A civil service examination system.
A nationwide school system.
The completion of the Grand Canal.
All of the above
The Ming rulers did not have heirs to continue the dynasty.
High taxes led to peasant unrest.
Weak rulers led to a period of government corruption.
Crop yields declined because of harsh weather.
A region northeast of the Great Wall.
Opened China to missionaries of all religious orders.
Opened China to all missionaries except the Jesuits.
Began to suppress Christian activities throughout China.
Allowed only Jesuit missionaries to come to China.
The arrival of Westerners
Increased food supply.
Improvements in agriculture.
A long period of peace and stability.
The extended family.
Parents and children
Could divorce their husbands.
Could inherit property.
Were considered inferior.
Received a formal education.
The Imperial City
The Golden Lotus
The Dream of the Red Chamber
The Gate of Supreme Harmony
High rates of taxation
A growing demand for cash crops
Declining profits on agricultural products
Rising farming costs
Korea fell under Japanese rule.
Christian missionaries made successful inroads
Korea was forced by a Manchu army to become subject to China.
The country was greatly influenced by European missionaries.