Chapter 9: Right Triangles And Trigonometry

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Ikthomas77
I
Ikthomas77
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 1,779
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 517

SettingsSettingsSettings
Chapter 9: Right Triangles And Trigonometry - Quiz

Pythagorean Theorem and its converse; Special Right Triangles; Trigonometry


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Rita drew right triangle GHK on a sheet of notebook paper.  ___ GH  = 3 cm (LL) ___ GH  = 5 cm (Hypotenuse) To the nearest centimeter, what is the perimeter of the triangle? 

    • A.

      6 cm

    • B.

      8 cm

    • C.

      10 cm

    • D.

      12 cm

    Correct Answer
    D. 12 cm
  • 2. 

    How far up the side of a house will a 16-foot ladder reach if the base of the ladder is 8 feet from the house? 

    • A.

      8 times the square root of 3 ft

    • B.

      8 times the square root of 2 ft

    • C.

      16 times the square root of 3 ft

    • D.

      16 times the square root of 2 ft

    Correct Answer
    A. 8 times the square root of 3 ft
    Explanation
    The ladder forms a right triangle with the side of the house and the ground. The ladder acts as the hypotenuse of the triangle, the base is 8 feet, and the height is unknown. By using the Pythagorean theorem, we can solve for the height. The theorem states that the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. In this case, the hypotenuse is 16 feet (the length of the ladder), the base is 8 feet, and the height is unknown. By rearranging the equation and solving for the height, we find that the height is 8 times the square root of 3 feet.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    One leg of a right triangle is 4 meters and the hypotenuse is 8 meters.  The approximate length of the second leg is _____________.

    • A.

      4 m

    • B.

      7 m

    • C.

      9 m

    • D.

      12 m

    Correct Answer
    B. 7 m
    Explanation
    In a right triangle, the square of the length of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides. Using the Pythagorean theorem, we can calculate the length of the second leg. Given that one leg is 4 meters and the hypotenuse is 8 meters, we can use the formula: (4^2) + (x^2) = (8^2). Solving for x, we find that the approximate length of the second leg is 7 meters.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Which of the following could be the lengths of the sides of a patio in the shape of a right triangle? 

    • A.

      1, 2, 3

    • B.

      5, 12, 18

    • C.

      6, 12, 15

    • D.

      7, 24, 25

    Correct Answer
    D. 7, 24, 25
    Explanation
    The lengths of the sides of a right triangle must satisfy the Pythagorean theorem, which states that the square of the length of the hypotenuse (the longest side) is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the other two sides. In this case, if we square the lengths of the sides, we find that 7^2 + 24^2 = 49 + 576 = 625, which is equal to 25^2. Therefore, 7, 24, 25 could be the lengths of the sides of a patio in the shape of a right triangle.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    If the side lengths of a triangle are 7, 6, and 9, the triangle is _____. 

    • A.

      Obtuse

    • B.

      Right

    • C.

      Acute

    • D.

      Cannot be formed

    Correct Answer
    C. Acute
    Explanation
    In a triangle, the sum of the squares of the two shorter sides should be greater than the square of the longest side for the triangle to be acute. In this case, 7^2 + 6^2 = 49 + 36 = 85 which is less than 9^2 = 81. Therefore, the triangle with side lengths 7, 6, and 9 is acute.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    In a 45°-45°-90° triangle, the ratio of the length of the hypotenuse to the length of a side is _____. 

    • A.

      1:1

    • B.

      Square root of 2:1

    • C.

      Square roof of 3:1

    • D.

      2:1

    Correct Answer
    B. Square root of 2:1
    Explanation
    In a 45°-45°-90° triangle, the two legs are congruent, meaning they have the same length. The length of the hypotenuse can be found using the Pythagorean theorem, which states that the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the two legs. In this case, since the two legs are congruent, we can represent their length as "x". Therefore, the length of the hypotenuse is "x√2". So, the ratio of the length of the hypotenuse to the length of a side is "√2:1".

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

     In a 30°-60°-90° triangle, the ratio of the length of the hypotenuse to the length of the shorter side is _____. 

    • A.

      Square root of 3:1

    • B.

      2:square root of 3

    • C.

      2:1

    • D.

      Square root of 2:1

    Correct Answer
    A. Square root of 3:1
    Explanation
    In a 30°-60°-90° triangle, the ratio of the length of the hypotenuse to the length of the shorter side is square root of 3:1. This is because in a 30°-60°-90° triangle, the length of the hypotenuse is twice the length of the shorter side, and the length of the longer side (opposite the 60° angle) is equal to the length of the shorter side multiplied by square root of 3. Therefore, the ratio of the length of the hypotenuse to the length of the shorter side is square root of 3:1.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    What is the length of the diagonal of a square with side lengths  7 times the square root of 2?

    • A.

      7 times the square root of 2

    • B.

      14

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      28

    Correct Answer
    B. 14
    Explanation
    The length of the diagonal of a square can be found using the Pythagorean theorem, which states that the square of the length of the diagonal is equal to the sum of the squares of the lengths of the two sides. In this case, the side length of the square is 7 times the square root of 2. So, the length of the diagonal can be found by squaring 7 times the square root of 2 and taking the square root of the result. This simplifies to 7 times the square root of 2. Therefore, the length of the diagonal is 14.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    In triangle BCA: BC = 8; CA = 15; AB = 17.  Angel C is a 90 degree angle.  Write cos A.

    • A.

      8/15

    • B.

      15/8

    • C.

      15/17

    • D.

      8/17

    Correct Answer
    C. 15/17
    Explanation
    The cosine of angle A can be found using the adjacent side (BC) and the hypotenuse (AB) of the triangle. In this case, BC is 8 and AB is 17. The cosine of angle A is equal to the adjacent side divided by the hypotenuse, which gives us 8/17.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    From the top of a lighthouse 210 feet high, the angle of depression of a boat is 27°. Find the distance from the boat to the foot of the lighthouse. The lighthouse was built at sea level. 

    • A.

      107 ft

    • B.

      207 ft

    • C.

      187 ft

    • D.

      210 ft

    Correct Answer
    B. 207 ft
    Explanation
    The angle of depression is the angle formed between a horizontal line and the line of sight from an observer to a point below the observer. In this case, the angle of depression of the boat is 27°. Since the lighthouse is 210 feet high and was built at sea level, the distance from the top of the lighthouse to the foot of the lighthouse is also 210 feet. We can use trigonometry to find the distance from the boat to the foot of the lighthouse. Using the tangent function, we can set up the equation tan(27°) = 210/d, where d is the distance we want to find. Solving for d, we get d = 210/tan(27°) ≈ 206.9 feet. Therefore, the distance from the boat to the foot of the lighthouse is approximately 207 feet.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    In triangle ABC, angle C is a right angle, BC = 3, and AC = 4. Find AB.

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      5

    • C.

      7

    • D.

      12

    Correct Answer
    B. 5
    Explanation
    In a right triangle, the side opposite the right angle is called the hypotenuse. Using the Pythagorean theorem, which states that in a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides, we can find the length of AB. In this case, AC is one of the legs and BC is the other leg. So, AC^2 + BC^2 = AB^2. Plugging in the given values, we get 4^2 + 3^2 = AB^2. Simplifying, we get 16 + 9 = AB^2. Therefore, AB^2 = 25. Taking the square root of both sides, we find that AB = 5.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    What is the definition of "sine"?

    • A.

      Opposite/Adjacent

    • B.

      Hypotenuse/Adjacent

    • C.

      Opposite/Hypotenuse

    • D.

      Adjacent/Opposite

    Correct Answer
    C. Opposite/Hypotenuse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Opposite/Hypotenuse". In trigonometry, the sine of an angle in a right triangle is defined as the ratio of the length of the side opposite the angle to the length of the hypotenuse.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    What is the definition of "cosine"?

    • A.

      Hypotenuse/Adjacent

    • B.

      Adjacent/Opposite

    • C.

      Hypotenuse/opposite

    • D.

      Adjacent/Hypotenuse

    Correct Answer
    D. Adjacent/Hypotenuse
    Explanation
    The definition of "cosine" is the ratio of the length of the side adjacent to an acute angle in a right triangle to the length of the hypotenuse.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    What is the definition of  "tangent"?

    • A.

      Adjacent/Hypotenuse

    • B.

      Hypotenuse/opposite

    • C.

      Opposite/Adjacent

    • D.

      Adjacent/Opposite

    Correct Answer
    C. Opposite/Adjacent
    Explanation
    The definition of "tangent" refers to the ratio of the length of the side opposite an acute angle in a right triangle to the length of the side adjacent to that angle. In other words, the tangent of an angle is equal to the length of the side opposite the angle divided by the length of the side adjacent to the angle.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    A wheelchair ramp needs to be pitched at 30o.  If the ramp is to access a 25-inch step to a door, what will the length of the ramp be? (Round to the nearest inch.) 

    • A.

      50 inches

    • B.

      52 inches

    • C.

      85 inches

    • D.

      86 inches

    Correct Answer
    A. 50 inches
    Explanation
    To calculate the length of the ramp, we can use trigonometry. The length of the ramp is the hypotenuse of a right triangle, with the height of the step being the opposite side and the pitch angle being the angle. We can use the sine function to find the length of the ramp. Sin(30°) = opposite/hypotenuse. Rearranging the formula, we get hypotenuse = opposite/sin(30°). Plugging in the values, we get hypotenuse = 25/sin(30°) = 50 inches. Therefore, the length of the ramp will be 50 inches.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 19, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    Ikthomas77
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.