Chapter V: A. Infections Control, Exposure Control, And Safety

44 Questions | Total Attempts: 530

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NCCT Quizzes & Trivia

When it comes to infections it is important for a medical practitioner to have adequate information on how to care for a patient. During chapter five we covered infections control, exposure control and safety. Take up the review for the national center for competency testing test and refresh your memory. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Every medial facility is required by OSHA to have an exposure control plan.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    The exposure control plan shall be made available to the Assistant Secretary  and the DirectorOSHA upon request for examination and copying.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    "HIV" means_________.
    • A. 

      Hepatitis B Virus

    • B. 

      Hepatitis C Virus

    • C. 

      Human immunodeficiency virus

    • D. 

      Human infectious virus

  • 4. 
    ___________ means any contaminated objects that can penetrate the skin including, but notlimited to the needles, scalpels, broken glass, broken capillary tubes, and exposed ends ofdental wires.
    • A. 

      "Contaminated Devices"

    • B. 

      "Disposable Devices"

    • C. 

      "Contaminated Sharps"

    • D. 

      "Dangerous Incisor"

  • 5. 
    Reasonable anticipated skin, eye, mucous membrane, or parenteral contact with blood, orother potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of an employee'sduties is called_________.
    • A. 

      Occupational exposure

    • B. 

      Daily risk

    • C. 

      Occupational risk

    • D. 

      Professional risk

  • 6. 
    Any individual, living or dead, whose blood, or other potentially infectious materials may be asource of occupational exposure to the employee is called a(n)________.
    • A. 

      Hazardous individual

    • B. 

      Source individual

    • C. 

      Infected specimen

    • D. 

      Quarantined source

  • 7. 
    To use a physical chemical procedure to destroy all microbial life including highly resistantbacterial endospores is to_________.
    • A. 

      Eradicate

    • B. 

      Detoxify

    • C. 

      Sterilize

    • D. 

      Acid wash

  • 8. 
    ____________is the single most important source of HIV and HBV in the workplace.
    • A. 

      Semen

    • B. 

      Saliva in dental procedures

    • C. 

      Pleural fluid

    • D. 

      Blood

  • 9. 
    The risk of infection with HIV following one needle-stick exposure to blood from a patient known to be infected with HIV is approximately________.
    • A. 

      0.01%

    • B. 

      0.50%

    • C. 

      1.00%

    • D. 

      5.00%

  • 10. 
    General infection0control procedures are designed to prevent transmission of a wide range of____________ and to provide a wide margin of safety in the varied situations encountered it thehealth-care environment.
    • A. 

      Diseases

    • B. 

      Conditions

    • C. 

      Microbiological agents

    • D. 

      Sickness

  • 11. 
    "Contact with blood, or other body fluids to which universal precautions apply throughpercutaneous inoculation, or contact with an open would, non-intact skin, or mucous membrane during the performance of normal duties" this definition (found in the Federal Register0 applies to________.
    • A. 

      Human exposure

    • B. 

      Exposed worker

    • C. 

      Worker stress

    • D. 

      Stressed worker

  • 12. 
    All workers whose job involved participation in tasks, or activities with exposure to blood, or other body fluids to which universal percautions apply hsould be vaccinated with ______vaccine.
    • A. 

      Human immunodeficiency

    • B. 

      Hepatitis C

    • C. 

      Small pox

    • D. 

      Hepatitis B

  • 13. 
    ____________testing should be made available by the employer to all workers who maybe concerned they have been infected with HIV through an occupational exposure.
    • A. 

      Serologic

    • B. 

      Blood

    • C. 

      Immediate

    • D. 

      Bacterial

  • 14. 
    Studies suggest that the potential for salivary transmission of HIV is________.
    • A. 

      Frequent

    • B. 

      25%

    • C. 

      Remote

    • D. 

      As frequent as blood transmission

  • 15. 
    After they are used, disposable syringes and needles, scalpel blades, and other sharp itemsshould be placed in _______ containers for disposal.
    • A. 

      Biodegradable

    • B. 

      Puncture-resistant

    • C. 

      OSHA

    • D. 

      Sanitized

  • 16. 
    Broken glassware which may be contaminated shall not be picked up directly with hands, butby mechanical means, such as_________.
    • A. 

      By a lab technician

    • B. 

      An evacuated tube

    • C. 

      A brush and dust pan

    • D. 

      Gloved hands

  • 17. 
    Contaminated laundry shall be _______ where it was soiled.
    • A. 

      Destroyed at the location

    • B. 

      Transported away from the location

    • C. 

      Disinfected or discarded at the location

    • D. 

      Bagged or containerized at the location

  • 18. 
    All s pills of blood-contaminated fluids should be promptly cleaned up using _______ approvedgermicide, or a 1:10 solution of household bleach.
    • A. 

      An OSHA

    • B. 

      An EPA

    • C. 

      A hospital or clinic

    • D. 

      A consumer

  • 19. 
    In cases of blood contamination shoe covering and gloves should be disposed of in_________biohazard plastic bags..
    • A. 

      Black

    • B. 

      Clearly marked

    • C. 

      Orange-red

    • D. 

      Transparent

  • 20. 
    It is recommended that protective mask and eye wear, or face shields, be worn by laboratorytechnicians, or housekeeping personnel________.
    • A. 

      When cleaning up blood or body fluid

    • B. 

      At all times in the laboratory

    • C. 

      When routinely cleaning equipment

    • D. 

      When scrubbing laboratory floors

  • 21. 
    Blood from all individuals should be considered_________.
    • A. 

      Decontaminated

    • B. 

      Infective or infectious

    • C. 

      Biodegradable

    • D. 

      Chemically hazardous

  • 22. 
    When taking vital signs, a medical assistant must wear gloves, gowns, and eye wear.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    A specific eye, mouth, other mucous membrane, non-intact skin, or parenteral contact with blood, or other potentially infectious materials that results from the performance of an employees duties is called___________.
    • A. 

      Unfortunate incident

    • B. 

      Hazardous exposure

    • C. 

      Occupational hazard

    • D. 

      Exposure incident

  • 24. 
    The term "Universal Precautions" is an_______.
    • A. 

      Organization to promote infection control

    • B. 

      Overall approach to infection control

    • C. 

      Organizational approach to following EPA guidelines

    • D. 

      Abbreviation for World Health Organization standards

  • 25. 
    Vaccinations against HBV infection provide 90% protection against hepatitis B for _______ ormore years following vaccination.
    • A. 

      Seven

    • B. 

      Ten

    • C. 

      Four

    • D. 

      Twelve

  • 26. 
    The first line of defense in preventing disease is______.
    • A. 

      Wearing a mask

    • B. 

      The medical hand wash

    • C. 

      Wearing gloves

    • D. 

      Wearing a gown

  • 27. 
    Biohazard labels must be colored _______.
    • A. 

      Blue

    • B. 

      Orange-red

    • C. 

      Green

    • D. 

      Grey-black

  • 28. 
    What federal agency requires the use of Sharps Containers?
    • A. 

      Occupational Safety and Health Administration

    • B. 

      Drug Enforcement Agency

    • C. 

      Department of Defense

    • D. 

      Law Enforcement Agency

  • 29. 
    Viruses can reproduce only in ________.
    • A. 

      Dead cells

    • B. 

      Living cells

    • C. 

      Both dead and living cells

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 30. 
    The process of killing all microorganisms in a certain area is called _______.
    • A. 

      Disinfection

    • B. 

      Washing

    • C. 

      Sterilization

    • D. 

      Dusting

  • 31. 
    The autoclave sterilizes or comletely destroys microorganism by combining _________.
    • A. 

      Bleach and water under pressure

    • B. 

      Acid with steam

    • C. 

      Heat with steam under pressure

    • D. 

      Hot water and soap

  • 32. 
    What kind of environment do microorganisms grow best in?
    • A. 

      Cool an light

    • B. 

      Warm and light

    • C. 

      Cool and dark

    • D. 

      Dark and warm

  • 33. 
    A disease state that results from the invasion of growth of microorganisms in the body is___________.
    • A. 

      A syndrome

    • B. 

      An infection

    • C. 

      A laceration

    • D. 

      An asepsis

  • 34. 
    Practices to achieve asepisis are known as_______.
    • A. 

      Medical asepsis

    • B. 

      Contamination

    • C. 

      Clean technique

    • D. 

      Both a and c

  • 35. 
    The process by wich an object or area becomes unclean is_________.
    • A. 

      Contamination

    • B. 

      Disinfection

    • C. 

      Sterilization

    • D. 

      Heat

  • 36. 
    You should wash your hands for approximately ______.
    • A. 

      15 seconds

    • B. 

      1 to 2 minutes

    • C. 

      10 minutes

    • D. 

      5 minutes

  • 37. 
    When you wash your hands you should stand________.
    • A. 

      Up against the sink

    • B. 

      Five inches from the sink

    • C. 

      So your clothes do not touch the sink

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 38. 
    The faucet is turned off with________.
    • A. 

      Your arm

    • B. 

      A paper towel

    • C. 

      Your hand

    • D. 

      No correct answer

  • 39. 
    A health care worker who unconsciously transports harmful bacteria but is not ill is called a(n)__________.
    • A. 

      Pre-infected

    • B. 

      Carrier

    • C. 

      Infectious

    • D. 

      Immune

  • 40. 
    Groups or clusters of bacteria taken for laboratory study are called________.
    • A. 

      Families

    • B. 

      Fungi

    • C. 

      Cultures

    • D. 

      Viruses (viri)

  • 41. 
    The patient with an infection may have _______.
    • A. 

      Loss of appetite and fatigue

    • B. 

      Fever, nausea, rash and vomiting

    • C. 

      Pain, redness, or swelling

    • D. 

      All answers are correct

  • 42. 
    Diseases that can be communicated from one person to another are called________.
    • A. 

      Catching

    • B. 

      Contagious

    • C. 

      Germicides

    • D. 

      Decontaminate

  • 43. 
    When using a fire extinguisher the hose should be directed to the _______.
    • A. 

      Middle of the fire

    • B. 

      Top of the fire

    • C. 

      Around the fire

    • D. 

      Base of the fire

  • 44. 
    Aerobic bacteria prefer which of these environmental conditions to grow well?
    • A. 

      Increased nitrogen concentration

    • B. 

      An extremely dry environment

    • C. 

      Oxygen

    • D. 

      Temperature