Ch. 8 Testenhance Your Knowledge On Bentley With This Quiz!

28 Questions | Total Attempts: 738

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Ch. 8 Testenhance Your Knowledge On Bentley With This Quiz!

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Confucius left an enduring mark on Chinese society as
    • A. 

      An educator and political advisor

    • B. 

      A man involved in the practice of statecraft as an ambitious official

    • C. 

      A great traveler and writer of deep philosophical treatises

    • D. 

      A powerful and corrupt emperor

  • 2. 
    By JUNZI, or "superior individuals," Confucius meant
    • A. 

      Specially-chosen, highly skilled warriors

    • B. 

      Individuals who withdraw from society and live in harmony with nature

    • C. 

      Well-educated and conscientious individuals to fill state offices

    • D. 

      Graduates of Confucius' own school of philosophy

  • 3. 
    Mencius, the principal spokesman for the Confucian school, advocated that
    • A. 

      The evil nature of human beings could be improved by moral education

    • B. 

      Government should be organized through benevolence and humane action

    • C. 

      Government should be based on moral principal and codified law

    • D. 

      People should live by Daoist principles and behave by Confucian values

  • 4. 
    The concept DAO means
    • A. 

      Natural laws such as those defined by modern physics

    • B. 

      The original force of the cosmos, an eternal and unchanging principle that governs all the workings of the world

    • C. 

      Passive and yielding foces that exist only in water and empty spaces

    • D. 

      Living according to REN, LI, and XIAO

  • 5. 
    An individual who practiced the Daoist virtue of WUWEI would
    • A. 

      Motivate him/herself to change the world

    • B. 

      Follow high ethical standards and strie for success

    • C. 

      Try to govern the state according to benevolent paternalism

    • D. 

      Go with the flow of the cosmos and live in harmony with nature

    • E. 

      All of these choices are correct

  • 6. 
    To make a strong and powerful state, Legalist ministers
    • A. 

      Encouraged commerce, entrepreneurial activity, and education

    • B. 

      Won the people's support by providing them with legal rights

    • C. 

      Sought to rule according to principles of benevolence

    • D. 

      Encouraged agricultural cultivation and military service

  • 7. 
    The First Emperor Qin Shihuangdi
    • A. 

      Ordered the burning of most books

    • B. 

      Ordered workers to link defensive walls into one barrier

    • C. 

      Sentenced scholars to be buried alive

    • D. 

      Standardized the written script

    • E. 

      All of these choices are correct

  • 8. 
    In preparing governmental officials, the imperial university of the Later Han enrolled more than three thousand students, with its curriculum primarily based on
    • A. 

      The statecraft policies of Legalism

    • B. 

      Political science and the study of law

    • C. 

      Daoism

    • D. 

      Confucianism

    • E. 

      All of these choices are correct

  • 9. 
    Han Wudi decided to go on the offensive against the Xiongnu primarily because
    • A. 

      He intended to invade the Persian empire from Central Asia

    • B. 

      Other methods were not effective to pacify the Xiongnu and stop their raids

    • C. 

      The economy was stagnant and the buildup to war provided jobs

    • D. 

      He wanted to capture the wealthy Xiongnu cities

  • 10. 
    After 100 C.E. most Chinese writing was on
    • A. 

      Bamboo, pounded thin to make sheets

    • B. 

      Silk fabric

    • C. 

      Paper

    • D. 

      Parchment from animal skins

    • E. 

      None of the choices are correct

  • 11. 
    After Wang Mang usurped the throne of the Han, he attempted
    • A. 

      Restore land that had been taken from the royal family

    • B. 

      To solve the problem of court factions

    • C. 

      To redistribute land more equitably

    • D. 

      To conquer the Xiongnu

    • E. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 12. 
    An event leading to the collapse of the Han dynasty was
    • A. 

      The Yellow Turban Uprising

    • B. 

      The invasion of the Xiongnu

    • C. 

      The rise of the "socialist emperor"

    • D. 

      Moving the capital ot Luoyang

    • E. 

      All of these choices are correct

  • 13. 
    What did Xunzi believe about human nature?
    • A. 

      Moral education was needed

    • B. 

      Good public behavior was to be valued

    • C. 

      Humans selfishly pursue their own interests

    • D. 

      Harsh social discipline is needed to bring order to society

    • E. 

      All of the choices are correct

  • 14. 
    Which doctrine called for harsh penalties even for minor infractions?
    • A. 

      Legalism

    • B. 

      Confucianism

    • C. 

      Daoism

    • D. 

      Buddhism

  • 15. 
    What caused the collapse of the Qin dynasty?
    • A. 

      Massive public works generated ill will among the people

    • B. 

      Waves of rebels overwhelmed the Qin court

    • C. 

      Disease devasted the population

    • D. 

      Frustration with public works projects and rebel invasions

  • 16. 
    Chinese schools of thought came out of a period of
    • A. 

      Domestic harmony

    • B. 

      Chaotic disunity

    • C. 

      Unified authority

    • D. 

      Centralized power

  • 17. 
    Daoism and Confucianism differ on the topic of 
    • A. 

      Family values

    • B. 

      The existence of a god

    • C. 

      Reincarnation

    • D. 

      Social involvement

  • 18. 
    How did the Qin state become dominant in China?
    • A. 

      Through cooperation with neighboring states

    • B. 

      By genocide aimed at other strong states

    • C. 

      By the gradual conquest of other states

    • D. 

      Through its diplomacy that encouraged allies to help

  • 19. 
    Among the many accomplishments of the First Emperor, which one persisted into the Han dynasty?
    • A. 

      Formation of administrative districts

    • B. 

      Adherence to Legalism

    • C. 

      Persecution of dissenters

    • D. 

      Suppression of Confucianism

  • 20. 
    Along with his scorn for other classes, Qin Shihuangdi failed to consider the concerns of the average peasant. Which of the following most aggravated them?
    • A. 

      Economic policies that favored trade

    • B. 

      Paranoia that led to the persecution of officials

    • C. 

      Massive conscription for public works

    • D. 

      Taxation that favored scholars and bureaucrats

  • 21. 
    While the Qin was already weakened by earlier dissent and rebellions, what allowed Liu Bang to produce its ultimate defeat?
    • A. 

      A devoted army

    • B. 

      Better equipment

    • C. 

      Charismatic leadership

    • D. 

      Little or no competition

  • 22. 
    Han Wudi is recognized as the strongest Han emperor. What would be his most important contribution to the administrations of later dynasties?
    • A. 

      The conquest of northern Korea and Vietnam

    • B. 

      The formation of a Confucian educational system

    • C. 

      The continuation of Qin road building

    • D. 

      The establishment of imperial monopolies on iron and salt

  • 23. 
    Despite the change in dynasties, domestic life changed very little. Chinese patriarchy continued and was supported by
    • A. 

      The Confucian classics

    • B. 

      Daoist principles

    • C. 

      Government enforcement

    • D. 

      Legalist ideas

  • 24. 
    Several technologies improved trade and commerce for the Han, including
    • A. 

      Compasses

    • B. 

      Bronze tools

    • C. 

      Sericulture

    • D. 

      Wheeled vehicles

    • E. 

      Improved ships

  • 25. 
    The Han Dynasty began its decline when it could not solve the problem of
    • A. 

      Enormous taxation

    • B. 

      Drought and plague

    • C. 

      Land distribution

    • D. 

      Weak rulers

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