Chapter 8: National Power And Diplomacy

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| By Rami Dinnawi
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Rami Dinnawi
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Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 47,440
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International Relation Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Liberals see balance-of-power politics as 

    • A.

      A formula for building national strength.

    • B.

      A formula for building anti-hegemonic coalitions that help preserve the independence of countries.

    • C.

      a necessary formula that helps make states less vulnerable.

    • D.

      A never-ending formula for conflict and for wasting resources.

    Correct Answer
    D. A never-ending formula for conflict and for wasting resources.
    Explanation
    Liberals view balance-of-power politics as a never-ending formula for conflict and wasting resources. This suggests that they believe that the pursuit of power and the constant struggle for dominance among states only leads to ongoing conflicts and the inefficient allocation of resources. They likely see this approach as counterproductive and argue for alternative strategies that promote cooperation and shared interests among nations.

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  • 2. 

    The sum of the assets that enable a state to achieve its goals, even when they clash with the goals and wills of other international actors, is the definition of a country's 

    • A.

      Power

    • B.

      Capability

    • C.

      Nationalism

    • D.

      National interest

    Correct Answer
    A. Power
    Explanation
    Power refers to the sum of the assets that enable a state to achieve its goals, even when they clash with the goals and wills of other international actors. It encompasses a country's ability to influence and exert control over others, whether through military strength, economic resources, diplomatic relationships, or other means. Power is a crucial aspect of international relations, as it determines a country's ability to protect its national interests and pursue its objectives in the global arena.

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  • 3. 

    The difficulty of precisely measuring power is a result of the fact that 

    • A.

      Gathering data on military power is often difficult.

    • B.

      The appropriate statistical methods for doing so have yet to be devised.

    • C.

      there is no standard measure for power.

    • D.

      The real indicators of power are kept secret.

    Correct Answer
    C. there is no standard measure for power.
    Explanation
    The difficulty of precisely measuring power is a result of the fact that there is no standard measure for power. Power is a complex and multifaceted concept that cannot be easily quantified or measured using a single metric. Different countries and organizations may have different definitions and criteria for measuring power, making it challenging to establish a universally accepted standard. Additionally, power can manifest in various forms such as military, economic, political, and cultural, further complicating the measurement process.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following was not used in the text to describe power?    a.   power is dynamic b.   power is objective C.  power is certain d.   power is relative

    • A.

      Power is dynamic

    • B.

      Power is objective

    • C.

      Power is certain

    • D.

      Power is relative

    Correct Answer
    C. Power is certain
    Explanation
    The text used the terms "dynamic," "objective," and "relative" to describe power. However, it did not mention that power is certain.

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  • 5. 

    The fate of the Soviet Union demonstrates that power is 

    • A.

      Coercive

    • B.

      Persuasive

    • C.

      Static

    • D.

      Dynamic

    Correct Answer
    D. Dynamic
    Explanation
    The fate of the Soviet Union demonstrates that power is dynamic. This is because the Soviet Union was once a powerful and influential superpower, but eventually collapsed due to various factors such as economic instability, political unrest, and the inability to adapt to changing global dynamics. This shows that power is not static and can change over time, depending on various internal and external factors.

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  • 6. 

    To say that Germany is more powerful than Botswana but less powerful than the United States reflects the fact that power is 

    • A.

      Relative

    • B.

      Dynamic

    • C.

      Situational

    • D.

      Multidimensional

    Correct Answer
    A. Relative
    Explanation
    The statement that Germany is more powerful than Botswana but less powerful than the United States indicates that power is relative. This means that power is not an absolute measure but rather depends on the comparison between different entities. In this case, Germany is considered more powerful than Botswana, but when compared to the United States, it is considered less powerful. This highlights the idea that power is not fixed and can vary depending on the context and the entities being compared.

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  • 7. 

    Realists tend to portray power as being 

    • A.

      A zero-sum game.

    • B.

      A non–zero-sum game.

    • C.

      A positive-sum game.

    • D.

      Unimportant in the international system.

    Correct Answer
    A. A zero-sum game.
    Explanation
    Realists tend to portray power as a zero-sum game because they believe that in international relations, one country's gain is another country's loss. They argue that there is a limited amount of power and resources in the world, and therefore, any increase in power for one state must come at the expense of another state. This perspective shapes realist thinking on issues such as competition, conflict, and the pursuit of national interests.

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  • 8. 

    Which type of power is based on how countries perceive other countries' current or potential power and its reputation for being willing (or not willing) to use it? 

    • A.

      Soft power

    • B.

      Power capacity

    • C.

      Objective power

    • D.

      Subjective power

    Correct Answer
    D. Subjective power
    Explanation
    Subjective power refers to the perception of a country's current or potential power and its reputation for being willing or unwilling to use it. It is based on how countries perceive other countries' power, rather than an objective measurement of power capacity. This perception can influence the way countries interact and make decisions in the international arena.

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  • 9. 

    In international relations, power can be described as 

    • A.

      Multifaceted

    • B.

      Normative

    • C.

      Tangible

    • D.

      Static

    Correct Answer
    A. Multifaceted
    Explanation
    Power in international relations is described as multifaceted because it encompasses various dimensions and aspects. It is not limited to just military strength or economic capabilities, but also includes elements such as diplomatic influence, cultural appeal, and soft power. Power is complex and can be derived from different sources, making it a multifaceted concept that requires a comprehensive understanding.

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  • 10. 

    Whether a country has mountains, rivers, or plains refers to what power consideration? 

    • A.

      Location

    • B.

      Geography

    • C.

      Topography

    • D.

      Strategic distribution

    Correct Answer
    C. Topography
    Explanation
    Topography refers to the physical features of a land, such as mountains, rivers, and plains. These features play a crucial role in shaping the geography of a country. The presence of mountains, rivers, or plains can have significant implications for a country's climate, natural resources, transportation, and overall development. Therefore, considering whether a country has mountains, rivers, or plains falls under the power consideration of topography.

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  • 11. 

    Examples of direct diplomacy include all of the following except 

    • A.

      Skillful communication involving persuasion.

    • B.

      Economic inducements.

    • C.

      War

    • D.

      Economic sanctions.

    Correct Answer
    A. Skillful communication involving persuasion.
    Explanation
    Direct diplomacy refers to the practice of engaging in direct communication and negotiation between countries or parties to resolve conflicts or reach agreements. Examples of direct diplomacy include economic inducements, war, and economic sanctions. However, skillful communication involving persuasion is not considered a form of direct diplomacy, as it focuses more on the art of convincing and influencing others rather than engaging in direct negotiations or actions.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is the main point of contention between the U.S. and North Korea? 

    • A.

      Trade disputes

    • B.

      Restricted airspace

    • C.

      Working conditions of sweat shops

    • D.

      Nuclear weapons

    Correct Answer
    D. Nuclear weapons
    Explanation
    The main point of contention between the U.S. and North Korea is nuclear weapons. This is evident from the ongoing tensions and disputes between the two countries regarding North Korea's nuclear program and its pursuit of nuclear weapons. The U.S. has expressed concerns about North Korea's nuclear capabilities and has been engaged in diplomatic efforts to curb its nuclear ambitions.

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  • 13. 

    The China-Taiwan tensions center on 

    • A.

      China's nuclear arsenal.

    • B.

      China's labor conditions.

    • C.

      Taiwan's nuclear arsenal.

    • D.

      Taiwan's desire for independence.

    Correct Answer
    D. Taiwan's desire for independence.
    Explanation
    The China-Taiwan tensions center on Taiwan's desire for independence. This is because China considers Taiwan as a part of its territory and opposes any moves towards independence. China has been exerting pressure on Taiwan diplomatically, economically, and militarily to prevent it from seeking independence. This has led to ongoing tensions and conflicts between the two entities.

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  • 14. 

    Woodrow Wilson's call for a League of Nations symbolizes the rise of 

    • A.

      Bilateral diplomacy.

    • B.

      Parliamentary diplomacy.

    • C.

      Multilateral diplomacy.

    • D.

      Adversarial diplomacy.

    Correct Answer
    C. Multilateral diplomacy.
    Explanation
    Woodrow Wilson's call for a League of Nations symbolizes the rise of multilateral diplomacy. Multilateral diplomacy refers to the practice of multiple nations coming together to address global issues and work towards common goals. The League of Nations, proposed by Wilson after World War I, aimed to promote international cooperation and prevent future conflicts through collective security and negotiation. This initiative reflected a shift towards a more inclusive and collaborative approach to international relations, marking a departure from the traditional bilateral or adversarial diplomacy.

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  • 15. 

    The process of creating an image that enhances a country's ability to achieve diplomatic success by increasing its soft power is 

    • A.

      Parliamentary diplomacy.

    • B.

      bilateral diplomacy.

    • C.

      Public diplomacy.

    • D.

      Open diplomacy.

    Correct Answer
    C. Public diplomacy.
    Explanation
    Public diplomacy refers to the process of creating an image or reputation for a country that enhances its ability to achieve diplomatic success by increasing its soft power. Soft power refers to a country's ability to influence others through attraction and persuasion rather than coercion or force. Public diplomacy involves engaging with foreign publics, building relationships, and promoting a country's culture, values, and policies to create a positive perception and gain support. This can be done through various means such as cultural exchanges, educational programs, media outreach, and public relations efforts. Parliamentary diplomacy, bilateral diplomacy, and open diplomacy are different aspects of diplomatic relations but do not specifically focus on enhancing a country's soft power through image-building.

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  • 16. 

    The analogy of carrots and sticks refers to 

    • A.

      Rewards (positive incentives) and punishments (negative incentives).

    • B.

      the trade off states face with military spending between carrots (public spending) and sticks (military spending).

    • C.

      a French story about the difficulties of farming carrots with only sticks.

    • D.

      A parable about needing to divide ones efforts between collecting sticks (firewood) and carrots (food).

    Correct Answer
    A. Rewards (positive incentives) and punishments (negative incentives).
    Explanation
    The analogy of carrots and sticks refers to rewards (positive incentives) and punishments (negative incentives). This analogy is commonly used to explain the concept of motivation and how individuals can be influenced to behave in a certain way. Carrots symbolize rewards or incentives that can be given to encourage desired behavior, while sticks represent punishments or negative consequences that can be used to discourage unwanted behavior. By using this analogy, it becomes easier to understand the concept of providing incentives or consequences to shape behavior.

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  • 17. 

    Minimizing a dispute may 

    • A.

      Involve appealing to world peace to increase credibility.

    • B.

      Make it hard to back away from confrontation.

    • C.

      Help avoid overreactions.

    • D.

      Involve appealing to national survival to increase credibility.

    Correct Answer
    C. Help avoid overreactions.
    Explanation
    Minimizing a dispute can help avoid overreactions. When tensions are high, it is important to handle the situation in a way that does not escalate the conflict further. By taking steps to prevent overreactions, such as remaining calm and rational, listening to all parties involved, and finding common ground, the dispute can be resolved more peacefully and effectively. This approach can also help maintain relationships and prevent further damage to trust and communication.

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  • 18. 

    Power is determined only on the basis of a country's military capabilities. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because power is not solely determined by a country's military capabilities. Power can also be influenced by factors such as economic strength, diplomatic influence, cultural influence, technological advancements, and soft power. Military capabilities are just one aspect of a country's overall power.

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  • 19. 

    National diplomacy is normally about the application of a country's power to further its national interests. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    National diplomacy involves the use of a country's power to advance its national interests. This can include various diplomatic strategies such as negotiations, alliances, and the use of economic or military strength. The goal is to protect and promote the country's interests on the global stage. Therefore, the statement "National diplomacy is normally about the application of a country's power to further its national interests" is true.

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  • 20. 

    Coercive diplomacy can only be successful when a state has the credibility to back it up. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Coercive diplomacy refers to the use of threats or force in order to achieve diplomatic objectives. In order for coercive diplomacy to be successful, a state must have credibility, meaning that it must be seen as capable and willing to follow through on its threats or use of force. Without credibility, other states may not take the threats seriously and may not comply with the demands being made. Therefore, the statement that coercive diplomacy can only be successful when a state has the credibility to back it up is true.

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  • 21. 

    Power is primarily objective because it is easily quantified. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Power is not primarily objective because it cannot be easily quantified. Power is a complex concept that encompasses both objective and subjective elements. While some aspects of power can be measured, such as hierarchical positions or access to resources, there are also subjective aspects like influence, charisma, and personal relationships. These subjective elements make power difficult to quantify and therefore not primarily objective.

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  • 22. 

    China's topography has had a negative impact on its national power. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    China's topography has not had a negative impact on its national power. China's vast and diverse topography, including mountains, plains, and rivers, has actually played a significant role in shaping its history and contributing to its national power. The natural barriers provided by mountains have helped protect China from invasions, while its fertile plains and extensive river systems have supported agriculture and trade, leading to economic growth and development. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 23. 

    The U.S. educational system is a primary element for their overwhelming superiority in power. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that the U.S. educational system is the main reason for their overwhelming superiority in power. However, while education is certainly an important factor, there are numerous other factors such as economic strength, military power, technological advancements, and political influence that contribute to a country's overall power. Therefore, it is false to claim that the U.S. educational system alone is the primary element for their overwhelming superiority in power.

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  • 24. 

    A country's information and communications capabilities are becoming an increasingly important component of its national infrastructure. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    As technology continues to advance, the information and communications capabilities of a country play a crucial role in its national infrastructure. These capabilities include the ability to access and share information, communicate effectively, and utilize technology for various purposes such as governance, education, healthcare, and economic development. In today's interconnected world, countries rely heavily on information and communications technologies to stay competitive and ensure the smooth functioning of their societies. Therefore, it is true that a country's information and communications capabilities are becoming an increasingly important component of its national infrastructure.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 26, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Rami Dinnawi
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