Chemistry II Final Exam

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Chemistry Quizzes & Trivia

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    An example of phosphorescence would be

    • A.

      An LED

    • B.

      Overhead lights

    • C.

      Glow-in-dark stars

    • D.

      Flashlight

    Correct Answer
    C. Glow-in-dark stars
    Explanation
    Phosphorescence refers to the emission of light after the absorption of energy. Glow-in-the-dark stars are a perfect example of phosphorescence as they absorb light energy during the day and then emit it slowly over time, creating a glowing effect in the dark. This phenomenon is different from LED lights, overhead lights, and flashlights, which produce light through other mechanisms such as electrical current or combustion.

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  • 2. 

    When vinegar and baking soda are reacted, the mass of the products are

    • A.

      More than the starting materials

    • B.

      Less than the starting materials

    • C.

      Same as starting materials

    Correct Answer
    C. Same as starting materials
    Explanation
    When vinegar and baking soda are reacted, a chemical reaction occurs. In this reaction, carbon dioxide gas is produced along with a solution of water and sodium acetate. The mass of the starting materials (vinegar and baking soda) is equal to the mass of the products (water, sodium acetate, and carbon dioxide). This is because according to the law of conservation of mass, matter cannot be created or destroyed in a chemical reaction, only rearranged. Therefore, the total mass before and after the reaction remains the same.

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  • 3. 

    A redox reaction shows the flow of _________.

    • A.

      Protons

    • B.

      Neutrons

    • C.

      Electrons

    • D.

      Antimatter

    Correct Answer
    C. Electrons
    Explanation
    A redox reaction involves the transfer of electrons between species. In this type of reaction, one species loses electrons (oxidation) while another species gains those electrons (reduction). Therefore, the correct answer is electrons, as they are the particles that flow in a redox reaction.

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  • 4. 

    An exothermic reaction would feel _____ to the touch.

    • A.

      Hot

    • B.

      Cold

    • C.

      Fuzzy

    • D.

      Smooth

    Correct Answer
    A. Hot
    Explanation
    In an exothermic reaction, heat is released. Therefore, if you were to touch a surface or substance undergoing an exothermic reaction, it would feel hot to the touch.

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  • 5. 

    When water freezes (liquid to solid) , entropy

    • A.

      Increases

    • B.

      Decreases

    • C.

      Stays the same

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreases
    Explanation
    When water freezes, the molecules slow down and arrange themselves into a more ordered and structured pattern. This decrease in molecular randomness leads to a decrease in entropy.

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  • 6. 

    To balance the reaction ____Fe + ___O2 --> ___Fe2O3 the correct coefficients are

    • A.

      4, 3, 2

    • B.

      4, 2, 3

    • C.

      3, 2, 4

    • D.

      3, 4, 2

    Correct Answer
    A. 4, 3, 2
    Explanation
    The balanced equation for the reaction is 4Fe + 3O2 --> 2Fe2O3. This means that for every 4 iron (Fe) atoms and 3 oxygen (O2) molecules, 2 molecules of iron(III) oxide (Fe2O3) are produced. The coefficients in the answer choice 4, 3, 2 match the balanced equation, indicating that 4 moles of Fe, 3 moles of O2, and 2 moles of Fe2O3 are involved in the reaction.

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  • 7. 

    How many N's in    4 C3H5(NO3)3

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      12

    • D.

      24

    Correct Answer
    C. 12
    Explanation
    The formula 4 C3H5(NO3)3 indicates that there are 4 groups of C3H5(NO3)3. Each group contains 3 nitrogen atoms (N). Therefore, to find the total number of N's, we multiply the number of groups (4) by the number of N's in each group (3), resulting in 12 N's.

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  • 8. 

    In the metal activity series, Mg is ABOVE Zn. If I want a reaction to occur between Mg & Zn, the solid would have to be

    • A.

      Mg

    • B.

      Zn

    • C.

      Both Mg & Zn

    • D.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    A. Mg
    Explanation
    In the metal activity series, metals that are higher in the series are more reactive than those below them. Since Mg is above Zn in the activity series, it means that Mg is more reactive than Zn. Therefore, if a reaction is desired between Mg and Zn, the solid would have to be Mg.

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  • 9. 

    Which molecule would release the MOST heat?

    • A.

      CH4

    • B.

      CH3OH

    • C.

      C27H52

    • D.

      C27H51OH

    Correct Answer
    C. C27H52
    Explanation
    The molecule C27H52 would release the most heat because it has the highest number of carbon and hydrogen atoms compared to the other molecules. The combustion of hydrocarbons releases heat energy, and since C27H52 has more carbon and hydrogen atoms, it would produce more heat when it undergoes combustion. CH4 and CH3OH have fewer carbon and hydrogen atoms, while C27H51OH has an additional oxygen atom, which would decrease the amount of heat released compared to C27H52.

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  • 10. 

    When atoms absorb energy, the electrons move to a(n) __________ state.

    • A.

      Excited

    • B.

      Ground

    • C.

      Middle

    Correct Answer
    A. Excited
    Explanation
    When atoms absorb energy, the electrons move to a higher energy level or orbit. This is known as an excited state. In this state, the electrons are further away from the nucleus and have more energy. Eventually, the electrons will return to their original energy level or ground state, releasing the absorbed energy in the form of light or heat.

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  • 11. 

    The smaller wavelengths of light have a ___________ energy level.

    • A.

      Lower

    • B.

      Higher

    • C.

      Non-existent

    Correct Answer
    B. Higher
    Explanation
    The smaller wavelengths of light have a higher energy level. This is because the energy of a photon is inversely proportional to its wavelength. As the wavelength decreases, the energy of the photon increases. Therefore, smaller wavelengths correspond to higher energy levels.

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  • 12. 

    What happens to the temperature of a material while it boils?

    • A.

      Increases

    • B.

      Decreases

    • C.

      Stays the same

    • D.

      Takes an absolute value

    Correct Answer
    C. Stays the same
    Explanation
    When a material is boiling, it is undergoing a phase change from a liquid to a gas. During this process, the temperature of the material remains constant. This is because the energy being supplied to the material is being used to break the intermolecular forces holding the molecules together, rather than increasing the temperature. Once all the molecules have enough energy to overcome these forces, they can escape as a gas. Therefore, the temperature of the material stays the same while it boils.

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  • 13. 

    Reduction is when ___________ are ___________.

    • A.

      Electrons, gained

    • B.

      Electrons, lost

    • C.

      Protons, gained

    • D.

      Protons, lost

    Correct Answer
    A. Electrons, gained
    Explanation
    Reduction is a chemical process where electrons are gained. This means that during reduction, a species accepts or gains electrons, resulting in a decrease in its oxidation state. In other words, reduction involves the addition of negatively charged electrons to a substance.

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  • 14. 

    To be conduction, a solution must have ions that

    • A.

      Are electrons

    • B.

      Are protons

    • C.

      Can move

    • D.

      Can glow

    Correct Answer
    C. Can move
    Explanation
    To be conductive, a solution must have ions that can move. Ions are charged particles that carry an electric charge, either positive or negative. In order for a solution to conduct electricity, these ions need to be able to move freely within the solution. This movement of ions allows for the flow of electric current through the solution, making it conductive. Electrons and protons are not ions and do not contribute to the conductivity of a solution. The ability of ions to move is what enables the solution to conduct electricity.

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  • 15. 

    A statement of the Kinetic Molecular Theory is that gases

    • A.

      Are clear

    • B.

      Are mostly odorless

    • C.

      Move in constant rapid random motion

    • D.

      Have no mass

    Correct Answer
    C. Move in constant rapid random motion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "move in constant rapid random motion". This statement aligns with one of the fundamental principles of the Kinetic Molecular Theory, which states that gas particles are in constant motion and move rapidly in random directions. This motion is responsible for the macroscopic properties of gases, such as their ability to fill containers and diffuse. The other options, such as being clear, mostly odorless, or having no mass, are not directly related to the Kinetic Molecular Theory and do not accurately describe the behavior of gases.

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  • 16. 

    The dissolved salt in the ocean is an example of

    • A.

      A distillation

    • B.

      A filtration

    • C.

      A solute

    • D.

      A solvent

    Correct Answer
    C. A solute
    Explanation
    The dissolved salt in the ocean is an example of a solute because it is the substance that is being dissolved in the solvent, which in this case is water. A solute is a substance that is dissolved in a solvent to form a solution. In the ocean, the salt particles are dispersed and mixed with the water, making it a solute.

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  • 17. 

    When the amount of gas and pressure are constant, when the temperature decreases the volume of the balloon

    • A.

      Goes up

    • B.

      Goes down

    • C.

      Stays constant

    Correct Answer
    B. Goes down
    Explanation
    When the amount of gas and pressure are constant, according to the ideal gas law, the volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its temperature. This means that as the temperature decreases, the volume of the gas will decrease as well. Therefore, when the temperature decreases, the volume of the balloon goes down.

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  • 18. 

    Making sure an instrument makes exact (accurate) measurements is an example of performing a

    • A.

      Chromatography

    • B.

      Distillation

    • C.

      Filtration

    • D.

      Calibration

    Correct Answer
    D. Calibration
    Explanation
    Calibration is the process of adjusting and verifying the accuracy of an instrument or device. It involves comparing the measurements made by the instrument to a known reference or standard. In the given question, the act of ensuring that an instrument makes precise and accurate measurements aligns with the concept of calibration. Chromatography, distillation, and filtration are all different processes used in chemistry, but they are not directly related to the accuracy of measurements.

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  • 19. 

    The difference in charges on the atoms in a water molecule causes OTHER water molecules to bond through a

    • A.

      Polar-covalent bond

    • B.

      Covalent bond

    • C.

      Polar bond

    • D.

      Hydrogen bond

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydrogen bond
    Explanation
    The difference in charges on the atoms in a water molecule, specifically the partial positive charge on the hydrogen atoms and the partial negative charge on the oxygen atom, allows for the formation of hydrogen bonds. These hydrogen bonds occur between the positively charged hydrogen atom of one water molecule and the negatively charged oxygen atom of another water molecule. This attraction between the opposite charges creates a relatively strong bond between the water molecules, resulting in the unique properties of water such as high boiling point, surface tension, and cohesion.

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  • 20. 

    What are  2 requirements for a combustion reaction to occur?

    • A.

      Fuel & oxygen

    • B.

      Fuel & hydrogens

    • C.

      Carbon dioxide & oxygen

    • D.

      Water & oxygen

    Correct Answer
    A. Fuel & oxygen
    Explanation
    A combustion reaction requires two main components: fuel and oxygen. Fuel provides the energy source for the reaction, while oxygen acts as the oxidizing agent. In the presence of these two requirements, a combustion reaction can take place, resulting in the release of heat and the formation of products such as carbon dioxide and water. Therefore, the correct answer is fuel and oxygen.

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  • 21. 

    A cathode is

    • A.

      The positive terminal of a battery

    • B.

      The negative terminal of a battery

    • C.

      A tube inserted to help you urinate

    Correct Answer
    A. The positive terminal of a battery
    Explanation
    A cathode is the electrode in an electrochemical cell or battery where reduction reactions occur. Reduction reactions involve the gain of electrons, which means that the cathode is the site of electron flow and is therefore the negative terminal of a battery.

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  • 22. 

    Three ways to denature proteins include:

    • A.

      Heat, water & salt

    • B.

      Heat, water & pectin

    • C.

      Heat, acid & salt

    • D.

      Heat, salt & pectin

    Correct Answer
    C. Heat, acid & salt
    Explanation
    Proteins can be denatured by applying heat, acid, and salt. Heat disrupts the weak bonds and forces the protein to unfold. Acidic conditions alter the pH, which can disrupt the protein's structure. Salt can also disrupt the protein's structure by affecting the electrostatic interactions. Therefore, the combination of heat, acid, and salt can denature proteins effectively.

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  • 23. 

    When proteins are denature, they ______________.

    • A.

      Clump up like a glob

    • B.

      Become cystalline

    • C.

      Unravel

    • D.

      Break all bonds

    Correct Answer
    C. Unravel
    Explanation
    When proteins are denatured, they undergo a structural change that disrupts their native conformation. This causes the proteins to unravel, losing their secondary and tertiary structures. The unraveling of proteins can be triggered by various factors such as heat, pH changes, or exposure to certain chemicals.

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  • 24. 

    Heat is defined as

    • A.

      The amount of kinetic energy

    • B.

      The amount of potential energy

    • C.

      The amount of hotness

    • D.

      The amount of coldness

    Correct Answer
    A. The amount of kinetic energy
    Explanation
    Heat is defined as the amount of kinetic energy. Kinetic energy refers to the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. In the context of heat, it is the energy transferred between objects or systems due to a temperature difference. When an object or substance is heated, its particles gain kinetic energy and move faster, resulting in an increase in temperature. Therefore, heat is directly related to the amount of kinetic energy possessed by the particles of a substance.

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  • 25. 

    Cooking an egg in a frying pan (egg TOUCHING pan) is an example of

    • A.

      Conduction

    • B.

      Convection

    • C.

      Radiation

    • D.

      Emulisification

    Correct Answer
    A. Conduction
    Explanation
    Cooking an egg in a frying pan involves the transfer of heat from the hot pan to the egg through direct contact. This process is known as conduction. Conduction occurs when heat energy is transferred from one object to another through direct physical contact. In this case, the heat from the pan is transferred to the egg, causing it to cook. Convection, radiation, and emulsification do not involve direct contact and are not applicable in this scenario.

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  • 26. 

    Food coloring mixes easily with water because it is

    • A.

      Hot

    • B.

      Cold

    • C.

      Hydrophobic

    • D.

      Hydrophillic

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydrophillic
    Explanation
    Food coloring mixes easily with water because it is hydrophilic. Hydrophilic substances have an affinity for water, meaning they are attracted to and can easily dissolve in water. Food coloring molecules have polar groups that can form hydrogen bonds with water molecules, allowing them to disperse and mix evenly throughout the water. This property of being hydrophilic enables food coloring to spread and create vibrant colors when added to water-based solutions.

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  • 27. 

    If I stick a metal skewer (stick) into a potato, the amount of cooking time required  will

    • A.

      Decrease

    • B.

      Stay the same

    • C.

      Increase

    Correct Answer
    A. Decrease
    Explanation
    When a metal skewer is stuck into a potato, it acts as a conductor of heat. This means that the heat from the oven or cooking method will be transferred more efficiently to the center of the potato through the metal skewer. As a result, the cooking time required for the potato to fully cook will decrease because the heat is able to reach the center of the potato more quickly and effectively.

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  • 28. 

    What is green chemistry?

    • A.

      Chemistry of plants & trees

    • B.

      Chemistry behind nutrition in vegetables

    • C.

      Chemistry that eliminates pollution through developing new methods

    • D.

      The chemistry of the Irish

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemistry that eliminates pollution through developing new methods
    Explanation
    Green chemistry refers to the practice of developing and using chemical processes and products that are environmentally friendly and sustainable. It involves minimizing or eliminating the use or generation of hazardous substances, reducing waste, conserving energy, and promoting the use of renewable resources. By developing new methods and techniques, green chemistry aims to eliminate pollution and reduce the negative impact of chemical processes on the environment.

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  • 29. 

    If a reaction takes a LONG time, that means that the rate of reaction is

    • A.

      Low

    • B.

      High

    • C.

      Constant

    Correct Answer
    A. Low
    Explanation
    If a reaction takes a long time, it indicates that the rate of reaction is low. This means that the reactants are not being converted into products quickly, and the reaction is progressing slowly. A low rate of reaction can be influenced by various factors such as low temperature, low concentration of reactants, or the presence of inhibitors.

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  • 30. 

    material Specific heat (cal/goC) Copper 0.09 Iron 0.107 Aluminum 0.17 Glass 0.20 Which of the above materials, given the same mass, would be the HOTTEST 5 minutes after being removed from a burner?

    • A.

      Copper

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

      Aluminum

    • D.

      Glass

    Correct Answer
    D. Glass
    Explanation
    Glass would be the hottest 5 minutes after being removed from a burner because it has the highest specific heat compared to the other materials listed. This means that it requires more energy to raise the temperature of glass compared to copper, iron, or aluminum. Therefore, even after being removed from the burner, glass would retain more heat and remain hotter for a longer period of time.

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