Architectural Design- Chapters 1 And 2

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Architectural Design- Chapters 1 And 2 - Quiz

Architectural design is a prestigious and influential publication that comprise of home plans from architects and designers. These designs are variety and a client has to choose depending on his or her taste or preference. The quiz on architectural Design- Chapters 1 and 2 will help you understand this better. Good luck.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The reason that a ranch design is generally more expensive to build than a two-story home of the same size is that ____________.

    • A.

      It requires more roof area and more foundation length

    • B.

      It requires more windows and doors

    • C.

      Permits cost more to build a ranch home

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. It requires more roof area and more foundation length
    Explanation
    A ranch design typically has a larger footprint compared to a two-story home of the same size. This means that it requires more roof area and more foundation length to accommodate the same amount of living space. As a result, the construction cost of a ranch design tends to be higher due to the increased materials and labor needed for the larger roof and foundation. Therefore, the correct answer is that a ranch design is generally more expensive to build than a two-story home of the same size because it requires more roof area and more foundation length.

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  • 2. 

    One disadvantage of a two-story house is that ___________.

    • A.

      It is more costly to heat because of the height

    • B.

      It has little resale value

    • C.

      General exterior maintenance is usually more difficult and costly

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. General exterior maintenance is usually more difficult and costly
    Explanation
    A two-story house typically requires more effort and expenses for maintaining its exterior compared to a single-story house. This is because there is more surface area to clean, paint, and repair, such as windows, siding, and roofing. Additionally, accessing and working on the higher parts of the house can be more challenging and may require specialized equipment or professionals. Therefore, general exterior maintenance is usually more difficult and costly in a two-story house.

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  • 3. 

    One-and-one-half-story homes generally have _____________ to provide additional light and ventilation.

    • A.

      Skylights

    • B.

      Glass sliding doors

    • C.

      Picture windows

    • D.

      Dormers

    Correct Answer
    D. Dormers
    Explanation
    Dormers are architectural features that protrude from the roof of a one-and-one-half-story home. They typically contain windows, allowing for additional light and ventilation to enter the upper level of the home. This is especially important for these types of homes, as the upper level is often tucked under the angled roof, limiting natural light and airflow. Therefore, dormers serve as an effective solution to address these issues and enhance the overall livability of the space.

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  • 4. 

    An analysis should be made of ______________ to determine if a house plan is as functional as it could be.

    • A.

      Walking paths

    • B.

      Air circulation

    • C.

      Traffic movement

    • D.

      Traffic circulation

    Correct Answer
    D. Traffic circulation
    Explanation
    An analysis should be made of traffic circulation to determine if a house plan is as functional as it could be. This means evaluating how traffic flows within the house, such as the arrangement of rooms, hallways, and entrances, to ensure efficient movement and avoid congestion. By considering traffic circulation, one can optimize the layout of the house and improve its functionality for the residents.

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  • 5. 

    The family room, garage, and foyer are commonly found on this level in a split-level design: 

    • A.

      Basement level

    • B.

      Intermediate level

    • C.

      Living level

    • D.

      Sleeping level

    Correct Answer
    B. Intermediate level
    Explanation
    The correct answer is intermediate level because in a split-level design, the family room, garage, and foyer are typically located on this level. This level is usually situated between the main living area and the sleeping area in the house.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following is a feature of the split-level design?

    • A.

      It easily accommodates patios and terraces in the recreation area.

    • B.

      The design makes efficient use of space.

    • C.

      It may be built with either a basement or crawl space.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The split-level design is a type of architectural design that incorporates multiple levels within a single structure. It is known for its ability to easily accommodate patios and terraces in the recreation area, allowing for outdoor spaces to be seamlessly integrated into the design. Additionally, the split-level design is known for making efficient use of space, utilizing different levels to maximize the available area. It can be built with either a basement or crawl space, providing flexibility in construction options. Therefore, all of the given options are features of the split-level design.

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  • 7. 

    A current trend in architectural design that combines traditional and contemporary influences into designs for truly modern structures is called __________ architecture.

    • A.

      Postmodern

    • B.

      Revival

    • C.

      Classic

    • D.

      Art deco

    Correct Answer
    A. Postmodern
    Explanation
    Postmodern architecture is a current trend in architectural design that combines traditional and contemporary influences into designs for truly modern structures. It rejects the strict adherence to modernist principles and instead embraces a more eclectic and playful approach to design. Postmodern architecture often incorporates elements of historical styles and references to popular culture. This blending of different influences results in unique and innovative buildings that challenge traditional notions of architecture.

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  • 8. 

    The basic roof style of the Cape Ann style is a _____________ roof.

    • A.

      Gambrel

    • B.

      Gable

    • C.

      Mansard

    • D.

      Hip

    Correct Answer
    A. Gambrel
    Explanation
    The basic roof style of the Cape Ann style is a gambrel roof. A gambrel roof has two slopes on each side, with the lower slope being steeper and the upper slope being flatter. This type of roof provides more space in the attic or upper level of the house, making it a popular choice for Cape Ann style homes.

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  • 9. 

    The Cape Cod is one of the earliest and best known of the traditional ______________ styles. 

    • A.

      Southern

    • B.

      Colonial

    • C.

      Eastern

    • D.

      European

    Correct Answer
    B. Colonial
    Explanation
    The Cape Cod style is one of the earliest and most well-known styles of traditional Colonial architecture. It originated in New England during the 17th century and is characterized by a symmetrical design, steep roof with side gables, central chimney, and a simple and practical layout. The style became popular due to its functionality and adaptability to the harsh New England climate.

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  • 10. 

    The __________ style house gets its name from the shape of the coffee, tea, crackers, and other products found in colonial stores.

    • A.

      Cape Ann

    • B.

      Gambrel

    • C.

      Garrison

    • D.

      Salt Box

    Correct Answer
    D. Salt Box
    Explanation
    The Salt Box style house gets its name from the shape of the coffee, tea, crackers, and other products found in colonial stores. The design of the house resembles a wooden box with a sloping roof that extends down to the first floor at the back, similar to the shape of a salt box container. This style of house was popular during the colonial period and is characterized by its simple and symmetrical design.

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  • 11. 

    A primary feature of the Cape Ann home style was its __________.

    • A.

      Large windows

    • B.

      Double entry doors

    • C.

      Central chimney

    • D.

      Metal roofing

    Correct Answer
    C. Central chimney
    Explanation
    The primary feature of the Cape Ann home style was its central chimney. This architectural element was characteristic of Cape Ann homes and served as a focal point in the design. The central chimney provided a functional purpose by providing a central location for the fireplace and chimney, which allowed for efficient heating throughout the home. Additionally, the central chimney added visual appeal and a sense of symmetry to the overall design of the Cape Ann home style.

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  • 12. 

    The ___________ home style is basically a long, low, one-story house that originates in the southwestern part of the U.S.

    • A.

      Contemporary

    • B.

      Split-level

    • C.

      Ranch

    • D.

      Cape Cod

    Correct Answer
    C. Ranch
    Explanation
    The correct answer is ranch. The explanation for this is that a ranch home style is characterized by its long, low, one-story design. This style originated in the southwestern part of the U.S.

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