      “great inequality of environment, the concentration of business”

    • C.

      “the law [of competition] may be . . . hard for the individual”

    • D.

      “it insures the survival of the fittest in every department”

    Correct Answer
    D. “it insures the survival of the fittest in every department”
    Explanation
    Andrew Carnegie's belief in social Darwinism is best indicated by the phrase "it insures the survival of the fittest in every department." This phrase reflects Carnegie's view that competition and inequality are necessary for the progress of society, as they ensure that only the strongest and most capable individuals and businesses survive and thrive. Carnegie sees competition as a natural law that benefits the overall race by promoting the advancement of the most fit individuals and businesses.

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  • 12. 

    Most people in the cities lived in ______________________, which were run-down apartment buildings.

    • A.

      Settlement houses

    • B.

      Tenements

    • C.

      Shacks

    • D.

      Mansions

    Correct Answer
    B. Tenements
    Explanation
    In this context, the question is asking about the living conditions of most people in cities. The term "run-down apartment buildings" suggests that the living spaces were in poor condition. Among the options provided, "tenements" best fits this description as they were typically overcrowded, poorly maintained, and low-income housing units found in urban areas. Settlement houses were community centers providing social services, shacks are simple, makeshift dwellings, and mansions are large, luxurious homes, none of which align with the given description.

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  • 13. 

    _______________________made his fortune designing and building sleeper cars for railroads, which made long-distance travel more comfortable.

    • A.

      Andrew Carnegie

    • B.

      George Pullman

    • C.

      Lucas Osswald

    • D.

      Tennifer Judson

    Correct Answer
    B. George Pullman
    Explanation
    George Pullman made his fortune designing and building sleeper cars for railroads. These sleeper cars revolutionized long-distance travel by providing a more comfortable experience for passengers. By creating these specialized cars, Pullman was able to cater to the needs of travelers and enhance their overall journey. This innovation in transportation played a significant role in shaping the way people traveled and contributed to Pullman's financial success.

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  • 14. 

    There was little concern for workers in the climate of _______________________ capitalism.

    • A.

      Laissez-faire

    • B.

      Free-market

    • C.

      Constructive

    • D.

      Progressive

    Correct Answer
    A. Laissez-faire
    Explanation
    In a laissez-faire capitalist system, there is minimal government intervention in the economy, allowing businesses to operate freely without regulations. This lack of regulation often leads to little concern for workers' rights and well-being. Therefore, the correct answer is "laissez-faire" because it accurately describes the climate of capitalism where there is little concern for workers.

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  • 15. 

    The railroads set up a scheme to funnel federal money to stockholders through a company called _______________________.

    • A.

      Credit Mobilier

    • B.

      Standard Oil

    • C.

      CSX

    • D.

      Central Rail Holding Co.

    Correct Answer
    A. Credit Mobilier
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Credit Mobilier. Credit Mobilier was a company set up by the railroads to funnel federal money to stockholders. This scheme allowed the railroads to profit from government contracts and subsidies, ultimately benefiting their shareholders.

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  • 16. 

    A machine called the _______________________ could produce legible documents very quickly.

    • A.

      Ink-doubler

    • B.

      Telegraph

    • C.

      Typewriter

    • D.

      Telephone

    • E.

      Facsimile duplicator

    Correct Answer
    C. Typewriter
    Explanation
    A machine called the typewriter could produce legible documents very quickly. The typewriter was a mechanical device that allowed users to type characters onto paper by pressing keys. It revolutionized the way documents were created, providing a faster and more efficient alternative to handwriting. With the typewriter, individuals could produce legible and professional-looking documents in a fraction of the time it would take to write them by hand.

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  • 17. 

    Government policy toward Indians changed in the mid-1800s from pushing them westward to forcing them onto reservations.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in the mid-1800s, the US government implemented a change in policy towards Native Americans. Instead of pushing them further westward, the government began to forcefully relocate them onto reservations. This change in policy was a result of the increasing conflicts between Native Americans and settlers, as well as the desire of the government to gain control over valuable land. The forced relocation and confinement of Native Americans onto reservations had a significant impact on their way of life and led to the loss of their ancestral lands.

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  • 18. 

    Railroads hindered the settlement of the West.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    Railroads did not hinder the settlement of the West. In fact, they played a crucial role in promoting and facilitating the settlement of the West. The construction of railroads provided a means of transportation for people and goods, allowing for easier access to the West. It also helped in the development of towns and cities along the railroad routes, as it brought in more people and economic opportunities. The railroads played a significant role in the growth and expansion of the West, rather than hindering it.

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  • 19. 

    “New” immigrants in the late 1800s mainly came to the United States from northern and western Europe.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    B. FALSE
    Explanation
    During the late 1800s, the majority of immigrants to the United States came from southern and eastern Europe, not northern and western Europe. This period saw a significant increase in immigration from countries such as Italy, Russia, and Poland, as well as other regions in southern and eastern Europe. These immigrants were often seeking economic opportunities and fleeing political or religious persecution in their home countries. The influx of these "new" immigrants contributed to the diversification of the American population during this time.

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  • 20. 

    Mining camps sometimes grew into major cities, such as Denver, Colorado.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Mining camps often started as small settlements near mining sites, but as the mining operations grew and attracted more people, these camps could develop into major cities. Denver, Colorado is a prime example of this, as it originated as a mining camp during the Colorado Gold Rush and eventually became a thriving city due to the mining industry's influence. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 21. 

    John D. Rockefeller used vertical integration to increase profits.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Vertical integration is a business strategy where a company controls and operates multiple stages of the production process, from raw materials to the final product. By implementing vertical integration, John D. Rockefeller was able to eliminate middlemen and gain control over various aspects of the oil industry, such as drilling, refining, transportation, and distribution. This allowed him to streamline operations, reduce costs, and maximize profits. Therefore, the statement that John D. Rockefeller used vertical integration to increase profits is true.

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  • 22. 

    Said, “From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more, forever”

    • A.

      Thomas Edison

    • B.

      Chief Joseph

    • C.

      Sitting Bull

    • D.

      Geronimo

    • E.

      Jane Adams

    Correct Answer
    B. Chief Joseph
    Explanation
    Chief Joseph is the correct answer because this quote is attributed to him. Chief Joseph was a Native American leader of the Nez Perce tribe in the late 19th century. He is known for his resistance against the forced removal of his people from their ancestral lands. This quote reflects his decision to surrender and cease fighting against the US government, marking a significant moment in the Nez Perce War. Thomas Edison, Sitting Bull, Geronimo, and Jane Adams are not associated with this quote or Chief Joseph's historical context.

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  • 23. 

    Economic system in which most businesses are privately owned.

    • A.

      Communism

    • B.

      Capitalism

    • C.

      Federalism

    • D.

      Marxism

    • E.

      Fascism

    Correct Answer
    B. Capitalism
    Explanation
    Capitalism is an economic system in which most businesses are privately owned. In a capitalist system, individuals and companies have the freedom to own and control their own property and resources, and to engage in voluntary transactions with others. The government's role is limited, with minimal interference in the market. This system encourages competition, innovation, and individual initiative, as profits and success are driven by market forces. Capitalism is characterized by a free market, private property rights, and the pursuit of profit.

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  • 24. 

    Founder of one of the first settlement houses.

    • A.

      Richard Sears

    • B.

      Jim Crow

    • C.

      Jane Adams

    • D.

      Booker T. Washington

    • E.

      Cornelius Vanderbilt

    Correct Answer
    C. Jane Adams
    Explanation
    Jane Adams is the correct answer because she was indeed the founder of one of the first settlement houses. She co-founded Hull House in Chicago in 1889, which aimed to provide social and educational services to immigrants and the poor. Adams was a prominent social reformer and advocate for women's rights, and her work at Hull House had a significant impact on the development of social work and urban reform in the United States.

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  • 25. 

    Made his fortune in railroads.

    • A.

      John D. Rockefeller

    • B.

      Thomas Edison

    • C.

      Cornelius Vanderbilt

    • D.

      Lilly Wingfield

    Correct Answer
    C. Cornelius Vanderbilt
    Explanation
    Cornelius Vanderbilt is the correct answer because he made his fortune in railroads. Vanderbilt was a prominent American business magnate and philanthropist who was known for his success in the railroad industry. He played a significant role in the expansion of railroads in the United States during the 19th century and accumulated a vast fortune through his investments and leadership in this sector.

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  • 26. 

    Called for bank regulation, government ownership of railroads, and unlimited coinage of silver.

    • A.

      Republicans

    • B.

      The Progressives

    • C.

      Liberty Party

    • D.

      Communist Party

    • E.

      Populist Party

    Correct Answer
    E. Populist Party
    Explanation
    The Populist Party is the correct answer because it was a political party in the late 19th century that advocated for bank regulation, government ownership of railroads, and unlimited coinage of silver. The Populists believed that these policies would help address the economic challenges faced by farmers and working-class Americans. They sought to challenge the power of big business and promote the interests of ordinary citizens. The Populist Party had a significant impact on American politics during its time, although it eventually declined in influence.

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  • 27. 

    Believed African Americans could best improve their lives by learning practical skills.

    • A.

      Martin Luther King, Jr.

    • B.

      W.E.B. Du Bois

    • C.

      Booker T. Washington

    • D.

      Frank Lawson

    • E.

      Malcolm X

    Correct Answer
    C. Booker T. Washington
    Explanation
    Booker T. Washington believed that African Americans could best improve their lives by learning practical skills. He emphasized the importance of vocational education and economic self-sufficiency for the Black community. Washington believed that by acquiring practical skills, African Americans could gain economic independence and social acceptance in society. He advocated for the establishment of vocational schools and focused on building economic opportunities for African Americans rather than directly challenging racial discrimination and segregation. Washington's approach was seen as more gradual and accommodating compared to other civil rights leaders of his time.

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  • 28. 

    Began in San Antonio and ended in Kansas.

    • A.

      Trail of Tears

    • B.

      Chisholm Trail

    • C.

      Trail of Trials

    • D.

      Oklahoma Land Rush

    • E.

      The West

    Correct Answer
    B. Chisholm Trail
    Explanation
    The Chisholm Trail is the correct answer because it is the only option that accurately describes a trail that began in San Antonio and ended in Kansas. The Trail of Tears refers to the forced relocation of Native Americans, the Trail of Trials and the Oklahoma Land Rush are specific events and not trails, and "The West" is a broad term that does not specify a particular trail.

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  • 29. 

    Left about 150 Cheyenne people dead on their Colorado reservation.

    • A.

      Sitting Bull

    • B.

      Sand Creek Massacre

    • C.

      Battle of Little Big Horn

    • D.

      Chief Joseph

    • E.

      Battle of Big Bend

    Correct Answer
    B. Sand Creek Massacre
    Explanation
    The Sand Creek Massacre refers to an incident in which around 150 Cheyenne people were killed on their Colorado reservation. This event took place in 1864 when a group of Colorado militia attacked a peaceful Cheyenne and Arapaho camp. The attack was unprovoked and resulted in the deaths of mostly women, children, and elderly individuals. The Sand Creek Massacre is considered a significant event in the history of Native American relations with the US government and is often cited as an example of the violence and mistreatment suffered by indigenous peoples during westward expansion.

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  • 30. 

    Wizard of Menlo Park.

    • A.

      John D. Rockefeller

    • B.

      Thomas Edison

    • C.

      Alexander Graham Bell

    • D.

      Jim Crow

    • E.

      Albert Einstein

    Correct Answer
    B. Thomas Edison
    Explanation
    Thomas Edison is known as the "Wizard of Menlo Park" because he had a laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey where he conducted numerous experiments and inventions. He is famous for inventing the practical incandescent light bulb and developing the phonograph, among many other inventions. Edison's laboratory in Menlo Park was a hub of innovation and he was often referred to as the "Wizard" due to his ability to turn ideas into practical inventions. This nickname highlights his status as one of the most prolific inventors in history.

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  • 31. 

    Created and enforced segregation.

    • A.

      Booker T. Washington

    • B.

      Slave Codes

    • C.

      Black Regulations

    • D.

      Jim Crow Laws

    • E.

      The Ku Klux Klan

    Correct Answer
    D. Jim Crow Laws
    Explanation
    Jim Crow Laws were a set of state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the United States from the late 19th century to the mid-20th century. These laws mandated segregation in public facilities, schools, transportation, and housing, effectively creating a separate and unequal society for Black Americans. Jim Crow Laws were created and enforced to maintain white supremacy and control over Black people, perpetuating racial discrimination and inequality. These laws were a significant barrier to civil rights and equality for Black Americans until they were eventually challenged and overturned during the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s.

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  • 32. 

    Richard Sears got his start in what city?

    • A.

      Philadelphia

    • B.

      New York

    • C.

      Chicago

    • D.

      Boston

    • E.

      Cleveland

    Correct Answer
    C. Chicago
    Explanation
    Richard Sears got his start in Chicago. This is because Richard Sears co-founded the company Sears, Roebuck & Co., which was initially based in Chicago. Chicago served as the headquarters and the birthplace of the company, making it the correct answer.

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  • 33. 

    Chicago acted as a gateway to the west, and processed many important goods like...(Select all that apply!)

    • A.

      Meat

    • B.

      Lumber

    • C.

      Grain

    • D.

      Water

    • E.

      Railroad

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Meat
    B. Lumber
    C. Grain
    Explanation
    Chicago acted as a gateway to the west because it was strategically located at the intersection of major transportation routes, including railroads and waterways. This allowed for efficient transportation of goods, including meat, lumber, and grain, which were all important commodities in the growing western territories. The city's central location and access to these resources made it a vital hub for trade and distribution in the region.

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  • 34. 

    The correct URL address for Mr. Johansson's website is:

    • A.

      Eajohansson.net

    • B.

      Eajohansson.com

    • C.

      Johansson.net

    • D.

      Johansson.com

    Correct Answer
    A. Eajohansson.net
    Explanation
    The correct URL address for Mr. Johansson's website is eajohansson.net. This is because the URL includes the initials "ea" followed by Mr. Johansson's last name "Johansson" and the domain extension ".net".

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  • 35. 

    To access the textbook website, use this website:

    • A.

      Holt.com

    • B.

      Www.hrw.com

    • C.

      My.hrw.com

    • D.

      Mytextbook.com

    Correct Answer
    C. My.hrw.com
    Explanation
    The given answer, "my.hrw.com", is the correct website to access the textbook. This can be inferred from the fact that the other websites listed, holt.com, www.hrw.com, and mytextbook.com, are not mentioned as options for accessing the textbook. Therefore, "my.hrw.com" is the most likely correct answer.

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  • 36. 

    Homework in US History is usually scheduled for what days of the week?

    • A.

      Monday, Wednesday, Friday

    • B.

      Tuesday, Thursday

    • C.

      Wednesdays only

    • D.

      Fridays only

    • E.

      Mondays and Wednesdays

    Correct Answer
    B. Tuesday, Thursday
    Explanation
    Homework in US History is usually scheduled for Tuesday and Thursday.

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  • 37. 

    If you are tardy (late) for class, you will get a weekday detention.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    If you are late for class, you will get a weekday detention. This implies that being tardy is a violation of the rules and will result in a consequence, which is a weekday detention. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 38. 

    How many stars are on the U.S. Flag today?

    • A.

      49

    • B.

      50

    • C.

      52

    • D.

      48

    Correct Answer
    B. 50
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 50 because there are currently 50 states in the United States of America, and each state is represented by a star on the flag.

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  • 39. 

    How many people live in the United States today? (approximately)

    • A.

      1.2 billion

    • B.

      48 million

    • C.

      309 million

    • D.

      624 million

    • E.

      987,000

    Correct Answer
    C. 309 million
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 309 million because this is the closest approximation to the current population of the United States. As of 2021, the estimated population of the United States is around 331 million, so 309 million is a reasonable estimate. The other options provided are either too high or too low compared to the actual population.

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  • 40. 

    The above graphic represents...

    • A.

      The amount of cattle during the late 1800's

    • B.

      The amount of improved land during the late 1800's

    • C.

      The amount of railroad miles during the late 1800's

    • D.

      The amount of settlers, or heads, in the West, during the late 1800's

    Correct Answer
    A. The amount of cattle during the late 1800's
    Explanation
    The graphic represents the amount of cattle during the late 1800's.

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  • 41. 

    The above graph displays the relationship between population growth and railroad mileage during the 1800's. What kind of relationship is it?

    • A.

      Direct relationship

    • B.

      Inverse relationship

    • C.

      Relative relationship

    • D.

      Negative relationship

    Correct Answer
    A. Direct relationship
    Explanation
    The graph shows that as the railroad mileage increases, the population growth also increases. This indicates a direct relationship between the two variables, where an increase in one variable corresponds to an increase in the other variable.

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  • 42. 

    What does this map show?

    • A.

      Roads

    • B.

      Trails

    • C.

      Railroads

    • D.

      Canals and Waterways

    Correct Answer
    C. Railroads
    Explanation
    This map shows the location and routes of railroads. Railroads are depicted on the map to provide information about the transportation network and connectivity via train routes. The map may include details such as major rail lines, stations, and junctions, which can be useful for planning travel or understanding the infrastructure of a region.

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  • 43. 

    Richard Sears' success as a business man was in part due to the railroad.

    • A.

      TRUE

    • B.

      FALSE

    Correct Answer
    A. TRUE
    Explanation
    Richard Sears' success as a business man was in part due to the railroad. This suggests that the railroad played a significant role in contributing to Richard Sears' success in business. It implies that the railroad provided opportunities or advantages that helped Sears in his business endeavors, such as transportation of goods, access to markets, or connections with suppliers and customers. The presence of the railroad likely facilitated the growth and expansion of Sears' business, making the statement "TRUE."

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  • 44. 

    In what general direction are most of the cattle trails headed?

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      South

    • C.

      East

    • D.

      West

    Correct Answer
    A. North
    Explanation
    Most of the cattle trails are headed north. This is because during the 19th century, cattle drives were common in the United States, particularly in the Midwest and Southwest regions. Cattle were often transported from southern states to northern states where they could be sold for a higher price. Therefore, the trails were designed to lead the cattle northward towards the markets and ranches in the northern states.

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  • 45. 

    What city is not one of the final destinations for cattle processing?

    • A.

      Chicago

    • B.

      Kansas City

    • C.

      Salt Lake City

    • D.

      St. Louis

    • E.

      Omaha

    Correct Answer
    C. Salt Lake City
    Explanation
    Salt Lake City is not one of the final destinations for cattle processing because it is not a major hub for the meatpacking industry. Cities like Chicago, Kansas City, St. Louis, and Omaha have historically been prominent in the cattle processing industry due to their central location, transportation infrastructure, and access to livestock markets. However, Salt Lake City does not have a significant presence in the meatpacking industry compared to these other cities.

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  • 46. 

    Steel processing became hugely important to the development of the United States as an industrial nation. Who was one of early entrepreneurs in the steel industry?

    • A.

      Richard Sears

    • B.

      John D. Rockefeller

    • C.

      Andrew Carnegie

    • D.

      George Pullman

    • E.

      Cornelius Vanderbilt

    Correct Answer
    C. Andrew Carnegie
    Explanation
    Andrew Carnegie was one of the early entrepreneurs in the steel industry. He played a significant role in the development of the United States as an industrial nation. Carnegie built a vast steel empire and became one of the richest men in the world. He pioneered the use of the Bessemer process, a method for mass-producing steel, which revolutionized the industry. Carnegie's success in the steel industry allowed him to fund numerous philanthropic endeavors, including the establishment of libraries, universities, and other educational institutions. His contributions to the steel industry and society as a whole make him a notable figure in American history.

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  • 47. 

    John D. Rockefeller started his own oil refining company early on. What was it called?

    • A.

      Standard & Poors

    • B.

      Standard Gasoline

    • C.

      Standard Refinery

    • D.

      Standard Oil

    • E.

      Rockefeller Oil

    Correct Answer
    D. Standard Oil
    Explanation
    John D. Rockefeller started his own oil refining company called Standard Oil.

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  • 48. 

      –noun
    1. A person who loves mankind (the human race) in general.
    2. A very generous person or institution.
    3. Someone who makes charitable donations intended to increase human well-being.

    • A.

      Arborist

    • B.

      Philanthropist

    • C.

      Humanist

    • D.

      Plagiarist

    • E.

      Philosopher

    Correct Answer
    B. Philanthropist
    Explanation
    A philanthropist is a person who loves and cares for mankind, often expressing this love through generous donations and actions that aim to improve the well-being of humanity. They are known for their charitable contributions and their dedication to making a positive impact on society.

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  • 49. 

    If Jimmy wants to horizontally integrate his hot dog stand, what should he do?

    • A.

      Buy all the other hot dog stands.

    • B.

      Buy all the companies that supply his stand, like the baker that makes the bun, the place that makes the relish, etc.

    • C.

      Buy other businesses that specialize in fine foods, like the Blue Canyon in Twinsburg.

    • D.

      Try to sell more hot dogs than anyone else.

    Correct Answer
    A. Buy all the other hot dog stands.
    Explanation
    To horizontally integrate his hot dog stand, Jimmy should buy all the other hot dog stands. This means acquiring and merging with competing businesses in the same industry to expand his market share and eliminate competition. By purchasing other hot dog stands, Jimmy can consolidate his position in the market, increase his customer base, and potentially achieve economies of scale. This strategy allows him to control a larger portion of the market and potentially dominate the hot dog industry in his area.

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  • 50. 

    Susie is looking to increase her business and make more profits, so she decides to vertically integrate her hair salon. What should she NOT do?

    • A.

      Buy all the other hair salons in the area.

    • B.

      Purchase businesses in the supply chain of her hair salon, like the makers of the shampoo.

    • C.

      Spend more money on advertising.

    • D.

      Offer sales and rebates to her customers.

    Correct Answer
    A. Buy all the other hair salons in the area.
    Explanation
    Vertical integration refers to a strategy where a company expands its operations by acquiring businesses in the supply chain or distribution channels. In this case, Susie's goal is to increase her business and profits through vertical integration. However, buying all the other hair salons in the area would be a horizontal integration strategy, not a vertical one. Horizontal integration involves acquiring competitors in the same industry. Since Susie wants to vertically integrate her hair salon, she should focus on purchasing businesses in the supply chain, spending more on advertising, and offering sales and rebates to her customers.

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