Chem 2: S01 Quiz

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| By Morgan_T175
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Chem 2: S01 Quiz - Quiz

Based off the first set off lecture notes.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Organic Compounds are compounds made of 1 or more carbon atoms covalently bonded together that also contain covalently bonded H atoms.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Organic compounds are indeed compounds made of one or more carbon atoms covalently bonded together. Additionally, these compounds also contain covalently bonded hydrogen atoms. This definition of organic compounds is widely accepted in the field of chemistry. Therefore, the statement "Organic Compounds are compounds made of 1 or more carbon atoms covalently bonded together that also contain covalently bonded H atoms" is true.

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  • 2. 

    A covalent bond is?

    • A.

      A carbon-carbon bond

    • B.

      A negatively charged bond

    • C.

      Sharing electrons between two bonded atoms

    • D.

      A man made bond between two naturally occurring atoms.

    Correct Answer
    C. Sharing electrons between two bonded atoms
    Explanation
    A covalent bond is formed when two atoms share electrons. In this type of bond, the electrons are not transferred from one atom to another, but rather they are shared between the two bonded atoms. This sharing of electrons creates a strong bond that holds the atoms together. Covalent bonds are commonly found in molecules and compounds, such as carbon-carbon bonds in organic compounds. They can also occur between different types of atoms, not just carbon atoms.

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  • 3. 

    A covalent bond can also contain?

    • A.

      Homoatoms

    • B.

      Negatively charged atoms 

    • C.

      Photosynthesis

    • D.

      Heteroatoms

    Correct Answer
    D. Heteroatoms
    Explanation
    A covalent bond can also contain heteroatoms. Heteroatoms are atoms that are different from the main atoms in a molecule. In a covalent bond, atoms share electrons to form a stable molecule. When a heteroatom is present, it means that there is at least one atom in the molecule that is different from the main atoms. This can introduce different chemical properties and reactivity to the molecule. Therefore, heteroatoms can be present in a covalent bond along with homoatoms (atoms of the same element).

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  • 4. 

    Select all Heteroatoms: (only ones used for the purpose of this course)

    • A.

      Nitrogen N

    • B.

      Oxygen O

    • C.

      Carbon C

    • D.

      Hydrogen H

    • E.

      Phosphorus P

    • F.

      Gold Au

    • G.

      Sulfur S

    • H.

      Fluorine F

    • I.

      Hassium Hs

    • J.

      Chlorine Cl

    • K.

      Iodine I

    • L.

      Bromine Br

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Nitrogen N
    B. Oxygen O
    E. Phosphorus P
    G. Sulfur S
    H. Fluorine F
    J. Chlorine Cl
    K. Iodine I
    L. Bromine Br
    Explanation
    The correct answer includes all the elements that are considered heteroatoms. Heteroatoms are atoms other than carbon and hydrogen that are present in a molecule. In this case, the elements nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), phosphorus (P), sulfur (S), fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), iodine (I), and bromine (Br) are all heteroatoms. These elements have different properties and can form bonds with carbon and hydrogen to create a wide variety of organic compounds.

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  • 5. 

    Presence of Heteroatoms in covalent bonds modifies?

    • A.

      Physical & Chemical properties

    • B.

      Polarity

    • C.

      Charge Positive/Negative

    Correct Answer
    A. Physical & Chemical properties
    Explanation
    The presence of heteroatoms in covalent bonds modifies the physical and chemical properties of the compound. Heteroatoms, such as oxygen, nitrogen, or sulfur, have different electronegativities compared to carbon. This leads to an uneven distribution of electron density in the molecule, resulting in polarity. The presence of heteroatoms can also affect the charge distribution within the molecule, leading to the formation of positive or negative charges. These modifications in physical and chemical properties, polarity, and charge distribution can significantly impact the reactivity, solubility, boiling point, and other characteristics of the compound.

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  • 6. 

    Carbon always forms ___ bonds.

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      69 ;)

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    Carbon always forms 4 bonds because it has 4 valence electrons in its outermost energy level. In order to achieve a stable electron configuration, carbon needs to share these electrons with other atoms. Each bond represents the sharing of one electron, so carbon can form a maximum of 4 bonds. This allows carbon to create a wide variety of stable compounds, including organic molecules essential for life.

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  • 7. 

    Hydrocarbons contain solely ______ & _______ atoms.

    • A.

      Hydrogen

    • B.

      Nitrogen

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      Carbon

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Hydrogen
    D. Carbon
    Explanation
    Hydrocarbons are organic compounds composed of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. This means that they do not contain any nitrogen or oxygen atoms. Hydrogen and carbon are the two elements that make up the building blocks of hydrocarbons, and their combination forms various types of hydrocarbon molecules, such as alkanes, alkenes, and alkynes. Nitrogen and oxygen can be found in other types of organic compounds, but in hydrocarbons, only hydrogen and carbon atoms are present.

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  • 8. 

    Select ALL that apply to Alkanes.

    • A.

      Carbon-Carbon double bonds

    • B.

      Saturated hydrocarbons

    • C.

      Unsaturated hydrocarbons

    • D.

      Carbon-hydrogen single bonds

    • E.

      Carbon-carbon single bonds

    • F.

      Carbon-carbon triple bonds

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Saturated hydrocarbons
    E. Carbon-carbon single bonds
    Explanation
    Alkanes are a type of hydrocarbon that consist of only carbon and hydrogen atoms. They are characterized by carbon-carbon single bonds, which means that each carbon atom is bonded to four other atoms. This results in a saturated hydrocarbon, as there are no available sites for additional bonds. Therefore, the correct answers are "Saturated hydrocarbons" and "Carbon-carbon single bonds".

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  • 9. 

    A __________ is an atom or group of atoms in a molecule that has a characteristic physical or chemical behavior.

    Correct Answer(s)
    functional group
    Explanation
    A functional group is an atom or group of atoms in a molecule that has a characteristic physical or chemical behavior. Functional groups are responsible for the reactivity and properties of molecules. They determine how a molecule will react with other substances and contribute to its overall function. By identifying and understanding the functional groups present in a molecule, scientists can predict its behavior and properties.

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  • 10. 

    The chemistry of organic compounds is determined by?

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Bond strength

    • C.

      Functional groups

    • D.

      Covalency

    Correct Answer
    C. Functional groups
    Explanation
    The chemistry of organic compounds is determined by functional groups. Functional groups are specific groups of atoms within a molecule that determine its chemical behavior and reactivity. They are responsible for the characteristic properties and reactions of organic compounds. Different functional groups can confer different properties to the molecule, such as acidity, basicity, polarity, and reactivity. They can also dictate the types of reactions that the molecule can undergo. Therefore, functional groups play a crucial role in determining the chemistry of organic compounds.

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  • 11. 

    Name this functional group:

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Allkyl Halide 

    • C.

      Aldehyde

    • D.

      Amide

    Correct Answer
    B. Allkyl Halide 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Alkyl Halide. This is because an alkyl halide is a compound in which a halogen atom is bonded to a carbon atom. In the given options, the only functional group that fits this description is alkyl halide. An alcohol is a compound in which a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bonded to a carbon atom, an aldehyde is a compound in which a carbonyl group is bonded to at least one hydrogen atom, and an amide is a compound in which a carbonyl group is bonded to a nitrogen atom.

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  • 12. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Ether

    • B.

      Ester

    • C.

      Phenol

    • D.

      Alcohol

    Correct Answer
    D. Alcohol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Alcohol" because alcohols are a class of organic compounds that contain the hydroxyl functional group (-OH) bonded to a carbon atom. This functional group is responsible for the characteristic properties of alcohols, such as their ability to form hydrogen bonds and their solubility in water.

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  • 13. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Thiol

    • B.

      Ester

    • C.

      Ether

    • D.

      Sulfide

    Correct Answer
    C. Ether
    Explanation
    Ether is the correct answer as it refers to a functional group that consists of an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms. Ethers are commonly used as solvents and have a wide range of applications in organic chemistry. They are characterized by their unique chemical properties, such as their ability to form hydrogen bonds with water molecules.

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  • 14. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Amine

    • B.

      Amide

    • C.

      Amen

    • D.

      Anhydride

    Correct Answer
    A. Amine
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amine. Amines are organic compounds that contain a nitrogen atom bonded to one or more alkyl or aryl groups. They are considered a functional group because they have distinct chemical properties and can participate in various reactions. Amines are commonly found in biological systems and play important roles in many physiological processes. They can be classified as primary, secondary, or tertiary amines depending on the number of alkyl or aryl groups attached to the nitrogen atom.

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  • 15. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Ketone

    • B.

      Aldehyde

    • C.

      Carboxylic acid

    • D.

      Anhydride

    Correct Answer
    B. Aldehyde
    Explanation
    Aldehydes are a class of organic compounds that contain a carbonyl group (-C=O) bonded to a hydrogen atom and a carbon atom. They are characterized by the presence of the functional group -CHO. Aldehydes are commonly found in many organic substances and play important roles in various biological and chemical processes. They are known for their distinctive odor and are often used as fragrances or flavorings.

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  • 16. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Ketone

    • B.

      Thiol

    • C.

      Kyogre

    • D.

      Alkane

    Correct Answer
    A. Ketone
    Explanation
    The question is asking for a personal preference, so the correct answer is subjective. "Ketone" is the chosen option, indicating that the person has a preference for ketones over thiol, Kyogre, and alkane.

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  • 17. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Carboxolide

    • C.

      Carboxylic Acid

    • D.

      Allkyl halide

    Correct Answer
    C. Carboxylic Acid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Carboxylic Acid. Carboxylic acids are organic compounds that contain a carboxyl group (-COOH). Carbon dioxide does not have a carboxyl group and therefore cannot be classified as a carboxylic acid. Carboxolide is not a recognized functional group, and alkyl halide refers to a different type of compound that contains a halogen atom bonded to a carbon atom.

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  • 18. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Amide

    • B.

      Disulfide

    • C.

      Hydrogen

    • D.

      Anhydride

    Correct Answer
    D. Anhydride
    Explanation
    Anhydride is the correct answer because it is a functional group that consists of two acyl groups bonded to an oxygen atom. It is commonly found in organic compounds and is characterized by its reactivity and ability to form esters or carboxylic acids. Anhydrides are often used in organic synthesis and can participate in various reactions, making them an important functional group in organic chemistry.

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  • 19. 

    Which one do you like?

    • A.

      Ester

    • B.

      Easter

    • C.

      Ether

    • D.

      Nether

    Correct Answer
    A. Ester
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Ester" because it is the only option that is spelled correctly. The other options, "Easter," "Ether," and "Nether," are all misspelled or unrelated words.

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  • 20. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Amine

    • B.

      Aromatic

    • C.

      Amide

    • D.

      Anhydride

    Correct Answer
    C. Amide
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Amide. Amides are a functional group that consist of a carbonyl group bonded to a nitrogen atom. They are commonly found in proteins and are formed by the reaction between a carboxylic acid and an amine. Amides have a wide range of applications in various fields such as pharmaceuticals, polymers, and agrochemicals.

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  • 21. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Phenol

    • B.

      Alkane

    • C.

      Sulfide

    • D.

      Thiol

    Correct Answer
    D. Thiol
    Explanation
    A thiol is a functional group that consists of a sulfur atom bonded to a hydrogen atom (-SH). It is also known as a sulfhydryl group. In the given options, phenol is not a thiol as it contains a hydroxyl group (-OH) instead of a sulfur-hydrogen bond. Alkane and sulfide are also not thiol functional groups. Therefore, the correct answer is thiol.

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  • 22. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Sulfide

    • B.

      Disulfide

    • C.

      Trisulfide

    • D.

      Sulfur

    Correct Answer
    B. Disulfide
    Explanation
    Disulfide is the correct answer because it refers to a functional group consisting of two sulfur atoms bonded together. This functional group is commonly found in organic compounds and is known for its characteristic chemical properties, such as its ability to form strong covalent bonds.

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  • 23. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Disulfide

    • B.

      Thenol

    • C.

      Sulfide

    • D.

      Amine

    Correct Answer
    C. Sulfide
    Explanation
    Sulfide is the correct answer because it refers to a functional group that consists of a sulfur atom bonded to two carbon atoms. This functional group is commonly found in organic compounds and is characterized by the presence of the S-S bond. Sulfides play important roles in various biological processes and have applications in industries such as pharmaceuticals and materials science.

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  • 24. 

    Name the functional group?

    • A.

      Aromatic

    • B.

      Phenol

    • C.

      Thiol

    • D.

      Alkyne

    Correct Answer
    B. Phenol
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Phenol. Phenol is a functional group that consists of a hydroxyl group (-OH) attached to a benzene ring. It is commonly used as an antiseptic and disinfectant. Phenol also serves as a precursor for the production of various chemicals and pharmaceuticals.

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  • 25. 

    Select the three major attraction forces:

    • A.

      Dipole-Dipole

    • B.

      Carbon-Carbon bonds

    • C.

      Hydrogen bonds

    • D.

      London dispersion force

    • E.

      Your attraction to me because im so beautiful ;)

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Dipole-Dipole
    C. Hydrogen bonds
    D. London dispersion force
    Explanation
    The three major attraction forces mentioned in the question are Dipole-Dipole, Hydrogen bonds, and London dispersion force. These forces are intermolecular forces that exist between molecules and contribute to their physical properties. Dipole-Dipole forces occur between polar molecules, where the positive end of one molecule is attracted to the negative end of another. Hydrogen bonds are a specific type of dipole-dipole force that occurs when a hydrogen atom is bonded to a highly electronegative atom (such as oxygen or nitrogen) and is attracted to another electronegative atom. London dispersion forces are temporary attractions between nonpolar molecules due to fluctuations in electron distribution.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 27, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Morgan_T175
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