Late Adulthood Development Psychology! Quiz

37 Questions | Total Attempts: 635

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Developmental Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Are you looking for Trivia Facts and Questions on Late Adulthood Development Psychology? Human behavior changes based on some factors, and when you compare the age of some people with the changes, some things will be common. Take this exciting quiz and get to refresh your understanding of this study. All the best as you tackle it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    These theories argue that the mechanical functions of the body wear out with age. Some sub-theories say that the body's constant manufacture of energy to fuel its activities creates by-products, which eventually reach such high levels that they impair the body's normal functioning.
    • A. 

      Peripheral Slowing Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Generalized Slowing Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Genetic Preprogramming Theories of Aging

    • D. 

      Wear-and-Tear Theories of Aging

  • 2. 
    This theory maintains that processing in all parts of the nervous system, including the brain, becomes less efficient as we age.
    • A. 

      Peripheral Slowing Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Generalized Slowing Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Genetic Preprogramming Theories of Aging

    • D. 

      Wear-and-Tear Theories of Aging

  • 3. 
    These theories suggest that our body's DNA genetic code contains a built-in time limit for the reproduction of human cells. This may be due to fact that genetic material has a "death gene" that is programmed to direct the body to deteriorate and die, or it may be that genetic instructions for running the body can be read only a certain number of times before they become illegible.
    • A. 

      Peripheral Slowing Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Generalized Slowing Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Genetic Preprogramming Theories of Aging

    • D. 

      Wear-and-Tear Theories of Aging

  • 4. 
    This theory suggests that overall processing speed declines in the peripheral nervous system (PNS), which encompasses the nerves that branch out from the spinal cord and brain and reach the extremities of the body.
    • A. 

      Peripheral Slowing Hypothesis

    • B. 

      Generalized Slowing Hypothesis

    • C. 

      Genetic Preprogramming Theories of Aging

    • D. 

      Wear-and-Tear Theories of Aging

  • 5. 
    The number of people over age 85 is projected to increase from ____________ by 2050. By the year 2020, there will be over 200,000. Projections into the year 2050 estimate that almost ____ of the population will be over 65. 
    • A. 

      5 to 18 million; 25%

    • B. 

      4 to 18 million; 35%

    • C. 

      4 to 18 million; 25%

    • D. 

      4 to 18 million; 20%

  • 6. 
    The fastest-growing segment of the population is what is termed the __________, people who are 85 or older.
    • A. 

      Oldest-old

    • B. 

      Oldest

    • C. 

      Old functioning

    • D. 

      Oldest living old

  • 7. 
    A broad category covering several diseases, each of which includes serious memory loss accompanied by declines in other mental functioning, which is the most common mental disorder of the elderly. 
    • A. 

      Alzheimer's Disease

    • B. 

      Dementia

    • C. 

      Memory Loss

    • D. 

      Semantic Memory

  • 8. 
    Prejudice and discrimination are directed at older people, which is manifested in several ways.
    • A. 

      Discriminiation

    • B. 

      Dementia

    • C. 

      Ageism

    • D. 

      Age racism

  • 9. 
    Ageism is found in widespread ________ attitudes toward older people, suggesting that they are in less than full command of their faculties. 
    • A. 

      Positive

    • B. 

      Neutral

    • C. 

      Mildly negative

    • D. 

      Negative

  • 10. 
    Erikson labeled the last stage of personality development ________________________, which is characterized by a process of looking back over one's life, evaluating it, and coming to terms with it.
    • A. 

      Ego-Integrity-Versus-Despair Stage

    • B. 

      Autonomy-Versus-Shame-And-Doubt Stage

    • C. 

      Industry-Versus-Inferiority Stage

    • D. 

      Identity-Versus-Identity Confusion Stage

  • 11. 
    The most common form of dementia is _______________, which is a progressive brain disorder that produces loss of memory and confusion.
    • A. 

      Memory Loss

    • B. 

      Alzheimer's Disease

    • C. 

      Long-Term Memory Disorder

    • D. 

      Episodic Memory

  • 12. 
    The major developmental task states that those in old age must redefine themselves in ways that do not relate to their work-roles or occupations.
    • A. 

      REDEFINITION OF SELF VERSUS PREOCCUPATION WITH WORK-ROLE

    • B. 

      BODY TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS BODY PREOCCUPATION

    • C. 

      EGO TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS EGO PREOCCUPATION

  • 13. 
    The major developmental task states that older adults must come to grips with their coming death. It is important at this stage to realize that although death is inevitable and not too far off, they have made important contributions to society. 
    • A. 

      REDEFINITION OF SELF VERSUS PREOCCUPATION WITH WORK-ROLE

    • B. 

      BODY TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS BODY PREOCCUPATION

    • C. 

      EGO TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS EGO PREOCCUPATION

  • 14. 
    The major developmental task states that people must learn to cope with and move beyond changes in physical capabilities as a result of aging.
    • A. 

      REDEFINITION OF SELF VERSUS PREOCCUPATION WITH WORK-ROLE

    • B. 

      BODY TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS BODY PREOCCUPATION

    • C. 

      EGO TRANSCENDENCE VERSUS EGO PREOCCUPATION

  • 15. 
    According to Levinson, people struggle with being ________ and often must face illness and the death of their friends and loved ones. People must also struggle with the _____ of power, respect, and authority which can be particularly difficult for those who were accustomed to having control in their lives. However, there are also many positive things that occur in late adulthood. People can serve as ________ for younger people and be in a position to give advice. Old age also brings freedom to do things for fun and entertainment.
    • A. 

      Young; loss; resources

    • B. 

      Old; gains; resources

    • C. 

      Old; loss; mentors

    • D. 

      Old; loss; resources

  • 16. 
    According to Costa and McCrae, basic personality traits remain _________: agreeableness, satisfaction, intellect, extroversion, and energy.
    • A. 

      Stable

    • B. 

      Unstable

    • C. 

      Changing

    • D. 

      Change over time

  • 17. 
    Memory is related to general knowledge and facts (examples are how much is 2+2 or the names of the capitals of U.S. states).
    • A. 

      Episodic Memory

    • B. 

      Semantic Memory

    • C. 

      Implicit Memory

    • D. 

      Long-Term Memory

  • 18. 
    A memory that relates to specific life experiences (for example, what year you last visited New York).
    • A. 

      Episodic Memory

    • B. 

      Semantic Memory

    • C. 

      Implicit Memory

    • D. 

      Long-Term Memory

  • 19. 
    Memory involves memories that people are not consciously aware of (i.e., how to ride a bike).
    • A. 

      Episodic Memory

    • B. 

      Semantic Memory

    • C. 

      Implicit Memory

    • D. 

      Long-Term Memory

  • 20. 
    Expert knowledge in the practical aspects of life.
    • A. 

      Knowledge

    • B. 

      Intelligence

    • C. 

      Wisdom

    • D. 

      Intellectual Capabilities

  • 21. 
    According to this theory, successful aging occurs when people maintain the interests, activities, and social interactions with which they were involved during middle age.
    • A. 

      Disengagement Theory

    • B. 

      Life Review

    • C. 

      Social Support

    • D. 

      Activity Theory

  • 22. 
    A theory where people look backward and examine and evaluate their lives.
    • A. 

      Life Review

    • B. 

      Previous Life Looking Back

    • C. 

      Disengagement Theory

    • D. 

      Social Support

  • 23. 
    Moving in with children can lead to _________ and potential loss of _____________________. Older adults may feel uncomfortable with the way their children are raising their grandchildren. Older adults also move into facilities such as continuing-care communities, adult day-care facilities, and nursing facilities. 
    • A. 

      Adjustment; independence and privacy

    • B. 

      More care; independence and privacy

    • C. 

      Argument; independence and privacy

    • D. 

      Conflict; independence and privacy

  • 24. 
    Assistance and comfort supplied by another person or a network of caring, interested people. 
    • A. 

      Support Group

    • B. 

      Social Support

    • C. 

      Disengagement Theory

    • D. 

      Life Review

  • 25. 
    According to this theory, it's the period of late adulthood that marks a gradual withdrawal from the world on physical, psychological, and social levels. 
    • A. 

      Activity Theory

    • B. 

      Retirement

    • C. 

      Disengagement Theory

    • D. 

      Life Review

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