China Three Philosophies Quiz

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China Three Philosophies Quiz - Quiz

Use questions in this quiz to prep for your Unit Lesson quiz on China's Three Philosophies.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which of the following is NOT a Legalist belief?

    • A.

      Legalists believe in strong government.

    • B.

      Legalists believe in strict laws.

    • C.

      Legalists believe spying should be harshly punished.

    • D.

      Legalists believe people are naturally wicked.

    Correct Answer
    C. Legalists believe spying should be harshly punished.
    Explanation
    Legalists believe in strong government, strict laws, and that people are naturally wicked. However, they do not specifically believe that spying should be harshly punished. Legalists focus more on maintaining social order and stability through strict laws and strong government control, rather than specifically targeting spying as a punishable offense.

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  • 2. 

    For Taoists, what does the Yin-Yang symbol represent?

    • A.

      The natural balance between forces of good and bad.

    • B.

      The ever changing, ever evolving forces of nature

    • C.

      Two tadpoles chasing each other.

    • D.

      All issues in the world are really black and white.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. The natural balance between forces of good and bad.
    B. The ever changing, ever evolving forces of nature
    Explanation
    The Yin-Yang symbol represents the natural balance between forces of good and bad as well as the ever changing, ever evolving forces of nature. This symbol is a fundamental concept in Taoism, representing the complementary and interconnected nature of opposing forces in the universe. It signifies that these forces are not static, but constantly in flux, and that harmony can be achieved through the recognition and acceptance of this balance.

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  • 3. 

    What is the title of the book containing Taoist teachings?

    • A.

      Taoism for Beginners.

    • B.

      Tao Che Mi Cal.

    • C.

      The Tao Jones.

    • D.

      The Tao Te Jing.

    Correct Answer
    D. The Tao Te Jing.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Tao Te Jing." This book is a collection of ancient Chinese philosophical and religious texts, attributed to the philosopher Lao Tzu. It is considered one of the most important texts in Taoism, offering teachings and insights on various aspects of life, nature, and the Tao (the Way). The title "Tao Te Jing" translates to "The Classic of the Way and its Virtue," emphasizing the central concepts and principles of Taoist philosophy.

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  • 4. 

    What is the name of the book that holds the collected teachings of Confucius?

    • A.

      Kung Fu? Kung Pow!.

    • B.

      The Analects.

    • C.

      The Teachings of Confucius.

    • D.

      101 ways to enjoy ice cream.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Analects.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "The Analects." The Analects is a book that contains the collected teachings and conversations of Confucius, a Chinese philosopher and teacher. It is considered one of the most important texts in Confucianism and provides insights into his moral and ethical teachings.

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  • 5. 

    What was the goal of Taoism?

    • A.

      To restore China to its former glory.

    • B.

      To restore peace, order, and stability to society.

    • C.

      To protect natural habitats.

    • D.

      To teach everyone to play hackey-sack.

    Correct Answer
    B. To restore peace, order, and stability to society.
    Explanation
    Taoism's goal was to restore peace, order, and stability to society. This philosophy emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao, the natural way of the universe. By following the principles of simplicity, spontaneity, and non-action, Taoists believed that individuals could achieve inner peace and contribute to a peaceful and stable society. Taoism sought to bring balance and harmony to all aspects of life, promoting a peaceful coexistence between humans and nature. It focused on the importance of living in accordance with the natural order, which would ultimately lead to the restoration of peace and stability in society.

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  • 6. 

    After they came to power in 206 BCE, the Han Dynasty made Confucianism the official state belief system.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because after the Han Dynasty came to power in 206 BCE, they established Confucianism as the official state belief system. This decision had a significant impact on Chinese society and governance, as Confucianism emphasized the importance of moral values, social order, and respect for authority. The Han Dynasty's adoption of Confucianism helped to solidify its rule and maintain social harmony within the empire.

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  • 7. 

    Confucius is now honored as China's great...

    • A.

      Teacher.

    • B.

      Philosopher.

    • C.

      Philanthropist.

    • D.

      Poet.

    Correct Answer
    A. Teacher.
    Explanation
    Confucius is honored as China's great teacher because he was a highly influential educator and scholar during ancient China. His teachings and philosophy, known as Confucianism, emphasized the importance of moral values, social harmony, and the cultivation of personal virtues. Confucius believed in the power of education to transform individuals and society, and he dedicated his life to teaching his disciples and spreading his teachings. His emphasis on education and moral development has had a profound and lasting impact on Chinese culture and society, making him widely recognized and revered as a great teacher.

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  • 8. 

    In Legalism, who must have complete control.

    • A.

      The oldest member of the family.

    • B.

      The government.

    • C.

      The father of the family.

    • D.

      The person with the most toys.

    Correct Answer
    B. The government.
    Explanation
    Legalism is a political philosophy that emphasizes strict adherence to laws and regulations for maintaining social order. According to Legalism, the government must have complete control in order to enforce these laws effectively and maintain stability within society. This philosophy believes in a strong central authority that exercises absolute power and control over its citizens. Therefore, the correct answer is the government.

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  • 9. 

    Who is considered the founder of Taoism?

    • A.

      Old Man.

    • B.

      Lao Tsi.

    • C.

      Shi Huang di.

    • D.

      Liu Bang.

    Correct Answer
    B. Lao Tsi.
    Explanation
    Lao Tsi is considered the founder of Taoism. Taoism is an ancient Chinese philosophy and religion that emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao, which is the fundamental force that encompasses everything in the universe. Lao Tsi, also known as Laozi, is believed to have written the Tao Te Ching, the central text of Taoism. His teachings and philosophy laid the foundation for the development of Taoism as a distinct belief system and way of life.

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  • 10. 

    According to Legalism, what will control an evil man?

    • A.

      Proper education.

    • B.

      Public humiliation and ridicule.

    • C.

      Strict laws and harsh punishments.

    • D.

      Laughter.

    Correct Answer
    C. Strict laws and harsh punishments.
    Explanation
    According to Legalism, an evil man will be controlled by strict laws and harsh punishments. Legalism is a philosophical belief that emphasizes the importance of a strong and centralized government with strict laws and severe punishments to maintain social order and control individuals' behavior. It is based on the belief that people are inherently selfish and will only act in their self-interest unless they are compelled to do otherwise through strict regulations and severe consequences. Therefore, according to Legalism, the best way to control an evil man is by implementing strict laws and imposing harsh punishments.

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  • 11. 

    What does Taoism stress?

    • A.

      Living in harmony with nature.

    • B.

      The worship of Pooh.

    • C.

      Strict obedience and ritual sacrifice.

    • D.

      Finding your true, inner self.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Living in harmony with nature.
    D. Finding your true, inner self.
    Explanation
    Taoism stresses living in harmony with nature and finding one's true, inner self. This philosophy emphasizes the importance of aligning oneself with the natural flow of the universe and living in accordance with the principles of nature. It encourages individuals to seek balance, simplicity, and tranquility in their lives. Additionally, Taoism teaches that understanding and connecting with one's true, inner self is crucial for achieving harmony and fulfillment. By embracing these principles, individuals can cultivate a sense of peace, contentment, and spiritual growth.

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  • 12. 

    What is the name of the founder of Legalism?

    • A.

      Lu Gal-gal

    • B.

      Mi An Man

    • C.

      Tu Tu Zi

    • D.

      Legalism has no recognized founder.

    Correct Answer
    D. Legalism has no recognized founder.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Legalism has no recognized founder. This is because Legalism is a school of thought and political philosophy that emerged in ancient China during the Warring States period. It is not attributed to a specific individual but rather developed through the ideas and writings of various philosophers such as Han Fei and Li Si. Therefore, Legalism does not have a single founder.

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  • 13. 

    Confucianism was widely accepted by Chinese rulers during Kong Fu Zi's life.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During Kong Fu Zi's life, Confucianism was not widely accepted by Chinese rulers. Confucianism gained popularity and became the dominant philosophy in China several centuries after Kong Fu Zi's death. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 14. 

    Legalists believe that people are...

    • A.

      Evil by nature.

    • B.

      Basically good.

    • C.

      Bad but can be taught to be good.

    • D.

      All different.

    Correct Answer
    A. Evil by nature.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Evil by nature." Legalists believe that people are inherently evil and that their natural tendencies are towards selfishness and wrongdoing. They believe that strict laws and harsh punishments are necessary to control and regulate human behavior. This belief is based on the idea that people are driven by their own self-interests and will only act morally if they fear punishment. By viewing people as inherently evil, legalists argue for a strong and authoritarian government to maintain order and enforce laws.

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  • 15. 

    Legalists believe that people will only do the right thing if the threat of punishment is so harsh they will be afraid not to.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Legalists believe that people will only do the right thing if the threat of punishment is so harsh they will be afraid not to. This means that legalists believe that individuals are motivated primarily by fear of punishment rather than by moral or ethical considerations. They argue that strict and severe punishments are necessary to maintain social order and ensure compliance with the law. Therefore, it can be concluded that the statement is true according to the beliefs of legalists.

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  • 16. 

    What was the goal of Confucianism?

    • A.

      To teach the world to sing.

    • B.

      To end poverty.

    • C.

      To feed the masses.

    • D.

      To restore peace, order, and stability to Chinese society.

    Correct Answer
    D. To restore peace, order, and stability to Chinese society.
    Explanation
    Confucianism aimed to restore peace, order, and stability to Chinese society. Confucius believed that society could achieve harmony by following moral principles and practicing proper behavior. He emphasized the importance of respect for authority, filial piety, and the cultivation of personal virtues. By promoting these values, Confucianism sought to create a well-ordered and harmonious society, where individuals would fulfill their roles and responsibilities, leading to peace and stability.

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  • 17. 

    Taoists believe... (Check all that apply)

    • A.

      Following the Tao, individuals learn to live in harmony with nature and with their inner feelings.

    • B.

      To relate to nature and to each other, each human must find an individual way, or Tao.

    • C.

      A universal force called the Tao guides all things.

    • D.

      All creatures, except humans, live in harmony with the Tao.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Following the Tao, individuals learn to live in harmony with nature and with their inner feelings.
    B. To relate to nature and to each other, each human must find an individual way, or Tao.
    C. A universal force called the Tao guides all things.
    D. All creatures, except humans, live in harmony with the Tao.
    Explanation
    Taoists believe that by following the Tao, individuals can achieve harmony with both nature and their inner feelings. They also believe that in order to relate to nature and others, each person must find their own individual way or Tao. Additionally, Taoists believe in a universal force called the Tao that guides all things. They also believe that all creatures, except humans, naturally live in harmony with the Tao.

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  • 18. 

    What was the goal of Legalism?

    • A.

      To bring peace, order, and stability to society.

    • B.

      To teach the world to sing.

    • C.

      To feed the masses.

    • D.

      To clothe the poor.

    Correct Answer
    A. To bring peace, order, and stability to society.
    Explanation
    Legalism was a philosophical and political belief system in ancient China that aimed to bring peace, order, and stability to society. It emphasized strict laws, harsh punishments, and a strong central government to maintain social control and prevent chaos. Legalists believed that a well-ordered society could only be achieved through strict adherence to laws and regulations, which would deter crime and maintain social harmony. This goal of establishing peace, order, and stability aligns with the principles of Legalism.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following best describes Confucius' thoughts about human nature?

    • A.

      People are flawed but can be taught right from wrong.

    • B.

      People behave poorly when they are treated poorly.

    • C.

      People are basically good but sometimes behave poorly.

    • D.

      People are competitive and the strongest will rise to the top.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. People are flawed but can be taught right from wrong.
    C. People are basically good but sometimes behave poorly.
    Explanation
    Confucius believed that human nature is flawed, but individuals have the potential to learn and improve their behavior. He emphasized the importance of education and moral teachings in guiding people towards doing what is right. Additionally, Confucius also believed that people are essentially good, but they may occasionally behave poorly due to external factors or lack of proper guidance. Thus, the answer "People are flawed but can be taught right from wrong" and "People are basically good but sometimes behave poorly" accurately capture Confucius' thoughts on human nature.

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  • 20. 

    Which best describes the Confucian concept of Li?

    • A.

      Right mind.

    • B.

      Healthy diet.

    • C.

      Proper behavior.

    • D.

      Absolute freedom.

    Correct Answer
    C. Proper behavior.
    Explanation
    The Confucian concept of Li refers to proper behavior. Li encompasses the social norms, rituals, and etiquette that individuals should adhere to in order to maintain harmony and order within society. It emphasizes the importance of behaving in a respectful and virtuous manner towards others, showing filial piety, and fulfilling one's social roles and responsibilities. Proper behavior is seen as essential for cultivating moral character and creating a harmonious society.

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  • 21. 

    Taoism is based on nature and a balanced life.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Taoism is a philosophical and religious tradition that emphasizes living in harmony with nature and achieving balance in life. It teaches that individuals should follow the natural flow of the universe and seek to live in accordance with its principles. This belief is rooted in the understanding that nature is a source of wisdom and guidance, and that by aligning oneself with its rhythms and cycles, one can attain a state of inner peace and contentment. Therefore, the statement that Taoism is based on nature and a balanced life is true.

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  • 22. 

    Kong Fu Zi is also known as...

    • A.

      Confucius, the most honored teacher.

    • B.

      Confucius, the inventor of Kung Fu.

    • C.

      Confucius, the inventor of ice cream.

    • D.

      Confucius, the first man to dance the hokey pokey.

    Correct Answer
    A. Confucius, the most honored teacher.
    Explanation
    Kong Fu Zi is another name for Confucius, who is widely regarded as the most honored teacher in Chinese history. He was a philosopher and educator who emphasized the importance of moral values, social harmony, and personal integrity. His teachings, known as Confucianism, have had a profound influence on Chinese culture and society for over two thousand years. This answer is correct because it accurately identifies Kong Fu Zi as Confucius, the renowned teacher, which aligns with his historical significance and impact.

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  • 23. 

    What conditions in society led Confucius to develop his philosophy?

    • A.

      The Period of Warring Fates was a time of chaos as people in large cities began to practice ancestor worship less and less.

    • B.

      The Period of Warring States was a time of chaos and political instability.

    • C.

      The Period of Warring Mates was a time of chaos as husbands and wives across China competed in what is now recognized as the first reality show.

    • D.

      The Period of Warring Dates was a time of chaos when 1/2 of the country refused to adopt the emperor's new calendar.

    Correct Answer
    B. The Period of Warring States was a time of chaos and political instability.
    Explanation
    During the Period of Warring States, China experienced political instability and chaos. This period was characterized by intense competition and conflict among various states, leading to a breakdown of central authority and a lack of social order. It was in response to these conditions that Confucius developed his philosophy, which emphasized the importance of moral values, social harmony, and the proper conduct of individuals and rulers. Confucius believed that by adhering to these principles, society could overcome the chaos and achieve stability and peace.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following best describes Confucianism?

    • A.

      A Chinese philosophy that teaches that all confusion leads to wisdom.

    • B.

      A Chinese philosophy based on the teachings of Kong Fu and the behavior of pandas.

    • C.

      The feeling that sets in whenever you enter the History classroom.

    • D.

      A Chinese philosophy based on the teachings of Kong Fu that stresses rigid rules of behavior.

    Correct Answer
    D. A Chinese philosophy based on the teachings of Kong Fu that stresses rigid rules of behavior.
    Explanation
    Confucianism is a Chinese philosophy that is based on the teachings of Kong Fu, also known as Confucius. It emphasizes the importance of moral values, social harmony, and the proper conduct of individuals in society. Confucianism promotes the idea of rigid rules of behavior, such as respect for authority, filial piety, and the cultivation of virtues. It teaches that by following these principles, individuals can achieve personal and social harmony, leading to a peaceful and prosperous society.

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  • 25. 

    Taoism is...

    • A.

      Based on the belief that everyone can find their way to happiness.

    • B.

      Based on the story The Ugly Duckling.

    • C.

      Based on the belief that old age comes to those who wait.

    • D.

      Based on the story The House on Pooh Corner.

    Correct Answer
    A. Based on the belief that everyone can find their way to happiness.
    Explanation
    Taoism is a philosophy and religious tradition that emphasizes finding one's own path to happiness and fulfillment. It teaches that everyone has the potential to find their own way and achieve happiness, rather than relying on external factors or societal norms. This belief is central to Taoism's teachings and practices, which focus on self-discovery, personal growth, and living in harmony with the natural world.

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  • 26. 

    In his Five Key Relationships, Confucius thought relationships should be based on...  

    • A.

      A shared faith.

    • B.

      Love and a shared sense of humor.

    • C.

      A monetary arrangement between families.

    • D.

      Virtue, obedience, and respect.

    Correct Answer
    D. Virtue, obedience, and respect.
    Explanation
    Confucius believed that relationships should be based on virtue, obedience, and respect. According to him, individuals should strive to cultivate virtuous qualities and behave in a morally upright manner. Obedience refers to following the rules and expectations set by society and authority figures. Respect involves showing admiration, consideration, and deference towards others. Confucius believed that these values were essential for maintaining harmonious and balanced relationships, both within the family and in society as a whole.

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  • 27. 

    Confucianism stresses...

    • A.

      Happiness can be gained through power over others.

    • B.

      Individual responsibility and good, moral behavior.

    • C.

      Money is the root of all evil.

    • D.

      Cold hands reflect a warm heart.

    Correct Answer
    B. Individual responsibility and good, moral behavior.
    Explanation
    Confucianism emphasizes the importance of individual responsibility and good moral behavior. This philosophy believes that individuals should strive to cultivate virtues, such as righteousness, loyalty, and respect, in order to contribute to the well-being of society. By upholding ethical principles and fulfilling one's obligations, individuals can achieve personal growth and create a harmonious social order. This emphasis on personal accountability and ethical conduct aligns with the teachings of Confucius, who believed that individuals have the power to bring positive change to themselves and society through their actions.

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  • 28. 

    Why do Legalists believe that a strong central government is needed?

    • A.

      People are naturally stupid and will hurt themselves without the threat of violence.

    • B.

      People are naturally absent minded and will not remember anything without the threat of violence.

    • C.

      People are naturally lazy and will not do anything without the threat of violence.

    • D.

      People are naturally evil and will not do good without the threat of violence.

    Correct Answer
    D. People are naturally evil and will not do good without the threat of violence.
    Explanation
    Legalists believe that a strong central government is needed because they view people as naturally evil and believe that without the threat of violence, people will not do good. They argue that a strong central government is necessary to maintain order and control over society, as people cannot be trusted to act in a moral or responsible manner on their own. By instilling fear and using violence as a deterrent, the government can ensure that people follow the rules and behave in a way that benefits society as a whole.

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