Trivia Facts And Questions On Late Adulthood Development Psychology! Quiz

37 Questions | Total Attempts: 396

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Trivia Facts And Questions On Late Adulthood Development Psychology! Quiz

Are you looking for Trivia Facts and Questions on Late Adulthood Development Psychology? Human behavior changes based on a number of factors, and when you compare the age of some people with the changes, some things will be common. Take this exciting quiz and get to refresh your understanding of this study. All the best as you tackle it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    These theories argue that the mechanical functions of the body simply wear out with age. Some sub-theories say that the body's constant manufacture of energy to fuel its activities creates by-products, which eventually reach such high levels that they impair the body's normal functioning.
    • A. 

      Peripheral Slowing Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Generalized Slowing Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Genetic Preprogramming Theories of Aging

    • D. 

      Wear-and-Tear Theories of Aging

  • 2. 
    This theory maintains that processing in all parts of the nervous system, including the brain, becomes less efficient as we age.
    • A. 

      Peripheral Slowing Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Generalized Slowing Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Genetic Preprogramming Theories of Aging

    • D. 

      Wear-and-Tear Theories of Aging

  • 3. 
    These theories suggest that our body's DNA genetic code contains a built-in time limit for the reproduction of human cells. This may be due to fact that genetic material has a "death gene" that is programmed to direct the body to deteriorate and die, or it may be that genetic instructions for running the body can be read only a certain number of times before they become illegible.
    • A. 

      Peripheral Slowing Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Generalized Slowing Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Genetic Preprogramming Theories of Aging

    • D. 

      Wear-and-Tear Theories of Aging

  • 4. 
    This theory suggests that overall processing speed declines in the peripheral nervous system (PNS), which encompasses the nerves that branch out from the spinal cord and brain and reach the extremities of the body.
    • A. 

      Peripheral Slowing Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Generalized Slowing Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Genetic Preprogramming Theories of Aging

    • D. 

      Wear-and-Tear Theories of Aging

  • 5. 
    The number of people over age 85 is projected to increase from ____________ by 2050. By the year 2020, there will be over 200,000. Projections into the year 2050 estimate that almost ____ of the population will be over 65. 
    • A. 

      5 to 18 million; 25%

    • B. 

      4 to 18 million; 35%

    • C. 

      4 to 18 million; 25%

    • D. 

      4 to 18 million; 20%

  • 6. 
    The fastest-growing segment of the population is what is termed the __________, people who are 85 or older.
    • A. 

      Oldest old

    • B. 

      Oldest

    • C. 

      Old functioning

    • D. 

      Oldest living old

  • 7. 
    A broad category covering several diseases, each of which includes serious memory loss accompanied by declines in other mental functioning, which is the most common mental disorder of the elderly. 
    • A. 

      Alzheimer's Disease

    • B. 

      Dementia

    • C. 

      Memory Loss

    • D. 

      Semantic Memory

  • 8. 
    Prejudice and discrimination directed at older people, which is manifested in several ways.
    • A. 

      Discriminiation

    • B. 

      Dementia

    • C. 

      Ageism

    • D. 

      Age racism

  • 9. 
    Ageism is found in widespread ________ attitudes toward older people, suggesting that they are in less than full command of their faculties. 
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Neutral

    • C. 

      Mildly negative

    • D. 

      Negative

  • 10. 
    Erikson labeled the last stage of personality development ________________________, which is characterized by a process of looking back over one's life, evaluating it, and coming to terms with it.
    • A. 

      Ego-Integrity-Versus-Despair Stage

    • B. 

      Autonomy-Versus-Shame-And-Doubt Stage

    • C. 

      Industry-Versus-Inferiority Stage

    • D. 

      Identity-Versus-Identity Confusion Stage

  • 11. 
    The most common form of dementia is _______________, which is a progressive brain disorder that produces loss of memory and confusion.
    • A. 

      Memory Loss

    • B. 

      Alzheimer's Disease

    • C. 

      Long-Term Memory Disorder

    • D. 

      Episodic Memory

  • 12. 
    The major developmental task which states that those in old age must redefine themselves in ways that do not relate to their work-roles or occupations.
    • A. 

      REDEFINITION OF SELF VERSUS PREOCCUPATION WITH WORK-ROLE

    • B. 

      BODY TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS BODY PREOCCUPATION

    • C. 

      EGO TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS EGO PREOCCUPATION

  • 13. 
    The major developmental task which states that elderly people must come to grips with their coming death. It is important at this stage to realize that although death is inevitable and not too far off, they have made important contributions to society. 
    • A. 

      REDEFINITION OF SELF VERSUS PREOCCUPATION WITH WORK-ROLE

    • B. 

      BODY TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS BODY PREOCCUPATION

    • C. 

      EGO TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS EGO PREOCCUPATION

  • 14. 
    The major developmental task which states that people must learn to cope with and move beyond changes in physical capabilities as a result of aging.
    • A. 

      REDEFINITION OF SELF VERSUS PREOCCUPATION WITH WORK-ROLE

    • B. 

      BODY TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS BODY PREOCCUPATION

    • C. 

      EGO TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS EGO PREOCCUPATION

  • 15. 
    According to Levinson, people struggle with being ________, and often must face illness and the death of their friends and loved ones. People must also struggle with the _____ of power, respect, and authority which can be particularly difficult for those who were accustomed to having control in their lives. However, there are also many positive things that occur in late adulthood. People can serve as ________ for younger people and be in a position to give advice. Old age also brings freedom to do things for fun and entertainment.
    • A. 

      Young; loss; resources

    • B. 

      Old; gains; resources

    • C. 

      Old; loss; mentors

    • D. 

      Old; loss; resources

  • 16. 
    According to Costa and McCrae, basic personality traits remain _________: agreeableness, satisfaction, intellect, extroversion, and energy.
    • A. 

      Stable

    • B. 

      Unstable

    • C. 

      Changing

    • D. 

      Change over time

  • 17. 
    Memory related to general knowledge and facts (examples are how much is 2+2 or the names of the capitals of U.S. states).
    • A. 

      Episodic Memory

    • B. 

      Semantic Memory

    • C. 

      Implicit Memory

    • D. 

      Long-Term Memory

  • 18. 
    Memory that relates to specific life experiences (for example, what year you last visited New York).
    • A. 

      Episodic Memory

    • B. 

      Semantic Memory

    • C. 

      Implicit Memory

    • D. 

      Long-Term Memory

  • 19. 
    Memory involves memories that people are not consciously aware of (i.e., how to ride a bike).
    • A. 

      Episodic Memory

    • B. 

      Semantic Memory

    • C. 

      Implicit Memory

    • D. 

      Long-Term Memory

  • 20. 
    Expert knowledge in the practical aspects of life.
    • A. 

      Knowledge

    • B. 

      Intelligence

    • C. 

      Wisdom

    • D. 

      Intellectual Capabilities

  • 21. 
    According to this theory, successful aging occurs when people maintain the interests, activities, and social interactions with which they were involved during middle age.
    • A. 

      Disengagement Theory

    • B. 

      Life Review

    • C. 

      Social Support

    • D. 

      Activity Theory

  • 22. 
    A theory where people look backward and examine and evaluate their lives.
    • A. 

      Life Review

    • B. 

      Previous Life Looking Back

    • C. 

      Disengagement Theory

    • D. 

      Social Support

  • 23. 
    Moving in with children can lead to _________ and potential loss of _____________________. Older adults may feel uncomfortable with the way their children are raising their grandchildren. Older adults also move into facilities such as continuing-care communities, adult day-care facilities, and nursing facilities. 
    • A. 

      Adjustment; independence and privacy

    • B. 

      More care; independence and privacy

    • C. 

      Argument; independence and privacy

    • D. 

      Conflict; independence and privacy

  • 24. 
    Assistance and comfort supplied by another person or a network of caring, interested people. 
    • A. 

      Support Group

    • B. 

      Social Support

    • C. 

      Disengagement Theory

    • D. 

      Life Review

  • 25. 
    According to this theory, it's the period of late adulthood that marks a gradual withdrawal from the world on physical, psychological, and social levels. 
    • A. 

      Activity Theory

    • B. 

      Retirement

    • C. 

      Disengagement Theory

    • D. 

      Life Review

  • 26. 
    The letters "DNR" (do not resuscitate) mean that medical personnel _________ go to extraordinary or extreme efforts to save the terminally ill patient. 
    • A. 

      Should

    • B. 

      Should not

    • C. 

      Should be cautious

    • D. 

      Should seek family assistance before

  • 27. 
    Legal documents designating what medical treatments people want or do not want if they cannot express their wishes. 
    • A. 

      Legal documentation about death

    • B. 

      Death wishes

    • C. 

      Hospice Wills

    • D. 

      Living Wills

  • 28. 
    The US has a _____ infant mortality rate. Parents dealing with infant death have a very hard time and depression is a common reaction. ____________ is also difficult, especially since others do not attribute much meaning to this type of death, so parents feel isolated.
    • A. 

      High; Miscarriage

    • B. 

      Low; Miscarriage

    • C. 

      High; Prenatal Asphyxiation

    • D. 

      Low; Bacterial Disease

  • 29. 
    The leading cause of death in early adulthood continues to be __________, followed by suicide, homicide, AIDS, and cancer. By the end of this period, _________ becomes the leading cause of death.
    • A. 

      Accidents; illness

    • B. 

      Disease; illness

    • C. 

      AIDS; illness

    • D. 

      Murder; illness

  • 30. 
    ___________ is the most common cause of death in middle-aged adults.
    • A. 

      Accidents

    • B. 

      Life-Threatening Disease

    • C. 

      AIDS

    • D. 

      Murder

  • 31. 
    ________ are the most frequent cause of death in childhood but there are a substantial number of ____________ as well.
    • A. 

      Accidents; homicide

    • B. 

      Disease; homicide

    • C. 

      AIDS; homicide

    • D. 

      Murder; homicide

  • 32. 
    The most frequent cause of adolescent death is _____________ (usually motor vehicle). 
    • A. 

      Accidents

    • B. 

      Disease

    • C. 

      AIDS

    • D. 

      Murder

  • 33. 
    After they move beyond this previous stage, people may be likely to express ________. They may say things like "Why me/her?" "Why not you?" In this stage, people may be very difficult to be around.
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Anger

    • C. 

      Bargaining

    • D. 

      Depression

    • E. 

      Acceptance

  • 34. 
    The individual at this stage is overwhelmed by a deep sense of loss. 
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Anger

    • C. 

      Bargaining

    • D. 

      Depression

    • E. 

      Acceptance

  • 35. 
    Resisting the whole idea of death ("No, I'm not or she's not"). _______ is a form of defense mechanism to allow one to absorb difficult information at one's own pace.
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Anger

    • C. 

      Bargaining

    • D. 

      Depression

    • E. 

      Acceptance

  • 36. 
    People are fully aware that death is impending. In this stage individuals near death make peace with death and may want to be left alone. 
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Anger

    • C. 

      Bargaining

    • D. 

      Depression

    • E. 

      Acceptance

  • 37. 
    At this stage, individuals are trying to negotiate their way out of death. Typically, people try to "make deals" with God.
    • A. 

      Denial

    • B. 

      Anger

    • C. 

      Bargaining

    • D. 

      Depression

    • E. 

      Acceptance